Exodus 10:23
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
No one could see anyone else or move about for three days. Yet all the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.

New Living Translation
During all that time the people could not see each other, and no one moved. But there was light as usual where the people of Israel lived.

English Standard Version
They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, but all the people of Israel had light where they lived.

New American Standard Bible
They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, but all the sons of Israel had light in their dwellings.

King James Bible
They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
One person could not see another, and for three days they did not move from where they were. Yet all the Israelites had light where they lived.

International Standard Version
No one could see anyone else, nor could anyone get up from his place for three days. But there was light for all the Israelis in their dwellings.

NET Bible
No one could see another person, and no one could rise from his place for three days. But the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.

New Heart English Bible
They did not see one another, neither did anyone rise from his place for three days; but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
People couldn't see each other, and no one went anywhere for three days. But all the Israelites had light where they were living.

JPS Tanakh 1917
they saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days; but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

New American Standard 1977
They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, but all the sons of Israel had light in their dwellings.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They did not see one another, neither did any rise from his place for three days; but all the sons of Israel had light in their dwellings.

King James 2000 Bible
They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

American King James Version
They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

American Standard Version
they saw not one another, neither rose any one from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

Douay-Rheims Bible
No man saw his brother, nor moved himself out of the place where he was: but wheresoever the children of Israel dwelt there was light.

Darby Bible Translation
they saw not one another, neither rose any from his place, for three days. But all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

English Revised Version
they saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

Webster's Bible Translation
They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

World English Bible
They didn't see one another, neither did anyone rise from his place for three days; but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

Young's Literal Translation
they have not seen one another, and none hath risen from his place three days; and to all the sons of Israel there hath been light in their dwellings.'
Study Bible
The Ninth Plague: Darkness
22So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Egypt for three days. 23They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, but all the sons of Israel had light in their dwellings. 24Then Pharaoh called to Moses, and said, "Go, serve the LORD; only let your flocks and your herds be detained. Even your little ones may go with you."…
Cross References
Exodus 8:22
"But on that day I will set apart the land of Goshen, where My people are living, so that no swarms of insects will be there, in order that you may know that I, the LORD, am in the midst of the land.

Amos 4:7
"Furthermore, I withheld the rain from you While there were still three months until harvest. Then I would send rain on one city And on another city I would not send rain; One part would be rained on, While the part not rained on would dry up.
Treasury of Scripture

They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

but all

Exodus 8:22 And I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in which my people …

Exodus 9:4,26 And the LORD shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt…

Exodus 14:20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; …

Joshua 24:7 And when they cried to the LORD, he put darkness between you and …

Isaiah 42:16 And I will bring the blind by a way that they knew not; I will lead …

Isaiah 60:1-3 Arise, shine; for your light is come, and the glory of the LORD is …

Isaiah 65:13,14 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD, Behold, my servants shall eat, …

Malachi 3:18 Then shall you return, and discern between the righteous and the …

Colossians 1:13 Who has delivered us from the power of darkness, and has translated …

1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, …

(23) They saw not one another.--Heb., man did not see his brother. The darkness was absolute, equal to that of the darkest night.

Neither rose any from his place.--Comp. Exodus 16:29. No one quitted his house. Mr. Millington imagines that they all sat "glued to their seats" (Plagues of Egypt, p. 159), but this savours of over-literalism. It is not necessary to suppose that they had no artificial light, or that they ceased to move from chamber to chamber. What the writer intends to note is that all business and all intercourse with neighbours was suspended. No one quitted the house in which he was when the darkness began.

All the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.--The visitation, whatever it was, did not extend to the land of Goshen. (Comp. Exodus 8:22-24; Exodus 9:4-7; Exodus 9:26.)

Verse 23. - They saw not one another. Or, "Man did not see his brother." The descriptive phrases previously used are poetic, and might imply many different degrees of obscurity. This seems distinctly to shew that pitch darkness is meant. Such absolute obscurity is far beyond anything which the khamsin produces, even when it is most severe, and indicates the miraculous character of the visitation. Neither rose any from his place for three days. It is not meant that no one moved about his house, but that no one quitted it. (Compare Exodus 16:29, where the phrase used is similar.) No one went out into the unnatural darkness out of doors, which he dreaded. All stayed at home, and did what they had to do by the artificial light of lamps or torches. All the children of Israel had light in their dwellings. It is not explained how this was effected. Some suppose that the sand-storm did not extend to the land of Goshen. But in that case, such Egyptians as lived among the Israelites - their neighbours. (Exodus 11:2) - would have shared the benefit, which seems not to have been the case. I should rather suppose that the storm was general, and that the Israelites were supplied with a light, not that of the sun, by miracle. They saw not one another,.... Not only the luminaries of heaven were covered and beclouded with the darkness, so that they were of no use to them; but the fogs and vapours which occasioned it were so damp and clammy that they put out their fires, lamps, and candles, so that they could receive no benefit from them:

