Jeremiah 2:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Also, the men of Memphis and Tahpanhes have cracked your skull.

New Living Translation
Egyptians, marching from their cities of Memphis and Tahpanhes, have destroyed Israel's glory and power.

English Standard Version
Moreover, the men of Memphis and Tahpanhes have shaved the crown of your head.

New American Standard Bible
"Also the men of Memphis and Tahpanhes Have shaved the crown of your head.

King James Bible
Also the children of Noph and Tahapanes have broken the crown of thy head.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The men of Memphis and Tahpanhes have also broken your skull.

International Standard Version
Also, people from Memphis and Tahpanhes have broken your skull.

NET Bible
Even the soldiers from Memphis and Tahpanhes have cracked your skulls, people of Israel.

New Heart English Bible
The children of Memphis and Tahpanhes have also shaved the crown of your head.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
People from Noph and Tahpanhes have cracked your skulls, Israel.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The children also of Noph and Tahpanhes Feed upon the crown of thy head.

New American Standard 1977
“Also the men of Memphis and Tahpanhes
            Have shaved the crown of your head.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Even the sons of Noph and Tahapanes have broken the crown of thy head.

King James 2000 Bible
Also the children of Noph and Tahpanes have broken the crown of your head.

American King James Version
Also the children of Noph and Tahapanes have broken the crown of your head.

American Standard Version
The children also of Memphis and Tahpanhes have broken the crown of thy head.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The children also of Memphis, and of Taphnes have deflowered thee, even to the crown of the head.

Darby Bible Translation
Even the children of Noph and Tahapanes have fed on the crown of thy head.

English Revised Version
The children also of Noph and Tahpanhes have broken the crown of thy head.

Webster's Bible Translation
Also the children of Noph and Tahapanes have broken the crown of thy head.

World English Bible
The children also of Memphis and Tahpanhes have broken the crown of your head.

Young's Literal Translation
Also sons of Noph and Tahapanes Consume thee -- the crown of the head!
Study Bible
The Results of Israel's Sin
15"The young lions have roared at him, They have roared loudly. And they have made his land a waste; His cities have been destroyed, without inhabitant. 16"Also the men of Memphis and Tahpanhes Have shaved the crown of your head. 17"Have you not done this to yourself By your forsaking the LORD your God When He led you in the way?…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 33:20
Of Gad he said, "Blessed is the one who enlarges Gad; He lies down as a lion, And tears the arm, also the crown of the head.

Isaiah 19:13
The princes of Zoan have acted foolishly, The princes of Memphis are deluded; Those who are the cornerstone of her tribes Have led Egypt astray.

Jeremiah 43:7
and they entered the land of Egypt (for they did not obey the voice of the LORD) and went in as far as Tahpanhes.

Jeremiah 43:8
Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah in Tahpanhes, saying,

Jeremiah 44:1
The word that came to Jeremiah for all the Jews living in the land of Egypt, those who were living in Migdol, Tahpanhes, Memphis, and the land of Pathros, saying,

Jeremiah 48:45
"In the shadow of Heshbon The fugitives stand without strength; For a fire has gone forth from Heshbon And a flame from the midst of Sihon, And it has devoured the forehead of Moab And the scalps of the riotous revelers.

Ezekiel 30:13
'Thus says the Lord GOD, "I will also destroy the idols And make the images cease from Memphis. And there will no longer be a prince in the land of Egypt; And I will put fear in the land of Egypt.

Hosea 9:6
For behold, they will go because of destruction; Egypt will gather them up, Memphis will bury them. Weeds will take over their treasures of silver; Thorns will be in their tents.
Treasury of Scripture

Also the children of Noph and Tahapanes have broken the crown of your head.

also the

2 Kings 18:21 Now, behold, you trust on the staff of this bruised reed, even on …

2 Kings 23:33 And Pharaohnechoh put him in bands at Riblah in the land of Hamath, …

Isaiah 30:1-6 Woe to the rebellious children, said the LORD, that take counsel, …

Isaiah 31:1-3 Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and …

Noph

Jeremiah 46:14,19 Declare you in Egypt, and publish in Migdol, and publish in Noph …

Isaiah 19:13 The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Noph are deceived; …

Ezekiel 30:13,16 Thus said the Lord GOD; I will also destroy the idols, and I will …

Tahapanes

Jeremiah 43:7-9 So they came into the land of Egypt: for they obeyed not the voice …

Jeremiah 44:1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews which dwell …

Jeremiah 46:14 Declare you in Egypt, and publish in Migdol, and publish in Noph …

have broken the crown. or, feed on thy crown

Deuteronomy 33:20 And of Gad he said, Blessed be he that enlarges Gad: he dwells as …

Isaiah 1:6,7 From the sole of the foot even to the head there is no soundness …

Isaiah 8:8 And he shall pass through Judah; he shall overflow and go over, he …

(16) Also the children of Noph . . .--We pass from the language of poetry to that of history, and the actual enemies of Israel appear on the scene, not as the threatening danger in the north, but in the far south. The words indicate that the prophet set himself from the first, as Isaiah had done (Isaiah 31:1), against the policy of an Egyptian alliance. The LXX. translators, following, we must believe, an Egyptian tradition, identify the Hebrew Noph with Memphis in northern Egypt; later critics, with Napata in the south. Its conjunction with Tahapanes, the Daphn of the Greeks, which was on the Pelusiac mouth of the Nile, and on the frontier, seems in favour of the former view.

