Jeremiah 31:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"I have surely heard Ephraim's moaning: 'You disciplined me like an unruly calf, and I have been disciplined. Restore me, and I will return, because you are the LORD my God.

New Living Translation
I have heard Israel saying, 'You disciplined me severely, like a calf that needs training for the yoke. Turn me again to you and restore me, for you alone are the LORD my God.

English Standard Version
I have heard Ephraim grieving, ‘You have disciplined me, and I was disciplined, like an untrained calf; bring me back that I may be restored, for you are the LORD my God.

New American Standard Bible
"I have surely heard Ephraim grieving, 'You have chastised me, and I was chastised, Like an untrained calf; Bring me back that I may be restored, For You are the LORD my God.

King James Bible
I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the LORD my God.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I have heard Ephraim moaning, "You disciplined me, and I have been disciplined like an untrained calf. Restore me, and I will return, for you, LORD, are my God.

International Standard Version
"I've certainly heard Ephraim shuddering with grief as they said, 'You have disciplined me, and I'm disciplined like an untrained calf. Restore me, and let me return, for you are the LORD my God.

NET Bible
I have indeed heard the people of Israel say mournfully, 'We were like a calf untrained to the yoke. You disciplined us and we learned from it. Let us come back to you and we will do so, for you are the LORD our God.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"I have certainly heard Ephraim mourn and say, 'You disciplined me, and I was disciplined. I was like a young, untrained calf. Turn me, and I will be turned, because you are the LORD my God.

Jubilee Bible 2000
I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus, Thou hast afflicted me, and I was chastised as an indomitable bullock: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the LORD my God.

King James 2000 Bible
I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; You have chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: restore me, and I shall return; for you are the LORD my God.

American King James Version
I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; You have chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn you me, and I shall be turned; for you are the LORD my God.

American Standard Version
I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus , Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a calf unaccustomed to the yoke : turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art Jehovah my God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Hearing I heard Ephraim when he went into captivity: thou hast chastised me, and I was instructed, as a young bullock unaccustomed to the yoke. Convert me, and I shall be converted, for thou art the Lord my God.

Darby Bible Translation
I have indeed heard Ephraim bemoaning himself [thus]: Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised as a bullock not trained: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art Jehovah my God.

English Revised Version
I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus, Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a calf unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the LORD my God.

Webster's Bible Translation
I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the LORD my God.

World English Bible
I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself [thus], You have chastised me, and I was chastised, as a calf unaccustomed [to the yoke]: turn me, and I shall be turned; for you are Yahweh my God.

Young's Literal Translation
I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself, 'Thou hast chastised me, And I am chastised, as a heifer not taught, Turn me back, and I turn back, For thou art Jehovah my God.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

31:18-20 Ephraim (the ten tribes) is weeping for sin. He is angry at himself for his sin, and folly, and frowardness. He finds he cannot, by his own power, keep himself close with God, much less bring himself back when he is revolted. Therefore he prays, Turn thou me, and I shall be turned. His will was bowed to the will of God. When the teaching of God's Spirit went with the corrections of his providence, then the work was done. This is our comfort in affliction, that the Lord thinks upon us. God has mercy in store, rich mercy, sure mercy, suitable mercy, for all who seek him in sincerity.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 18, 19. - The ground of this hope, viz. that Ephraim will humble himself with deep contrition. Verse 18. - As a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke; literally, as an untaught calf (comp. Hosea 10:11). Turn thou me, etc. Jeremiah has a peculiarly deep view of conversion. Isaiah (Isaiah 1:16-20) simply calls upon his hearers to change their course of life; Jeremiah represents penitent Ephraim as beseeching God so to prepare him that he may indeed "turn."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus,.... Not Ephraim in person; though, as he was a very affectionate and tenderhearted man, as appears from 1 Chronicles 7:22; he is with like propriety introduced, as Rachel before; but Ephraim intends Israel, or the ten tribes, and even all the people of the Jews; and the prophecy seems to respect the conversion of them in the latter day, when they shall be in soul trouble, and bemoan their sins, and their sinful and wretched estate, and especially their rejection of the Messiah; when they shall look on him whom they have pierced, and mourn, and be in bitterness, as one that mourns for his firstborn, and which the Lord will take notice of and observe, Zechariah 12:10; and it may be applied to the case of every sensible sinner bemoaning their sinful nature; want of righteousness; impotence to all that is spiritually good; their violations of the righteous law of God; and the curse they are liable to on account of it; their many sins against a God of love, grace, and mercy; and their ruined and undone state and condition by sin; all which the Lord takes notice of: "hearing I have heard" (s); which denotes the certainty of it, and with what attention he hears, yea, with what pleasure; it is the moan of his doves, of those who are like doves of the valley, everyone mourning for his iniquity; he hears, so as he answers; and sympathizing with them, he sends comfort to them, and delivers them out of their troubles:

thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised; this is the case bemoaned; not so much the chastising hand of God, as unaffectedness with it, and not being the better for it; the Lord has indeed, as if Ephraim should say, chastised me, and I have been chastised by him, and that is all; it has made no manner of impression upon me; I have not received correction, nor has it been of any use to me; and this he bemoaned: and this will be the case of the Jews when they are converted; they will then reflect upon all the corrections and chastisements of God under which they have been ever since the rejection of the Messiah, and still are; and yet are now stupid under them, and take no notice of them, and are never the better for them; and this they will lament when their eyes are opened: and so it is with particular persons at conversion; in their state of unregeneracy they have been chastened and corrected by the Lord, by one providence or another, by one disease and disorder or another, and they have not observed it; it has not wrought upon them, nor awakened them to a sense of danger; God has spoken once, and twice, in this rough way, and they have not perceived; he has stricken them, and they have not grieved; beaten them, and they felt it not; but now being made sensible, they bemoan their former stupidity and inattention, and wonder at the forbearance and goodness of God:

as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke; or to draw the plough; as senseless and as stupid, yea, as thoughtless of danger, as that creature is when led to the slaughter; as "untaught", as the word (t) signifies; as ignorant of divine and spiritual things; knowing nothing of Christ, or God in Christ, or of the way of salvation by him, and of the operations of his Spirit and grace; as unruly as that to bear the yoke of the law, or the yoke of Christ; and as impatient under the yoke of affliction, kicking, tossing, and flinging, like a wild bull in a net; all which give concern to an awakened mind, that now sees its need of conversion, and prays for it, as follows:

turn thou me, and I shall be turned; which designs not a mere reformation of manners, or conversion to a doctrine or doctrines; nor a restoration after backslidings; nor a carrying on of the work of grace on the soul, and a daily renewing it; but the first work of conversion; which lies in a man's being turned from darkness to light, from the power of Satan to God; is a turn of the heart, and not of the head and action only; of the will, affections, and bias of the mind; it is a turning of persons to the Lord Jesus Christ, to look to him for righteousness, life, and salvation; and in such sense will the Jews be turned in the latter day, 2 Corinthians 3:16; and this being prayed for, not only shows a sense of need of it, but of inability to work it; that it is not in the power of man to do it; that he is not active, but passive in it; that it is the Lord's work, and his only; and that when he does it, it is done effectually:

for thou art the Lord my God: the "Lord", the mighty Jehovah, and therefore able to do it; "my God", covenant God, who has promised to do it; and by virtue of covenant grace will be the conversion of the Jews; and to which the conversion of everyone is owing, Romans 11:25; or, "for thou shalt be the Lord my God"; I will own, acknowledge, fear, serve, and glorify thee as such, being converted to thee; see Genesis 28:20.

(s) "audiendo audivi", Vatablus, Pagninus, Montanus, Schmidt. (t) "non instructus", Munster; "non doctus", Montanus.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

18. Ephraim—representing the ten tribes.

bemoaning himself—The spirit of penitent supplication shall at last be poured on Israel as the necessary forerunner of their restoration (Zec 12:10-14).

Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised—In the first clause the chastisement itself is meant; in the second the beneficial effect of it in teaching the penitent true wisdom.

bullock unaccustomed to … yoke—A similar image occurs in De 32:15. Compare "stiff-necked," Ac 7:51; Ex 32:9, an image from refractory oxen. Before my chastisement I needed the severe correction I received, as much as an untamed bullock needs the goad. Compare Ac 9:5, where the same figure is used of Saul while unconverted. Israel has had a longer chastisement than Judah, not having been restored even at the Jews' return from Babylon. Hereafter, at its restoration, it shall confess the sore discipline was all needed to "accustom" it to God's "easy yoke" (Mt 11:29, 30).

turn thou me—by Thy converting Spirit (La 5:21). But why does Ephraim pray for conversion, seeing that he is already converted? Because we are converted by progressive steps, and need the same power of God to carry forward, as to originate, our conversion (Joh 6:44, 65; compare with Isa 27:3; 1Pe 1:5; Php 1:6).

Jeremiah 31:18 Additional Commentaries
Context
Mourning Turned to Joy
17"There is hope for your future," declares the LORD, "And your children will return to their own territory. 18"I have surely heard Ephraim grieving, 'You have chastised me, and I was chastised, Like an untrained calf; Bring me back that I may be restored, For You are the LORD my God. 19For after I turned back, I repented; And after I was instructed, I smote on my thigh; I was ashamed and also humiliated Because I bore the reproach of my youth.'…
Cross References
Acts 3:26
When God raised up his servant, he sent him first to you to bless you by turning each of you from your wicked ways."

Numbers 2:18
On the west will be the divisions of the camp of Ephraim under their standard. The leader of the people of Ephraim is Elishama son of Ammihud.

Job 5:17
"Blessed is the one whom God corrects; so do not despise the discipline of the Almighty.

