Exodus 10:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let the Israelites go.

New Living Translation
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart again, so he refused to let the people go.

English Standard Version
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the people of Israel go.

New American Standard Bible
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the sons of Israel go.

King James Bible
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the Israelites go.

International Standard Version
But the LORD made Pharaoh's heart stubborn and he would not let the Israelis go.

NET Bible
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not release the Israelites.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But the LORD made Pharaoh stubborn, so he did not let the Israelites go.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the sons of Israel go.

King James 2000 Bible
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go.

American King James Version
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go.

American Standard Version
But Jehovah hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, neither did he let the children of Israel go.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah made Pharaoh's heart stubborn, and he did not let the children of Israel go.

English Revised Version
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go.

Webster's Bible Translation
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go.

World English Bible
But Yahweh hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he didn't let the children of Israel go.

Young's Literal Translation
and Jehovah strengtheneth the heart of Pharaoh, and he hath not sent the sons of Israel away.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:12-20 God bids Moses stretch out his hand; locusts came at the call. An army might more easily have been resisted than this host of insects. Who then is able to stand before the great God? They covered the face of the earth, and ate up the fruit of it. Herbs grow for the service of man; yet when God pleases, insects shall plunder him, and eat the bread out of his mouth. Let our labour be, not for the habitation and meat thus exposed, but for those which endure to eternal life. Pharaoh employs Moses and Aaron to pray for him. There are those, who, in distress, seek the help of other people's prayers, but have no mind to pray for themselves. They show thereby that they have no true love to God, nor any delight in communion with him. Pharaoh desires only that this death might be taken away, not this sin. He wishes to get rid of the plague of locusts, not the plague of a hard heart, which was more dangerous. An east wind brought the locusts, a west wind carries them off. Whatever point the wind is in, it is fulfilling God's word, and turns by his counsel. The wind bloweth where it listeth, as to us; but not so as it respects God. It was also an argument for their repentance; for by this it appeared that God is ready to forgive, and swift to show mercy. If he does this upon the outward tokens of humiliation, what will he do if we are sincere! Oh that this goodness of God might lead us to repentance! Pharaoh returned to his resolution again, not to let the people go. Those who have often baffled their convictions, are justly given up to the lusts of their hearts.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 20. - But the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart. The word used here is the intensive one, khazoq, instead of the milder kabod of ver. 1. Pharaoh's prolonged obstinacy and impenitence was receiving aggravation by the working of the just laws of God. (See the comment on Exodus 4:21.)

CHAPTER 10:21-29

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart,.... For as yet he had not brought all his judgments on him he designed to bring:

so that he would not let the children of Israel go: though he had promised to do it, and that he would never offend more in this way.



Exodus 10:20 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Eighth Plague: Locusts
19So the LORD shifted the wind to a very strong west wind which took up the locusts and drove them into the Red Sea; not one locust was left in all the territory of Egypt. 20But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the sons of Israel go.
Cross References
Romans 9:18
Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.

Exodus 4:21
The LORD said to Moses, "When you return to Egypt, see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders I have given you the power to do. But I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go.

Exodus 7:13
Yet Pharaoh's heart became hard and he would not listen to them, just as the LORD had said.

Exodus 9:12
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart and he would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said to Moses.

Exodus 10:19
And the LORD changed the wind to a very strong west wind, which caught up the locusts and carried them into the Red Sea. Not a locust was left anywhere in Egypt.

Exodus 10:27
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he was not willing to let them go.

Exodus 11:10
Moses and Aaron performed all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let the Israelites go out of his country.
Treasury of Scripture

But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go.

Exodus 4:21 And the LORD said to Moses, When you go to return into Egypt, see …

Exodus 7:13,14 And he hardened Pharaoh's heart, that he listened not to them; as …

Exodus 9:12 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he listened not to …

Exodus 11:10 And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and the …

Deuteronomy 2:30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD …

Isaiah 6:9,10 And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear you indeed, but understand …

John 12:39,40 Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again…

Romans 9:18 Therefore has he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardens.

2 Thessalonians 2:11,12 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they …

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