Jude 1:19
Parallel Verses
New International Version
These are the people who divide you, who follow mere natural instincts and do not have the Spirit.

New Living Translation
These people are the ones who are creating divisions among you. They follow their natural instincts because they do not have God's Spirit in them.

English Standard Version
It is these who cause divisions, worldly people, devoid of the Spirit.

Berean Study Bible
These are the ones who cause divisions, who are worldly and devoid of the Spirit.

Berean Literal Bible
These are those causing divisions, worldly-minded, not having the Spirit.

New American Standard Bible
These are the ones who cause divisions, worldly-minded, devoid of the Spirit.

King James Bible
These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These people create divisions and are unbelievers, not having the Spirit.

International Standard Version
These are the people who cause divisions. They are worldly, devoid of the Spirit.

NET Bible
These people are divisive, worldly, devoid of the Spirit.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
These are those who distinguish the animal nature, because they do not have The Spirit.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These are the people who cause divisions. They are concerned about physical things, not spiritual things.

New American Standard 1977
These are the ones who cause divisions, worldly-minded, devoid of the Spirit.

Jubilee Bible 2000
These are those who make divisions, and are as animals, not having the Spirit.

King James 2000 Bible
These are they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.

American King James Version
These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.

American Standard Version
These are they who make separations, sensual, having not the Spirit.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These are they, who separate themselves, sensual men, having not the Spirit.

Darby Bible Translation
These are they who set [themselves] apart, natural [men], not having [the] Spirit.

English Revised Version
These are they who make separations, sensual, having not the Spirit.

Webster's Bible Translation
These are they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.

Weymouth New Testament
These are those who cause divisions. They are men of the world, wholly unspiritual.

World English Bible
These are they who cause divisions, and are sensual, not having the Spirit.

Young's Literal Translation
these are those setting themselves apart, natural men, the Spirit not having.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:17-23 Sensual men separate from Christ, and his church, and join themselves to the devil, the world, and the flesh, by ungodly and sinful practices. That is infinitely worse than to separate from any branch of the visible church on account of opinions, or modes and circumstances of outward government or worship. Sensual men have not the spirit of holiness, which whoever has not, does not belong to Christ. The grace of faith is most holy, as it works by love, purifies the heart, and overcomes the world, by which it is distinguished from a false and dead faith. Our prayers are most likely to prevail, when we pray in the Holy Ghost, under his guidance and influence, according to the rule of his word, with faith, fervency, and earnestness; this is praying in the Holy Ghost. And a believing expectation of eternal life will arm us against the snares of sin: lively faith in this blessed hope will help us to mortify our lusts. We must watch over one another; faithfully, yet prudently reprove each other, and set a good example to all about us. This must be done with compassion, making a difference between the weak and the wilful. Some we must treat with tenderness. Others save with fear; urging the terrors of the Lord. All endeavours must be joined with decided abhorrence of crimes, and care be taken to avoid whatever led to, or was connected with fellowship with them, in works of darkness, keeping far from what is, or appears to be evil.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 19. - There follows yet another description of the same men, taking up that in verse 16, and generalizing it in harmony with what is suggested by the apostolic prediction. In three bold strokes it gives a representation of them which is at once the sharpest and the broadest of all. This final description, too, at last lays bare the root of their hopeless corruption. These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit. The pronoun "themselves" cannot be retained in face of the weight of documentary evidence against it. The verb (which is one of very rare occurrence) is held to be capable of more than one sense - seceding, causing divisions, creating factions, making definitions or distinctions. The most natural meaning seems to be that adopted by the Revised Version, they who make separations. So Tyndale; Cranmer and the Genevan have "these are makers of sects," and Luther gives "makers of factions." It may be that they caused divisions by setting themselves up as the only enlightened Christians, and, on the ground of that enlightenment, claiming to be superior to the moral laws which bound others. The term translated "sensual" has unfortunately no proper representative in English. It is "psychical," being formed from the noun psyche, which is rendered "life" or "soul." This psyche is intermediate between "body" and "spirit." It is in the first instance simply the bond or principle of the animal life, and in the second instance it is embodied life. Thus it is that in man which he has in common with the brute creation beneath him, But it becomes also more than this, expressing that in man which renders him capable of connection with God. For in the third instance it denotes the seat of feeling, desire, affection, and emotion; the center of the personal life - the self in man. The adjective itself occurs in the New Testament only in a few passages of marked importance - 1 Corinthians 2:14; 1 Corinthians 15:44, 46; James 3:15; and the present verse. Here it designates the men as men who live only for the natural self - men who make the sensuous nature, with its appetites and passions, the law of their life; natural or animal men, as the Revised Version gives it in the margin. Wickliffe renders it "beastly;" Tyndale, Cranmer, and the Genevan, "fleshly;" the Rhemish, "sensual." The third clause admits of being rendered either "having not the spirit" (in which the Authorized is supported by Wickliffe, Tyndale, and Cranmer), or "having not the Spirit" (so the Revised Version, following the Genevan and the Rhemish). For it is in many passages difficult to decide whether the word "spirit" means the Holy Spirit of God or man's own spirit - that in him in virtue of which he can have fellowship with the Divine, and on which God specially acts; "that highest and noblest part of man," as Luther puts it, "which qualifies him to lay hold of incomprehensible, invisible things, eternal things; in short... the house where faith and God's Word are at home." The rendering of the Revised Version is favoured by the occurrence of the term in the following verse. The Spirit of God was not in the lives or the thoughts of these men, and hence they were creators of division, and sensual. Their pretension was that they were the eminently spiritual. But in refusing the Divine Spirit they had sunk to the level of an animal life, immoral in itself, and productive of confusion to the Church.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

