Jeremiah 31:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Again you will plant vineyards on the hills of Samaria; the farmers will plant them and enjoy their fruit.

New Living Translation
Again you will plant your vineyards on the mountains of Samaria and eat from your own gardens there.

English Standard Version
Again you shall plant vineyards on the mountains of Samaria; the planters shall plant and shall enjoy the fruit.

New American Standard Bible
"Again you will plant vineyards On the hills of Samaria; The planters will plant And will enjoy them.

King James Bible
Thou shalt yet plant vines upon the mountains of Samaria: the planters shall plant, and shall eat them as common things.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You will plant vineyards again on the mountains of Samaria; the planters will plant and will enjoy the fruit.

International Standard Version
You will again plant vineyards on the hills of Samaria where planters had planted and defiled the fruit.

NET Bible
Once again you will plant vineyards on the hills of Samaria. Those who plant them will once again enjoy their fruit.

New Heart English Bible
Again you shall plant vineyards on the mountains of Samaria; the planters shall plant, and shall enjoy its fruit.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Once again you will plant vineyards on the mountains of Samaria. Those who plant them will enjoy the fruit.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Again shalt thou plant vineyards upon the mountains of Samaria; The planters shall plant, and shall have the use thereof.

New American Standard 1977
“Again you shall plant vineyards
            On the hills of Samaria;
            The planters shall plant
            And shall enjoy them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt yet plant vines upon the mountains of Samaria: the planters shall plant and shall eat them as common things.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall yet plant vines upon the mountains of Samaria: the planters shall plant, and shall eat them as common things.

American King James Version
You shall yet plant vines on the mountains of Samaria: the planters shall plant, and shall eat them as common things.

American Standard Version
Again shalt thou plant vineyards upon the mountains of Samaria; the planters shall plant, and shall enjoy the fruit thereof .

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt yet plant vineyards in the mountains of Samaria: the planters shall plant, and they shall not gather the vintage before the time.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt again plant vineyards upon the mountains of Samaria; the planters shall plant, and shall eat the fruit.

English Revised Version
Again shalt thou plant vineyards upon the mountains of Samaria: the planters shall plant, and shall enjoy the fruit thereof.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt yet plant vines upon the mountains of Samaria: the planters shall plant, and shall eat them as common things.

World English Bible
Again you shall plant vineyards on the mountains of Samaria; the planters shall plant, and shall enjoy [its fruit].

Young's Literal Translation
Again thou dost plant vineyards In mountains of Samaria, Planters have planted, and made common.
Study Bible
Mourning Turned to Joy
4"Again I will build you and you will be rebuilt, O virgin of Israel! Again you will take up your tambourines, And go forth to the dances of the merrymakers. 5"Again you will plant vineyards On the hills of Samaria; The planters will plant And will enjoy them. 6"For there will be a day when watchmen On the hills of Ephraim call out, 'Arise, and let us go up to Zion, To the LORD our God.'"…
Cross References
Psalm 107:37
And sow fields and plant vineyards, And gather a fruitful harvest.

Isaiah 65:21
"They will build houses and inhabit them; They will also plant vineyards and eat their fruit.

Jeremiah 32:15
'For thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, "Houses and fields and vineyards will again be bought in this land."'

Ezekiel 28:26
"They will live in it securely; and they will build houses, plant vineyards and live securely when I execute judgments upon all who scorn them round about them. Then they will know that I am the LORD their God."'"

Amos 9:14
"Also I will restore the captivity of My people Israel, And they will rebuild the ruined cities and live in them; They will also plant vineyards and drink their wine, And make gardens and eat their fruit.

Obadiah 1:19
Then those of the Negev will possess the mountain of Esau, And those of the Shephelah the Philistine plain; Also, possess the territory of Ephraim and the territory of Samaria, And Benjamin will possess Gilead.

Micah 1:6
For I will make Samaria a heap of ruins in the open country, Planting places for a vineyard. I will pour her stones down into the valley And will lay bare her foundations.
Treasury of Scripture

You shall yet plant vines on the mountains of Samaria: the planters shall plant, and shall eat them as common things.

yet.

Deuteronomy 28:30 You shall betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her: you …

Isaiah 62:8,9 The LORD has sworn by his right hand, and by the arm of his strength, …

Isaiah 65:21,22 And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall plant …

Amos 9:14 And I will bring again the captivity of my people of Israel, and …

Micah 4:4 But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree; …

Zechariah 3:10 In that day, said the LORD of hosts, shall you call every man his …

mountains.

Ezekiel 36:8 But you, O mountains of Israel, you shall shoot forth your branches, …

Obadiah 1:19 And they of the south shall possess the mount of Esau; and they of …

eat. Heb. profane.

