Jeremiah 6:28
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
They are all hardened rebels, going about to slander. They are bronze and iron; they all act corruptly.

New Living Translation
They are the worst kind of rebel, full of slander. They are as hard as bronze and iron, and they lead others into corruption.

English Standard Version
They are all stubbornly rebellious, going about with slanders; they are bronze and iron; all of them act corruptly.

New American Standard Bible
All of them are stubbornly rebellious, Going about as a talebearer. They are bronze and iron; They, all of them, are corrupt.

King James Bible
They are all grievous revolters, walking with slanders: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupters.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
All are stubborn rebels spreading slander. They are bronze and iron; all of them are corrupt.

International Standard Version
All of them are very rebellious, going around as slanderers. They're bronze and iron, and all of them are corrupt.

NET Bible
I reported, "All of them are the most stubborn of rebels! They are as hard as bronze or iron. They go about telling lies. They all deal corruptly.

New Heart English Bible
"They are all grievous rebels, going about with slanders; they are bronze and iron: they all of them deal corruptly.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They are all vicious rebels. They go around slandering. They are all like bronze and iron. They corrupt themselves.

JPS Tanakh 1917
They are all grievous revolters, Going about with slanders; They are brass and iron; They all of them deal corruptly.

New American Standard 1977
All of them are stubbornly rebellious,
            Going about as a talebearer.
            They are bronze and iron;
            They, all of them, are corrupt.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They are all rebellious princes; they walk with deception: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupters.

King James 2000 Bible
They are all grievous revolters, walking with slanders: they are bronze and iron; they are all corrupters.

American King James Version
They are all grievous rebels, walking with slanders: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupters.

American Standard Version
They are all grievous revolters, going about with slanders; they are brass and iron: they all of them deal corruptly.

Douay-Rheims Bible
All of these princes go out of the way, they walk deceitfully, they are brass and iron: they are all corrupted.

Darby Bible Translation
They are all the most rebellious of rebels, going about with slander: they are bronze and iron; they are all corrupters.

English Revised Version
They are all grievous revolters, going about with slanders; they are brass and iron: they all of them deal corruptly.

Webster's Bible Translation
They are all grievous revolters, walking with slanders: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupters.

World English Bible
They are all grievous rebels, going about with slanders; they are brass and iron: they all of them deal corruptly.

Young's Literal Translation
All of them are turned aside by apostates, Walking slanderously -- brass and iron, All of them are corrupters.
Study Bible
An Invasion from the North
27"I have made you an assayer and a tester among My people, That you may know and assay their way." 28All of them are stubbornly rebellious, Going about as a talebearer. They are bronze and iron; They, all of them, are corrupt. 29The bellows blow fiercely, The lead is consumed by the fire; In vain the refining goes on, But the wicked are not separated.…
Cross References
Leviticus 19:16
'You shall not go about as a slanderer among your people, and you are not to act against the life of your neighbor; I am the LORD.

Jeremiah 5:23
'But this people has a stubborn and rebellious heart; They have turned aside and departed.

Jeremiah 9:4
"Let everyone be on guard against his neighbor, And do not trust any brother; Because every brother deals craftily, And every neighbor goes about as a slanderer.

Ezekiel 22:18
"Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to Me; all of them are bronze and tin and iron and lead in the furnace; they are the dross of silver.

Ezekiel 24:13
"In your filthiness is lewdness. Because I would have cleansed you, Yet you are not clean, You will not be cleansed from your filthiness again Until I have spent My wrath on you.
Treasury of Scripture

They are all grievous rebels, walking with slanders: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupters.

all grievous.

Jeremiah 5:23 But this people has a revolting and a rebellious heart; they are …

Isaiah 1:5 Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: …

Isaiah 31:6 Turn you to him from whom the children of Israel have deeply revolted.

walking.

