The Bible Book by Book
The Author. (1) His name means "Exalted of Jehovah," and he is ranked second among the great Old Testament writers. (2) He lived the last of the sixth and the first of the fifth centuries before Christ. His ministry began in 626 B. C., the thirteenth year of Josiah (1:2), and lasted about forty years. He probably died in Babylon during the early years of the captivity. (3) He was of a sensitive nature, mild, timid, and inclined to melancholy. He was devoutly religious and naturally shrank from giving pain to others. (4) He was uncommonly bold and courageous in declaring the message of God, it was unpopular and subjected him to hatred and even to suffering wrong. He was unsparing in the denunciations and rebukes administered to his nation, not even sparing the prince. (5) He is called the weeping prophet. He was distressed both by the disobedience and apostasy of Israel and by the evil which he foresaw. Being very devoutly religious, he was pained by the impiety of his time.

Condition of the Nations. (1) Israel, the northern kingdom, had been carried into captivity and Judah stood alone against her enemies. (2) Judah had fallen into a bad state, but Josiah, who reigned when Jeremiah began his ministry, attempted to bring about reforms and restore the old order. After his death, however, wickedness grew more and more until, in the later part of the life of Jeremiah, Jerusalem and the temple were destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar and Judah was led away in captivity. (3) The world powers of the time of Jeremiah's birth were Assyria and Egypt. They were contending for supremacy. But Jeremiah lived to see both of them subdued and Babylon mistress of the world. He foresaw also how Babylon would fall and how a kingdom greater than all would rise wherein there would be righteousness and peace.


The book of Jeremiah is composed principally of sketches of biography, history and prophecy, but the events and chapters are not in chronological order. It closes the period of the monarchy and marks the destruction of the holy city and of the sanctuary and tells of the death agony of the nation of Israel, God's chosen people. But he saw far beyond the judgments of the near future to a brighter day when the eternal purpose of divine grace would be realized. The book, therefore, emphasizes the future glory of the kingdom of God which must endure though Israel does perish. He made two special contributions to the truth as understood in his time. (1) The spirituality of religion. He saw the coming overthrow of their national and formal religion and realized that, to survive that crisis, religion must not be national, but individual and spiritual. (2) Personal responsibility (31:29-30). If religion was to be a spiritual condition of the individual, the doctrine of personal responsibility was a logical necessity. These two teachings constitute a great step forward.


I. The Prophet's Call and Assurance, Ch. 1.

II. Judah Called to Repentance, Chs. 2-22.

1. Her sins set forth, Chs. 2-6

2. The call to repentance, Chs. 7-10.

3. The appeal to the covenant, Chs. 11-13.

4. Rejection and captivity foretold, Chs. 14-22.

III. The Book of Consolation, Chs. 23-33.

1. The restoration of the remnant, Chs. 22-29.

2. The complete restoration, Chs. 30-33.

IV. The Doom of Jerusalem Due to the People's Wickedness, Chs. 34-36.

V. The History of Jeremiah and His Times, Chs. 37-45.

VI. Prophecies Against Foreign Nations, Chs, 46-51.

VII. Historical Appendix, Ch. 52.

For the Outline Study of the Bible by Books by J.B. TIDELL, A.M., D.D. Professor of Biblical Literature in Baylor University, Waco, Texas
Jeremiah 1. The Call of Jeremiah; Almond Rod and Boiling Pot

1. The time
4. And the calling of Jeremiah
11. His prophetical visions of an almond rod and a seething pot
15. His heavy message against Judah
17. God encourages him with his promise of assistance

Jeremiah 2. Judah Forsakes God

1. God having shown his former kindness,
5. expostulates with the people on their causeless and unexampled revolt
14. They are the causes of their own calamities
18. The sins and idolatries of Judah
35. Her confidence is rejected.

Jeremiah 3. Judah as the Polluted Land; God's Great Mercy

1. God's great mercy to Judah the polluted land
6. Judah is worse than Israel
12. The promises of the gospel to the penitent
20. Israel reproved, and called by God, makes a solemn confession of their sins

Jeremiah 4. Judah's Devastation

1. God calls Israel by his promise
3. He exhorts Judah to repentance by fearful judgments
19. A grievous lamentation for Judah

Jeremiah 5. Jerusalem's Godlessness and Judgment

1. The judgments of God upon the people, for their perverseness;
7. for their adultery;
10. for their impiety;
15. for their worship of idols;
19. for their contempt of God;
25. and for their great corruption in the civil state;
30. and ecclesiastical.

