Exodus 2:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
During that long period, the king of Egypt died. The Israelites groaned in their slavery and cried out, and their cry for help because of their slavery went up to God.

New Living Translation
Years passed, and the king of Egypt died. But the Israelites continued to groan under their burden of slavery. They cried out for help, and their cry rose up to God.

English Standard Version
During those many days the king of Egypt died, and the people of Israel groaned because of their slavery and cried out for help. Their cry for rescue from slavery came up to God.

New American Standard Bible
Now it came about in the course of those many days that the king of Egypt died. And the sons of Israel sighed because of the bondage, and they cried out; and their cry for help because of their bondage rose up to God.

King James Bible
And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
After a long time, the king of Egypt died. The Israelites groaned because of their difficult labor, and they cried out; and their cry for help ascended to God because of the difficult labor.

International Standard Version
The king of Egypt eventually died, and the Israelis groaned because of the bondage. They cried out, and their cry for deliverance from slavery ascended to God.

NET Bible
During that long period of time the king of Egypt died, and the Israelites groaned because of the slave labor. They cried out, and their desperate cry because of their slave labor went up to God.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
After a long time passed, the king of Egypt died. The Israelites still groaned because they were slaves. So they cried out, and their cries for help went up to God.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass in process of time that the king of Egypt died, and the sons of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God from their bondage.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel groaned by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.

American King James Version
And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up to God by reason of the bondage.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass in the course of those many days, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now after a long time the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel groaning, cried out because of the works: and their cry went up unto God from the works.

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass during those many days, that the king of Egypt died. And the children of Israel sighed because of the bondage, and cried; and their cry came up to God because of the bondage;

English Revised Version
And it came to pass in the course of those many days, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried; and their cry ascended to God, by reason of the bondage.

World English Bible
It happened in the course of those many days, that the king of Egypt died, and the children of Israel sighed because of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up to God because of the bondage.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass during these many days, that the king of Egypt dieth, and the sons of Israel sigh because of the service, and cry, and their cry goeth up unto God, because of the service;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:23-25 The Israelites' bondage in Egypt continued, though the murdering of their infants did not continue. Sometimes the Lord suffers the rod of the wicked to lie very long and very heavy on the lot of the righteous. At last they began to think of God under their troubles. It is a sign that the Lord is coming towards us with deliverance, when he inclines and enables us to cry to him for it. God heard their groaning; he made it to appear that he took notice of their complaints. He remembered his covenant, of which he is ever mindful. He considered this, and not any merit of theirs. He looked upon the children of Israel. Moses looked upon them, and pitied them; but now God looked upon them, and helped them. He had respect unto them. His eyes are now fixed upon Israel, to show himself in their behalf. God is ever thus, a very present help in trouble. Take courage then, ye who, conscious of guilt and thraldom, are looking to Him for deliverance. God in Christ Jesus is also looking upon you. A call of love is joined with a promise of the Redeemer. Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest, Mt 11:28.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 23-25. - DEATH OF THE PHARAOH FROM WHOM MOSES FLED - CONTINUANCE OF THE OPPRESSION OF ISRAEL-ISRAEL'S PRAYERS - GOD'S ACCEPTANCE OF THEM. - After a space of forty years from the time of Moses' flight from Egypt, according to the estimate of St. Stephen (Acts 7:30), which is not, however, to be strictly pressed, the king whose anger he had provoked - Rameses II., as we believe - died. He had reigned sixty-seven years - about forty-seven alone, and about twenty in conjunction with his father. At his death, the oppressed Israelites ventured to hope for some amelioration of their condition. On his accession, a king in the East often reverses the policy of his predecessor, or at any rate, to make himself popular, grants a remission of burthens for a certain period. But at this time the new monarch, Menephthah I., the son of Rameses II., disappointed the hopes of the Israelites, maintained his father's policy, continued the established system of oppression, granted them no relief of any kind. They "sighed," therefore, in consequence of their disappointment, and "cried" unto God in their trouble, and made supplication to him more earnestly, more heartily, than ever before. We need not suppose that they had previously fallen away from their faith, and "now at last returned to God after many years of idolatrous aberration" (Aben Ezra, Kalisch). But there was among them an access of religious fervour; they "turned to God" from a state of deadness, rather from one of alienation, and raised a "cry" of the kind to which he is never deaf. God therefore "heard their groaning," deigned to listen to their prayers, and commenced the course of miraculous action which issued in the Exodus. (This section is more closely connected with what follows than with what went before, and would better begin ch. 3. than terminate ch. 2.) Verse 23. - In process of time. Literally, "in those many days." The reign of Rameses II. was exceptionally long, as previously explained. He had already reigned twenty-seven years when Moses fled from him (Exodus 2:15). He had now reigned sixty-seven, and Moses was eighty! It had seemed a weary while to wait. The children of Israel sighed. If the time had seemed a weary while to Moses, how much more to his nation! He had escaped and was in Midian - they toiled on in Egypt. He kept sheep - they had their lives made "bitter" for them "with hard bondage, in molter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field" (Exodus 1:14). He could bring up his sons in safety; their sons were still thrown into the river. No wonder that "an exceeding bitter cry" went up to God from the oppressed people, so soon as they found that they had nothing to hope from the new king.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And it came to pass in process of time that the king of Egypt died,.... According to Eusebius, Orus reigned in Egypt when Moses fled from thence, and that two more reigned after him, Acenchres and Achoris, who both died before the deliverance of the children of Israel; but according to Bishop Usher (b), this was the same king of Egypt under whom Moses was born, and from whose face he fled, who died in the sixty seventh year of his reign, Moses being now sixty years of age, and having been in the land of Midian twenty years; and it was about twenty years after this that he was called from hence, to be the deliverer of his people; for things are often put close together in Scripture, which were done at a considerable distance. And the intention of this notice of the death of the king of Egypt is chiefly to show that it made no alteration in the afflictions of the children of Israel for the better, but rather the worse:

