Exodus 19:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because the LORD descended on it in fire. The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace, and the whole mountain trembled violently.

New Living Translation
All of Mount Sinai was covered with smoke because the LORD had descended on it in the form of fire. The smoke billowed into the sky like smoke from a brick kiln, and the whole mountain shook violently.

English Standard Version
Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke because the LORD had descended on it in fire. The smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain trembled greatly.

New American Standard Bible
Now Mount Sinai was all in smoke because the LORD descended upon it in fire; and its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked violently.

King James Bible
And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Mount Sinai was completely enveloped in smoke because the LORD came down on it in fire. Its smoke went up like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain shook violently.

International Standard Version
Mount Sinai was completely enveloped in smoke because the LORD had come down in fire on it. Smoke went up from it like smoke from a kiln, and the whole mountain shook violently.

NET Bible
Now Mount Sinai was completely covered with smoke because the LORD had descended on it in fire, and its smoke went up like the smoke of a great furnace, and the whole mountain shook violently.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
All of Mount Sinai was covered with smoke because the LORD had come down on it in fire. Smoke rose from the mountain like the smoke from a kiln, and the whole mountain shook violently.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And all Mount Sinai smoked because the LORD had descended upon it in fire, and its smoke ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.

King James 2000 Bible
And mount Sinai was completely in smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke of it ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.

American King James Version
And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended on it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.

American Standard Version
And mount Sinai, the whole of it, smoked, because Jehovah descended upon it in fire; and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And all mount Sinai was on a smoke: because the Lord was come down upon it in fire, and the smoke arose from it as out of a furnace: and all the mount was terrible.

Darby Bible Translation
And the whole of mount Sinai smoked, because Jehovah descended on it in fire; and its smoke ascended as the smoke of a furnace; and the whole mountain shook greatly.

English Revised Version
And mount Sinai was altogether on smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.

Webster's Bible Translation
And mount Sinai was altogether in a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke of it ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount trembled greatly.

World English Bible
Mount Sinai, all it, smoked, because Yahweh descended on it in fire; and its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly.

Young's Literal Translation
and mount Sinai is wholly a smoke from the presence of Jehovah, who hath come down on it in fire, and its smoke goeth up as smoke of the furnace, and the whole mount trembleth exceedingly;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

19:16-25 Never was there such a sermon preached, before or since, as this which was preached to the church in the wilderness. It might be supposed that the terrors would have checked presumption and curiosity in the people; but the hard heart of an unawakened sinner can trifle with the most terrible threatenings and judgments. In drawing near to God, we must never forget his holiness and greatness, nor our own meanness and pollution. We cannot stand in judgment before him according to his righteous law. The convinced transgressor asks, What must I do to be saved? and he hears the voice, Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved. The Holy Ghost, who made the law to convince of sin, now takes of the things of Christ, and shows them to us. In the gospel we read, Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us. We have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins. Through him we are justified from all things, from which we could not be justified by the law of Moses. But the Divine law is binding as a rule of life. The Son of God came down from heaven, and suffered poverty, shame, agony, and death, not only to redeem us from its curse, but to bind us more closely to keep its commands.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 18. - Mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke. Literally, smoked, all of it. Kalisch suggests that "the dense clouds from which the thunders broke forth had the appearance of smoke." But the reason assigned - "because the Lord descended on it in fire," seems to imply real smoke; and. the same re-suits from the comparison of it to "the smoke of a furnace." The whole mount quaked greatly. Scarcely "through the vehemence of the thunder" (Kalisch), for thunder does not shake the earth, though it shakes the air - but rather by an actual earthquake. Compare Psalm 18:7; Matthew 27:51-54; Acts 4:31; Acts 16:26.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke,.... Not from nature, as volcanos, but for a reason after given; it seemed to be one large body of smoke, nothing else to be seen but smoke; an emblem of the darkness of the legal dispensation, which was full of obscure types and figures, of dark shadows and smoky sacrifices, to which the clear day, of the Gospel dispensation is opposed, see 2 Corinthians 3:12.

because the Lord descended upon it in fire; in flaming fire, as the Targums, which set the mountain on fire, and caused this prodigious smoke; for if he, who is a consuming fire, but toucheth the hills and mountains, they smoke, Psalm 104:32.

and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace such an one as that which Abraham in vision saw, Genesis 15:17.

and the whole mount quaked greatly; to which circumstance Deborah refers in her song, when she speaks of mountains melting and flowing from before the presence of the God of Israel, and particularly of Sinai, Judges 5:4, and the psalmist, who makes mention of the earth shaking, and the heavens dropping, and of Sinai being moved at his presence, Psalm 68:8, it is probable there was an earthquake at this time, which sometimes attends thunders and lightnings, see Revelation 16:18.