Jeremiah 6. Enemies Sent against Jerusalem

1. The enemies sent against Judah,
4. encourage themselves.
6. God sets them on work because of their sins.
9. The prophet laments the judgments of God because of their sins.
18. He proclaims God's wrath.
26. He calls the people to mourn for the judgment on their sins.

Jeremiah 7. Jeremiah's Message at the Temple Gate; Valley of Slaughter

1. Jeremiah is sent to call to true repentance, to prevent the Jews' captivity.
8. He rejects their vain confidence,
12. by the example of Shiloh.
17. He threatens them for their idolatry.
21. He rejects the sacrifices of the disobedient.
29. He exhorts to mourn for their abominations in Tophet;
32. and the judgments for the same.

Jeremiah 8. The Calamity of the Jews

1. The calamity of the Jews, both dead and alive.
4. He upbraids their foolish and shameless impenitency.
13. He shows their grievous judgment;
18. and bewails their desperate estate.

Jeremiah 9. Jeremiah Laments over Zion

1. Jeremiah laments the people for their manifold sins;
9. and for their judgment.
12. Disobedience is the cause of their bitter calamity.
17. He exhorts to mourn for their destruction;
23. and to trust not in themselves, but in God.
25. He threatens both Jews and Gentiles.

Jeremiah 10. The Lord Speaks on Idolatry and Coming Destruction; Jeremiah Prays

1. The unequal comparison of God and idols.
17. The prophet exhorts to flee from the calamity to come.
19. He laments the spoil of the tabernacle by foolish pastors.
23. He makes an humble supplication.

Jeremiah 11. Jeremiah Proclaims God's Covenant Is Broken; The Plot against Jeremiah

1. Jeremiah proclaims God's covenant;
8. rebukes the peoples' disobeying thereof;
11. prophesies evils to come upon them;
18. and upon the men of Anathoth, for conspiring to kill him.

Jeremiah 12. Jeremiah's Complaint and God's Answer

1. Jeremiah, complaining of the prosperity of the wicked, by faith sees their ruin.
5. God admonishes him of his brothers' treachery against him;
7. and laments his heritage.
14. He promises to the penitent return from captivity.

Jeremiah 13. The Linen Belt and Wineskins; The Threat of Captivity

1. By the type of a linen belt, hidden at Euphrates,
9. God prefigures the destruction of his people.
12. By the parable of bottles filled with wine he foretells their drunkenness in misery.
15. He exhorts to prevent their future judgments.
22. He shows their abominations are the cause thereof.

Jeremiah 14. Drought, Famine, False Prophets, Prayer for Mercy

1. The grievous famine,
7. causes Jeremiah to pray.
10. The Lord will not be entreated for the people.
13. false prophets are no excuse for them.
17. Jeremiah is moved to complain for them.

Jeremiah 15. Rejection and Judgments to Come; Jeremiah's Prayer

1. The utter rejection and manifold judgments of the people.
10. Jeremiah, complaining of their spite, receives a promise for himself;
12. and a threatening for them.
15. He prays;
19. and receives a gracious promise.

Jeremiah 16. Disaster and Restoration Foretold

1. The prophet, under the types of abstaining from marriage,
8. from houses of mourning and feasting, foreshows the utter ruin of the Jews;
10. because they were worse than their fathers.
14. Their return from captivity shall be stranger than their deliverance out of Egypt.
16. God will doubly recompense their idolatry.

Jeremiah 17. The Sin of Judah; Keeping the Sabbath

1. The captivity of Judah for her sin.
5. Trust in man is cursed;
7. in God is blessed.
9. The deceitful heart cannot deceive God.
12. The salvation of God.
15. The prophet complains of the mockers of his prophecy.
19. He is sent to renew the covenant in hallowing the Sabbath.

Jeremiah 18. As the clay in the potter's hand, so are you in my hand

1. Under the type of a potter is shown God's absolute power in disposing of nations.
11. Judgments threatened to Judah for her strange revolt.
18. Jeremiah prays against his conspirators.

Jeremiah 19. The Broken Jar

1. Under the type of breaking a potter's vessel, is foreshown the desolation of the Jews

Jeremiah 20. Pashhur Persecutes Jeremiah; Jeremiah Complains

1. Pashur, smiting Jeremiah, receives a new name, and a fearful doom.
7. Jeremiah complains of contempt;
10. of treachery;
14. and of his birth.

Jeremiah 21. God Rejects Zedekiah's Request

1. Zedikiah sends to Jeremiah to enquire the event of Nebuchadnezzar's war.
3. Jeremiah foretells a hard siege and miserable captivity.
8. He counsels the people to fall to the Chaldeans;
11. and upbraids the King's house.

