Jude 1:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
These people are grumblers and faultfinders; they follow their own evil desires; they boast about themselves and flatter others for their own advantage.

New Living Translation
These people are grumblers and complainers, living only to satisfy their desires. They brag loudly about themselves, and they flatter others to get what they want.

English Standard Version
These are grumblers, malcontents, following their own sinful desires; they are loud-mouthed boasters, showing favoritism to gain advantage.

New American Standard Bible
These are grumblers, finding fault, following after their own lusts; they speak arrogantly, flattering people for the sake of gaining an advantage.

King James Bible
These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling words, having men's persons in admiration because of advantage.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These people are discontented grumblers, walking according to their desires; their mouths utter arrogant words, flattering people for their own advantage.

International Standard Version
These people are complainers and faultfinders, following their own desires. They say arrogant things and flatter people in order to take advantage of them.

NET Bible
These people are grumblers and fault-finders who go wherever their desires lead them, and they give bombastic speeches, enchanting folks for their own gain.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
These are those who murmur and complain in every matter while they walk according to their desires, their mouth speaks guiltiness, and they flatter persons for profit.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These people complain, find fault, follow their own desires, say arrogant things, and flatter people in order to take advantage of them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own desires; and their mouth speaks arrogant things, admiring persons to take advantage.

King James 2000 Bible
These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaks great swelling words, holding men in admiration for the sake of advantage.

American King James Version
These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaks great swelling words, having men's persons in admiration because of advantage.

American Standard Version
These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their lusts (and their mouth speaketh great swelling words ), showing respect of persons for the sake of advantage.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These are murmurers, full of complaints, walking according to their own desires, and their mouth speaketh proud things, admiring persons for gain's sake.

Darby Bible Translation
These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their lusts; and their mouth speaks swelling words, admiring persons for the sake of profit.

English Revised Version
These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their lusts (and their mouth speaketh great swelling words), shewing respect of persons for the sake of advantage.

Webster's Bible Translation
These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling words, having men's persons in admiration because of advantage.

Weymouth New Testament
These men are murmurers, ever bemoaning their lot. Their lives are guided by their evil passions, and their mouths are full of big, boastful words, while they treat individual men with admiring reverence for the sake of the advantage they can gain.

World English Bible
These are murmurers and complainers, walking after their lusts (and their mouth speaks proud things), showing respect of persons to gain advantage.

