Ezekiel 4:12
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Eat the food as you would a loaf of barley bread; bake it in the sight of the people, using human excrement for fuel."

New Living Translation
Prepare and eat this food as you would barley cakes. While all the people are watching, bake it over a fire using dried human dung as fuel and then eat the bread."

English Standard Version
And you shall eat it as a barley cake, baking it in their sight on human dung.”

New American Standard Bible
"You shall eat it as a barley cake, having baked it in their sight over human dung."

King James Bible
And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it with dung that cometh out of man, in their sight.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You will eat it as you would a barley cake and bake it over dried human excrement in their sight."

International Standard Version
You are to eat it as barley cakes and bake it right in front of them, using dried human dung for cooking fuel."

NET Bible
And you must eat the food like you would a barley cake. You must bake it in front of them over a fire made with dried human excrement."

New Heart English Bible
You shall eat it as barley cakes, and you shall bake it in their sight with dung that comes out of man."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Eat the bread as you would eat barley loaves. Bake the bread in front of people, using human excrement for fuel."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it in their sight with dung that cometh out of man.'

New American Standard 1977
“And you shall eat it as a barley cake, having baked it in their sight over human dung.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And thou shalt eat barley cakes baked under the ashes, and thou shalt bake it with dung that comes out of man, in their sight.

King James 2000 Bible
And you shall eat it as barley cakes, and you shall bake it, using human waste, in their sight.

American King James Version
And you shall eat it as barley cakes, and you shall bake it with dung that comes out of man, in their sight.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it in their sight with dung that cometh out of man.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou shalt eat it as barley bread baked under the ashes: and thou shalt cover it, in their sight, with the dung that cometh out of a man.

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt eat it [as] barley-cake, and thou shalt bake it in their sight with dung that cometh out of man.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it in their sight with dung that cometh out of man.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it with human excrement in their sight.

World English Bible
You shall eat it as barley cakes, and you shall bake it in their sight with dung that comes out of man.

Young's Literal Translation
A barley-cake thou dost eat it, and it with dung -- the filth of man -- thou dost bake before their eyes.
Study Bible
The Defiled Bread
11"The water you drink shall be the sixth part of a hin by measure; you shall drink it from time to time. 12"You shall eat it as a barley cake, having baked it in their sight over human dung." 13Then the LORD said, "Thus will the sons of Israel eat their bread unclean among the nations where I will banish them."…
Cross References
Genesis 19:3
Yet he urged them strongly, so they turned aside to him and entered his house; and he prepared a feast for them, and baked unleavened bread, and they ate.

Isaiah 36:12
But Rabshakeh said, "Has my master sent me only to your master and to you to speak these words, and not to the men who sit on the wall, doomed to eat their own dung and drink their own urine with you?"

Ezekiel 4:11
"The water you drink shall be the sixth part of a hin by measure; you shall drink it from time to time.
Treasury of Scripture

And you shall eat it as barley cakes, and you shall bake it with dung that comes out of man, in their sight.

No references listed for this verse.

(12) As barley cakes.--These were commonly cooked in the hot ashes, hence the especial defilement caused by the fuel required to be used. Against this the prophet pleads, not merely as revolting in itself, but as ceremonially polluting (Ezekiel 4:14; see Leviticus 5:3; Leviticus 7:21), and a mitigation of the requirement is granted to him (Ezekiel 4:15).

In their sight--This is still a part of the vision. The words have been thought to determine that the whole transaction was an actual symbolic act and not a vision; but this does not follow. It need only have been a part of the vision that what was done was done publicly.

Verse 12. - Thou shall bake it with dung, etc. The process of baking in ashes was as old as the time of Abraham (Genesis 18:6), and continues in Arabia and Syria to the present day. The kneaded dough was rolled into thin flat cakes, and they were placed upon, or hung over, the hot wood embers of the hearth or oven. But in a besieged city the supply of wood for fuel soon fails. The first resource is found, as still often happens in the East, in using the dried dung of camels or of cattle. Before Ezekiel's mind there came the vision of a yet more terrible necessity. That supply also might tail, and then men would be forced to use the dried contents of the "draught houses" or cesspools of Jerusalem. They would be compelled almost literally to fulfil the taunt of Rabshakeh (Isaiah 36:12). That thought, as bringing with it the ceremonial pollution of Leviticus 5:3: 7:21, was as revolting to Ezekiel as it is to us; but like Dante, in a like revolting symbolism ('Inf.,' 18:114), he does not shrink from naming it. It came to him, as with the authority of a Divine command, that he was even to do this, to represent the extreme horrors of the siege. And all this was to be done visibly, before the eyes of his neighbours at Tel-Abib. And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes,.... That is, the bread made of wheat, barley, beans, lentiles, millet, and fitches, was to be made in the form of barley cakes, and to be baked as they; not in an oven, but under ashes; and these ashes not of wood, or straw, or turf, but as follows:

and thou shalt bake it with dung that cometh out of men, in their sight: the prophet was to take human dung, and dry it, and then cover the cakes or loaves of his mixed bread with it, and burn it over them, and with it bake it; which must be a very disagreeable task to him, and make the food very nauseous, both to himself and to the Jews, in whose sight it was done; and this shows scarcity of fuel, and the severity of the famine; that they had not fuel to bake with, or could not stay till it was baked in an oven, and therefore took this method; as well as points at what they were to eat when carried captive, as follows: 12. dung—as fuel; so the Arabs use beasts' dung, wood fuel being scarce. But to use human dung so implies the most cruel necessity. It was in violation of the law (De 14:3; 23:12-14); it must therefore have been done only in vision.4:9-17 The bread which was Ezekiel's support, was to be made of coarse grain and pulse mixed together, seldom used except in times of urgent scarcity, and of this he was only to take a small quantity. Thus was figured the extremity to which the Jews were to be reduced during the siege and captivity. Ezekiel does not plead, Lord, from my youth I have been brought up delicately, and never used to any thing like this; but that he had been brought up conscientiously, and never had eaten any thing forbidden by the law. It will be comfortable when we are brought to suffer hardships, if our hearts can witness that we have always been careful to keep even from the appearance of evil. See what woful work sin makes, and acknowledge the righteousness of God herein. Their plenty having been abused to luxury and excess, they were justly punished by famine. When men serve not God with cheerfulness in the abundance of all things, God will make them serve their enemies in the want of all things.
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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 4:12 You shall eat it as barley cakes (Ezek. Eze Ezk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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