Jeremiah 51:42
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The sea will rise over Babylon; its roaring waves will cover her.

New Living Translation
The sea has risen over Babylon; she is covered by its crashing waves.

English Standard Version
The sea has come up on Babylon; she is covered with its tumultuous waves.

New American Standard Bible
"The sea has come up over Babylon; She has been engulfed with its tumultuous waves.

King James Bible
The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The sea has risen over Babylon; she is covered with its turbulent waves.

International Standard Version
The sea will come up against Babylon, and she will be covered by wave upon wave.

NET Bible
The sea has swept over Babylon. She has been covered by a multitude of its waves.

New Heart English Bible
The sea has come up on Babylon; she is covered with the multitude of its waves.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
What a horrifying sight Babylon will be to the nations! The sea will rise over Babylon, and its roaring waves will cover it.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The sea is come up upon Babylon; She is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.

New American Standard 1977
“The sea has come up over Babylon;
            She has been engulfed with its tumultuous waves.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The sea is come up upon Babylon; she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.

King James 2000 Bible
The sea has come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of its waves.

American King James Version
The sea is come up on Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.

American Standard Version
The sea is come up upon Babylon; she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The sea is come up over Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.

Darby Bible Translation
The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of its waves.

English Revised Version
The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.

Webster's Bible Translation
The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of its waves.

World English Bible
The sea is come up on Babylon; she is covered with the multitude of its waves.

Young's Literal Translation
Come up against Babylon hath the sea, With a multitude of its billows it hath been covered.
Study Bible
Babylon's Punishment
41"How Sheshak has been captured, And the praise of the whole earth been seized! How Babylon has become an object of horror among the nations! 42"The sea has come up over Babylon; She has been engulfed with its tumultuous waves. 43"Her cities have become an object of horror, A parched land and a desert, A land in which no man lives And through which no son of man passes.…
Cross References
Isaiah 8:7
"Now therefore, behold, the Lord is about to bring on them the strong and abundant waters of the Euphrates, Even the king of Assyria and all his glory; And it will rise up over all its channels and go over all its banks.

Isaiah 8:8
"Then it will sweep on into Judah, it will overflow and pass through, It will reach even to the neck; And the spread of its wings will fill the breadth of your land, O Immanuel.

Isaiah 21:1
The oracle concerning the wilderness of the sea. As windstorms in the Negev sweep on, It comes from the wilderness, from a terrifying land.

Jeremiah 51:55
For the LORD is going to destroy Babylon, And He will make her loud noise vanish from her. And their waves will roar like many waters; The tumult of their voices sounds forth.

Ezekiel 26:3
therefore thus says the Lord GOD, 'Behold, I am against you, O Tyre, and I will bring up many nations against you, as the sea brings up its waves.

Daniel 9:26
"Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.

Daniel 11:10
"His sons will mobilize and assemble a multitude of great forces; and one of them will keep on coming and overflow and pass through, that he may again wage war up to his very fortress.
Treasury of Scripture

The sea is come up on Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.

Psalm 18:4,16 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men …

Psalm 42:7 Deep calls to deep at the noise of your waterspouts: all your waves …

Psalm 65:7 Which stills the noise of the seas, the noise of their waves, and …

Psalm 93:3 The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their …

Isaiah 8:7,8 Now therefore, behold, the Lord brings up on them the waters of the …

Ezekiel 27:26-34 Your rowers have brought you into great waters: the east wind has …

Daniel 9:26 And after three score and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but …

Luke 21:25 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the …

Revelation 17:15,16 And he said to me, The waters which you saw, where the whore sits, …

(42) The sea is come up upon Babylon . . .--The literal explanation of the words as referring to the foundation of the Euphrates adopted by some commentators is clearly inadmissible, and is at variance with the next verse. The prophet falls back on an image which he had used before (Jeremiah 46:7), and which had become familiar through Isaiah (Isaiah 8:7-8; Isaiah 17:12), and speaks of Babylon as covered with the great sea of nations that were sweeping over her.

Verse 42. - The sea is come up, etc. It is not clear whether this is to be taken literally or metaphorically (of the sea of nations, comp. ver. 55). Probably it is meant literally. It is said that the annual inundations of the Euphrates at present render many parts of the ruins of Babylon inaccessible. The sea is come up upon Babylon,.... A vast army, comparable to the great sea for the multitude thereof, even the army of the Medes and Persians under Cyrus; so the Targum,

"a king with his armies, which are numerous like the waters of the sea, is come up against Babylon:''

she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof; being surrounded, besieged, surprised, and seized upon by the multitude of soldiers in that army, which poured in upon it unawares. Some think here is a beautiful antithesis, between the inundation of Cyrus's army and the draining of the river Euphrates, by which means he poured in his forces into Babylon. 42. The sea—the host of Median invaders. The image (compare Jer 47:2; Isa 8:7, 8) is appropriately taken from the Euphrates, which, overflowing in spring, is like a "sea" near Babylon (Jer 51:13, 32, 36).51:1-58 The particulars of this prophecy are dispersed and interwoven, and the same things left and returned to again. Babylon is abundant in treasures, yet neither her waters nor her wealth shall secure her. Destruction comes when they did not think of it. Wherever we are, in the greatest depths, at the greatest distances, we are to remember the Lord our God; and in the times of the greatest fears and hopes, it is most needful to remember the Lord. The feeling excited by Babylon's fall is the same with the New Testament Babylon, Re 18:9,19. The ruin of all who support idolatry, infidelity, and superstition, is needful for the revival of true godliness; and the threatening prophecies of Scripture yield comfort in this view. The great seat of antichristian tyranny, idolatry, and superstition, the persecutor of true Christians, is as certainly doomed to destruction as ancient Babylon. Then will vast multitudes mourn for sin, and seek the Lord. Then will the lost sheep of the house of Israel be brought back to the fold of the good Shepherd, and stray no more. And the exact fulfilment of these ancient prophecies encourages us to faith in all the promises and prophecies of the sacred Scriptures.
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