Hosea 11:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Will they not return to Egypt and will not Assyria rule over them because they refuse to repent?

New Living Translation
"But since my people refuse to return to me, they will return to Egypt and will be forced to serve Assyria.

English Standard Version
They shall not return to the land of Egypt, but Assyria shall be their king, because they have refused to return to me.

New American Standard Bible
They will not return to the land of Egypt; But Assyria-- he will be their king Because they refused to return to Me.

King James Bible
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Israel will not return to the land of Egypt and Assyria will be his king, because they refused to repent.

International Standard Version
"They will not return to the land of Egypt; instead, the Assyrian will be their king, because they kept refusing to repent.

NET Bible
They will return to Egypt! Assyria will rule over them because they refuse to repent!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"They will not return to Egypt. Instead, Assyria will rule them because they have refused to return to me.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king because they refused to be converted.

King James 2000 Bible
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.

American King James Version
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, and the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.

American Standard Version
They shall not return into the land of Egypt; but the Assyrian shall be their king, because they refused to return to me .

Douay-Rheims Bible
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king: because they would not be converted.

Darby Bible Translation
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king; for they refused to return [to me];

English Revised Version
He shall not return into the land of Egypt; but the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.

Webster's Bible Translation
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.

World English Bible
"They won't return into the land of Egypt; but the Assyrian will be their king, because they refused to repent.

Young's Literal Translation
He turneth not back unto the land of Egypt, And Asshur -- he is his king, For they have refused to return.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

11:1-7 When Israel were weak and helpless as children, foolish and froward as children, then God loved them; he bore them as the nurse does the sucking child, nourished them, and suffered their manners. All who are grown up, ought often to reflect upon the goodness of God to them in their childhood. He took care of them, took pains with them, not only as a father, or a tutor, but as a mother, or nurse. When they were in the wilderness, God showed them the way in which they should go, and bore them up, taking them by the arms. He taught them the way of his commandments by the ceremonial law given by Moses. He took them by the arms, to guide them, that they might not stray, and to hold them up, that they might not stumble and fall. God's spiritual Israel are all thus supported. It is God's work to draw poor souls to himself; and none can come to him except he draw them. With bands of love; this word signifies stronger cords than the former. He eased them of the burdens they had long groaned under. Israel is very ungrateful to God. God's counsels would have saved them, but their own counsels ruined them. They backslide; there is no hold of them, no stedfastness in them. They backslide from me, from God, the chief good. They are bent to backslide; they are ready to sin; they are forward to close with every temptation. Their hearts are fully set in them to do evil. Those only are truly happy, whom the Lord teaches by his Spirit, upholds by his power, and causes to walk in his ways. By his grace he takes away the love and dominion of sin, and creates a desire for the blessed feast of the gospel, that they may feed thereon, and live for ever.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. - He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return. These words sound like an announcement that the season of Divine grace, so long extended to that sin-laden people, had at length expired; and that on account of their stubborn and on-grateful rebellion against Jehovah they would be forced, to go into exile and become subject to the monarch of Assyria.

(1) They had been threatened with a return to Egypt and its bondage in Hosea 8:13, "They shall return to Egypt;" and Hosea 9:3, "Ephraim shall return to Egypt;" vet now God, without any change of purpose, changes his mode of procedure, not allowing them to return to Egypt, but dooming them to a worse bondage under the Assyrians.

(2) Having been tributary to Assyria from the time of Menahem, they had revolted and applied to Egypt for help; now, however, no help would be permitted to come from Egypt nor even an opportunity of applying for it allowed. The power of Assyria would be paramount; instead, therefore, of native kings and Egyptian auxiliaries, Israel would have to submit to that iron yoke. However desirous of returning to Egypt, they would have neither the power nor the privilege of doing so. And this poor privilege of a choice of masters they were refused as a just retribution, because they had not repented of their sin and returned to God. Various methods have been resorted to, to harmonize the apparent contradiction alluded to, that is, between the affirmative and negative statements about Israel's return into Egypt.

(1) Dathe, Eichhorn, and De Wette agree with the LXX. in reading לו instead of לא, and connecting it with the preceding verse; but the other versions, as well as the manuscripts, support the received text.

(2) Jerome and Rosenmüller explain it of the people's desire to conclude an alliance with Egypt in order to throw off the yoke of Assyria, being frustrated by the superior power of the latter; thus the sense is that they shall not return any more to Egypt, as they had lately done by their ambassadors, to seek help from that land or its people. Then he assigns the reason why they would not again send ambassadors to Egypt for the purpose indicated, because the Assyrian alone would be their king. The objection to this is that lo yashubu must refer to the whole people rather than to their ambassador going to and fro between the countries.

(3) Ewald, Maurer, and others cut the knot by taking lo interrogatively, as if it were halo, and thus equivalent to an affirmative, i.e. "Shall they not return to Egypt and the Assyrian be their king?" The expected answer would be in the affirmative. Neither grammar nor context sanctions this interrogative sense.

