Jeremiah 2:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Israel was holy to the LORD, the firstfruits of his harvest; all who devoured her were held guilty, and disaster overtook them,'" declares the LORD.

New Living Translation
In those days Israel was holy to the LORD, the first of his children. All who harmed his people were declared guilty, and disaster fell on them. I, the LORD, have spoken!"

English Standard Version
Israel was holy to the LORD, the firstfruits of his harvest. All who ate of it incurred guilt; disaster came upon them, declares the LORD.”

New American Standard Bible
"Israel was holy to the LORD, The first of His harvest. All who ate of it became guilty; Evil came upon them," declares the LORD.'"

King James Bible
Israel was holiness unto the LORD, and the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Israel was holy to the LORD, the firstfruits of His harvest. All who ate of it found themselves guilty; disaster came on them." This is the LORD's declaration.

International Standard Version
Israel was consecrated to the LORD, she was the first fruits of his produce. All who devoured her became guilty and disaster came on them," declares the LORD.'"

NET Bible
Israel was set apart to the LORD; they were like the first fruits of a harvest to him. All who tried to devour them were punished; disaster came upon them," says the LORD.'"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Israel was set apart for the LORD. It was the best part of the harvest. All who devoured it became guilty, and disaster struck them,' " declares the LORD.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Israel was holiness unto the LORD and the firstfruits of his increase; all that devour him shall be found guilty; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
Israel was holiness unto the LORD, and the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, says the LORD.

American King James Version
Israel was holiness to the LORD, and the first fruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come on them, said the LORD.

American Standard Version
Israel was holiness unto Jehovah, the first-fruits of his increase: all that devour him shall be held guilty; evil shall come upon them, saith Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Israel is holy to the Lord, the first fruits of his increase: all they that devour him offend: evils shall come upon them, saith the Lord.

Darby Bible Translation
Israel was holiness unto Jehovah, the first-fruits of his increase: all that devour him are guilty; evil shall come upon them, saith Jehovah.

English Revised Version
Israel was holiness unto the LORD, the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall be held guilty; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
Israel was holiness to the LORD, and the first-fruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.

World English Bible
Israel [was] holiness to Yahweh, the first fruits of his increase. All who devour him shall be held guilty. Evil shall come on them,"' says Yahweh."

Young's Literal Translation
Holy is Israel to Jehovah, The first-fruit of His increase, All consuming him are guilty, Evil cometh in unto them, an affirmation of Jehovah.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:1-8 Those who begin well, but do not persevere, will justly be upbraided with their hopeful and promising beginnings. Those who desert religion, commonly oppose it more than those who never knew it. For this they could have no excuse. God's spiritual Israel must own their obligations to him for safe conduct through the wilderness of this world, so dangerous to the soul. Alas, that many, who once appeared devoted to the Lord, so live that their professions aggravate their crimes! Let us be careful that we do not lose in zeal and fervency, as we gain knowledge.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3. - Israel was holiness, etc. Israel was a consecrated people (comp. Exodus 19:5, 6; Deuteronomy 7:6; Deuteronomy 14:2; Deuteronomy 26:19). Isaiah, fond as he is of the phrase "Israel's Holy One," does not expressly enforce the correlative truth, as Jeremiah does here. The first-fruits of his increase; rather, his firstfruits of increase. Israel is compared to the firstfruits (reshith) of the land, which were devoted to the house of the Lord (Exodus 23:19; Numbers 18:12, 13). So in Amos 6:1, the title given him is "the chief [margin, 'firstfruits'] of the nations" (in Jeremiah 31:7, a synonymous and cognate word, rosh, takes the place of reshith for "chief"). All that devour him shall offend; rather, all that ate him incurred guilt, or became guilty of a trespass. Foreigners were forbidden to eat of consecrated things; by breaking this law they became guilty of a "trespass," having invaded the rights of Jehovah (Leviticus 22:10, 15, 16). The word for "trespass" is the same as that rendered "guilt."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Israel was holiness unto the Lord,.... When first brought out of Egypt into the wilderness, by the Lord's choice and separation of them to be a holy people to him above all others; by covenant with him, and profession of him; and by his giving them holy laws, and placing a sanctuary among them; and by their high priest, who represented them in the most holy place; and had on the front of his mitre written,