and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage; the severity of it, and its long duration, and seeing no way for their escape out of it:

and they cried, and their cry came up unto God; they not only sighed and groaned inwardly, but so great was their oppression, that they could not forbear crying out aloud; and such was the greatness and vehemency of their cry, that it reached up to heaven, and came into the ears of the Almighty, as vehement cries are said to do, whether sinful or religious; see Genesis 18:20.

by reason of the bondage; which may either be connected with their "cry", that that was because of their bondage; or with the "coming" of it unto God, he was pleased to admit and regard their cry, because their bondage was so very oppressive and intolerable.

(b) Annal Vet. Test. p. 19. A. M. 2494.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

23. the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage—The language seems to imply that the Israelites had experienced a partial relaxation, probably through the influence of Moses' royal patroness; but in the reign of her father's successor the persecution was renewed with increased severity.

Exodus 2:23 Additional Commentaries
Context
God Hears the Israelites' Cry
23Now it came about in the course of those many days that the king of Egypt died. And the sons of Israel sighed because of the bondage, and they cried out; and their cry for help because of their bondage rose up to God. 24So God heard their groaning; and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.…
Cross References
James 5:4
Look! The wages you failed to pay the workers who mowed your fields are crying out against you. The cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord Almighty.

Genesis 16:11
The angel of the LORD also said to her: "You are now pregnant and you will give birth to a son. You shall name him Ishmael, for the LORD has heard of your misery.

Exodus 1:14
They made their lives bitter with harsh labor in brick and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their harsh labor the Egyptians worked them ruthlessly.

Exodus 3:7
The LORD said, "I have indeed seen the misery of my people in Egypt. I have heard them crying out because of their slave drivers, and I am concerned about their suffering.