(4) According to Hitzig, Keil, Simson, and others, we are to understand Egypt in the previous places, viz. Hosea 8:13 and Hosea 9:3, as received of the land of bondage, where in the present passage the typical sense is inadmissible, owing to the contrast with Assyria. Into Egypt Israel should not return, lest the object of the Exodus might seem frustrated, but a worse lot lay before them - another and harder bondage awaited them; the King of Assyria would be their king and reign over them, and all because of their impenitence and refusal to return to Jehovah. The following is the explanation of Kimchi: "They should not have returned to the land of Egypt to seek help; I had already said to them, 'Ye shall henceforth return no more that way;' for if they had returned to me, they would not have needed help from Egypt. And against their will Assyria rules over them, and they serve him and send him a present year by year. And why is all this? Because they refused, etc.; as if he said (they refused) to return to me; for if they had returned to me, foreign kings (literally, 'kings of the nations') would not have ruled ever them, but they would have ruled over the nations as they had done in the days of David and Solomon, when they did my will; and so have I assured them, 'Thou shall reign over many nations, but they shall not reign over thee.'" The root of מאן is cognate with מנע, to hold back, refuse; the le strengthens the connection of the objectival infinitive with the governing verb; the ellipsis of אֵלֶי is obvious.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

He shall not return into the land of Egypt,.... Ephraim or Israel, the ten tribes: and the Septuagint and Arabic versions express them by name, though they give a wrong sense of the words, rendering them, "and Ephraim dwelt in Egypt"; he did so indeed with the other tribes formerly; but here it is said he shall not go thither again to be a captive there, but shall go into bondage more severe than that in Egypt, even into captivity in Assyria: rather the sense is, they should not go thither for shelter, at least not as a body, though some few of them might, as in Hosea 9:3; the far greater part of them should he carried captive by the Assyrians: or they should not return to Egypt to seek for help and assistence, as they had done; either they ought not to do it, nor would there be any need of it, did they but return to the Lord, as Kimchi observes; or rather they should now be so straitly shut up in Samaria, besieged so closely by the enemy, or else carried into distant lands, that, if they would, they could not apply to Egypt for relief;

but the Assyrian shall be his king; the king of Assyria shall be king over the ten tribes, whether they want him or not; they shall be forced to acknowledge him as their king, and be subject to him, being taken and carried captive into his land:

because they refused to return: to the Lord, from whom they had backslidden, and to his pure worship, word, and ordinances, they had departed from, setting up the calves at Dan and Bethel; they refused to relinquish worshipping idols instead of the true God; thus ungratefully behaving to him for all the above favours bestowed upon them; wherefore they are righteously threatened with captivity and bondage in Assyria.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

5. He shall not return into … Egypt—namely, to seek help against Assyria (compare Ho 7:11), as Israel lately had done (2Ki 17:4), after having revolted from Assyria, to whom they had been tributary from the times of Menahem (2Ki 15:19). In a figurative sense, "he shall return to Egypt" (Ho 9:3), that is, to Egypt-like bondage; also many Jewish fugitives were literally to return to Egypt, when the Holy Land was to be in Assyrian and Chaldean hands.

Assyrian shall be his king—instead of having kings of their own, and Egypt as their auxiliary.

because they refused to return—just retribution. They would not return (spiritually) to God, therefore they shall not return (corporally) to Egypt, the object of their desire.

Hosea 11:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
Out of Egypt I called my Son
4I led them with cords of a man, with bonds of love, And I became to them as one who lifts the yoke from their jaws; And I bent down and fed them. 5They will not return to the land of Egypt; But Assyria-- he will be their king Because they refused to return to Me. 6The sword will whirl against their cities, And will demolish their gate bars And consume them because of their counsels.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 17:16
The king, moreover, must not acquire great numbers of horses for himself or make the people return to Egypt to get more of them, for the LORD has told you, "You are not to go back that way again."

Hosea 7:16
They do not turn to the Most High; they are like a faulty bow. Their leaders will fall by the sword because of their insolent words. For this they will be ridiculed in the land of Egypt.

Hosea 10:6
It will be carried to Assyria as tribute for the great king. Ephraim will be disgraced; Israel will be ashamed of its foreign alliances.
Treasury of Scripture

He shall not return into the land of Egypt, and the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.

shall not.

Hosea 7:16 They return, but not to the most High: they are like a deceitful bow…

Hosea 8:13 They sacrifice flesh for the sacrifices of my offerings, and eat …

Hosea 9:3,6 They shall not dwell in the LORD's land; but Ephraim shall return …

but.

Hosea 5:13 When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went …

Hosea 10:6 It shall be also carried to Assyria for a present to king Jareb: …

2 Kings 15:19,29 And Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave …

2 Kings 17:3-6 Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became …

2 Kings 18:11 And the king of Assyria did carry away Israel to Assyria, and put …

Isaiah 8:6-8 For as much as this people refuses the waters of Shiloah that go …

Amos 5:27 Therefore will I cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus, …

because.

Hosea 6:1 Come, and let us return to the LORD: for he has torn, and he will …

2 Kings 17:13,14 Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all …

2 Kings 18:12 Because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD their God, but transgressed …

Jeremiah 8:4-6 Moreover you shall say to them, Thus said the LORD; Shall they fall, …

Amos 4:6,8-10 And I also have given you cleanness of teeth in all your cities, …

Zechariah 1:4-6 Be you not as your fathers, to whom the former prophets have cried, …

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