Zechariah 7:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"But they refused to pay attention; stubbornly they turned their backs and covered their ears.

New Living Translation
"Your ancestors refused to listen to this message. They stubbornly turned away and put their fingers in their ears to keep from hearing.

English Standard Version
But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder and stopped their ears that they might not hear.

Berean Study Bible
But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder; they stopped up their ears from hearing.

New American Standard Bible
"But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder and stopped their ears from hearing.

King James Bible
But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

Christian Standard Bible
But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder; they closed their ears so they could not hear.

Good News Translation
"But my people stubbornly refused to listen. They closed their minds

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder; they closed their ears so they could not hear.

International Standard Version
But they refused to pay attention, turned their backs, and stopped listening.

NET Bible
"But they refused to pay attention, turning away stubbornly and stopping their ears so they could not hear.

New Heart English Bible
But they refused to listen, and turned their backs, and stopped their ears, that they might not hear.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"But people refused to pay attention. They shrugged their shoulders at me and shut their ears so that they couldn't hear.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But they refused to attend, and turned a stubborn shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they might not hear.

New American Standard 1977
“But they refused to pay attention, and turned a stubborn shoulder and stopped their ears from hearing.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But they refused to hearken and pulled away the shoulder and stopped their ears that they should not hear.

King James 2000 Bible
But they refused to hearken, and shrugged the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

American King James Version
But they refused to listen, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

American Standard Version
But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they might not hear.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But they would not hearken, and they turned away the shoulder to depart: and they stopped their ears, not to hear.

Darby Bible Translation
But they refused to hearken, and turned a rebellious shoulder, and made their ears heavy, that they should not hear.

English Revised Version
But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

Webster's Bible Translation
But they refused to hearken, and withdrew the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

World English Bible
But they refused to listen, and turned their backs, and stopped their ears, that they might not hear.

Young's Literal Translation
And they refuse to attend, And they give a refractory shoulder, And their ears have made heavy against hearing.
Study Bible
A Call to Justice and Mercy
10Do not oppress the widow or the fatherless, the foreigner or the poor. And do not plot evil in your hearts against one another.’ 11But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder; they stopped up their ears from hearing. 12They made their hearts like flint and would not listen to the law and the words that the LORD of Hosts had sent by His Spirit through the earlier prophets. Therefore great anger came from the LORD of Hosts.…
Cross References
Matthew 13:15
For this people's heart has grown callous; they hardly hear with their ears, and they have closed their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts, and turn, and I would heal them.'

Nehemiah 9:29
You admonished them to turn back to Your law, but they were arrogant and disobeyed Your commandments. They sinned against Your ordinances, by which a man will live if he practices them. They stubbornly they shrugged their shoulders; they stiffened their necks and would not obey.

Psalm 58:4
Their venom is like the poison of a serpent, like a cobra that shuts its ears,

Proverbs 1:24
Because you refused my call, and no one took my outstretched hand,

Isaiah 46:12
Listen to Me, you stubborn people, far removed from righteousness:

Jeremiah 5:3
O LORD, do not Your eyes look for truth? You struck them, but they felt no pain. You finished them off, but they refused to accept discipline. They have made their faces harder than stone and refused to repent.

Jeremiah 5:21
Hear this, O foolish and senseless people, who have eyes but do not see, who have ears but do not hear.

Jeremiah 7:26
Yet they would not listen to Me or incline their ear, but they stiffened their necks and did more evil than their fathers.'

Jeremiah 8:5
Why then have these people turned away? Why does Jerusalem always turn away? They cling to deceit; they refuse to return.

Jeremiah 11:10
They have returned to the sins of their forefathers who refused to obey My words. They have followed other gods to serve them. The house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken the covenant I made with their fathers.

Jeremiah 17:23
Yet they would not listen or incline their ear, but they stiffened their necks and would not listen or receive My discipline.

Jeremiah 17:27
But if you do not listen to Me to keep the Sabbath day holy by not carrying a load while entering the gates of Jerusalem on the Sabbath day, then will I kindle an unquenchable fire in its gates to consume the citadels of Jerusalem.'"

Jeremiah 42:21
For I have told you today, but you have not obeyed the voice of the LORD your God in all He has sent me to tell you.

Ezekiel 5:6
But she has rebelled against My ordinances more wickedly than the nations, and against My statutes worse than the countries around her. For her people have rejected My ordinances and have not walked in My statutes.'

