Exodus 12:40
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt was 430 years.

New Living Translation
The people of Israel had lived in Egypt for 430 years.

English Standard Version
The time that the people of Israel lived in Egypt was 430 years.

New American Standard Bible
Now the time that the sons of Israel lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.

King James Bible
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The time that the Israelites lived in Egypt was 430 years.

International Standard Version
Now the time that the Israelis lived in Egypt was 430 years.

NET Bible
Now the length of time the Israelites lived in Egypt was 430 years.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Israelites had been living in Egypt for 430 years.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now the time that the children of Israel dwelt in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.

New American Standard 1977
Now the time that the sons of Israel lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now the time that the sons of Israel dwelt in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.

King James 2000 Bible
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

American King James Version
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelled in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

American Standard Version
Now the time that the children of Israel dwelt in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the abode of the children of Israel that they made in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

Darby Bible Translation
And the residence of the children of Israel that they resided in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.

English Revised Version
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, which they sojourned in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

World English Bible
Now the time that the children of Israel lived in Egypt was four hundred thirty years.

Young's Literal Translation
And the dwelling of the sons of Israel which they have dwelt in Egypt is four hundred and thirty years;
Study Bible
The Exodus Begins
39They baked the dough which they had brought out of Egypt into cakes of unleavened bread. For it had not become leavened, since they were driven out of Egypt and could not delay, nor had they prepared any provisions for themselves. 40Now the time that the sons of Israel lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years. 41And at the end of four hundred and thirty years, to the very day, all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.…
Word Study

Now the sojourning
mowshab  (mo-shawb')
a seat; figuratively, a site; abstractly, a session; by extension an abode (the place or the time); by implication, population

of the children
ben  (bane)
a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc.

of Israel
Yisra'el  (yis-raw-ale')
he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity: --Israel.

who dwelt
yashab  (yaw-shab')
to sit down (specifically as judge. in ambush, in quiet); by implication, to dwell, to remain; causatively, to settle, to marry

in Egypt
Mitsrayim  (mits-rah'-yim)
Mitsrajim, i.e. Upper and Lower Egypt -- Egypt, Egyptians, Mizraim.

was four
'arba`  (ar-bah')
four -- four.

hundred
me'ah  (may-aw')
a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction -- hundred(-fold), -th), + sixscore.
shaneh  (shaw-neh')
a year (as a revolution of time) -- + whole age, long, + old, year(-ly).

and thirty
shlowshiym  (shel-o-sheem')
thirty; or (ordinal) thirtieth -- thirty, thirtieth.

years
shaneh  (shaw-neh')
a year (as a revolution of time) -- + whole age, long, + old, year(-ly).

Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
12:37-42 The children of Israel set forward without delay. A mixed multitude went with them. Some, perhaps, willing to leave their country, laid waste by plagues; others, out of curiosity; perhaps a few out of love to them and their religion. But there were always those among the Israelites who were not Israelites. Thus there are still hypocrites in the church. This great event was 430 years from the promise made to Abraham: see Ga 3:17. So long the promise of a settlement was unfulfilled. But though God's promises are not performed quickly, they will be, in their season. This is that night of the Lord, that remarkable night, to be celebrated in all generations. The great things God does for his people, are to be not only a few days' wonder, but to be remembered throughout all ages; especially the work of our redemption by Christ. This first passover-night was a night of the Lord, much to be observed; but the last passover-night, in which Christ was betrayed and in which the first passover, with the rest of the Jewish ceremonies, was done away, was a night of the Lord, much more to be observed. Then a yoke, heavier than that of Egypt, was broken from off our necks, and a land, better than that of Canaan, set before us. It was a redemption to be celebrated in heaven, for ever and ever.
Cross References
Acts 7:6
God told him that his descendants would be foreigners in a strange land, and they would be enslaved and mistreated four hundred years.

Galatians 3:17
What I mean is this: The Law that came four hundred thirty years later does not revoke the covenant previously established by God, so as to cancel the promise.

Genesis 15:13
God said to Abram, "Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, where they will be enslaved and oppressed four hundred years.

Genesis 15:16
"Then in the fourth generation they will return here, for the iniquity of the Amorite is not yet complete."

Exodus 3:10
"Therefore, come now, and I will send you to Pharaoh, so that you may bring My people, the sons of Israel, out of Egypt."
Treasury of Scripture

Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelled in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

The Samaritan Pentateuch reads, 'Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, and of their fathers in the land of Canaan and in the land of Egypt, was

Galatians 3:17 And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God …

Acts 13:17 The God of this people of Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the …

Hebrews 11:9 By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, …

for hundred

Genesis 12:1-3 Now the LORD had said to Abram, Get you out of your country, and …

Genesis 15:13 And he said to Abram, Know of a surety that your seed shall be a …

Acts 7:6 And God spoke on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in a strange …

Galatians 3:16,17 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He said not, …

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