International Standard Version
2May mercy, peace, and love be yours in abundance!
Warning about False Teachers
3Dear friends, although I was eager to write to you about the salvation we share, I found it necessary to write to you and urge you to continue your vigorous defense of the faith that was passed down to the saints once and for all. 4For some people have slipped in among you unnoticed. They were written about long ago as being deserving of this condemnation because they are ungodly. They turn the grace of our God into uncontrollable lust and deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus the Messiah.d
5Now I want to remind you, even though you are fully aware of these things, that the Lord who once saved his people from the land of Egypt later destroyed those who did not believe. 6He has also held in eternal chains those angels who did not keep their own position but abandoned their assigned place. They are held in deepest darkness for judgment on the great day.e 7Likewise, Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities near them, which like them committed sexual sins and pursued homosexual activities,f serve as an example of the punishment of eternal fire.
8In a similar way, these dreamers also defile their flesh, reject the Lord’s authority,g and slander his glorious beings. 9Even the archangel Michael, when he argued with the devil and fought over the body of Moses, did not dare to bring a slanderous accusation against him. Instead, he said, “May the Lord rebuke you!”h 10Whatever these people do not understand, they slander. Like irrational animals, they are destroyed by the very things they know by instinct. 11How terrible it will be for them! For they lived like Cain didi , rushed headlong into Balaam’s error to make a profit, and destroyed themselves, as happenedj in Korah’s rebellion. 12These people are stains on your love feasts.k They feast with you without any sense of awe.l They are shepherds who care only for themselves. They are waterless clouds blown about by the winds. They are autumn trees that are fruitless, totallym dead, and uprooted. 13They are wild waves of the sea, churning up the foam of their own shame. They are wandering stars for whom the deepest darkness has been reserved forever.
14Enoch, in the seventh generation from Adam, prophesied about these people when he said,
“Look! The Lord has come with countless thousands of his holy ones. 15He will judge all people and convict everyone of all the ungodly things that they have done in such an ungodly way, including all the harsh things that these ungodly sinners have said about him.”n
16These people are complainers and faultfinders, following their own desires. They say arrogant things and flatter people in order to take advantage of them.
Advice to the Readers
17But you, dear friends, must remember the statements and predictions of the apostles of our Lord Jesus, the Messiah.o 18They kept telling you, “In the last times there will be mockers, following their own ungodly desires.”p 19These are the people who cause divisions. They are worldly, devoid of the Spirit.
20But you, dear friends, must continue to build your most holy faith for your own benefit. Furthermore, continue to pray in the Holy Spirit. 21Remain in God’s love as you look for the mercy of our Lord Jesus the Messiah,q which brings eternal life. 22Show mercy to those who have doubts. 23Save others by snatching them from the fire. To others, show mercy with fear, hating even the clothes stained by their sinful lives.r
24Now to the one who is able to keep you from falling and to make you stand joyful and faultless in his glorious presence, 25to the only God, our Savior, through Jesus the Messiah,s our Lord, be glory, majesty, power, and authority before all time and for all eternity! Amen.
a 1 Or Christ
b 1 Other mss. read sanctified
c 1 Or Christ
d 4 Or Christ
e 6 i.e. the day of judgment
f 7 Lit. pursued other flesh
g 8 Lit. reject dominions
h 9 This incident is possibly based on The Assumption of Moses, an apocryphal Jewish writing.
i 11 Lit. they followed Cain’s path
j 11 The Gk. lacks as happened
k 12 Some early Christians had a meal along with the Lord’s Supper.
l 12 Or without fear
m 12 Lit. twice
n 15 Cf. 1 Enoch 1:9 (The Apocrypha)
o 17 Or Christ
p 18 Cf. 2 Peter 3:3
q 21 Or Christ
r 23 Lit. by their flesh
s 25 Or Christ