Treasury of Scripture

But they refused to listen, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

they refused.

Zechariah 1:4 Be you not as your fathers, to whom the former prophets have cried, …

Exodus 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh, and said to him, Thus said …

2 Kings 17:13-15 Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all …

2 Chronicles 33:10 And the LORD spoke to Manasseh, and to his people: but they would not listen.

Nehemiah 9:17,26,29 And refused to obey, neither were mindful of your wonders that you …

Proverbs 1:24-32 Because I have called, and you refused; I have stretched out my hand, …

Isaiah 1:19,20 If you be willing and obedient, you shall eat the good of the land…

Jeremiah 6:16,17 Thus said the LORD, Stand you in the ways, and see, and ask for the …

Jeremiah 7:24 But they listened not, nor inclined their ear, but walked in the …

Jeremiah 13:10 This evil people, which refuse to hear my words, which walk in the …

Jeremiah 26:5,6 To listen to the words of my servants the prophets, whom I sent to …

Jeremiah 35:15 I have sent also to you all my servants the prophets, rising up early …

Jeremiah 36:31 And I will punish him and his seed and his servants for their iniquity; …

Jeremiah 44:16 As for the word that you have spoken to us in the name of the LORD, …

Ezekiel 3:7 But the house of Israel will not listen to you; for they will not …

Hosea 4:16 For Israel slides back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will …

Daniel 9:5 We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, …

Zephaniah 3:2 She obeyed not the voice; she received not correction; she trusted …

Acts 7:51 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always …

Hebrews 12:25 See that you refuse not him that speaks. For if they escaped not …

pulled away the shoulder. Heb. gave a backsliding shoulder.

Nehemiah 9:29 And testified against them, that you might bring them again to your …

Jeremiah 8:5 Why then is this people of Jerusalem slid back by a perpetual backsliding? …

Hosea 4:16 For Israel slides back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will …

Hebrews 10:38,39 Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man draw back, my soul …

stopped. Heb. made heavy.

Psalm 58:4,5 Their poison is like the poison of a serpent: they are like the deaf …

Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and …

Acts 7:57 Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and …

Verse 11. - Pulled away the shoulder; they gave a stubborn, refractory shoulder, like an ox which refuses to have the yoke put on his neck, or draws hack when it feels the weight (Nehemiah 9:29; Hosea 4:16). Stopped their ears. Made their ears heavy. Τὰ ω΅τα αὐτῶν ἐβάρυναν (Septuagint); Isaiah 6:10; Isaiah 59:1. Three degrees of obduracy are named in this verse: they refused to listen; they resisted the warners; they exhibited open contempt for them. The full climax is given in the next verse. But they refused to hearken,..... That is, the Jews, before the captivity, refusal to give heed to the above exhortations, and obey the voice of God in them:

and pulled away the shoulder; from serving the Lord, and supporting his interest: or "they gave", or presented, "a rebellious shoulder" (f); a refractory one, that slides back, like a backsliding or refractory heifer, that will not admit of the yoke, Hosea 4:16 so these could not bear the yoke of the law, nor the burden of duty; nor suffer the words of exhortation, or receive the admonitions given them:

and stopped their ears, that they should not hear; like the deaf adder, Psalm 58:4 they would not hear, and pretended they could not; which was an instance of contempt to the speakers.

(f) "scapulam aversam", Pagninus; "deflectentem", Montanus; "rebellem", Munster, Tigurine version; "refractarium", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; so Ben Melech. 11. pulled away the shoulder—literally, "presented a refractory shoulder"; an image from beasts refusing to bear the yoke (Ne 9:29, Margin).

stopped … ears—(Isa 6:10; Jer 7:26; Ac 7:57).7:8-14 God's judgements upon Israel of old for their sins, were written to warn Christians. The duties required are, not keeping fasts and offering sacrifices, but doing justly and loving mercy, which tend to the public welfare and peace. The law of God lays restraint upon the heart. But they filled their minds with prejudices against the word of God. Nothing is harder than the heart of a presumptuous sinner. See the fatal consequences of this to their fathers. Great sins against the Lord of hosts, bring great wrath from his power, which cannot be resisted. Sin, if regarded in the heart, will certainly spoil the success of prayer. The Lord always hears the cry of the broken-hearted penitent; yet all who die impenitent and unbelieving, will find no remedy or refuge from miseries which while here they despised and defied, but which they then will not be able to bear.
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