Jeremiah 31:31
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"The days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and with the people of Judah.

New Living Translation
"The day is coming," says the LORD, "when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and Judah.

English Standard Version
“Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah,

New American Standard Bible
"Behold, days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah,

King James Bible
Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"Look, the days are coming"--this is the LORD's declaration--"when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.

International Standard Version
"Look, days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I'll make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah.

NET Bible
"Indeed, a time is coming," says the LORD, "when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and Judah.

New Heart English Bible
Look, the days come," says the LORD, "when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"The days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will make a new promise to Israel and Judah.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah;

New American Standard 1977
“Behold, days are coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Behold, the days come, said the LORD, in which I will make a new covenant with the house of Jacob and with the house of Judah:

King James 2000 Bible
Behold, the days come, says the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

American King James Version
Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

American Standard Version
Behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Behold the days shall come, saith the Lord, and I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Juda:

Darby Bible Translation
Behold, days come, saith Jehovah, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:

English Revised Version
Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

Webster's Bible Translation
Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

World English Bible
Behold, the days come, says Yahweh, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

Young's Literal Translation
Lo, days are coming, an affirmation of Jehovah, And I have made with the house of Israel And with the house of Judah a new covenant,
Study Bible
A New Covenant
30"But everyone will die for his own iniquity; each man who eats the sour grapes, his teeth will be set on edge. 31"Behold, days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, 32not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them," declares the LORD.…
Cross References
Mark 14:24
He said to them, "This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many.

Luke 22:20
In the same way, after supper He took the cup, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is poured out for you.

1 Corinthians 11:25
In the same way, after supper He took the cup, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My blood; do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me."

2 Corinthians 3:6
And He has qualified us as ministers of a new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.

Hebrews 8:8
But when God found fault with the people, He said: "Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.

Hebrews 10:16
"This is the covenant I will make with them after those days, says the Lord. I will put My Laws in their hearts and inscribe them on their minds."

Hebrews 10:17
Then he adds: "Their sins and lawless acts I will remember no more."

Deuteronomy 29:14
"Now not with you alone am I making this covenant and this oath,

Isaiah 59:21
"As for Me, this is My covenant with them," says the LORD: "My Spirit which is upon you, and My words which I have put in your mouth shall not depart from your mouth, nor from the mouth of your offspring, nor from the mouth of your offspring's offspring," says the LORD, "from now and forever."

Jeremiah 32:40
"I will make an everlasting covenant with them that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; and I will put the fear of Me in their hearts so that they will not turn away from Me.
Treasury of Scripture

Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

the days.

Jeremiah 31:27 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will sow the house of …

Jeremiah 23:5 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David …

Jeremiah 30:3 For, see, the days come, said the LORD, that I will bring again the …

Jeremiah 33:14-16 Behold, the days come, said the LORD…

Amos 9:13 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that the plowman shall overtake …

I.

Jeremiah 32:40 And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not …

Ezekiel 37:26 Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an …

Matthew 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many …

Mark 14:24 And he said to them, This is my blood of the new testament, which …

Luke 22:20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament …

1 Corinthians 11:25 After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, …

2 Corinthians 3:6 Who also has made us able ministers of the new testament; not of …

Hebrews 8:6-13 But now has he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also …

Hebrews 9:15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that …

Hebrews 10:16,17 This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, …

Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of …

Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, …

with.

Jeremiah 50:4,5 In those days, and in that time, said the LORD, the children of Israel …

Galatians 6:16 And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and …

Philippians 3:3 For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and …

(31) I will make a new covenant . . .--Both in itself, and as the germ of the future of the spiritual history of mankind, the words are of immense significance. It was to this that the Lord Jesus directed the thoughts of His disciples, as the prophecy which, above all other prophecies, He had come to fulfil by the sacrifice of Himself. In that "New Covenant" in His blood, which He solemnly proclaimed at the Last Supper (Matthew 26:28), and which was commemorated whenever men met to partake of the Supper of the Lord (1Corinthians 11:25), there was latent the whole argument of the writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews (Hebrews 8-10), the whole Gospel of justification by faith as proclaimed by St. Paul (Galatians 3:15-17). From it the Church took the title of the New Covenant, the New Testament, which it gave to the collected writings of the Apostolic age. This title in its turn gave the name of the Old Testament to the collected writings which recorded how "in sundry times and divers manners" God had spoken in time past to Israel.

