Hosea 9:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They will not remain in the LORD's land; Ephraim will return to Egypt and eat unclean food in Assyria.

New Living Translation
You may no longer stay here in the LORD's land. Instead, you will return to Egypt, and in Assyria you will eat food that is ceremonially unclean.

English Standard Version
They shall not remain in the land of the LORD, but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean food in Assyria.

New American Standard Bible
They will not remain in the LORD'S land, But Ephraim will return to Egypt, And in Assyria they will eat unclean food.

King James Bible
They shall not dwell in the LORD'S land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean things in Assyria.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They will not stay in the land of the LORD. Instead, Ephraim will return to Egypt, and they will eat unclean food in Assyria.

International Standard Version
They will not live in the LORD's land— Ephraim will return to Egypt, and they will eat unclean food in Assyria.

NET Bible
They will not remain in the LORD's land. Ephraim will return to Egypt; they will eat ritually unclean food in Assyria.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The people of Ephraim won't stay in the LORD's land. They will return to Egypt, and they will eat unclean food in Assyria.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They shall not remain in the land of the LORD; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt and to Assyria where they shall eat unclean food.

King James 2000 Bible
They shall not dwell in the LORD'S land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean things in Assyria.

American King James Version
They shall not dwell in the LORD's land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean things in Assyria.

American Standard Version
They shall not dwell in Jehovah's land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean food in Assyria.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They shall not dwell in the Lord's land: Ephraim is returned to Egypt, and hath eaten unclean things among the Assyrians.

Darby Bible Translation
They shall not dwell in Jehovah's land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and in Assyria shall they eat that which is unclean.

English Revised Version
They shall not dwell in the LORD'S land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean food in Assyria.

Webster's Bible Translation
They shall not dwell in the LORD'S land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean things in Assyria.

World English Bible
They won't dwell in Yahweh's land; but Ephraim will return to Egypt, and they will eat unclean food in Assyria.

Young's Literal Translation
They do not abide in the land of Jehovah, And turned back hath Ephraim to Egypt, And in Asshur an unclean thing they eat.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

9:1-6 Israel gave rewards to their idols, in the offerings presented to them. It is common for those who are niggardly in religion, to be prodigal upon their lusts. Those are reckoned as idolaters, who love a reward in the corn-floor better than a reward in the favour of God and in eternal life. They are full of the joy of harvest, and have no disposition to mourn for sin. When we make the world, and the things of it, our idol and our portion, it is just with God to show us our folly, and correct us. None may expect to dwell in the Lord's land, who will not be subject to the Lord's laws, or be influenced by his love. When we enjoy the means of grace, we ought to consider what we shall do, if they should be taken from us. While the pleasures of communion with God are out of the reach of change, the pleasant places purchased with silver, or in which men deposit silver, are liable to be laid in ruins. No famine is so dreadful as that of the soul.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3. - They shall not dwell in the Lord's land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean things in Assyria. The Lord's land was Canaan, which Jehovah chose to dwell there by visible symbol of the Shechinah-glory, and which he gave to Israel as his people. Israel expected to have it for a permanent place of abode, but that hope was frustrated by their sin. The remaining clauses of the verse may be understood either

(1) that Ephraim would return to Egypt to obtain anxiliaries, but to no purpose, - for they would be carried away captive and be compelled to eat unclean things in the land of Assyria; or

(2) the prophet threatens that some of them would go as exiles into Egypt, and others of them into Assyria This latter explanation is much to be preferred; while with regard to Egypt the threats, ring thus understood would re-echo an crier prophecy in Deuteronomy 28:68, "The Lord shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, Thou shalt see it no more again: and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy you." In Assyria also they would be obliged to cat things ceremonially unclean, as it would be impossible to conform to the requirements of the Law, according to which the eating of certain animals was prohibited. There is yet

(3) another interpretation, which takes Assyria to be the place of exile, while Egypt figuratively represents the condition of that exile, namely, a state of hard bondage and sore oppression, such as Israel endured in Egypt in the days of yore.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

They shall not dwell in the Lord's land,.... The land of Israel, or Canaan; which, though all the earth is the Lord's, was peculiarly his; which he had chosen for himself, and for this people; where he had his temple, and caused his Shechinah or divine Majesty to dwell in a very special manner, and where his worship and service were performed. So the Targum calls it the land of the Shechinah or majesty of the Lord. Sometimes it is called Immanuel's land, where the Messiah Immanuel, God with us, was to be born, and dwell, and where he did. Kimchi wrongly interprets this of Jerusalem only; and others of Judea; but it designs the whole land of promise, which God save by promise to the fathers of this people, and put them in the possession of, the tenure of which they held by their obedience; but they not living according to will, and in obedience to his laws, who was Lord of the land, sole Proprietor and Governor of it, he turned them out of it, and would not suffer them to continue any longer in it; and which was a great punishment indeed, to be driven out of such a land, a land flowing with milk and honey, and where they had been favoured with privileges and blessings of every kind;

