Exodus 10:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and total darkness covered all Egypt for three days.

New Living Translation
So Moses lifted his hand to the sky, and a deep darkness covered the entire land of Egypt for three days.

English Standard Version
So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was pitch darkness in all the land of Egypt three days.

New American Standard Bible
So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Egypt for three days.

King James Bible
And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was thick darkness throughout the land of Egypt for three days.

International Standard Version
So Moses stretched his hand toward the sky, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Egypt for three days.

NET Bible
So Moses extended his hand toward heaven, and there was absolute darkness throughout the land of Egypt for three days.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Moses lifted his hand toward the sky, and throughout Egypt there was total darkness for three days.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven, and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days.

King James 2000 Bible
And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days:

American King James Version
And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days:

American Standard Version
And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Moses stretch forth his hand towards heaven: and there came horrible darkness in all the land of Egypt for three days.

Darby Bible Translation
And Moses stretched out his hand toward the heavens; and there was a thick darkness throughout the land of Egypt three days:

English Revised Version
And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days;

Webster's Bible Translation
And Moses stretched forth his hand towards heaven: and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days:

World English Bible
Moses stretched forth his hand toward the sky, and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days.

Young's Literal Translation
And Moses stretcheth out his hand towards the heavens, and there is darkness -- thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:21-29 The plague of darkness brought upon Egypt was a dreadful plague. It was darkness which might be felt, so thick were the fogs. It astonished and terrified. It continued three days; six nights in one; so long the most lightsome palaces were dungeons. Now Pharaoh had time to consider, if he would have improved it. Spiritual darkness is spiritual bondage; while Satan blinds men's eyes that they see not, he binds their hands and feet, that they work not for God, nor move toward heaven. They sit in darkness. It was righteous with God thus to punish. The blindness of their minds brought upon them this darkness of the air; never was mind so blinded as Pharaoh's, never was air so darkened as Egypt. Let us dread the consequences of sin; if three days of darkness were so dreadful, what will everlasting darkness be? The children of Israel, at the same time, had light in their dwellings. We must not think we share in common mercies as a matter of course, and therefore that we owe no thanks to God for them. It shows the particular favour he bears to his people. Wherever there is an Israelite indeed, though in this dark world, there is light, there is a child of light. When God made this difference between the Israelites and the Egyptians, who would not have preferred the poor cottage of an Israelite to the fine palace of an Egyptian? There is a real difference between the house of the wicked, which is under a curse, and the habitation of the just, which is blessed. Pharaoh renewed the treaty with Moses and Aaron, and consented they should take their little ones, but would have their cattle left. It is common for sinners to bargain with God Almighty; thus they try to mock him, but they deceive themselves. The terms of reconciliation with God are so fixed, that though men dispute them ever so long, they cannot possibly alter them, or bring them lower. We must come to the demand of God's will; we cannot expect he should condescend to the terms our lusts would make. With ourselves and our children, we must devote all our worldly possessions to the service of God; we know not what use he will make of any part of what we have. Pharaoh broke off the conference abruptly, and resolved to treat no more. Had he forgotten how often he had sent for Moses to ease him of his plagues? and must he now be bid to come no more? Vain malice! to threaten him with death, who was armed with such power! What will not hardness of heart, and contempt of God's word and commandments, bring men to! After this, Moses came no more till he was sent for. When men drive God's word from them, he justly gives them up to their own delusions.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 22. - A thick darkness. - Literally, "An obscurity of darkness." The phrase is intensitive.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven, and there was a thick darkness over all the land of Egypt three days. The eleventh, twelveth, and thirteenth days of the month Abib; with this compare the fifth vial, Revelation 16:10.



Exodus 10:22 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Ninth Plague: Darkness
21Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand toward the sky, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even a darkness which may be felt." 22So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Egypt for three days. 23They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, but all the sons of Israel had light in their dwellings.…
Cross References
Revelation 16:10
The fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and its kingdom was plunged into darkness. People gnawed their tongues in agony

Psalm 105:28
He sent darkness and made the land dark-- for had they not rebelled against his words?

Amos 4:7
"I also withheld rain from you when the harvest was still three months away. I sent rain on one town, but withheld it from another. One field had rain; another had none and dried up.
Treasury of Scripture

And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days:

thick darkness

Exodus 20:21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near to the thick darkness …

Deuteronomy 4:11 And you came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain …

Deuteronomy 5:22 These words the LORD spoke to all your assembly in the mount out …

Psalm 105:28 He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word.

Joel 2:2,31 A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick …

Amos 4:13 For, see, he that forms the mountains, and creates the wind, and …

Revelation 16:10 And the fifth angel poured out his vial on the seat of the beast; …

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