Proverbs 17:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The crucible for silver and the furnace for gold, but the LORD tests the heart.

New Living Translation
Fire tests the purity of silver and gold, but the LORD tests the heart.

English Standard Version
The crucible is for silver, and the furnace is for gold, and the LORD tests hearts.

New American Standard Bible
The refining pot is for silver and the furnace for gold, But the LORD tests hearts.

King James Bible
The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD trieth the hearts.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A crucible for silver, and a smelter for gold, and the LORD is the tester of hearts.

International Standard Version
The crucible is for silver and the furnace for gold— but the LORD assays hearts.

NET Bible
The crucible is for refining silver and the furnace is for gold, likewise the LORD tests hearts.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
A refining pot proves silver, and the furnace gold, and Lord Jehovah tests the heart.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The crucible is for refining silver and the smelter for gold, but the one who purifies hearts [by fire]is the LORD.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold, but the LORD tries the hearts.

King James 2000 Bible
The refining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD tries the hearts.

American King James Version
The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD tries the hearts.

American Standard Version
The refining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold; But Jehovah trieth the hearts.

Douay-Rheims Bible
As silver is tried by fire, and gold in the furnace: so the Lord trieth the hearts.

Darby Bible Translation
The fining-pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold; but Jehovah trieth the hearts.

English Revised Version
The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD trieth the hearts.

Webster's Bible Translation
The fining-pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD trieth the hearts.

World English Bible
The refining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold, but Yahweh tests the hearts.

Young's Literal Translation
A refining pot is for silver, and a furnace for gold, And the trier of hearts is Jehovah.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

17:1 These words recommend family love and peace, as needful for the comfort of human life. 2. The wise servant is more deserving, and more likely to appear one of the family, than a profligate son. 3. God tries the heart by affliction. He thus has often shown the sin remaining in the heart of the believer.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3. - The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold. The word matsreph, "fining pot," occurs also in Proverbs 27:21. It is not certain what is meant by it. There is no evidence that the Israelites were acquainted with the use of acids in the manipulation of impure or mixed metals; otherwise the "pot" and the "furnace" would represent the two usual modes of reduction; but it is most probable that both allude to the same method of smelting the ore in crucibles, for the purpose of separating the pure metal from the dross. That silver and gold were plentiful in Solomon's time is abundantly evident; indeed, the amount of the precious metals collected by David and his son is almost incredible (see 1 Chronicles 22:14; 1 Chronicles 29:2, etc., from which and similar passages it is inferred that the sums enumerated equalled more than nine hundred millions of pounds sterling). But the Lord trieth the hearts (Proverbs 15:11; Proverbs 24:12). That which fire does for the metals, the Lord does for men's hearts; he purifies them from dross, brings forth the good that is in them, purged from earthly infirmities. God's process is the application of sorrow, sickness, temptation, that, duly meeting these, the soul may emerge from the trial as pure gold, fit for the Master's use (comp. Jeremiah 12:3; Malachi 3:2; 1 Peter 1:7; Revelation 3:18).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold,.... Refiners of silver have their fining pots, in which they purify the silver from the dross; and goldsmiths have their crucibles to melt and purify their gold, by which assays of the worth and value of it may be made;

but the Lord trieth the hearts; there is no vessel, as Gersom observes, in which they can be put and tried by creatures; a man does not know, nor can he thoroughly search and try his own heart, and much less the hearts of others; God only knows and tries them, Jeremiah 17:9; The Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and Arabic versions, render it by way of similitude, "as the fining pot is for silver", &c. as silver is refined in the pot, and gold in the furnace, so are the hearts of God's people, and their graces tried and purified by him in the furnace of affliction; the variety of troubles they are exercised with are made useful for the purging away of the dross of sin and corruption, and for the brightening of their graces, 1 Peter 1:7.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

3. God only knows, as He tries (Ps 12:6; 66:10) the heart.

Proverbs 17:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
Better a Dry Morsel with Quietness
2A servant who acts wisely will rule over a son who acts shamefully, And will share in the inheritance among brothers. 3The refining pot is for silver and the furnace for gold, But the LORD tests hearts. 4An evildoer listens to wicked lips; A liar pays attention to a destructive tongue.…
Cross References
1 Chronicles 29:17
I know, my God, that you test the heart and are pleased with integrity. All these things I have given willingly and with honest intent. And now I have seen with joy how willingly your people who are here have given to you.

Psalm 26:2
Test me, LORD, and try me, examine my heart and my mind;

Psalm 139:23
Search me, God, and know my heart; test me and know my anxious thoughts.

Proverbs 15:11
Death and Destruction lie open before the LORD-- how much more do human hearts!

Proverbs 17:2
A prudent servant will rule over a disgraceful son and will share the inheritance as one of the family.

Proverbs 27:21
The crucible for silver and the furnace for gold, but people are tested by their praise.

Jeremiah 17:10
"I the LORD search the heart and examine the mind, to reward each person according to their conduct, according to what their deeds deserve."

Ezekiel 22:18
"Son of man, the people of Israel have become dross to me; all of them are the copper, tin, iron and lead left inside a furnace. They are but the dross of silver.

Daniel 11:35
Some of the wise will stumble, so that they may be refined, purified and made spotless until the time of the end, for it will still come at the appointed time.

Malachi 3:3
He will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver; he will purify the Levites and refine them like gold and silver. Then the LORD will have men who will bring offerings in righteousness,
Treasury of Scripture

The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD tries the hearts.

Proverbs 27:21 As the fining pot for silver, and the furnace for gold; so is a man …

Psalm 26:2 Examine me, O LORD, and prove me; try my reins and my heart.

Psalm 66:10 For you, O God, have proved us: you have tried us, as silver is tried.

Isaiah 48:10 Behold, I have refined you, but not with silver; I have chosen you …

Jeremiah 17:10 I the LORD search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every …

Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine …

Malachi 3:2,3 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when …

1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold …

Revelation 2:23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall …

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