Have broken.--More accurately, shall feed on, lay waste, depasture, so as to produce baldness. Baldness among the Jews, as with other -Eastern nations, was a shame and reproach (Isaiah 3:24; Isaiah 15:2; Isaiah 22:12; 2Kings 2:23), and was therefore a natural symbol of the ignominy and ruin of a people.

Verse 16. - Also the children of Noph, etc. This is the climax of the calamity. Noph, called Moph in the Hebrew text of Hosea 9:6, is generally identified with Memphis (after the Septuagint), which was called in the inscriptions Mennufr, or "the good abode," but may possibly be Napata, the Nap of the inscriptions, the residency of the Ethiopian dynasty (De Rouge'). Tahapanes. The Hebrew form is Takhpanes or Tahhpanhhes. This was a fortified frontier town on the Pelusiot arm of the Nile, called in Greek Daphnae (Herod., 2:20), or Taphnae (Septuagint here). Have broken, etc.; rather, shall break, or (for the pointing in the Hebrew Bible requires this change) shall feed off (or depasture). From this verse onwards, Judah is personified as a woman, as appears from the suffixes in the Hebrew. Baldness was a great mark of disgrace (2 Kings 2:23; Jeremiah 48:45). There is a striking parallel to this passage in Isaiah 7:18-20, where, in punishment of the negotiations of Ahaz with Assyria, the prophet threatens an invasion of Judah both by Assyria and by Egypt: and employs the very. same figure (see ver. 20). So here, the devastation threatened by Jeremiah is the punishment of the unhallowed coquetting with the Egyptian power of which the Jewish rulers had been recently guilty. The fact which corresponds to this prediction is the defeat of Josiah at Megiddo, and the consequent subjugation of Judah (2 Kings 23:29). The abruptness with which ver. 16 follows upon ver. 15 suggests that some words have fallen out of the text. Also the children of Noph and Tahapanes,.... These were cities in Egypt. Noph is the same with Moph in Hosea 9:6 and which we there rightly render Memphis; as Noph is here by the Targum, Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Arabic versions; and was formerly, as Pliny (g) says, the palace of the kings of Egypt. It is the same that is now called Alcairo, or Grand Cairo. According to Herodotus (h), it was built by Menes, the first king of Egypt; and who also makes mention of a city of Egypt, called Momemphis (i). Tahapanes is the same with Hanes in Isaiah 30:4, and here, in the Arabic version, is called Daphnes; and is thought by some to be the same with Daphnae Pelusiae, a city in Egypt. This Tahapanes was the metropolis of Egypt, and the seat of their kings; mention is made of Pharaoh's house in it, in Jeremiah 43:9, now the inhabitants of these, called the children of them, and who are put for the people of Egypt in general, were the allies of the Jews, and in whom they trusted for help, when attacked by their enemies, Isaiah 30:2 and yet

even these have broken the crown of thy head; which is interpreted, by the Targum, of slaying their mighty men, and spoiling their goods; perhaps it had its accomplishment when Pharaohnecho king of Egypt came out against the king of Assyria, and Josiah king of Judah went out to meet him, and was slain by him at Megiddo; and his son Jehoahaz he put in bonds, and carried him to Egypt, and put his brother upon the throne, and took tribute of gold and silver of him, 2 Kings 23:29.

(g) Nat. Hist. l. 5. c. 9. (h) L. 2. vel Euterpe, c. 99. (i) lb. c. 163, 169. 16. Noph … Tahapanes—Memphis, capital of Lower Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile, near the pyramids of Gizeh, opposite the site of modern Cairo. Daphne, on the Tanitic branch of the Nile, near Pelusium, on the frontier of Egypt towards Palestine. Isa 30:4 contracts it, Hanes. These two cities, one the capital, the other that with which the Jews came most in contact, stand for the whole of Egypt. Tahapanes takes its name from a goddess, Tphnet [Champollion]. Memphis is from Man-nofri, "the abode of good men"; written in Hebrew, Moph (Ho 9:6), or Noph. The reference is to the coming invasion of Judah by Pharaoh-necho of Egypt, on his return from the Euphrates, when he deposed Jehoahaz and levied a heavy tribute on the land (2Ki 23:33-35). Josiah's death in battle with the same Pharaoh is probably included (2Ki 23:29, 30).

have broken—rather, shall feed down the crown, etc., that is, affect with the greatest ignominy, such as baldness was regarded in the East (Jer 48:37; 2Ki 2:23). Instead of "also," translate, "even" the Egyptians, in whom thou dost trust, shall miserably disappoint thy expectation [Maurer]. Jehoiakim was twice leagued with them (2Ki 23:34, 35): when he received the crown from them, and when he revolted from Nebuchadnezzar (2Ki 24:1, 2, 7). The Chaldeans, having become masters of Asia, threatened Egypt. Judea, situated between the contending powers, was thus exposed to the inroads of the one or other of the hostile armies; and unfortunately, except in Josiah's reign, took side with Egypt, contrary to God's warnings.2:14-19 Is Israel a servant? No, they are the seed of Abraham. We may apply this spiritually: Is the soul of man a slave? No, it is not; but has sold its own liberty, and enslaved itself to divers lusts and passions. The Assyrian princes, like lions, prevailed against Israel. People from Egypt destroyed their glory and strength. They brought these calamities on themselves by departing from the Lord. The use and application of this is, Repent of thy sin, that thy correction may not be thy ruin. What has a Christian to do in the ways of forbidden pleasure or vain sinful mirth, or with the pursuits of covetousness and ambition?
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