Young's Literal Translation
These are murmurers, repiners; according to their desires walking, and their mouth doth speak great swellings, giving admiration to persons for the sake of profit;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:8-16 False teachers are dreamers; they greatly defile and grievously wound the soul. These teachers are of a disturbed mind and a seditious spirit; forgetting that the powers that be, are ordained of God, Ro 13:1. As to the contest about the body of Moses, it appears that Satan wished to make the place of his burial known to the Israelites, in order to tempt them to worship him, but he was prevented, and vented his rage in desperate blasphemy. This should remind all who dispute never to bring railing charges. Also learn hence, that we ought to defend those whom God owns. It is hard, if not impossible, to find any enemies to the Christian religion, who did not, and do not, live in open or secret contradiction to the principles of natural religion. Such are here compared to brute beasts, though they often boast of themselves as the wisest of mankind. They corrupt themselves in the things most open and plain. The fault lies, not in their understandings, but in their depraved wills, and their disordered appetites and affections. It is a great reproach, though unjust to religion, when those who profess it are opposed to it in heart and life. The Lord will remedy this in his time and way; not in men's blind way of plucking up the wheat with the tares. It is sad when men begin in the Spirit, and end in the flesh. Twice dead; they had been once dead in their natural, fallen state; but now they are dead again by the evident proofs of their hypocrisy. Dead trees, why cumber they the ground! Away with them to the fire. Raging waves are a terror to sailing passengers; but when they get into port, the noise and terror are ended. False teachers are to expect the worst punishments in this world and in that to come. They glare like meteors, or falling stars, and then sink into the blackness of darkness for ever. We have no mention of the prophecy of Enoch in any other part or place of Scripture; yet one plain text of Scripture, proves any point we are to believe. We find from this, that Christ's coming to judge was prophesied of, as early as the times before the flood. The Lord cometh: what a glorious time will that be! Notice how often the word ungodly is repeated. Many now do not at all refer to the terms godly, or ungodly, unless it be to mock at even the words; but it is not so in the language taught us by the Holy Ghost. Hard speeches of one another, especially if ill-grounded, will certainly come into account at the day of judgment. These evil men and seducers are angry at every thing that happens, and never pleased with their own state and condition. Their will and their fancy, are their only rule and law. Those who please their sinful appetites, are most prone to yield to ungovernable passions. The men of God, from the beginning of the world, have declared the doom denounced on them. Such let us avoid. We are to follow men only as they follow Christ.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 16. - As in 2 Peter 2:18, 19, the men are further stigmatized for the gross and profane selfishness to which they gave vent in speech. The present verse enlarges on the particular vice which the writer adds to the more general statement given in the Book of Enoch - the vice of uttering hard things against God. These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling words, having men's persons in admiration because of advantage. The words rendered "murmurers" and "complainers" occur nowhere else in the New Testament. It is doubtful whether any clear distinction can be drawn between them, except that the former term is the more general, and the latter the more specific, expressing one particular direction which the murmuring spirit takes, namely, that of discontent with their circumstances (so Huther, etc.). The clause, "walking after their own lusts," then declares the secret cause of their discontent. They made themselves, their own notions of things, their own ambitions and appetites, the one rule of their life. They therefore judged the lot which was assigned them by God unworthy of them and railed against it. We may gather from the parallel passage in 2 Peter that they forswore in especial the restraints put upon them by the providence or by the grace of God, and asserted a liberty which meant unbridled self-indulgence. The arrogant selfishness which refused to be fettered by Divine law naturally expressed itself also in "great swelling words," in loud protestations, perhaps, that nothing should interfere with their liberty. The phrase (which in the New Testament occurs again only in 2 Peter 2:18) is the same as is rendered "speak marvelous things" in Daniel's description of the king who "shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvelous things against the God of gods," etc. (Daniel 11:36, 37). In the last clause we have a phrase similar to, but not quite the same as, the one which usually expresses the idea of having respect of persons. The Authorized Version, therefore, seems to do better than the Revised Version here in adopting a rendering which indicates that there is some difference from the usual form. The point of this difference may be that Jude's phrase expresses not merely the partial and unprincipled conduct which is one thing to the poor and another to the rich, but the open and unconcealed adulation with which these men hung upon those to whom it might be of advantage to attach themselves. The proud repudiation of the submission which was due to God and the Divine disposal of their lot was accompanied by a cringing, unblushing submission of their manhood to those of their fellow-men who had favours to bestow. Arrogance and servility are near of kin. The boaster is half-brother to the parasite.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

These are murmurers,.... That is, at others; secretly, inwardly, in a muttering way, grunting out their murmurs like swine; to which, for their filthiness and apostasy, false teachers may be filly compared: and their murmurs might be both against God and men; against God, against the being of God, denying, or at least wishing there was no God, and uneasy because there is one; against the perfections of God, particularly his sovereignty over all, his special goodness to some, his wisdom, justice, truth, and faithfulness; against his purposes and decrees, both with respect to things temporal, spiritual, and eternal; against the providence of God and his government of the world, and the unequal distribution of things in it; and especially against the doctrines of free grace, and the ordinances of the Gospel: and not only are they murmurers against God, and all divine things and persons, but also against men; particularly against civil magistrates, who restrain them, and are a terror to them; and against the ministers of the Gospel, whose gifts and usefulness they envy; and indeed against all men, their neighbours, and what they enjoy, and at everything that goes besides themselves: it follows,

complainers; some join the above character and this together, and read, as the Vulgate Latin version, "complaining murmurers"; others, as the Syriac version, place not only a comma, but a copulative between them; and as the former may design secret and inward murmuring, this may intend outward complaining in words; not of their own sins and corruptions, nor of the sins of others, with any concern for the honour of religion; or of the decay of powerful godliness in themselves or others; or of the failure of the Gospel, and the decrease of the interest of Christ; but either of God, that he has not made them equal to others in the good things of life, as the Arabic version renders it, "complaining of their own lots"; or that he lays so much affliction upon them more than on others; or of men, that their salaries are not sufficient, and that they are not enough respected according to their merit; and indeed, as the Syriac version reads, "they complain of everything", and are never satisfied and easy:

walking after their own lusts; which are carnal and worldly; see Gill on 2 Peter 3:3,

and their mouth speaketh great swelling words; both against God and men; and this may point at their boast of knowledge, their great ostentation of learning, their vain and empty doctrines, their high flights, their rhetorical style, and bombast language:

having men's persons in admiration because of advantage; crying up men of their own stamp for the advantage of the party; and giving flattering titles to men of wealth and riches, for the sake of their money: so the Ethiopic version, "they studied to please persons, to make gain of them"; they were respecters of persons; so the phrase is used by the Septuagint in Deuteronomy 10:17, and in Job 22:8, and in Proverbs 18:5 and in Isaiah 9:15.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