Jeremiah 22. God Will Judge the Evil Kings of Judah

1. He exhorts to repentance, with promises and threats.
10. The judgment of Shallum;
13. of Jehoiakim;
20. and of Coniah.

Jeremiah 23. I will restore to David a righteous Branch; False Prophets

1. He prophesies a restoration of the scattered flock.
5. Christ shall rule and save them.
9. Against false prophets;
33. and mockers of the true prophets.

Jeremiah 24. Two Baskets of Figs; Captives Will Return

1. Under the type of good and bad figs,
4. he foreshows the restoration of those who were in captivity;
8. and the desolation of Zedekiah and the rest.

Jeremiah 25. Jeremiah Prophesies Seventy Years of Captivity and Judgment on Babylon

1. Jeremiah, reproving the Jews' disobedience to the prophets,
8. foretells the seventy years' captivity;
12. and after that, the destruction of Babylon.
15. Under the type of a cup of wine he foreshows the destruction of all nations.
34. The howling of the shepherds.

Jeremiah 26. Jeremiah Threatened and Spared

1. Jeremiah by promises and threats exhorts to repentance.
8. He is therefore apprehended,
10. and arraigned.
12. His apology.
16. He is quit in judgment, by the example of Micah,
20. and of Urijah,
24. and by the care of Ahikam.

Jeremiah 27. Judah Will Submit to Nebuchadnezzar

1. By the type of bonds and yokes he prophesies the subduing of the neighbor kings
8. He exhorts them to yield, and not to believe the false prophets.
12. The like he does to Zedekiah.
19. He foretells the remnant of the vessels shall be carried to Babylon,

Jeremiah 28. Hananiah Falsely Prophesies the Return of the Vessels

1. Hananiah prophesies falsely the return of the vessels, and of Jeconiah
3. and there continue until the day of visitation.
5. Jeremiah, wishing it to be true, shows that the event will declare the true prophets.
10. Hananiah breaks Jeremiah's yoke.
12. Jeremiah tells of an iron yoke;
15. and foretells Hananiah's death.

Jeremiah 29. Jeremiah's Letter to the Exiles; Message to Shemaiah

1. Jeremiah sends a letter to the captives in Babylon to be quiet there,
8. and not to believe the dreams of their prophets;
10. and that they shall return with grace after seventy years.
15. He foretells the destruction of the rest for their disobedience.
20. He shows the fearful end of Ahab and Zedekiah, two false prophets.
24. Shemaiah writes a letter against Jeremiah.
30. Jeremiah foretells his doom.

Jeremiah 30. God Promises Deliverance from Captivity

1. God shows Jeremiah the return of the Jews.
4. After their trouble they shall have deliverance.
10. He comforts Jacob.
18. Their return shall be gracious.
23. Wrath shall fall on the wicked.

Jeremiah 31. The Restoration of Israel; New Covenant

1. The restoration of Israel.
10. The publication thereof.
15. Rahel mourning is comforted.
18. Ephraim repenting is brought home again.
22. Christ is promised.
27. His care over the church.
31. His new covenant.
35. The stability,
38. and amplitude of the church.

Jeremiah 32. Jeremiah Imprisoned by Zedekiah, Buys Hanamel's Field, Prays

1. Jeremiah, being imprisoned by Zedekiah for his prophecy,
6. buys Hanameel's field.
13. Baruch must preserve the evidences, as tokens of the people's return.
16. Jeremiah in his prayer complains to God.
26. God confirms the captivity for their sins;
36. and promises a gracious return.

Jeremiah 33. God Promises to the Captive a Gracious Return and David's Branch

1. God promises to the captivity a gracious return;
9. a joyful state;
12. a settled government;
15. Christ the branch of righteousness;
17. a continuance of kingdom and priesthood;
19. and a stability of a blessed seed.

Jeremiah 34. Jeremiah Prophesies the Captivity of Zedekiah; Freedom for Slaves

1. Jeremiah prophesies the captivity of Zedekiah and the city.
8. The princes and the people having dismissed their bond-servants,
11. contrary to the covenant of God, re-assume them.
12. Jeremiah gives them and Zedekiah into the hands of their enemies.

Jeremiah 35. By the Obedience of the Recabites, Jeremiah Rebukes Judah

1. By the obedience of the Rechabites,
12. Jeremiah condemns the disobedience of the Jews.
18. God blesses the Rechabites for their obedience.

Jeremiah 36. Jeremiah's Scroll Read in the Temple, Burned, and Replaced

1. Jeremiah causes Baruch to write his prophesy,
5. and publicly to read it.
11. The princes, having intelligence thereof by Michaiah,
14. send Jehudi to fetch the roll and read it.
19. They will Baruch to hide himself and Jeremiah.
20. The king, Jehoiakim, being certified thereof, hears part of it and burns the roll.
27. Jeremiah denounces his judgment.
32. Baruch writes a new copy.