holiness unto the Lord; so the spiritual Israel are chosen in Christ to be holy, and he is made sanctification to them; they are sanctified in him, and by his Spirit; they are called with a holy calling, and unto holiness; and, under the influence of grace, live holy lives and conversations, which the grace of God teaches, and young converts are remarkable for; their consciences being just awakened, and their hearts tender:

and the firstfruits of his increase; Israel was the first nation that God separated for himself; and this being the firstfruits, shows that he would separate others also, and take out of the Gentiles a people for his name, which he has since done; and the elect of God among the Israelites were the firstfruits of his chosen ones elsewhere; it were some of them that first believed in Christ, and received the firstfruits of the Spirit; and all converted ones are a kind of firstfruits of his creatures; the grace they receive at conversion is the firstfruits of a later increase of it, and even of eternal glory:

all that devour him shall offend; or, "all that eat him shall be guilty" (x); and be condemned and punished, who eat up the Lord's people, as they eat bread; see Psalm 53:4, these shall not go unpunished; for his people are as the apple of his eye, and whoever touches and hurts them fall under the divine displeasure, and will be looked upon as criminals and offenders, and will be judged and condemned as such. The allusion is to the eating of the firstfruits, which only belonged to the priests; nor might any of the increase be eaten until the firstfruits were brought to them, Leviticus 23:10. This is expressed in the Chaldee paraphrase of the text,

"whosoever eats of them (the firstfruits) is guilty of death; for as the beginning of the harvest, the sheaf of oblation, whoever eats of it before the priests, the sons of Aaron, have offered of it upon the altar, shall be guilty or condemned; so all that spoil the house of Israel shall be guilty or condemned;''

so Jarchi and Kimchi:

evil shall come upon them, saith the Lord; that is, the evil of punishment, either in this world, or in that which is to come, or in both.

(x) "rcos fuisse", Junius & Tremellius; "rei peragebantur", Piscator; "rei fiunt", Cocceius.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

3. holiness unto the Lord—that is, was consecrated to the service of Jehovah (Ex 19:5, 6). They thus answered to the motto on their high priest's breastplate, "Holiness to the Lord" (De 7:6; 14:2, 21).

first-fruits of his increase—that is, of Jehovah's produce. As the first-fruits of the whole produce of the land were devoted to God (Ex 23:19; Nu 18:12, 13), so Israel was devoted to Him as the first-fruit and representative nation among all nations. So the spiritual Israel (Jas 1:18; Re 14:4).

devour—carrying on the image of first-fruits which were eaten before the Lord by the priests as the Lord's representatives; all who ate (injured) Jehovah's first-fruits (Israel), contracted guilt: for example, Amalek, the Amorites, &c., were extirpated for their guilt towards Israel.

shall come—rather, "came."

Jeremiah 2:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
Israel has Forsaken God
2"Go and proclaim in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, 'Thus says the LORD, "I remember concerning you the devotion of your youth, The love of your betrothals, Your following after Me in the wilderness, Through a land not sown. 3"Israel was holy to the LORD, The first of His harvest. All who ate of it became guilty; Evil came upon them," declares the LORD.'" 4Hear the word of the LORD, O house of Jacob, and all the families of the house of Israel.…
Cross References
James 1:18
He chose to give us birth through the word of truth, that we might be a kind of firstfruits of all he created.

Revelation 14:4
These are those who did not defile themselves with women, for they remained virgins. They follow the Lamb wherever he goes. They were purchased from among mankind and offered as firstfruits to God and the Lamb.

Exodus 19:5
Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine,

Exodus 19:6
you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites."

Deuteronomy 7:6
For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. The LORD your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession.

Deuteronomy 14:2
for you are a people holy to the LORD your God. Out of all the peoples on the face of the earth, the LORD has chosen you to be his treasured possession.

Deuteronomy 26:19
He has declared that he will set you in praise, fame and honor high above all the nations he has made and that you will be a people holy to the LORD your God, as he promised.

Isaiah 41:11
"All who rage against you will surely be ashamed and disgraced; those who oppose you will be as nothing and perish.