neither rose up any from his place for three days; from the place of his habitation, not being able to find the way to the door, or however not able to do any business abroad; and besides were quite amazed and confounded, supposing the course of nature was changed and all things going to a dissolution, their consciences filled with horror and terror and black despair, strange and terrible phantoms and apparitions presented to their minds, as the author of the book of Wisdom suggests,"No power of the fire might give them light: neither could the bright flames of the stars endure to lighten that horrible night.'' (Wisdom 17:5)and which is countenanced by what the psalmist says, who instead of this plague of darkness, takes notice of evil angels being sent among them, Psalm 78:49 that is, devils in horrible shapes represented to their minds, which dreadfully distressed and terrified them, so that they durst not stir and move from the place where they were:

but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings; not only in the land of Goshen, but in all places where they were mixed with the Egyptians, as it is plain they were, from Exodus 10:23 so that they could go about their business, and perform it as at other times, and had now a fine opportunity of packing up their goods, and getting every thing ready for their departure, without being observed by the Egyptians. Doctor Lightfoot (k) thinks, that now they attended to the ordinance of circumcision, which had been generally neglected, and was necessary to their partaking of the passover, which in a few days was to be observed, and of which no uncircumcised person might eat, Exodus 12:48 and which he grounds upon Psalm 105:28, and this time was wisely taken for it, when the Egyptians could have no opportunity or advantage against them, because of their soreness by it; it may indeed be wondered at, that they did not take the advantage of the darkness the Egyptians were in, of getting out of the land, and going their three days' journey into the wilderness; but it was the will of God that they should not steal away privately, or go by flight as fugitives, but openly, and with the mighty hand and outstretched arm of God; besides, the Lord had not as yet wrought all the judgments he intended. In the fabulous expedition of Bacchus against the Indians, a story is told which seems to be taken from hence, that the Indians were covered with darkness, while those with Bacchus were in light all around them (l).

(k) Works, vol. 1. p. 707. (l) Vid. Huet. Quaest. Alnetan. l. 2. c. 13. sect. 12. p. 204. 10:21-29 The plague of darkness brought upon Egypt was a dreadful plague. It was darkness which might be felt, so thick were the fogs. It astonished and terrified. It continued three days; six nights in one; so long the most lightsome palaces were dungeons. Now Pharaoh had time to consider, if he would have improved it. Spiritual darkness is spiritual bondage; while Satan blinds men's eyes that they see not, he binds their hands and feet, that they work not for God, nor move toward heaven. They sit in darkness. It was righteous with God thus to punish. The blindness of their minds brought upon them this darkness of the air; never was mind so blinded as Pharaoh's, never was air so darkened as Egypt. Let us dread the consequences of sin; if three days of darkness were so dreadful, what will everlasting darkness be? The children of Israel, at the same time, had light in their dwellings. We must not think we share in common mercies as a matter of course, and therefore that we owe no thanks to God for them. It shows the particular favour he bears to his people. Wherever there is an Israelite indeed, though in this dark world, there is light, there is a child of light. When God made this difference between the Israelites and the Egyptians, who would not have preferred the poor cottage of an Israelite to the fine palace of an Egyptian? There is a real difference between the house of the wicked, which is under a curse, and the habitation of the just, which is blessed. Pharaoh renewed the treaty with Moses and Aaron, and consented they should take their little ones, but would have their cattle left. It is common for sinners to bargain with God Almighty; thus they try to mock him, but they deceive themselves. The terms of reconciliation with God are so fixed, that though men dispute them ever so long, they cannot possibly alter them, or bring them lower. We must come to the demand of God's will; we cannot expect he should condescend to the terms our lusts would make. With ourselves and our children, we must devote all our worldly possessions to the service of God; we know not what use he will make of any part of what we have. Pharaoh broke off the conference abruptly, and resolved to treat no more. Had he forgotten how often he had sent for Moses to ease him of his plagues? and must he now be bid to come no more? Vain malice! to threaten him with death, who was armed with such power! What will not hardness of heart, and contempt of God's word and commandments, bring men to! After this, Moses came no more till he was sent for. When men drive God's word from them, he justly gives them up to their own delusions.
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