Jeremiah 51:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
For Israel and Judah have not been forsaken by their God, the LORD Almighty, though their land is full of guilt before the Holy One of Israel.

New Living Translation
For the LORD of Heaven's Armies has not abandoned Israel and Judah. He is still their God, even though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel."

English Standard Version
For Israel and Judah have not been forsaken by their God, the LORD of hosts, but the land of the Chaldeans is full of guilt against the Holy One of Israel.

New American Standard Bible
For neither Israel nor Judah has been forsaken By his God, the LORD of hosts, Although their land is full of guilt Before the Holy One of Israel.

King James Bible
For Israel hath not been forsaken, nor Judah of his God, of the LORD of hosts; though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For Israel and Judah are not left widowed by their God, the LORD of Hosts, though their land is full of guilt against the Holy One of Israel.

International Standard Version
Indeed, Israel and Judah haven't been abandoned by their God, by the LORD of the Heavenly Armies, although their land is full of guilt against the Holy One of Israel."

NET Bible
"For Israel and Judah will not be forsaken by their God, the LORD who rules over all. For the land of Babylonia is full of guilt against the Holy One of Israel.

New Heart English Bible
"For Israel is not forsaken, nor Judah, of his God, of the LORD of hosts; though their land is full of guilt against the Holy One of Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Israel and Judah haven't been abandoned by their God, the LORD of Armies, although their land is guilty of abandoning the Holy One of Israel.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For Israel is not widowed, nor Judah, Of his God, of the LORD of hosts; For their land is full of guilt Against the Holy One of Israel.

New American Standard 1977
For neither Israel nor Judah has been forsaken
            By his God, the LORD of hosts,
            Although their land is full of guilt
            Before the Holy One of Israel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For Israel and Judah have not been made widows of their God, of the LORD of the hosts, though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel.

King James 2000 Bible
For Israel has not been forsaken, nor Judah by his God, by the LORD of hosts; though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel.

American King James Version
For Israel has not been forsaken, nor Judah of his God, of the LORD of hosts; though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel.

American Standard Version
For Israel is not forsaken, nor Judah, of his God, of Jehovah of hosts; though their land is full of guilt against the Holy One of Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For Israel and Juda have not been forsaken by their God the Lord of hosts: but their land hath been filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
For Israel is not forsaken, nor Judah of his God, of Jehovah of hosts; for their land is full of guilt against the Holy One of Israel.

English Revised Version
For Israel is not forsaken, nor Judah, of his God, of the LORD of hosts; though their land is full of guilt against the Holy One of Israel.

Webster's Bible Translation
For Israel hath not been forsaken, nor Judah by his God, by the LORD of hosts; though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel.

World English Bible
For Israel is not forsaken, nor Judah, of his God, of Yahweh of Armies; though their land is full of guilt against the Holy One of Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
For, not forsaken is Israel and Judah, By its God -- by Jehovah of Hosts, For their land hath been full of guilt, Against the Holy One of Israel.
Study Bible
Severe Judgment against Babylon
4"They will fall down slain in the land of the Chaldeans, And pierced through in their streets." 5For neither Israel nor Judah has been forsaken By his God, the LORD of hosts, Although their land is full of guilt Before the Holy One of Israel. 6Flee from the midst of Babylon, And each of you save his life! Do not be destroyed in her punishment, For this is the LORD'S time of vengeance; He is going to render recompense to her.…
Cross References
Isaiah 54:7
"For a brief moment I forsook you, But with great compassion I will gather you.

Isaiah 54:8
"In an outburst of anger I hid My face from you for a moment, But with everlasting lovingkindness I will have compassion on you," Says the LORD your Redeemer.

Jeremiah 33:24
"Have you not observed what this people have spoken, saying, 'The two families which the LORD chose, He has rejected them'? Thus they despise My people, no longer are they as a nation in their sight.

Hosea 4:1
Listen to the word of the LORD, O sons of Israel, For the LORD has a case against the inhabitants of the land, Because there is no faithfulness or kindness Or knowledge of God in the land.

Hosea 4:2
There is swearing, deception, murder, stealing and adultery. They employ violence, so that bloodshed follows bloodshed.
Treasury of Scripture

For Israel has not been forsaken, nor Judah of his God, of the LORD of hosts; though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel.

Israel

Jeremiah 33:24-26 Consider you not what this people have spoken, saying, The two families …

Jeremiah 46:28 Fear you not, O Jacob my servant, said the LORD: for I am with you…

Jeremiah 50:4,5,20 In those days, and in that time, said the LORD, the children of Israel …

1 Samuel 12:22 For the LORD will not forsake his people for his great name's sake: …

1 Kings 6:13 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will not forsake …

Ezra 9:9 For we were slaves; yet our God has not forsaken us in our bondage, …

Psalm 94:14 For the LORD will not cast off his people, neither will he forsake …

Isaiah 44:21 Remember these, O Jacob and Israel; for you are my servant: I have …

Isaiah 49:14,15 But Zion said, The LORD has forsaken me, and my Lord has forgotten me…

Isaiah 54:3-11 For you shall break forth on the right hand and on the left; and …

Isaiah 62:12 And they shall call them, The holy people, The redeemed of the LORD: …

Hosea 1:10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of …

Amos 9:8,9 Behold, the eyes of the Lord GOD are on the sinful kingdom, and I …

Romans 11:1,2 I say then, Has God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also …

nor

Zechariah 2:12 And the LORD shall inherit Judah his portion in the holy land, and …

Zechariah 12:6,8 In that day will I make the governors of Judah like an hearth of …

though

Jeremiah 16:18 And first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double; …

