1 Kings 8:12
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Then Solomon said, "The LORD has said that he would dwell in a dark cloud;

New Living Translation
Then Solomon prayed, "O LORD, you have said that you would live in a thick cloud of darkness.

English Standard Version
Then Solomon said, “The LORD has said that he would dwell in thick darkness.

New American Standard Bible
Then Solomon said, "The LORD has said that He would dwell in the thick cloud.

King James Bible
Then spake Solomon, The LORD said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Solomon said: The LORD said that He would dwell in thick darkness.

International Standard Version
Then Solomon said, "The LORD has said that he lives shrouded in darkness.

NET Bible
Then Solomon said, "The LORD has said that he lives in thick darkness.

New Heart English Bible
Then Solomon said, "The LORD has said that he would dwell in the thick cloud.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then Solomon said, "The LORD said he would live in a dark cloud.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then spoke Solomon: The LORD hath said that He would dwell in the thick darkness.

New American Standard 1977
Then Solomon said,
            “The LORD has said that He would dwell in the thick cloud.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then Solomon said, The LORD has said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.

King James 2000 Bible
Then spoke Solomon, The LORD said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.

American King James Version
Then spoke Solomon, The LORD said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.

American Standard Version
Then spake Solomon, Jehovah hath said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then Solomon said: The Lord said that he would dwell in a cloud.

Darby Bible Translation
Then said Solomon: Jehovah said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.

English Revised Version
Then spake Solomon, The LORD hath said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then spoke Solomon, The LORD said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.

World English Bible
Then Solomon said, "Yahweh has said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.

Young's Literal Translation
Then said Solomon, 'Jehovah hath said to dwell in thick darkness;
Study Bible
Solomon Praises the Lord
11so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD. 12Then Solomon said, "The LORD has said that He would dwell in the thick cloud. 13"I have surely built You a lofty house, A place for Your dwelling forever."…
Cross References
Leviticus 16:2
The LORD said to Moses: "Tell your brother Aaron that he shall not enter at any time into the holy place inside the veil, before the mercy seat which is on the ark, or he will die; for I will appear in the cloud over the mercy seat.

2 Samuel 22:10
"He bowed the heavens also, and came down With thick darkness under His feet.

1 Kings 8:11
so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD.

2 Chronicles 6:1
Then Solomon said, "The LORD has said that He would dwell in the thick cloud.

Nehemiah 8:5
Ezra opened the book in the sight of all the people for he was standing above all the people; and when he opened it, all the people stood up.

Psalm 18:11
He made darkness His hiding place, His canopy around Him, Darkness of waters, thick clouds of the skies.

Psalm 97:2
Clouds and thick darkness surround Him; Righteousness and justice are the foundation of His throne.
Treasury of Scripture

Then spoke Solomon, The LORD said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.

The lord

Deuteronomy 4:11 And you came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain …

2 Chronicles 6:1,2 Then said Solomon, The LORD has said that he would dwell in the thick …

Psalm 18:8-11 There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth …

Psalm 97:2 Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment …

the thick

Exodus 20:21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near to the thick darkness …

Leviticus 16:2 And the LORD said to Moses, Speak to Aaron your brother…

Deuteronomy 5:22 These words the LORD spoke to all your assembly in the mount out …

Isaiah 45:15 Truly you are a God that hide yourself, O God of Israel, the Savior.

Hebrews 12:18 For you are not come to the mount that might be touched, and that …

(12) The Lord said . . .--The words of Solomon, though--as is natural in a moment of mingled awe and thankfulness--somewhat broken and abrupt, are clear enough in their general meaning and connection. He refers to the frequent declarations made in old time that the cloud is the symbol of God's indwelling presence (such as Exodus 19:9, and Leviticus 16:2);

he recognises in the appearance of the cloud the sign that the Divine presence is granted to the Temple; and accordingly he exults in the proof that his foreordained work is accomplished by the building of a house, a "settled habitation" for the Lord. The description of the cloud as "thick darkness," in no way contradicts the idea of the glory shining through it; for human eyes are easily "darkened by excess of light." This mingled light and darkness symbolises--perhaps more strikingly than even the literal darkness of the Most Holy Place--the mystery which veils the presence of God, known to be, and to be infinitely glorious, but in its nature incomprehensible.

