Zechariah 7:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"But they refused to pay attention; stubbornly they turned their backs and covered their ears.

New Living Translation
"Your ancestors refused to listen to this message. They stubbornly turned away and put their fingers in their ears to keep from hearing.

English Standard Version
But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder and stopped their ears that they might not hear.

New American Standard Bible
"But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder and stopped their ears from hearing.

King James Bible
But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder; they closed their ears so they could not hear.

International Standard Version
But they refused to pay attention, turned their backs, and stopped listening.

NET Bible
"But they refused to pay attention, turning away stubbornly and stopping their ears so they could not hear.

New Heart English Bible
But they refused to listen, and turned their backs, and stopped their ears, that they might not hear.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"But people refused to pay attention. They shrugged their shoulders at me and shut their ears so that they couldn't hear.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But they refused to attend, and turned a stubborn shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they might not hear.

New American Standard 1977
“But they refused to pay attention, and turned a stubborn shoulder and stopped their ears from hearing.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But they refused to hearken and pulled away the shoulder and stopped their ears that they should not hear.

King James 2000 Bible
But they refused to hearken, and shrugged the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

American King James Version
But they refused to listen, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

American Standard Version
But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they might not hear.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But they would not hearken, and they turned away the shoulder to depart: and they stopped their ears, not to hear.

Darby Bible Translation
But they refused to hearken, and turned a rebellious shoulder, and made their ears heavy, that they should not hear.

English Revised Version
But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

Webster's Bible Translation
But they refused to hearken, and withdrew the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

World English Bible
But they refused to listen, and turned their backs, and stopped their ears, that they might not hear.

Young's Literal Translation
And they refuse to attend, And they give a refractory shoulder, And their ears have made heavy against hearing.
Study Bible
A Call to Justice and Mercy
10and do not oppress the widow or the orphan, the stranger or the poor; and do not devise evil in your hearts against one another.' 11"But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder and stopped their ears from hearing. 12"They made their hearts like flint so that they could not hear the law and the words which the LORD of hosts had sent by His Spirit through the former prophets; therefore great wrath came from the LORD of hosts.…
Cross References
Matthew 13:15
For this people's heart has grown callous; they hardly hear with their ears, and they have closed their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts, and turn, and I would heal them.'

Nehemiah 9:29
And admonished them in order to turn them back to Your law. Yet they acted arrogantly and did not listen to Your commandments but sinned against Your ordinances, By which if a man observes them he shall live. And they turned a stubborn shoulder and stiffened their neck, and would not listen.

Psalm 58:4
They have venom like the venom of a serpent; Like a deaf cobra that stops up its ear,

Proverbs 1:24
"Because I called and you refused, I stretched out my hand and no one paid attention;

Isaiah 46:12
"Listen to Me, you stubborn-minded, Who are far from righteousness.

Jeremiah 5:3
O LORD, do not Your eyes look for truth? You have smitten them, But they did not weaken; You have consumed them, But they refused to take correction. They have made their faces harder than rock; They have refused to repent.

Jeremiah 5:21
'Now hear this, O foolish and senseless people, Who have eyes but do not see; Who have ears but do not hear.

Jeremiah 7:26
"Yet they did not listen to Me or incline their ear, but stiffened their neck; they did more evil than their fathers.

Jeremiah 8:5
"Why then has this people, Jerusalem, Turned away in continual apostasy? They hold fast to deceit, They refuse to return.

Jeremiah 11:10
"They have turned back to the iniquities of their ancestors who refused to hear My words, and they have gone after other gods to serve them; the house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken My covenant which I made with their fathers."
Treasury of Scripture

But they refused to listen, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

they refused.