Jeremiah 19:4 Because they have forsaken me, and have estranged this place, and …

Jeremiah 23:15 Therefore thus said the LORD of hosts concerning the prophets; Behold, …

Jeremiah 31:37 Thus said the LORD; If heaven above can be measured, and the foundations …

2 Kings 21:16 Moreover Manasseh shed innocent blood very much, till he had filled …

Ezekiel 8:17 Then he said to me, Have you seen this, O son of man?…

Ezekiel 9:9 Then said he to me, The iniquity of the house of Israel and Judah …

Ezekiel 22:24-31 Son of man, say to her, You are the land that is not cleansed, nor …

Hosea 4:1 Hear the word of the LORD, you children of Israel: for the LORD has …

Micah 7:18,20 Who is a God like to you, that pardons iniquity, and passes by the …

Zephaniah 3:1-4 Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city!…

(5) Israel hath not been forsaken.--Better, widowed. The participle is from the word that commonly represents the idea of widowhood. Judah and Israel, the prophet declares, were not, as men thought, abandoned by their husband Jehovah. He was still their protector. The prophet has in his thoughts at once the image of apparent widowhood, as in Isaiah 50:1; Isaiah 54:4-6; Lamentations 1:1, and the thought that Jehovah is, after all, as the husband ready to forgive (Jeremiah 3:4; Jeremiah 3:14; Jeremiah 3:20; Jeremiah 4:1). The assurance of this returning love does not rest on any plea in extenuation of the nation's guilt, which the words that follow admit without reserve. For "his" it would be better to read her or their, as keeping up the metaphor.

Against the Holy One of Israel.--On Jeremiah's use of the name, see Note on Jeremiah 50:29.

Verses 5-14. - The covenant between Jehovah and Israel is one reason why Babylon must fall; and Babylon's own guilt is another. Hence pity is out of place.

"Here liveth piety where pity ends;
Can any man be guilty more than he
Whose bias with the doom of God contends?"


(Dante, 'Inferno,' 20:28, Cayley.) Flee, therefore, lest ye be involved in Babylon's ruin. For Jehovah's purpose of vengeance cannot be reversed. Verse 5. - Hath not been forsaken. The Hebrew is much more forcible, "is not widowed" - alluding to the fundamental Old Testament idea of a mystic marriage between God and his people (comp. Isaiah 50:1; Isaiah 54:4-6; Hosea 2.). Was filled with sin; rather, with guilt (Hebrew, asham). For Israel hath not been forsaken, nor Judah of his God,

of the Lord of hosts,.... That is, not totally and finally; for though they might seem to be forsaken, when carried captive by their enemies, yet they were not in such sense as a woman is deprived of her husband when dead, and she is become a widow, as the word (d) used may signify; or when divorced from him; or as children are deprived of their parents, and become orphans; but so it was not with Israel; for thought they were under the frowns of Providence, and the resentment of God they had sinned against, yet the relation between them still subsisted; he was their covenant God and Father, their husband and protector, and who would vindicate them, and avenge them on their enemies:

though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel; which was the reason why they were carried captive, and so seemed to be forsaken of God; or though their land was filled with punishment, with devastation and destruction, yet nevertheless God would appear for them, and restore that and them unto it; or rather this is to be understood of the land of the Chaldeans, as it is by Jarchi and Kimchi; and be rendered, "for their land is filled with punishment for sin, from", or "by", or "because of the Holy One of Israel" (e); by which it appears, that the people of God were not forsaken by him, and were not without a patron and defender of them; since it was a plain case that the land of the Chaldeans was filled with the punishment of the sword and other calamities by the Holy One of Israel, because of the sins they had committed against him, and the injuries they had done to his people. So the Targum,

"for their land is filled with, (punishment for) the sins of murder, by the word of the Holy One of Israel.''

(d) "viduus, sive viduatus", Vatablus, Calvin, Montanus; "ut vidua", Pagninus; "orbus", Schmidt. (e) "quia terra illorum repleta est delicto, sive reatu, vel poena", Grotius; so some in Gataker. "a Sancto Israelis", Montanus, Schmidt; "propter Sanctum Israelis", Vatablus, Calvin, Cocceius; so Ben Melech. 5. forsaken—as a widow (Hebrew). Israel is not severed from her husband, Jehovah (Isa 54:5-7), by a perpetual divorce.

though … sin—though the land of Israel has been filled with sin, that is, with the punishment of their sin, devastation. But, as the Hebrew means "for," or "and therefore," not "though," translate, "and therefore their (the Chaldeans') land has been filled with (the penal consequences of) their sin" [Grotius].51:1-58 The particulars of this prophecy are dispersed and interwoven, and the same things left and returned to again. Babylon is abundant in treasures, yet neither her waters nor her wealth shall secure her. Destruction comes when they did not think of it. Wherever we are, in the greatest depths, at the greatest distances, we are to remember the Lord our God; and in the times of the greatest fears and hopes, it is most needful to remember the Lord. The feeling excited by Babylon's fall is the same with the New Testament Babylon, Re 18:9,19. The ruin of all who support idolatry, infidelity, and superstition, is needful for the revival of true godliness; and the threatening prophecies of Scripture yield comfort in this view. The great seat of antichristian tyranny, idolatry, and superstition, the persecutor of true Christians, is as certainly doomed to destruction as ancient Babylon. Then will vast multitudes mourn for sin, and seek the Lord. Then will the lost sheep of the house of Israel be brought back to the fold of the good Shepherd, and stray no more. And the exact fulfilment of these ancient prophecies encourages us to faith in all the promises and prophecies of the sacred Scriptures.
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