Psalm 80:3
Restore us, O God; make your face shine on us, that we may be saved.

Psalm 80:7
Restore us, God Almighty; make your face shine on us, that we may be saved.

Psalm 94:12
Blessed is the one you discipline, LORD, the one you teach from your law;

Psalm 118:18
The LORD has chastened me severely, but he has not given me over to death.

Psalm 119:67
Before I was afflicted I went astray, but now I obey your word.

Jeremiah 3:21
A cry is heard on the barren heights, the weeping and pleading of the people of Israel, because they have perverted their ways and have forgotten the LORD their God.

Jeremiah 17:14
Heal me, LORD, and I will be healed; save me and I will be saved, for you are the one I praise.

Lamentations 5:21
Restore us to yourself, LORD, that we may return; renew our days as of old

Ezekiel 20:43
There you will remember your conduct and all the actions by which you have defiled yourselves, and you will loathe yourselves for all the evil you have done.

Daniel 9:13
Just as it is written in the Law of Moses, all this disaster has come on us, yet we have not sought the favor of the LORD our God by turning from our sins and giving attention to your truth.

Hosea 4:16
The Israelites are stubborn, like a stubborn heifer. How then can the LORD pasture them like lambs in a meadow?

Jonah 3:10
When God saw what they did and how they turned from their evil ways, he relented and did not bring on them the destruction he had threatened.

Malachi 3:16
Then those who feared the LORD talked with each other, and the LORD listened and heard. A scroll of remembrance was written in his presence concerning those who feared the LORD and honored his name.
Treasury of Scripture

I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; You have chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn you me, and I shall be turned; for you are the LORD my God.

surely.

Job 33:27,28 He looks on men, and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that …

Psalm 102:19,20 For he has looked down from the height of his sanctuary; from heaven …

Isaiah 57:15-18 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose …

Hosea 5:15 I will go and return to my place, till they acknowledge their offense, …

Hosea 6:1,2 Come, and let us return to the LORD: for he has torn, and he will …

Luke 15:20 And he arose, and came to his father. But when he was yet a great …

Ephraim.

Jeremiah 31:6,9 For there shall be a day, that the watchmen on the mount Ephraim …

Jeremiah 3:21,22 A voice was heard on the high places, weeping and supplications of …

Jeremiah 50:4,5 In those days, and in that time, said the LORD, the children of Israel …

Hosea 11:8,9 How shall I give you up, Ephraim? how shall I deliver you, Israel? …

Hosea 14:4-8 I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely: for my anger …

thou hast.

Jeremiah 2:30 In vain have I smitten your children; they received no correction: …

Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, are not your eyes on the truth? you have stricken them, but …

Job 5:17 Behold, happy is the man whom God corrects: therefore despise not …

Psalm 39:8,9 Deliver me from all my transgressions: make me not the reproach of …

Psalm 94:12 Blessed is the man whom you chasten, O LORD, and teach him out of your law;

Psalm 119:75 I know, O LORD, that your judgments are right, and that you in faithfulness …

Proverbs 3:11 My son, despise not the chastening of the LORD; neither be weary …

Isaiah 1:5 Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: …

Isaiah 9:13 For the people turns not to him that smites them, neither do they …

Isaiah 57:17 For the iniquity of his covetousness was I wroth, and smote him: …

Hosea 5:12,13 Therefore will I be to Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah …

Zephaniah 3:2 She obeyed not the voice; she received not correction; she trusted …

Hebrews 12:5 And you have forgotten the exhortation which speaks to you as to …

Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

as a.

Psalm 32:9 Be you not as the horse, or as the mule, which have no understanding: …

Proverbs 26:3 A whip for the horse, a bridle for the donkey, and a rod for the fool's back.

Proverbs 29:1 He, that being often reproved hardens his neck, shall suddenly be …

Isaiah 51:20 Your sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, …

Isaiah 53:7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: …

Lamentations 3:27-30 It is good for a man that he bear the yoke of his youth…

Hosea 10:11 And Ephraim is as an heifer that is taught, and loves to tread out …

turn.

Jeremiah 17:14 Heal me, O LORD, and I shall be healed; save me, and I shall be saved: …

Psalm 80:3,7,19 Turn us again, O God, and cause your face to shine; and we shall be saved…

Psalm 85:4 Turn us, O God of our salvation, and cause your anger toward us to cease.

Lamentations 5:21 Turn you us to you, O LORD, and we shall be turned; renew our days as of old.

Malachi 4:6 And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the …

Luke 1:17 And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn …

Acts 3:26 To you first God, having raised up his Son Jesus, sent him to bless …

Philippians 2:13 For it is God which works in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

James 1:16-18 Do not err, my beloved brothers…

for.

Jeremiah 3:22,25 Return, you backsliding children, and I will heal your backslidings. …

Isaiah 63:16 Doubtless you are our father, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and …

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