Zechariah 1:4 Be you not as your fathers, to whom the former prophets have cried, …

Exodus 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh, and said to him, Thus said …

2 Kings 17:13-15 Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all …

2 Chronicles 33:10 And the LORD spoke to Manasseh, and to his people: but they would not listen.

Nehemiah 9:17,26,29 And refused to obey, neither were mindful of your wonders that you …

Proverbs 1:24-32 Because I have called, and you refused; I have stretched out my hand, …

Isaiah 1:19,20 If you be willing and obedient, you shall eat the good of the land…

Jeremiah 6:16,17 Thus said the LORD, Stand you in the ways, and see, and ask for the …

Jeremiah 7:24 But they listened not, nor inclined their ear, but walked in the …

Jeremiah 13:10 This evil people, which refuse to hear my words, which walk in the …

Jeremiah 26:5,6 To listen to the words of my servants the prophets, whom I sent to …

Jeremiah 35:15 I have sent also to you all my servants the prophets, rising up early …

Jeremiah 36:31 And I will punish him and his seed and his servants for their iniquity; …

Jeremiah 44:16 As for the word that you have spoken to us in the name of the LORD, …

Ezekiel 3:7 But the house of Israel will not listen to you; for they will not …

Hosea 4:16 For Israel slides back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will …

Daniel 9:5 We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, …

Zephaniah 3:2 She obeyed not the voice; she received not correction; she trusted …

Acts 7:51 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always …

Hebrews 12:25 See that you refuse not him that speaks. For if they escaped not …

pulled away the shoulder. Heb. gave a backsliding shoulder.

Nehemiah 9:29 And testified against them, that you might bring them again to your …

Jeremiah 8:5 Why then is this people of Jerusalem slid back by a perpetual backsliding? …

Hosea 4:16 For Israel slides back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will …

Hebrews 10:38,39 Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man draw back, my soul …

stopped. Heb. made heavy.

Psalm 58:4,5 Their poison is like the poison of a serpent: they are like the deaf …

Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and …

Acts 7:57 Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and …

Verse 11. - Pulled away the shoulder; they gave a stubborn, refractory shoulder, like an ox which refuses to have the yoke put on his neck, or draws hack when it feels the weight (Nehemiah 9:29; Hosea 4:16). Stopped their ears. Made their ears heavy. Τὰ ω΅τα αὐτῶν ἐβάρυναν (Septuagint); Isaiah 6:10; Isaiah 59:1. Three degrees of obduracy are named in this verse: they refused to listen; they resisted the warners; they exhibited open contempt for them. The full climax is given in the next verse. But they refused to hearken,..... That is, the Jews, before the captivity, refusal to give heed to the above exhortations, and obey the voice of God in them:

and pulled away the shoulder; from serving the Lord, and supporting his interest: or "they gave", or presented, "a rebellious shoulder" (f); a refractory one, that slides back, like a backsliding or refractory heifer, that will not admit of the yoke, Hosea 4:16 so these could not bear the yoke of the law, nor the burden of duty; nor suffer the words of exhortation, or receive the admonitions given them:

and stopped their ears, that they should not hear; like the deaf adder, Psalm 58:4 they would not hear, and pretended they could not; which was an instance of contempt to the speakers.

(f) "scapulam aversam", Pagninus; "deflectentem", Montanus; "rebellem", Munster, Tigurine version; "refractarium", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; so Ben Melech. 11. pulled away the shoulder—literally, "presented a refractory shoulder"; an image from beasts refusing to bear the yoke (Ne 9:29, Margin).

stopped … ears—(Isa 6:10; Jer 7:26; Ac 7:57).7:8-14 God's judgements upon Israel of old for their sins, were written to warn Christians. The duties required are, not keeping fasts and offering sacrifices, but doing justly and loving mercy, which tend to the public welfare and peace. The law of God lays restraint upon the heart. But they filled their minds with prejudices against the word of God. Nothing is harder than the heart of a presumptuous sinner. See the fatal consequences of this to their fathers. Great sins against the Lord of hosts, bring great wrath from his power, which cannot be resisted. Sin, if regarded in the heart, will certainly spoil the success of prayer. The Lord always hears the cry of the broken-hearted penitent; yet all who die impenitent and unbelieving, will find no remedy or refuge from miseries which while here they despised and defied, but which they then will not be able to bear.
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