Leviticus 19:23-25 And when you shall come into the land, and shall have planted all …

Deuteronomy 20:6 And what man is he that has planted a vineyard, and has not yet eaten …

Deuteronomy 28:30 You shall betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her: you …

1 Samuel 21:5 And David answered the priest, and said to him, Of a truth women …

(5) Thou shalt yet plant vines upon the mountains of Samaria . . .--The mention of Samaria shows that the prophet is thinking of the restoration of the northern kingdom, as well as of Judah, under the rule of the true King. In the Hebrew words "shall eat them as common things" we have a singular train of associations. The primary meaning of the verb is to "profane." The rule of Leviticus 19:23-24, based partly, perhaps, on grounds of culture, partly with a symbolic meaning, required that a vineyard for three years after it was planted should be treated as "uncircumcised" (i.e., that no use should be made of the fruit), in the fourth year the fruit was to "be holy to praise the Lord with," and in the fifth the planter might take the fruit for himself. So accordingly in Deuteronomy 20:6 we have, as one of the laws affecting war, that if a man had planted a vineyard and had not made it common--the same word as that used here--i.e., had not got beyond the fixed period of consecration, he might be exempted from military service, lest he should die and another eat of it. Compare also Deuteronomy 28:30, where the English "gather" answers, as the marginal reading shows, to the same verb. What is meant here, therefore, is, in contrast with the chances and changes of a time of war, that the planters of the vineyard should not be disturbed in their possession of it. They should not plant, and another eat thereof. (Comp. Isaiah 65:22; Deuteronomy 28:30.)

Verse 5. - The mountains of Samaria. "Samaria" is used, equally with Ephraim, for the northern kingdom. Shall eat them as common things; rather, shall enjoy the fruit. The word, however, literally means shall profane them. The more common phrase, "shall eat the fruit," occurs in Isaiah 65:21, where the same promise is given. The law was that newly planted fruit trees should be left alone for three years; that in the fourth year their fruit should be consecrated to God; and that in the fifth year their fruit might be "profaned," i.e. devoted to ordinary uses (comp. Deuteronomy 20:6; Deuteronomy 28:30). Thou shalt yet plant vines upon the mountains of Samaria,.... Mountains are proper places for vines, and which generally produce the best wine; but vines are not to be understood merely literally, or as only expressive of the outward peace, plenty, and prosperity of Samaria, with other places given to the Jews, as Josephus (k) observes they were by the Demetrii; which they might improve by planting vines, &c. but figuratively of the planting of Gospel churches there, comparable to vines, Sol 2:13; which was done in the first times of the Gospel; see John 4:29; and which was a pledge of what will be done in those parts hereafter in the latter day:

the planters shall plant, and shall eat them as common things; the fruit of the vines planted by them. The allusion is to the law of eating the fruit of trees planted on the fifth year of their plantation, when, and not till then, it was lawful to eat of it; but here the planters might eat of it as soon as it was produced, even as the fruit of the fifth year, which was common and lawful, Leviticus 19:23. The "planters" are the ministers of the Gospel; such an one the Apostle Paul was; who are instruments in founding and raising churches, and of planting members in them, as well as of watering, and making them fruitful; and who receive themselves benefit from hence; not only in things temporal, but spiritual; it giving them a real pleasure and satisfaction to see the plants grow and thrive, which they have planted, 1 Corinthians 3:6, Psalm 92:14.

(k) Antiqu. Jud. l. 13. c. 2. sect. 3.5. Samaria—the metropolis of the ten tribes; here equivalent to Israel. The mountainous nature of their country suited the growth of the vine.

eat … as common—literally, "shall profane," that is, shall put to common use. For the first three years after planting, the vine was "not to be eaten of"; on the fourth year the fruit was to be "holy to praise the Lord withal"; on the fifth year the fruit was to be eaten as common, no longer restricted to holy use (Le 19:23-25; compare De 20:6; 28:30, Margin). Thus the idea here is, "The same persons who plant shall reap the fruits"; it shall no longer be that one shall plant and another reap the fruit.31:1-9 God assures his people that he will again take them into covenant relation to himself. When brought very low, and difficulties appear, it is good to remember that it has been so with the church formerly. But it is hard under present frowns to take comfort from former smiles; yet it is the happiness of those who, through grace, are interested in the love of God, that it is an everlasting love, from everlasting in the counsels, to everlasting in the continuance. Those whom God loves with this love, he will draw to himself, by the influences of his Spirit upon their souls. When praising God for what he has done, we must call upon him for the favours his church needs and expects. When the Lord calls, we must not plead that we cannot come; for he that calls us, will help us, will strengthen us. The goodness of God shall lead them to repentance. And they shall weep for sin with more bitterness, and more tenderness, when delivered out of their captivity, than when groaning under it. If we take God for our Father, and join the church of the first-born, we shall want nothing that is good for us. These predictions doubtless refer also to a future gathering of the Israelites from all quarters of the globe. And they figuratively describe the conversion of sinners to Christ, and the plain and safe way in which they are led.
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