Matthew 25:15
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
To one he gave five bags of gold, to another two bags, and to another one bag, each according to his ability. Then he went on his journey.

New Living Translation
He gave five bags of silver to one, two bags of silver to another, and one bag of silver to the last--dividing it in proportion to their abilities. He then left on his trip.

English Standard Version
To one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one, to each according to his ability. Then he went away.

Berean Study Bible
To one he gave five talents, to another two talents, and to another one talent--each according to his own ability. And he promptly went on his journey.

Berean Literal Bible
And indeed to one he gave five talents; and to one, two; and to one, one; to each according to his own ability. And he left the region immediately.

New American Standard Bible
"To one he gave five talents, to another, two, and to another, one, each according to his own ability; and he went on his journey.

King James Bible
And unto one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to every man according to his several ability; and straightway took his journey.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
To one he gave five talents; to another, two; and to another, one--to each according to his own ability. Then he went on a journey. Immediately

International Standard Version
To one man he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one, based on their ability. Then he went on his trip.

NET Bible
To one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one, each according to his ability. Then he went on his journey.

New Heart English Bible
To one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one; to each according to his own ability. Then he went on his journey.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
To one he gave five talents, and to another two, and to another one, each man according to his power, and he immediately went abroad.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He gave one man ten thousand dollars, another four thousand dollars, and another two thousand dollars. Each was given money based on his ability. Then the man went on his trip.

New American Standard 1977
“And to one he gave five talents, to another, two, and to another, one, each according to his own ability; and he went on his journey.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And unto one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one, to each one according to his faculty, and straightway took his journey.

King James 2000 Bible
And unto one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to every man according to his own ability; and immediately took his journey.

American King James Version
And to one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to every man according to his several ability; and straightway took his journey.

American Standard Version
And unto one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one; to each according to his several ability; and he went on his journey.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And to one he gave five talents, and to another two, and to another one, to every one according to his proper ability: and immediately he took his journey.

Darby Bible Translation
And to one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to each according to his particular ability, and immediately went away out of the country.

English Revised Version
And unto one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one; to each according to his several ability; and he went on his journey.

Webster's Bible Translation
And to one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to every man according to his several ability; and forthwith took his journey.

Weymouth New Testament
To one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one--to each according to his individual capacity; and then started from home.

World English Bible
To one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one; to each according to his own ability. Then he went on his journey.

Young's Literal Translation
and to one he gave five talents, and to another two, and to another one, to each according to his several ability, went abroad immediately.
Study Bible
The Parable of the Talents
14For it is just like a man going on a journey, who called his servants and entrusted them with his possessions. 15To one he gave five talents, to another two talents, and to another one talent — each according to his own ability. And he promptly went on his journey. 16The servant who had received five talents went and put them to work, and gained five more.…
Cross References
Matthew 18:24
As he began the settlements, a debtor was brought to him owing ten thousand talents.

Matthew 21:33
Listen to another parable: There was a landowner who planted a vineyard. He put a wall around it, dug a winepress in it, and built a tower. Then he rented it out to some tenants and went away on a journey.

Luke 19:13
Beforehand, he called ten of his servants and gave them ten minas. 'Conduct business with this until I return,' he said.

Ephesians 5:33
Nevertheless, each one of you also must love his wife as he loves himself, and the wife must respect her husband.
Treasury of Scripture

And to one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to every man according to his several ability; and straightway took his journey.

talents. 'A talent is

Matthew 18:24 And when he had begun to reckon, one was brought to him, which owed …

Luke 12:48 But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall …

Luke 19:13,14 And he called his ten servants, and delivered them ten pounds, and …

(15) Unto one he gave five talents.--On the value of the talent see the Note on Matthew 18:24. The languages of modern Europe bear witness, in their use of the word, to the impression which the parable has made. A man's energies, gifts, capacities, are the "talents," for the use of which he will have to render an account. We speak, though in this case the word is hardly more than an ill-coined vulgarism, of him who possesses them as "talented." Common, however, as this use of the word is, it tends to obscure the true meaning of the parable. Here there is an "ability" presupposed in each case, prior to the distribution of the talents, and we are led accordingly to the conclusion that the latter stand here less for natural gifts than for external opportunities--for possessions, offices, what we call "spheres of duty." These, we are told, are, in the wisdom of God, given to men, in the long run, "according to their several ability." So taken, the parable does not repeat the lesson of that which precedes it, but is addressed, not as that is to all Christians, but specifically to those who hold any vocation or ministry in the Church of Christ, or have in their hands outward resources for working in it. It is, perhaps, not altogether fanciful to trace, as a first application, in the three-fold scale of distribution, a correspondence with the three groups, four in each, into which the twelve Apostles were divided. The sons of Jona and of Zebedee were as those who had received five talents; the less conspicuous middle group answered to those who received but two; while the "wicked and slothful servant" finds his representative in the only disciple in the third, or last group, who is at all conspicuous.