These be they who separate themselves,.... Not from sinners openly profane; such a separation is commendable, being according to the will and word of God, to the mind and practice of Christ, and which tends to the good of men, and to the glory of God; but from the saints and people of God; it is possible that a child of God may for a time leave the fellowship of the saints, but an entire and total forsaking of them, and of assembling with them, looks with an ill aspect; nor did they separate themselves from superstition and will worship, and every false way of worship, which would have been right, but from the pure worship, ordinances, and discipline of God's house, by a perversion of them, and as being above them, or unwilling to be under any notice and government; not from errors and heresies, and persons that held them, with these they herded; but from the pure doctrines of the Gospel, and ministers of the word, and made divisions and separations among the churches, for worldly ends, and through pride and affectation of vain glory, as if they were more knowing, more holy, and more spiritual than other men: when they were

sensual; such as gave themselves up to sensual lusts and pleasures; and at best were but natural men, who had only natural and rational abilities, but without spiritual and experimental knowledge: hence it follows,

having not the Spirit; though they might have some external gifts of the Spirit; or he himself dwelling in them as a spirit of conviction and illumination, as a spirit of regeneration and sanctification, as a spirit of faith and comfort, as a spirit of adoption, and as the earnest and pledge of the heavenly glory; they were not under his influence, nor did they feel the operations of his grace, nor had they communion with him: hence they appeared to be none of Christ's, nor could they claim interest in him, and were without life, and so could not persevere.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

19. These be they—showing that their characters are such as Peter and Paul had foretold.

separate themselves—from Church communion in its vital, spiritual reality: for outwardly they took part in Church ordinances (Jude 12). Some oldest manuscripts omit "themselves": then understand it, "separate," cast out members of the Church by excommunication (Isa 65:5; 66:5; Lu 6:22; Joh 9:34; compare "casteth them out of the Church;" 3Jo 10). Many, however, understand "themselves," which indeed is read in some of the oldest manuscripts as English Version has it. Arrogant setting up of themselves, as having greater sanctity and a wisdom and peculiar doctrine, distinct from others, is implied.

sensual—literally, "animal-souled": as opposed to the spiritual, or "having the Spirit." It is translated, "the natural man," 1Co 2:14. In the threefold division of man's being, body, soul, and spirit, the due state in God's design is, that "the spirit," which is the recipient of the Holy Spirit uniting man to God, should be first, and should rule the soul, which stands intermediate between the body and spirit: but in the animal, or natural man, the spirit is sunk into subserviency to the animal soul, which is earthly in its motives and aims. The "carnal" sink somewhat lower, for in these the flesh, the lowest element and corrupt side of man's bodily nature, reigns paramount.

having not the Spirit—In the animal and natural man the spirit, his higher part, which ought to be the receiver of the Holy Spirit, is not so; and therefore, his spirit not being in its normal state, he is said not to have the spirit (compare Joh 3:5, 6). In the completion of redemption the parts of redeemed man shall be placed in their due relation: whereas in the ungodly, the soul severed from the spirit shall have for ever animal life without union to God and heaven—a living death.

Jude 1:19 Additional Commentaries
A Call to Persevere
18that they were saying to you, "In the last time there will be mockers, following after their own ungodly lusts." 19These are the ones who cause divisions, worldly-minded, devoid of the Spirit. 20But you, beloved, building yourselves up on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Spirit,…
Cross References
1 Corinthians 2:14
The person without the Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God but considers them foolishness, and cannot understand them because they are discerned only through the Spirit.

James 3:15
Such "wisdom" does not come down from heaven but is earthly, unspiritual, demonic.
Treasury of Scripture

These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.


Proverbs 18:1 Through desire a man, having separated himself, seeks and intermeddles …

Isaiah 65:5 Which say, Stand by yourself, come not near to me; for I am holier …

Ezekiel 14:7 For every one of the house of Israel, or of the stranger that sojournes …

Hosea 4:14 I will not punish your daughters when they commit prostitution, nor …

Hosea 9:10 I found Israel like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers …

Hebrews 10:25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner …


1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man receives not the things of the Spirit of God: …

James 3:15 This wisdom descends not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.

Gr. having.

John 3:5,6 Jesus answered, Truly, truly, I say to you, Except a man be born …

Romans 8:9 But you are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the …

1 Corinthians 6:19 What? know you not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost …

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Alphabetical: and are cause devoid divide divisions do follow have instincts men mere natural not of ones Spirit the These who worldly-minded you

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