Genesis 15:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
As the sun was setting, Abram fell into a deep sleep, and a thick and dreadful darkness came over him.

New Living Translation
As the sun was going down, Abram fell into a deep sleep, and a terrifying darkness came down over him.

English Standard Version
As the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell on Abram. And behold, dreadful and great darkness fell upon him.

New American Standard Bible
Now when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and behold, terror and great darkness fell upon him.

King James Bible
And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
As the sun was setting, a deep sleep fell on Abram, and suddenly great terror and darkness descended on him.

International Standard Version
As the sun began to set, Abram was overcome with deep sleep, and suddenly a frightening and terrifying darkness descended on him.

NET Bible
When the sun went down, Abram fell sound asleep, and great terror overwhelmed him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
As the sun was just about to set, a deep sleep-a dreadful, deep darkness-came over Abram.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, behold, a horror of great darkness fell upon him.

King James 2000 Bible
And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, a horror of great darkness fell upon him.

American King James Version
And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell on Abram; and, see, an horror of great darkness fell on him.

American Standard Version
And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, a horror of great darkness fell upon him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when the sun was setting, a deep sleep fell upon Abram, and a great and darksome horror seized upon him.

Darby Bible Translation
And as the sun was just going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and behold, a horror, a great darkness, fell upon him.

English Revised Version
And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and lo, a horror of great darkness fell upon him.

World English Bible
When the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell on Abram. Now terror and great darkness fell on him.

Young's Literal Translation
And the sun is about to go in, and deep sleep hath fallen upon Abram, and lo, a terror of great darkness is falling upon him;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

15:12-16 A deep sleep fell upon Abram; with this sleep a horror of great darkness fell upon him: a sudden change. The children of light do not always walk in the light. Several things were then foretold. 1. The suffering state of Abram's seed for a long time. They shall be strangers. The heirs of heaven are strangers on earth. They shall be servants; but Canaanites serve under a curse, the Hebrews under a blessing. They shall be suffers. Those that are blessed and beloved of God, are often sorely afflicted by wicked men. 2. The judgment of the enemies of Abram's seed. Though God may allow persecutors and oppressors to trample upon his people a great while, he will certainly reckon with them at last. 3. That great event, the deliverance of Abram's seed out of Egypt, is here foretold. 4. Their happy settlement in Canaan. They shall come hither again. The measure of sin fills gradually. Some people's measure of sin fills slowly. The knowledge of future events would seldom add to our comfort. In the most favoured families, and most happy lives, there are so many afflictions, that it is merciful in God to conceal what will befall us and ours.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 12. - And when the sun was going down. Literally, was about to go down (cf. Gesenius, § 132). The vision having commenced the previous evening, an entire day has already passed, the interval being designed to typify the time between the pro-raise and its fulfillment (Kalisch). A deep sleep - tardemah (cf. Adam s sleep, Genesis 2:21); ἔκστασις (LXX.); a supernatural slumber, as the darkness following was not solely due to natural causes - fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness - literally, an, horror, a great darkness, i.e. an overwhelming dread occasioned by the dense gloom with which he was encircled, and which, besides Being designed to conceal the working of the Deity from mortal vision (Knobel), was meant to symbolize the Egyptian bondage (Grotius, Calvin, Rosenmüller, Keil, Aalisch), and perhaps also, since Abram's faith embraced a larger sphere than Canaan (Hebrews 11:10, 14, 16), and a nobler seed than Sarah's son (John 8:56), the sufferings of Christ (Wordsworth, Inglis) - fell upon him.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And when the sun was going down,.... Just setting, descending below the hemisphere; or "about to enter" (m) into his chamber, as Piscator observes, from whence he went forth in the morning, as a strong man to run his race; which at sunset is finished according to human appearance, and the common apprehensions of men, who have thought it goes under the earth, or drops into the ocean, see Psalm 19:5,

a deep sleep fell upon Abram: through the great fatigue he had had the preceding day, in doing what is before related; or rather through a more than ordinary influence of God upon him, which bound up his senses, and cast him into an ecstasy or trance, when he had the following prophecy and vision, which more fully explained to him the emblem he had been conversant with; this was such a sleep as fell on Adam, Genesis 2:21,

and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him; or such darkness as was horrible and terrible, so it was represented to his mind in vision; which signified the great afflictions after expressed by darkness, that should come upon his children in Egypt and elsewhere: and so Jarchi says it refers to the distresses and darkness of their captivities in Egypt, and in other places. The Targumists observe, that Abram in this vision saw the four monarchies that should bring his children into bondage.

(m) "et fuit sol ad intrandum", Montanus, Piscator.



Genesis 15:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
God Confirms His Promise
11The birds of prey came down upon the carcasses, and Abram drove them away. 12Now when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and behold, terror and great darkness fell upon him. 13God said to Abram, "Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, where they will be enslaved and oppressed four hundred years.…
Cross References
Genesis 2:21
So the LORD God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep; and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man's ribs and then closed up the place with flesh.

Genesis 15:11
Then birds of prey came down on the carcasses, but Abram drove them away.

Genesis 28:11
When he reached a certain place, he stopped for the night because the sun had set. Taking one of the stones there, he put it under his head and lay down to sleep.

1 Samuel 26:12
So David took the spear and water jug near Saul's head, and they left. No one saw or knew about it, nor did anyone wake up. They were all sleeping, because the LORD had put them into a deep sleep.

Job 33:15
In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falls on people as they slumber in their beds,

Daniel 10:9
Then I heard him speaking, and as I listened to him, I fell into a deep sleep, my face to the ground.
Treasury of Scripture

And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell on Abram; and, see, an horror of great darkness fell on him.

deep.

Genesis 2:21 And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept: …

1 Samuel 26:12 So David took the spear and the cruse of water from Saul's bolster; …

Job 4:13,14 In thoughts from the visions of the night, when deep sleep falls on men…

Job 33:15 In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falls on men, …

Daniel 10:8,9 Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, and there …

Acts 20:9 And there sat in a window a certain young man named Eutychus, being …

horror.

Psalm 4:3-5 But know that the LORD has set apart him that is godly for himself: …

Acts 9:8,9 And Saul arose from the earth; and when his eyes were opened, he …

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