Verse 15. - Unto one he gave five talents. The talent of silver (taking silver as worth a little over 5s. an ounce) was nearly equivalent to £400 of our money. It is from the use of the word "talents" in this parable that we moderns have derived its common meaning of natural gifts and endowments. The three principal slaves receive a certain amount of property to use for their master's profit. To every man. To all is given some grace or faculty which they have to employ to the glory of God. "Unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ "(Ephesians 4:7). No one can justly say he is neglected in this distribution. Whatever natural powers, etc., we possess, and the opportunities of exercising and improving them, are the gift of God, and are delivered to us to be put out to interest. According to his several ability (κατὰ τὴν ἰδίαν δύναμιν). The master apportioned his gifts in accordance with his knowledge of the slaves' capacity for business, and the probability of their rightly employing much or little capital. So God distributes his endowments, not to all alike, but in such proportions as men are able to bear and to profit by. The infinite variety in men's dispositions, intellects, will. opportunities, position, and so on, are all taken into account, and modify and condition their responsibility. Straightway took his journey (ἀπεδήμησεν εὐθέως). Immediately after the distribution he departed, leaving each slave, uncontrolled and undirected, to use the property assigned to him. So God gives us free will at the same time that he sets before us opportunities of showing our faithfulness. The Lord may be referring primarily to the apostles whom he left immediately after he had bestowed upon them authority and commission. The Revised Version, Westcott and Hort, Nosgen, and others transfer the adverb "straightway" to the beginning of the next verse (omitting δὲ in that verse). It is supposed to be superfluous here. The Vulgate accords with the Received Text; and there seems to be no sufficient reason for accentuating the first slave's activity above that of the second, who was equally faithful. And unto one he gave five talents,.... A "talent" with the Jews, if of silver, was, according to Brerewood (w), of the value of 375 l. of our money; according to Bishop Cumberland, 353 l. 11 s. 10 1/2 d.; and if of gold, was equal to 4500l. and, according to the latter, 5075 l. 15 s. 7 1/2 d.: so that five of these talents, if of silver, were 1875 l. and if of gold, 22,500 l. according to Brerewood; a very large sum for one servant to be intrusted with. The Persic version reads "pounds", as in Luke 19:13. By these talents, special grace is not meant; for the parable speaks not of what was wrought in these servants, but of what was committed to their trust, and of what might lie useless by them, and be taken away from them; whereas special grace is internal, something, implanted in man, and is an incorruptible seed, that can never be lost, or will be taken away; and it is certain, that one of these servants had not special and saving grace, but was wicked, slothful, and unprofitable, and was cast into utter darkness: but outward gifts are designed by the talents; and these not merely the gifts of natural knowledge and riches, the gifts of nature and of providence; nor the external ministry of the word, Gospel ordinances, and opportunities of enjoying them; but ministerial gifts, such as fit and qualify men to be preachers of the Gospel, as appears from their name, "talents": they being the greatest gifts for usefulness and service in the church, as talents were the greatest of weights and coins among the Jews; from the nature of them, being what may be improved or lost, and for which men are accountable; from the persons to whom they were delivered, the servants of Christ; from the time of their delivery, when Christ went into a far country, to heaven, when he ascended on high, and received gifts for men, and gave them to them; and from the unequal distribution of them, being given to some more, and others less; all which perfectly agree with ministerial gifts: for it follows,

to another two, and to another one; and these were given

to every man, according to his several ability, or "according to his own power"; his proper power that belonged to him, as the Lord of these servants: for the sense is, not that he gave these talents, or gifts, according to the different capacities, abilities, stations, and employments of these men; but according to that power and authority which he, as Mediator, had, to dispense these gifts to each as he would; to some more, others less, as he knew would best serve his interest and kingdom:

and straightway took his journey; after he had signified, that all power in heaven and earth was given to him, by virtue of which he ordered them to go into all the world, and preach his Gospel, and administer his ordinances; for which he had, and would abundantly qualify them; with a promise of his presence with them to the end of the world; he took his leave of them, blessed them, and was parted from them, and went up into heaven.

(w) De Nummis Jud. c. 4. 15. And unto one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one—While the proportion of gifts is different in each, the same fidelity is required of all, and equally rewarded. And thus there is perfect equity.

to every man according to his several ability—his natural capacity as enlisted in Christ's service, and his opportunities in providence for employing the gifts bestowed on him.

and straightway took his journey—Compare Mt 21:33, where the same departure is ascribed to God, after setting up the ancient economy. In both cases, it denotes the leaving of men to the action of all those spiritual laws and influences of Heaven under which they have been graciously placed for their own salvation and the advancement of their Lord's kingdom.25:14-30 Christ keeps no servants to be idle: they have received their all from him, and have nothing they can call their own but sin. Our receiving from Christ is in order to our working for him. The manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal. The day of account comes at last. We must all be reckoned with as to what good we have got to our own souls, and have done to others, by the advantages we have enjoyed. It is not meant that the improving of natural powers can entitle a man to Divine grace. It is the real Christian's liberty and privilege to be employed as his Redeemer's servant, in promoting his glory, and the good of his people: the love of Christ constrains him to live no longer to himself, but to Him that died for him, and rose again. Those who think it impossible to please God, and in vain to serve him, will do nothing to purpose in religion. They complain that He requires of them more than they are capable of, and punishes them for what they cannot help. Whatever they may pretend, the fact is, they dislike the character and work of the Lord. The slothful servant is sentenced to be deprived of his talent. This may be applied to the blessings of this life; but rather to the means of grace. Those who know not the day of their visitation, shall have the things that belong to their peace hid from their eyes. His doom is, to be cast into outer darkness. It is a usual way of expressing the miseries of the damned in hell. Here, as in what was said to the faithful servants, our Saviour goes out of the parable into the thing intended by it, and this serves as a key to the whole. Let us not envy sinners, or covet any of their perishing possessions.
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