Exodus 12:40
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt was 430 years.

New Living Translation
The people of Israel had lived in Egypt for 430 years.

English Standard Version
The time that the people of Israel lived in Egypt was 430 years.

New American Standard Bible
Now the time that the sons of Israel lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.

King James Bible
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The time that the Israelites lived in Egypt was 430 years.

International Standard Version
Now the time that the Israelis lived in Egypt was 430 years.

NET Bible
Now the length of time the Israelites lived in Egypt was 430 years.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Israelites had been living in Egypt for 430 years.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now the time that the sons of Israel dwelt in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.

King James 2000 Bible
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

American King James Version
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelled in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

American Standard Version
Now the time that the children of Israel dwelt in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the abode of the children of Israel that they made in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

Darby Bible Translation
And the residence of the children of Israel that they resided in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.

English Revised Version
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, which they sojourned in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

World English Bible
Now the time that the children of Israel lived in Egypt was four hundred thirty years.

Young's Literal Translation
And the dwelling of the sons of Israel which they have dwelt in Egypt is four hundred and thirty years;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

12:37-42 The children of Israel set forward without delay. A mixed multitude went with them. Some, perhaps, willing to leave their country, laid waste by plagues; others, out of curiosity; perhaps a few out of love to them and their religion. But there were always those among the Israelites who were not Israelites. Thus there are still hypocrites in the church. This great event was 430 years from the promise made to Abraham: see Ga 3:17. So long the promise of a settlement was unfulfilled. But though God's promises are not performed quickly, they will be, in their season. This is that night of the Lord, that remarkable night, to be celebrated in all generations. The great things God does for his people, are to be not only a few days' wonder, but to be remembered throughout all ages; especially the work of our redemption by Christ. This first passover-night was a night of the Lord, much to be observed; but the last passover-night, in which Christ was betrayed and in which the first passover, with the rest of the Jewish ceremonies, was done away, was a night of the Lord, much more to be observed. Then a yoke, heavier than that of Egypt, was broken from off our necks, and a land, better than that of Canaan, set before us. It was a redemption to be celebrated in heaven, for ever and ever.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 40-42. - The narrative of the departure from Egypt is followed, not unnaturally, by a notification of the length of the sojourn, which is declared to have been a space of four hundred and thirty years. In the "Introduction" to the Book, we have examined the question, which here arises,

1. As to the soundness; and

2. As to the true meaning, of the Hebrew text, and have arrived at the conclusion that it is sound, and that it means what it says, viz., that 430 years elapsed between the arrival of Jacob in Egypt, with his sons, and sons' sons, and their families, as related in Genesis 46:1-27, and the commencement of the exodus. The time is required by the genealogy of Joshua (1 Chronicles 7:22-27). It is in remarkable accordance with the traditions that Joseph was the minister of Apspi, and that the Jews went out under Menephthah. If not absolutely required for the multiplication of the race from "seventy souls" to above two millions, it is at any rate more in accord with that fact than the alternative number, 215. It is twice repeated, so that "the mistake of a copyist" is almost impossible. Verse 40. - The sojourning of the children of Israel, which dwelt in Egypt. Rather, "Which they sojourned in Egypt." (Compare the Septuagint - ἡ κατοίκησις η{ν κατῴκησαν.) Four hundred and thirty years. Literally "thirty years and four hundred years."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt,.... The Septuagint version adds, "and in the land of Canaan"; and the Samaritan version is,"the sojourning of the children of Israel, and of their fathers, in the land of Canaan, and in the land of Egypt.''Agreeably to which are both the Talmuds: in one (o) of them the words are,"in Egypt and in all lands,''and in the other (p),"in Egypt, and in the rest of the lands;''and in the same way Aben Ezra interprets the words. And certain it is, that Israel did not dwell in Egypt four hundred and thirty years, and even not much more than two hundred years; but then they and their fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, dwelt so long in Mesopotamia, in Canaan, and in Egypt, in foreign countries, in a land not theirs, as the phrase is, Genesis 15:13 where the place of their sojourning, and the time of it, are given by way of prophecy. The Jews reckon from the vision of God to Abraham between the pieces to the birth of Isaac thirty years, so the Targum of Jonathan; but that cannot be, though from his coming out of his own native place, Ur of the Chaldeans, to the birth of Isaac, might be so many years, since he was seventy five years of age when he came out of Haran, Genesis 12:4 and if he stayed at Haran five years, as probably he did, then there were just thirty from his coming out of Ur of the Chaldees to Isaac's birth, since he was born when he was one hundred years old; and from the birth of Isaac to the birth of Jacob was sixty years, Genesis 25:26 and from thence to his going down to Egypt was one hundred and thirty, Genesis 47:9 and from thence to the coming of Israel out of Egypt were two hundred and ten years, as is generally computed, which make the exact sum of four hundred and thirty years; of these See Gill on Acts 7:6, Galatians 3:17.

(o) T. Hieros. Magillah, fol. 71. 4. (p) T. Bab. Megillah, fol. 9. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

40. the sojourning of the children of Israel … four hundred and thirty years—The Septuagint renders it thus: "The sojourning of the children and of their fathers, which they sojourned in the land of Canaan and in the land of Egypt." These additions are important, for the period of sojourn in Egypt did not exceed two hundred fifteen years; but if we reckon from the time that Abraham entered Canaan and the promise was made in which the sojourn of his posterity in Egypt was announced, this makes up the time to four hundred thirty years.

Exodus 12:40 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Exodus Begins
39They baked the dough which they had brought out of Egypt into cakes of unleavened bread. For it had not become leavened, since they were driven out of Egypt and could not delay, nor had they prepared any provisions for themselves. 40Now the time that the sons of Israel lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years. 41And at the end of four hundred and thirty years, to the very day, all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.…
Cross References
Acts 7:6
God spoke to him in this way: 'For four hundred years your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own, and they will be enslaved and mistreated.

Galatians 3:17
What I mean is this: The law, introduced 430 years later, does not set aside the covenant previously established by God and thus do away with the promise.

Genesis 15:13
Then the LORD said to him, "Know for certain that for four hundred years your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own and that they will be enslaved and mistreated there.

Genesis 15:16
In the fourth generation your descendants will come back here, for the sin of the Amorites has not yet reached its full measure."

Exodus 3:10
So now, go. I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt."
Treasury of Scripture

Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelled in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

The Samaritan Pentateuch reads, 'Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, and of their fathers in the land of Canaan and in the land of Egypt, was

Galatians 3:17 And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God …

Acts 13:17 The God of this people of Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the …

Hebrews 11:9 By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, …

for hundred

Genesis 12:1-3 Now the LORD had said to Abram, Get you out of your country, and …

Genesis 15:13 And he said to Abram, Know of a surety that your seed shall be a …

Acts 7:6 And God spoke on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in a strange …

Galatians 3:16,17 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He said not, …

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