Jeremiah 2:4
Hear the word of the LORD, you descendants of Jacob, all you clans of Israel.

Jeremiah 12:14
This is what the LORD says: "As for all my wicked neighbors who seize the inheritance I gave my people Israel, I will uproot them from their lands and I will uproot the people of Judah from among them.

Jeremiah 30:16
"'But all who devour you will be devoured; all your enemies will go into exile. Those who plunder you will be plundered; all who make spoil of you I will despoil.

Jeremiah 50:7
Whoever found them devoured them; their enemies said, 'We are not guilty, for they sinned against the LORD, their verdant pasture, the LORD, the hope of their ancestors.'

Habakkuk 1:11
Then they sweep past like the wind and go on-- guilty people, whose own strength is their god."
Treasury of Scripture

Israel was holiness to the LORD, and the first fruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come on them, said the LORD.

holiness

Exodus 19:5,6 Now therefore, if you will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, …

Deuteronomy 7:6 For you are an holy people to the LORD your God: the LORD your God …

Deuteronomy 14:2 For you are an holy people to the LORD your God, and the LORD has …

Deuteronomy 26:19 And to make you high above all nations which he has made, in praise, …

Zechariah 14:20,21 In that day shall there be on the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD…

Ephesians 1:4 According as he has chosen us in him before the foundation of the …

1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, …

the first-fruits

Exodus 22:29 You shall not delay to offer the first of your ripe fruits, and of …

Exodus 23:16 And the feast of harvest, the first fruits of your labors, which …

Numbers 18:12 All the best of the oil, and all the best of the wine, and of the …

Amos 6:1 Woe to them that are at ease in Zion, and trust in the mountain of …

Romans 11:16 For if the first fruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the …

Romans 16:5 Likewise greet the church that is in their house. Salute my well-beloved …

James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should …

Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. …

all that

Jeremiah 12:14 Thus said the LORD against all my evil neighbors, that touch the …

Jeremiah 50:7 All that found them have devoured them: and their adversaries said, …

Exodus 4:22,23 And you shall say to Pharaoh, Thus said the LORD, Israel is my son, …

Psalm 81:14,15 I should soon have subdued their enemies, and turned my hand against …

Psalm 105:14,15,25-36 He suffered no man to do them wrong: yes, he reproved kings for their sakes…

Isaiah 41:11 Behold, all they that were incensed against you shall be ashamed …

Isaiah 47:6 I was wroth with my people, I have polluted my inheritance, and given …

Joel 1:3,7,8 Tell you your children of it, and let your children tell their children, …

Zechariah 1:15 And I am very sore displeased with the heathen that are at ease: …

Zechariah 2:8 For thus said the LORD of hosts; After the glory has he sent me to …

Zechariah 12:2-5 Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling to all the people …

Acts 9:4,5 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying to him, Saul, …

Jump to Previous
Affirmation Ate Attacks Consuming Devour Disaster Evil First First-Fruit Firstfruits First-Fruits Fruits Guilty Hallowed Harvest Held Holiness Holy Increase Israel Judged LORD'S Offend Overtook Portion
Jump to Next
Affirmation Ate Attacks Consuming Devour Disaster Evil First First-Fruit Firstfruits First-Fruits Fruits Guilty Hallowed Harvest Held Holiness Holy Increase Israel Judged LORD'S Offend Overtook Portion
Links
Jeremiah 2:3 NIV
Jeremiah 2:3 NLT
Jeremiah 2:3 ESV
Jeremiah 2:3 NASB
Jeremiah 2:3 KJV

Jeremiah 2:3 Bible Apps
Jeremiah 2:3 Bible Suite
Jeremiah 2:3 Biblia Paralela
Jeremiah 2:3 Chinese Bible
Jeremiah 2:3 French Bible
Jeremiah 2:3 German Bible

Alphabetical: all and ate became came declares devoured disaster Evil first firstfruits guilty harvest held her his holy Israel it LORD LORD' of overtook the them to upon was were who

OT Prophets: Jeremiah 2:3 Israel was holiness to Yahweh the first (Jer.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Jeremiah 2:2
Top of Page
Top of Page