Jeremiah 9:4 Take you heed every one of his neighbor, and trust you not in any …

Jeremiah 18:18 Then said they, Come and let us devise devices against Jeremiah; …

Jeremiah 20:10 For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, say …

Psalm 50:20 You sit and speak against your brother; you slander your own mother's son.

they are brass.

Jeremiah 6:30 Reprobate silver shall men call them, because the LORD has rejected them.

Ezekiel 22:18-22 Son of man, the house of Israel is to me become dross: all they are …

corrupters.

Isaiah 1:4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, …

Revelation 11:18 And the nations were angry, and your wrath is come, and the time …

Revelation 19:2 For true and righteous are his judgments: for he has judged the great …

(28) Grievous revolters . . .--Literally, rebels of rebels, as a Hebraism for the worst type of rebellion.

Walking with slanders.--The phrase was a common one (Leviticus 19:16; Proverbs 11:13; Proverbs 20:19), and pointed to the restless eagerness of the tale-bearer to spread his falsehoods. (Comp. 1Timothy 5:13, "wandering about . . . idle tattlers.")

Brass and iron.--Base metals serving for vile uses, no gold or silver in them. The imagery, which carries on the thought of the previous verse, had been made familiar by Isaiah (Isaiah 1:22; Isaiah 1:25), and was reproduced afterwards by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 22:18-22) and Malachi (Malachi 3:3).

Corrupters.--Better, workers of destruction.

Verse 28. - Grievous revolters; literally, rebels of rebels. Walking; rather, going about, as a peddler with his wares (so Proverbs 11:13; Proverbs 20:19; Leviticus 19:16). Jeremiah had good reason to specify this characteristic of his enemies (see Jeremiah 18:18). Brass and Iron; rather, copper and iron, in short, base metal, They are all grievous revolters,.... From the right way of God and his worship: or,

they are all revolters of revolters (e); of all, the greatest revolters, the greatest sinners and transgressors, the most stubborn and disobedient; or sons of revolters; fathers and children are alike. The Targum, is,

"all their princes rebel;''

and so the Vulgate Latin and Syriac versions: "walking with slanders": of one another; or with deceit, as the Targum; in a hypocritical and fraudulent manner; playing the hypocrite with God, or tricking and deceiving their neighbours. They are "brass and iron"; as vile and mean as those metals, and not as gold and silver; or as hard and inflexible as they are; or they deal as insincerely

"as he that mixes brass with iron;''

so the Targum:

they are all corrupters; as such that mix metals are; they are corrupters of themselves and of others, of the doctrines and manners of men, and of the ways and worship of God.

(e) "refractarii refractariorum", Schmidt; "contumacium contumacissimi", Junius & Tremellius. 28. grievous revolters—literally, "contumacious of the contumacious," that is, most contumacious, the Hebrew mode of expressing a superlative. So "the strong among the mighty," that is, the strongest (Eze 32:21). See Jer 5:23; Ho 4:16.

walking with slanders—(Jer 9:4). "Going about for the purpose of slandering" [Maurer].

brass, etc.—that is, copper. It and "iron" being the baser and harder metals express the debased and obdurate character of the Jews (Isa 48:4; 60:17).6:18-30 God rejects their outward services, as worthless to atone for their sins. Sacrifice and incense were to direct them to a Mediator; but when offered to purchase a license to go on in sin, they provoke God. The sins of God's professing people make them an easy prey to their enemies. They dare not show themselves. Saints may rejoice in hope of God's mercies, though they see them only in the promise: sinners must mourn for fear of God's judgments, though they see them only in the threatenings. They are the worst of revolters, and are all corrupters. Sinners soon become tempters. They are compared to ore supposed to have good metal in it, but which proves all dross. Nothing will prevail to part between them and their sins. Reprobate silver shall they be called, useless and worthless. When warnings, corrections, rebukes, and all means of grace, leave men unrenewed, they will be left, as rejected of God, to everlasting misery. Let us pray, then, that we may be refined by the Lord, as silver is refined.
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