Exodus 3:9
And now the cry of the Israelites has reached me, and I have seen the way the Egyptians are oppressing them.

Exodus 4:19
Now the LORD had said to Moses in Midian, "Go back to Egypt, for all those who wanted to kill you are dead."

Exodus 6:5
Moreover, I have heard the groaning of the Israelites, whom the Egyptians are enslaving, and I have remembered my covenant.

Exodus 6:9
Moses reported this to the Israelites, but they did not listen to him because of their discouragement and harsh labor.

Numbers 20:16
but when we cried out to the LORD, he heard our cry and sent an angel and brought us out of Egypt. "Now we are here at Kadesh, a town on the edge of your territory.

Deuteronomy 26:7
Then we cried out to the LORD, the God of our ancestors, and the LORD heard our voice and saw our misery, toil and oppression.

1 Samuel 12:8
"After Jacob entered Egypt, they cried to the LORD for help, and the LORD sent Moses and Aaron, who brought your ancestors out of Egypt and settled them in this place.

Job 35:9
"People cry out under a load of oppression; they plead for relief from the arm of the powerful.

Psalm 81:7
In your distress you called and I rescued you, I answered you out of a thundercloud; I tested you at the waters of Meribah.

Psalm 102:1
A prayer of an afflicted person who has grown weak and pours out a lament before the LORD. Hear my prayer, LORD; let my cry for help come to you.
Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up to God by reason of the bondage.

A.M. cir.

Exodus 7:7 And Moses was fourscore years old, and Aaron fourscore and three …

Acts 7:30 And when forty years were expired…

the king.

Exodus 4:19 And the LORD said to Moses in Midian, Go, return into Egypt: for …

Matthew 2:19,20 But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appears in …

Acts 12:23,24 And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave …

sighed.

Genesis 16:11 And the angel of the LORD said to her, Behold, you are with child …

Numbers 20:16 And when we cried to the LORD, he heard our voice, and sent an angel, …

Deuteronomy 26:6,7 And the Egyptians evil entreated us, and afflicted us, and laid on …

Psalm 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now …

cry.

Exodus 3:7-9 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people …

Exodus 22:22-27 You shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child…

Genesis 4:10 And he said, What have you done? the voice of your brother's blood …

Genesis 18:20,21 And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, …

Deuteronomy 24:15 At his day you shall give him his hire, neither shall the sun go …

Judges 10:11,12 And the LORD said to the children of Israel, Did not I deliver you …

Nehemiah 9:9 And did see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heard their …

Psalm 18:6 In my distress I called on the LORD, and cried to my God: he heard …

Psalm 81:6,7 I removed his shoulder from the burden: his hands were delivered …

Psalm 107:19,20 Then they cry to the LORD in their trouble, and he saves them out …

Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and …

Isaiah 19:20 And it shall be for a sign and for a witness to the LORD of hosts …

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, …

Jump to Previous
Ascended Bondage Children Course Cried Cry Crying Died Egypt End Groaned Help Israel Israelites Period Process Reason Rose Sighed Slavery Time
Jump to Next
Ascended Bondage Children Course Cried Cry Crying Died Egypt End Groaned Help Israel Israelites Period Process Reason Rose Sighed Slavery Time
Links
Exodus 2:23 NIV
Exodus 2:23 NLT
Exodus 2:23 ESV
Exodus 2:23 NASB
Exodus 2:23 KJV

Exodus 2:23 Bible Apps
Exodus 2:23 Bible Suite
Exodus 2:23 Biblia Paralela
Exodus 2:23 Chinese Bible
Exodus 2:23 French Bible
Exodus 2:23 German Bible

Alphabetical: about and because bondage came course cried cry days died During Egypt for God groaned help in Israel Israelites it king long many Now of out period rose sighed slavery sons that the their they those to up went

OT Law: Exodus 2:23 It happened in the course of those (Exo. Ex) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Exodus 2:22
Top of Page
Top of Page