Jeremiah 37. Jeremiah Warns against Trust in Pharaoh

1. The Egyptians having raised the siege of the Chaldeans,
3. king Zedekiah sends to Jeremiah to pray for the people.
6. Jeremiah prophesies the Chaldeans' certain return and victory.
11. He is taken for a fugitive, beaten, and put in prison.
16. He assures Zedekiah of the captivity.
18. Entreating for his liberty, he obtains some favor.

Jeremiah 38. Jeremiah Thrown into the Dungeon of Malkijah

1. Jeremiah, by a false suggestion, is put into the dungeon of Malchiah.
7. Ebed-Melech, by suit, gets him some enlargement.
14. Upon secret conference, he counsels the king by yielding to save his life.
24. By the king's instructions he conceals the conference from the princes.

Jeremiah 39. Jerusalem Is Taken; Zedekiah and the People Captivated

1. Jerusalem is taken.
4. Zedekiah is made blind and sent to Babylon.
8. The city laid in ruins,
9. and the people captivated.
11. Nebuchadrezzar's charge for the good usage of Jeremiah.
15. God's promise to Ebed Melech.

Jeremiah 40. Jeremiah Set Free by Nebuzaradan, Remains in Judah

1. Jeremiah, being set free by Nebuzaradan, goes to Gedaliah.
7. The dispersed Jews repair unto him.
13. Johanan revealing Ishmael's conspiracy is not believed.

Jeremiah 41. Ishmael kills Gedaliah; Johanan Rescues the People

1. Ishmael, treacherously killing Gedaliah and others,
7. purposes with the residue to flee unto the Ammonites.
11. Johanan rescues the captives, and is minded to flee into Egypt.

Jeremiah 42. Jeremiah Assures of Safety in Judea and Destruction in Egypt

1. Johanan desires Jeremiah to enquire of God, promising obedience to his will.
7. Jeremiah assures him of safety in Judea;
13. and destruction in Egypt.
19. He reproves their hypocrisy.

Jeremiah 43. Johanan Disregards Prophecy, Takes People to Egypt; Jeremiah Warns

1. Johanan, discrediting Jeremiah's prophecy, carries him and the rest in Egypt.
8. Jeremiah prophesies by a type the conquest of Egypt by the Babylonians.

Jeremiah 44. Jeremiah Predicts Conquest of Egypt, Disaster in Judah

1. Jeremiah expresses the desolation of Judah for their idolatry
11. He prophesies the destruction of those who commit idolatry in Egypt
15. The obstinacy of the Jews
20. For which Jeremiah threatens them
29. and for a sign prophesies the destruction of Egypt

Jeremiah 45. Jeremiah Instructs and Comforts Baruch

1. Baruch being dismayed
4. Jeremiah instructs and comforts him

Jeremiah 46. Jeremiah Prophesies the Overthrow of Pharaoh's Army at Euphrates

1. Jeremiah prophesies the overthrow of Pharaoh's army at Euphrates
13. and the conquest of Egypt by Nebuchadnezzar
27. He comforts Jacob in his chastisement

Jeremiah 47. Prophecy against the Philistines

1. The destruction of the Philistines

Jeremiah 48. Prophecy against Moab

1. The judgment of Moab
7. for their pride
11. for their security
14. for their carnal confidence
26. and for their contempt of God and his people
47. The restoration of Moab

Jeremiah 49. Prophecies against Ammon, Edom, Damascus, Kedar and Hazor

1. The judgment of the Ammonites
6. Their restoration
7. The judgment of Edom
23. of Damascus
28. of Kedar
30. of Hazor
34. and of Elam
39. The restoration of Elam

Jeremiah 50. Prophecy against Babylon

1. The judgment of Babylon and the redemption of Israel

Jeremiah 51. The Judgment of God against Babylon for Sins Against Israel

1. The severe judgment of God against Babylon, in revenge of Israel
59. Jeremiah delivers the book of this prophecy to Seraiah, to be cast into Euphrates,
64. in token of the perpetual sinking of Babylon

Jeremiah 52. The Fall of Jerusalem and Release or Jehoiachin

1. Zedekiah rebels
4. Jerusalem is besieged and taken
8. Zedekiah's sons killed, and his own eyes put out,
12. Nebuzaradan burns and spoils the city
24. He carries away the captives
28. The number of Jews carried captive
31. Evil-Merodach advances Jehoiachin
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