Exodus 19:18 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Lord Visits Sinai
18Now Mount Sinai was all in smoke because the LORD descended upon it in fire; and its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked violently. 19When the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke and God answered him with thunder.…
Cross References
2 Thessalonians 1:7
and give relief to you who are troubled, and to us as well. This will happen when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven in blazing fire with his powerful angels.

Hebrews 12:18
You have not come to a mountain that can be touched and that is burning with fire; to darkness, gloom and storm;

Hebrews 12:26
At that time his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, "Once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens."

Revelation 9:2
When he opened the Abyss, smoke rose from it like the smoke from a gigantic furnace. The sun and sky were darkened by the smoke from the Abyss.

Revelation 15:8
And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from his power, and no one could enter the temple until the seven plagues of the seven angels were completed.

Genesis 11:5
But the LORD came down to see the city and the tower the people were building.

Genesis 15:17
When the sun had set and darkness had fallen, a smoking firepot with a blazing torch appeared and passed between the pieces.

Genesis 19:28
He looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah, toward all the land of the plain, and he saw dense smoke rising from the land, like smoke from a furnace.

Exodus 3:2
There the angel of the LORD appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up.

Exodus 19:17
Then Moses led the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain.

Exodus 20:18
When the people saw the thunder and lightning and heard the trumpet and saw the mountain in smoke, they trembled with fear. They stayed at a distance

Exodus 24:17
To the Israelites the glory of the LORD looked like a consuming fire on top of the mountain.

Exodus 34:2
Be ready in the morning, and then come up on Mount Sinai. Present yourself to me there on top of the mountain.

Deuteronomy 4:11
You came near and stood at the foot of the mountain while it blazed with fire to the very heavens, with black clouds and deep darkness.

Deuteronomy 5:4
The LORD spoke to you face to face out of the fire on the mountain.

Deuteronomy 33:2
He said: "The LORD came from Sinai and dawned over them from Seir; he shone forth from Mount Paran. He came with myriads of holy ones from the south, from his mountain slopes.

Judges 5:5
The mountains quaked before the LORD, the One of Sinai, before the LORD, the God of Israel.

2 Chronicles 7:1
When Solomon finished praying, fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices, and the glory of the LORD filled the temple.

Isaiah 64:1
Oh, that you would rend the heavens and come down, that the mountains would tremble before you!

Jeremiah 4:24
I looked at the mountains, and they were quaking; all the hills were swaying.
Treasury of Scripture

And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended on it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.

Mount Sinai

Exodus 20:18 And all the people saw the thunder, and the lightning, and the noise …

Deuteronomy 4:11,12 And you came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain …

Deuteronomy 5:22 These words the LORD spoke to all your assembly in the mount out …

Deuteronomy 33:2 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir to them; …

Judges 5:5 The mountains melted from before the LORD, even that Sinai from before …

Psalm 68:7,8 O God, when you went forth before your people, when you did march …

Psalm 104:32 He looks on the earth, and it trembles: he touches the hills, and they smoke.

Psalm 144:5 Bow your heavens, O LORD, and come down: touch the mountains, and …

Exodus 19:13 There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, …

Isaiah 6:4 And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and …

Revelation 15:8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from …

in fire

Exodus 3:2 And the angel of the LORD appeared to him in a flame of fire out …

Exodus 24:17 And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on …

2 Chronicles 7:1-3 Now when Solomon had made an end of praying, the fire came down from …

2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that …

2 Peter 3:10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the …

as the smoke

Genesis 15:17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, …

Genesis 19:28 And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land …

Psalm 144:5 Bow your heavens, O LORD, and come down: touch the mountains, and …

Revelation 15:8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from …

whole

1 Kings 19:11,12 And he said, Go forth, and stand on the mount before the LORD. And, …

Psalm 68:8 The earth shook, the heavens also dropped at the presence of God: …

Psalm 77:18 The voice of your thunder was in the heaven: the lightning lightened …

Psalm 114:7 Tremble, you earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence …

Jeremiah 4:24 I beheld the mountains, and, see, they trembled, and all the hills …

Nahum 1:5,6 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is …

Zechariah 14:5 And you shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley …

Matthew 24:7 For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: …

Hebrews 12:26 Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he has promised, saying, …

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