but Ephraim shall return to Egypt; or the ten tribes; that is, some of them, who should flee thither for refuge and sustenance; when the Assyrian should invade their land, and besiege Samaria, they should go thither again, where their ancestors had formerly been in a state of bondage: this is prophesied of them, Deuteronomy 28:68;

and they shall eat unclean things in Assyria; that is, Ephraim or the ten tribes, the far greater part of there, should be taken captive, and carried into Assyria, and there eat food which by their law was unclean, as things sacrificed to idols, swine's flesh, and many others; or food that was not fit for men to eat, which nature abhorred; such bread as Ezekiel was bid to make and eat, Ezekiel 4:9. This may be understood even of them that went to Egypt for help against the Assyrians, or for shelter from them, or for food to eat in the time of famine; who should be brought back again, and carried into Assyria, and there live a miserable and an uncomfortable life; who had been used to enjoy corn and wine, and plenty of all good things, to which these unclean things may be opposed.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

3. return to Egypt—(See on [1125]Ho 8:13). As in Ho 11:5 it is said, "He shall not return into … Egypt." Fairbairn thinks it is not the exact country that is meant, but the bondage state with which, from past experience, Egypt was identified in their minds. Assyria was to be a second Egypt to them. De 28:68, though threatening a return to Egypt, speaks (De 28:36) of their being brought to a nation which neither they nor their fathers had known, showing that it is not the literal Egypt, but a second Egypt-like bondage that is threatened.

eat unclean things in Assyria—reduced by necessity to eat meats pronounced unclean by the Mosaic law (Eze 4:13). See 2Ki 17:6.

Hosea 9:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
Hosea Announces Israel's Punishment
2Threshing floor and wine press will not feed them, And the new wine will fail them. 3They will not remain in the LORD'S land, But Ephraim will return to Egypt, And in Assyria they will eat unclean food. 4They will not pour out drink offerings of wine to the LORD, Their sacrifices will not please Him. Their bread will be like mourners' bread; All who eat of it will be defiled, For their bread will be for themselves alone; It will not enter the house of the LORD.…
Cross References
Leviticus 25:23
"'The land must not be sold permanently, because the land is mine and you reside in my land as foreigners and strangers.

Jeremiah 2:7
I brought you into a fertile land to eat its fruit and rich produce. But you came and defiled my land and made my inheritance detestable.

Lamentations 5:6
We submitted to Egypt and Assyria to get enough bread.

Ezekiel 4:13
The LORD said, "In this way the people of Israel will eat defiled food among the nations where I will drive them."

Daniel 1:8
But Daniel resolved not to defile himself with the royal food and wine, and he asked the chief official for permission not to defile himself this way.

Hosea 7:11
"Ephraim is like a dove, easily deceived and senseless-- now calling to Egypt, now turning to Assyria.

Hosea 7:16
They do not turn to the Most High; they are like a faulty bow. Their leaders will fall by the sword because of their insolent words. For this they will be ridiculed in the land of Egypt.

Hosea 8:13
Though they offer sacrifices as gifts to me, and though they eat the meat, the LORD is not pleased with them. Now he will remember their wickedness and punish their sins: They will return to Egypt.

Amos 7:17
"Therefore this is what the LORD says: "'Your wife will become a prostitute in the city, and your sons and daughters will fall by the sword. Your land will be measured and divided up, and you yourself will die in a pagan country. And Israel will surely go into exile, away from their native land.'"
Treasury of Scripture

They shall not dwell in the LORD's land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean things in Assyria.

shall not.

Leviticus 18:28 That the land spew not you out also, when you defile it, as it spewed …

Leviticus 20:22 You shall therefore keep all my statutes, and all my judgments, and …

Deuteronomy 4:26 I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day…

Deuteronomy 28:63 And it shall come to pass, that as the LORD rejoiced over you to …

Joshua 23:15 Therefore it shall come to pass, that as all good things are come …

1 Kings 9:7 Then will I cut off Israel out of the land which I have given them; …

Micah 2:10 Arise you, and depart; for this is not your rest: because it is polluted, …

the Lord's.

Leviticus 25:23 The land shall not be sold for ever: for the land is mine, for you …

Jeremiah 2:7 And I brought you into a plentiful country, to eat the fruit thereof …

Jeremiah 16:18 And first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double; …

but.

Hosea 9:6 For, see, they are gone because of destruction: Egypt shall gather …

Hosea 8:13 They sacrifice flesh for the sacrifices of my offerings, and eat …

Hosea 11:5 He shall not return into the land of Egypt, and the Assyrian shall …

Deuteronomy 28:68 And the LORD shall bring you into Egypt again with ships, by the …

Isaiah 11:15,16 And the LORD shall utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea; …

Not into Egypt itself, but into another bondage as bad as that. and.

Ezekiel 4:13 And the LORD said, Even thus shall the children of Israel eat their …

Daniel 1:8 But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself …

Acts 10:14 But Peter said, Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten any thing that …

in Assyria.

Hosea 11:11 They shall tremble as a bird out of Egypt, and as a dove out of the …

2 Kings 17:6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and …

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