Jeremiah 31:29
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"In those days people will no longer say, 'The parents have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge.'

New Living Translation
"The people will no longer quote this proverb: 'The parents have eaten sour grapes, but their children's mouths pucker at the taste.'

English Standard Version
In those days they shall no longer say: “‘The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children’s teeth are set on edge.’

New American Standard Bible
"In those days they will not say again, 'The fathers have eaten sour grapes, And the children's teeth are set on edge.'

King James Bible
In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the children's teeth are set on edge.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"In those days, it will never again be said: The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge.

International Standard Version
"In those days people will no longer say, 'The fathers have eaten sour grapes, but the children's teeth have been set on edge.'

NET Bible
"When that time comes, people will no longer say, 'The parents have eaten sour grapes, but the children's teeth have grown numb.'

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"When those days come, people will no longer say, 'Fathers have eaten sour grapes, and their children's teeth are set on edge.'

Jubilee Bible 2000
In those days they shall no longer say, The fathers have eaten the sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge.

King James 2000 Bible
In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the children's teeth are set on edge.

American King James Version
In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the children's teeth are set on edge.

American Standard Version
In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge.

Douay-Rheims Bible
In those days they shall say no more: The fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the teeth of the children are set on edge.

Darby Bible Translation
In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge:

English Revised Version
In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge.

Webster's Bible Translation
In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the children's teeth are set on edge.

World English Bible
In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge.

Young's Literal Translation
In those days they do not say any more: Fathers have eaten unripe fruit, And the sons' teeth are blunted.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

31:27-34 The people of God shall become numerous and prosperous. In Heb 8:8,9, this place is quoted as the sum of the covenant of grace made with believers in Jesus Christ. Not, I will give them a new law; for Christ came not to destroy the law, but to fulfil it; but the law shall be written in their hearts by the finger of the Spirit, as formerly written in the tables of stone. The Lord will, by his grace, make his people willing people in the day of his power. All shall know the Lord; all shall be welcome to the knowledge of God, and shall have the means of that knowledge. There shall be an outpouring of the Holy Spirit, at the time the gospel is published. No man shall finally perish, but for his own sins; none, who is willing to accept of Christ's salvation.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 29. - Have eaten a sour grape; rather, sour grapes. The prophet (like Ezekiel, ch. 18.) condemns the use of this proverb, and declares that the sinner is the artificer of his own ruin. At first sight, it may seem as if Jeremiah opposes the second commandment, which describes how God "visits the iniquity of the fathers upon the children" (Exodus 20:5). This, however, cannot really be, for he endorses this declaration later on (Jeremiah 32:18). The fact is that he is not so much condemning the proverb, as the blasphemous application of it made by the Jews of his time. It is an eternal truth that sin perpetuates itself (except by the miracles of grace) in the children of transgressors, and intensified sin leads to intensified punishment. But the children of transgressors do not cease to be responsible for their own share in the sin; - this was the truth which Jeremiah's contemporaries ignored. He does not deny the solidarity of the family or the race,but he superadds the neglected truth of the special responsibility of the individual. This is one among many evidences of the deepening sense of individual life in the later period of the Jewish monarchy. (A somewhat different view is offered by Delitzsch, 'Messianic Prophecies,' § 50. According to him, Jeremiah looks forward to a time when the individual shall be liberated from the consequences of his solidarity with his race, and when personality shall be "invested with its rights." But can the individual be thus liberated?)

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

In those days they shall say no more,.... The following proverb or byword; they should have no occasion to use it, nor should they choose to use it; since they would understand themselves, and the dispensations of Providence towards them, better than to use it:

the fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the children's teeth are set on edge; that is, the fathers have sinned, and the children are punished for their sins. So the Targum,

"the fathers have sinned, and the children are smitten.''

This was in some sense true; they were punished for their fathers' sins in the captivity, particularly for Manasseh's; nor was it unusual with God to visit the iniquities of the fathers upon the children; nor at all unjust, since they were a part of their parents, and especially since they were guilty of the same sins; nor is it thought unjust among men to punish children for the treason of their parents, as every sin is treason against God. But this was not all that was meant by this proverb; the sense of those that used it was, that they themselves were quite clear and innocent, and that they only suffered for their fathers' faults; which was false, of which they should be convinced, and use the proverb no more, as charging God with injustice.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

29. In those days—after their punishment has been completed, and mercy again visits them.

fathers … eaten … sour grape … children's teeth … on edge—the proverb among the exiles' children born in Babylon, to express that they suffered the evil consequences of their fathers' sins rather than of their own (La 5:7; Eze 18:2, 3).

Jeremiah 31:29 Additional Commentaries
Context
Mourning Turned to Joy
28"As I have watched over them to pluck up, to break down, to overthrow, to destroy and to bring disaster, so I will watch over them to build and to plant," declares the LORD. 29"In those days they will not say again, 'The fathers have eaten sour grapes, And the children's teeth are set on edge.' 30"But everyone will die for his own iniquity; each man who eats the sour grapes, his teeth will be set on edge.
Cross References
Deuteronomy 24:16
Parents are not to be put to death for their children, nor children put to death for their parents; each will die for their own sin.

Job 21:19
It is said, 'God stores up the punishment of the wicked for their children.' Let him repay the wicked, so that they themselves will experience it!

Lamentations 5:7
Our ancestors sinned and are no more, and we bear their punishment.

Ezekiel 18:2
"What do you people mean by quoting this proverb about the land of Israel: "'The parents eat sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge'?
Treasury of Scripture

In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the children's teeth are set on edge.

Jeremiah 31:30 But every one shall die for his own iniquity: every man that eats …

Lamentations 5:7 Our fathers have sinned, and are not; and we have borne their iniquities.

Ezekiel 18:2,3 What mean you, that you use this proverb concerning the land of Israel, …

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