The promise is too commonly dealt with as standing by itself, without reference to the sequence of thought in which we find it placed. That sequence, however, is not hard to trace. The common proverb about the sour grapes had set the prophet thinking on the laws of God's dealings with men. He felt that something more was needed to restrain men from evil than the thought that they might be transmitting evil to their children's children--something more even than the thought of direct personal responsibility, and of a perfectly righteous retribution. And that something was to be found in the idea of a law--not written on tablets of stone, not threatening and condemning from without, and denouncing punishment on the transgressors and their descendants, but written on heart and spirit (2Corinthians 3:3-6). It is noticeable, as showing how like thoughts were working in the minds of the two prophets, that in Ezekiel also the promise of a "new heart and new spirit" comes in close sequence upon the protest against the adage about the "children's teeth being set on edge" (Ezekiel 18:31). In the words for "saith the Lord" we have the more solemn word which carries with it the announcement as of an oracle from God.

Verses 31-34. - The new covenant. A prophecy which stands out from the rest of Jeremiah by its evangelical character, in which it strongly reminds us of parts of the second half of Isaiah. The doctrine of the covenant is "the thread which binds together the hopes and the fears of the prophet, his certainty of coming woe, his certainty of ultimate blessing." A covenant was granted of old, but that covenant had on man's side been broken. Still "the gifts and calling of God are not to be retracted" (Romans 11:29); and Jeremiah felt that the very nature of God guaranteed the renewal of the covenant on a new basis. "Covenant" is, no doubt, an unfortunate rendering. The Hebrew word so rendered means, primarily, a decision or appointment, and there is a whole group of passages in the Old Testament which requires this meaning (see the present writer's note, in 'The Prophecies of Isaiah,' on Isaiah 42:6). We retain it, however, as that with which the reader is familiar, and only remind him that God is everything, and man nothing, in fixing the terms of the transaction. The characteristics of the new covenant are three:

(1) The relation between God and his people is protected from all risk by God himself making the people what he would have them be.

(2) "Whereas, in the case of the old, the law of duty was written on tables of stone, in the case of the new the law is to be written on the heart; whereas, under the old, owing to the ritual character of the worship, the knowledge of God and his will was a complicated affair, in which men generally were helplessly dependent on a professional class, under the new, the worship of God would be reduced to the simplest spiritual elements, and it would be in every man's power to know God at first hand, the sole requisite for such knowledge as would then be required being a pure heart." And

(3) "whereas, under the old, the provisions for the cancelling of sin were very unsatisfactory, and utterly unfit to perfect the worshipper as to conscience, by dealing thoroughly with the problem of guilt, under the new God would grant to his people a real, absolute, and perennial forgiveness, so that the abiding relation between him and them should be as if sin had never existed" (Dr. A.B. Bruce, in The Expositor, January, 1880, pp. 70, 71). Comp. the abolition of the ark indicated in Jeremiah 3:16. - The inspired author of Hebrews tells us (Hebrews 8:6-13), speaking generally, that this promise delivered through Jeremiah was fulfilled in the gospel. But it must be remembered that the gospel has not yet taken form outwardly, except in a comparatively meagre sense. If the Jews as a nation (that is, the better part or kernel of Israel) should embrace the gospel, not necessarily in the logical expression familiar to the West, but in its essential facts and truths, we should see quite another embodiment of the promise, and feel the spiritual impulse in ourselves as we have not yet done. It seems appropriate, in conclusion, to quote a finely expressed passage from De Quincey's exposition of the New Testament term μετάνοια. Without pledging ourselves to the absolute correctness of his explanation of that word, his language may be well applied to Jeremiah's prophecy. "What would have been thought of any prophet, if he should have promised to transfigurate the celestial mechanics; if he had said, 'I will create a new pole star, a new zodiac, and new laws of gravitation;' briefly, 'I will make new earth and new heavens'? And yet a thousand times more awful it was to undertake the writing Of new laws upon the spiritual conscience of man." Behold, the days come, saith the Lord,.... This refers to Gospel times, as is clear from the quotation and application by the apostle, Hebrews 8:8; and it is owned by a modern Jew (l) to belong to the times of the Messiah. It is introduced with a "behold", as a note of attention, pointing to something of moment, and very agreeable and desirable, as the covenant of grace, its blessings and promises, are; and as a note of admiration, it being justly to be wondered at that God should make a covenant with such sinful and unworthy creatures as he has;