Thenius, from a single Chaldee version, suggests for "thick darkness" the correction "Jerusalem;" dwelling on the closer harmony of the reading with 1Kings 8:16, quoting the promise of Psalm 132:13-14 (closely connected there with the great promise of David), and urging the likelihood of the citation of this promise by Solomon, and the greater simplicity thus given to his whole utterance. The suggestion is ingenious; but it lacks authority, both external and internal. The LXX., in the Alexandrine MS. (for the Vatican MS. omits the whole), and the Vulg. agree with the Hebrew text; and Josephus, though he gives a verbose paraphrase of the prayer, evidently had our reading before him, for he contrasts the mystery and ubiquity of the Divine presence with the material shrine. Nor is it easy to conceive how from a passage so simple and prosaic, as this would be with the reading "Jerusalem," the more difficult, but far more striking, reading of the present text could have arisen.

Verse 12. - Then spake Solomon [in a transport of emotion at the sight. The cloud and the glory proved that his pious work was accepted. These blessed tokens assured him that "the Lord was there" (Ezekiel 48:35); that the incomprehensible Godhead had entered the earthly shrine he had prepared, and would dwell there], The Lord said that he would dwell in the thick darkness. [Heb. עֲרָפֶל, lit., darkness of clouds. When did God speak of dwelling in dark cloud? The reference, probably, is to Exodus 19:9; Exodus 20:21, Deuteronomy 4:11; Exodus 5:22 (note that, in the three last cited passages, this same word is used, and in the last two in connexion with cloud, which would appear to be a practically synonymous term), but especially to Leviticus 16:2, "I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat." Solomon had thus every warrant for connecting a theophany with the thick dark cloud. Cf. Psalm 18:11; Psalm 97:2. The words cannot refer to "the holy of holies not lighted by windows" (Wordsworth). And then spake Solomon,.... Perceiving by this symbol that the Lord was come into his house, to take up his dwelling in it, and seeing the priests and people in consternation at it, spake the following words to their comfort:

the Lord said that he would dwell in the thick darkness; and now was fulfilling his promise, and therefore to be considered not as a token of his displeasure, but of his gracious presence; this was done for the greater awe of the divine Majesty, and to denote the darkness of the former dispensation; reference may be had to Leviticus 16:2 or rather this was now said by the Lord, that is, it appeared to be his resolution and determination to dwell in this manner; the Targum is,

"the Lord is pleased to cause his Shechinah or divine Majesty to dwell in Jerusalem,''

in the temple there. This was imitated by the Heathens; hence the Lacedemonians had a temple dedicated to Jupiter Scotitas, or the dark, as Pausanias (u) relates; and the Indian Pagans to this day affect darkness in their temples, and are very careful that no light enter into them but by the door, which is commonly strait and low, and by little crevices in the windows (w).

(u) Laconica, sive, I. 3. p. 178. (w) Agreement of Customs between the East-Indians and Jews, art. 5. p. 35. 1Ki 8:12-21. Solomon's Blessing.

12. Then spake Solomon—For the reassurance of the priests and people, the king reminded them that the cloud, instead of being a sign ominous of evil, was a token of approval.

The Lord said—not in express terms, but by a continuous course of action (Ex 13:21; 24:16; Nu 9:15).8:12-21 Solomon encouraged the priests, who were much astonished at the dark cloud. The dark dispensations of Providence should quicken us in fleeing for refuge to the hope of the gospel. Nothing can more reconcile us to them, than to consider what God has said, and to compare his word and works together. Whatever good we do, we must look on it as the performance of God's promise to us, not of our promises to him.
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