16. murmurers—in secret: muttering murmurs against God's ordinances and ministers in Church and state. Compare Jude 8, "speak evil of dignities"; Jude 15, "hard speeches"; against the Lord.

complainers—never satisfied with their lot (Nu 11:1; compare the penalty, De 28:47, 48).

walking after their own lusts—(Jude 18). The secret of their murmuring and complaining is the restless insatiability of their desires.

great swelling words—(2Pe 2:18).

men's persons—their mere outward appearance and rank.

because of advantage—for the sake of what they may gain from them. While they talk great swelling words, they are really mean and fawning towards those of wealth and rank.

Jude 1:16 Additional Commentaries
Context
God's Judgment on the Ungodly
15to execute judgment upon all, and to convict all the ungodly of all their ungodly deeds which they have done in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him." 16These are grumblers, finding fault, following after their own lusts; they speak arrogantly, flattering people for the sake of gaining an advantage.
Cross References
Numbers 16:11
It is against the LORD that you and all your followers have banded together. Who is Aaron that you should grumble against him?"

Numbers 16:41
The next day the whole Israelite community grumbled against Moses and Aaron. "You have killed the LORD's people," they said.

Psalm 73:8
They scoff, and speak with malice; with arrogance they threaten oppression.

1 Corinthians 10:10
And do not grumble, as some of them did--and were killed by the destroying angel.

2 Peter 2:3
In their greed these teachers will exploit you with fabricated stories. Their condemnation has long been hanging over them, and their destruction has not been sleeping.

2 Peter 2:10
This is especially true of those who follow the corrupt desire of the flesh and despise authority. Bold and arrogant, they are not afraid to heap abuse on celestial beings;

2 Peter 2:18
For they mouth empty, boastful words and, by appealing to the lustful desires of the flesh, they entice people who are just escaping from those who live in error.

Jude 1:18
They said to you, "In the last times there will be scoffers who will follow their own ungodly desires."
Treasury of Scripture

These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaks great swelling words, having men's persons in admiration because of advantage.

murmurers.

Numbers 14:36 And the men, which Moses sent to search the land, who returned, and …

Numbers 16:11 For which cause both you and all your company are gathered together …

Deuteronomy 1:27 And you murmured in your tents, and said, Because the LORD hated …

Psalm 106:25 But murmured in their tents, and listened not to the voice of the LORD.

Isaiah 29:24 They also that erred in spirit shall come to understanding, and they …

Luke 5:30 But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, …

Luke 15:2 And the Pharisees and scribes murmured, saying, This man receives …

Luke 19:7 And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying, That he was gone …

John 6:41,61 The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which …

1 Corinthians 10:10 Neither murmur you, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed …

Philippians 2:14 Do all things without murmurings and disputings:

walking.

Jude 1:18 How that they told you there should be mockers in the last time, …

Galatians 5:16,24 This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and you shall not fulfill the …

1 Thessalonians 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:

2 Timothy 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; …

James 1:14,15 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed…

1 Peter 1:14 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the …

1 Peter 2:11 Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain …

1 Peter 4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to …

2 Peter 2:10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, …

2 Peter 3:3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, …

their mouth.

Jude 1:15 To execute judgment on all, and to convince all that are ungodly …

Job 17:4,5 For you have hid their heart from understanding: therefore shall …

Psalm 17:10 They are enclosed in their own fat: with their mouth they speak proudly.

Psalm 73:9-11 They set their mouth against the heavens, and their tongue walks …

2 Peter 2:18 For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through …

having.

Leviticus 19:15 You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: you shall not respect …

Job 32:21 Let me not, I pray you, accept any man's person, neither let me give …

Job 34:19 How much less to him that accepts not the persons of princes, nor …

Psalm 15:4 In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honors them that …

Proverbs 28:21 To have respect of persons is not good: for for a piece of bread …

1 Timothy 6:5 Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the …

James 2:1-9 My brothers, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord …

2 Peter 2:1-3 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there …

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NT Letters: Jude 1:16 These are murmurers and complainers walking after (Jud. Ju Jd) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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