that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house Judah; by this "covenant" is meant the covenant of called new, not because newly made, for it was with the elect in Christ from everlasting; so early was Christ set up as the Mediator of it; and so early were promises made, and blessings given, to them in him: nor because newly revealed; for it was made known to all the saints, more or less, under the former dispensation, particularly to David, to Abraham, yea, to our first parents immediately after the fall, though more clearly manifested under the Gospel dispensation; but because of its new mode of exhibition; not by types, and shadows, and sacrifices, as formerly; but by the ministry of the word, and the administration of Gospel ordinances; and in distinction from the former covenant, which is done away, as to the mode of it; and because it is a famous covenant, an excellent one, a better covenant, best of all; better than the covenant of works, and even better than the covenant of grace, under the former administration; in the clear manifestation and extensive application of it; and in the ratification of it by the blood of Christ; besides, it provides and promises new things, as a new heart, and a new spirit; to which may be added, that it may be called new, because it is always new; it continues, it stands firm, as Kimchi observes, and shall not be made void; it will never be succeeded nor antiquated by any other covenant, or any other mode of administration of it. The persons with whom this covenant is said to be made are "the house of Israel and of Judah"; which was literally true of them in the first times of the Gospel, to whom the Gospel was first preached, and many of them were called by grace, and had an application of covenant blessings made to them; and is mystically to be understood of God's elect, whether Jews or Gentiles; the Israel after the spirit; Israelites indeed, Jews inwardly, even all that are fellow citizens of the saints, and of the household of God, the middle wall of partition being broken down: and this "making" of a covenant with them intends no other than a making it known unto them; showing it to them, and their interest in it; in God, as their covenant God; and in Christ, as the Mediator of it; and an application of the blessings and promises of it to them.

(l) Abendana, not. in Miclol Yophi in loc. 31. the days … new covenant with … Israel … Judah—The new covenant is made with literal Israel and Judah, not with the spiritual Israel, that is, believers, except secondarily, and as grafted on the stock of Israel (Ro 11:16-27). For the whole subject of the thirtieth and thirty-first chapters is the restoration of the Hebrews (Jer 30:4, 7, 10, 18; 31:7, 10, 11, 23, 24, 27, 36). With the "remnant according to the election of grace" in Israel, the new covenant has already taken effect. But with regard to the whole nation, its realization is reserved for the last days, to which Paul refers this prophecy in an abridged form (Ro 11:27).31:27-34 The people of God shall become numerous and prosperous. In Heb 8:8,9, this place is quoted as the sum of the covenant of grace made with believers in Jesus Christ. Not, I will give them a new law; for Christ came not to destroy the law, but to fulfil it; but the law shall be written in their hearts by the finger of the Spirit, as formerly written in the tables of stone. The Lord will, by his grace, make his people willing people in the day of his power. All shall know the Lord; all shall be welcome to the knowledge of God, and shall have the means of that knowledge. There shall be an outpouring of the Holy Spirit, at the time the gospel is published. No man shall finally perish, but for his own sins; none, who is willing to accept of Christ's salvation.
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