Hosea 11:6
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
A sword will flash in their cities; it will devour their false prophets and put an end to their plans.

New Living Translation
War will swirl through their cities; their enemies will crash through their gates. They will destroy them, trapping them in their own evil plans.

English Standard Version
The sword shall rage against their cities, consume the bars of their gates, and devour them because of their own counsels.

New American Standard Bible
The sword will whirl against their cities, And will demolish their gate bars And consume them because of their counsels.

King James Bible
And the sword shall abide on his cities, and shall consume his branches, and devour them, because of their own counsels.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A sword will whirl through his cities; it will destroy and devour the bars of his gates, because of their schemes.

International Standard Version
The sword will fall on their cities, consuming and devouring their fortified gates, despite their planning.

NET Bible
A sword will flash in their cities, it will destroy the bars of their city gates, and will devour them in their fortresses.

New Heart English Bible
The sword will fall on their cities, and will destroy the bars of their gates, and will put an end to their plans.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
War will sweep through their cities, demolish their city gates, and put an end to their plans.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the sword shall fall upon his cities, And shall consume his bars, and devour them, Because of their own counsels.

New American Standard 1977
And the sword will whirl against their cities,
            And will demolish their gate bars
            And consume them because of their counsels.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the sword shall fall upon his cities and shall consume his villages and devour them because of their own counsels.

King James 2000 Bible
And the sword shall rage against his cities, and shall consume his districts, and devour them, because of their own counsels.

American King James Version
And the sword shall abide on his cities, and shall consume his branches, and devour them, because of their own counsels.

American Standard Version
And the sword shall fall upon their cities, and shall consume their bars, and devour them , because of their own counsels.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The sword hath begun in his cities, and it shall consume his chosen men, and sha.ll devour their heads.

Darby Bible Translation
and the sword shall turn about in his cities, and shall consume his bars, and devour [them], because of their own counsels.

English Revised Version
And the sword shall fall upon his cities, and shall consume his bars, and devour them, because of their own counsels.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the sword shall abide on his cities, and shall consume his branches, and devour them, because of their own counsels.

World English Bible
The sword will fall on their cities, and will destroy the bars of their gates, and will put an end to their plans.

Young's Literal Translation
Grievous hath been the sword in his cities, And it hath ended his bars, and consumed -- from their own counsels.
Study Bible
Out of Egypt I called my Son
5They will not return to the land of Egypt; But Assyria-- he will be their king Because they refused to return to Me. 6The sword will whirl against their cities, And will demolish their gate bars And consume them because of their counsels. 7So My people are bent on turning from Me. Though they call them to the One on high, None at all exalts Him.…
Cross References
Jeremiah 50:35
"A sword against the Chaldeans," declares the LORD, "And against the inhabitants of Babylon And against her officials and her wise men!

Lamentations 2:9
Her gates have sunk into the ground, He has destroyed and broken her bars. Her king and her princes are among the nations; The law is no more. Also, her prophets find No vision from the LORD.

Hosea 4:16
Since Israel is stubborn Like a stubborn heifer, Can the LORD now pasture them Like a lamb in a large field?

Hosea 4:17
Ephraim is joined to idols; Let him alone.

Hosea 13:16
Samaria will be held guilty, For she has rebelled against her God. They will fall by the sword, Their little ones will be dashed in pieces, And their pregnant women will be ripped open.

Amos 6:8
The Lord GOD has sworn by Himself, the LORD God of hosts has declared: "I loathe the arrogance of Jacob, And detest his citadels; Therefore I will deliver up the city and all it contains."
Treasury of Scripture

And the sword shall abide on his cities, and shall consume his branches, and devour them, because of their own counsels.

the sword.

Hosea 10:14 Therefore shall a tumult arise among your people, and all your fortresses …

Hosea 13:16 Samaria shall become desolate; for she has rebelled against her God: …

Leviticus 26:31,33 And I will make your cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries to …

Deuteronomy 28:52 And he shall besiege you in all your gates, until your high and fenced …

Deuteronomy 32:25 The sword without, and terror within, shall destroy both the young …

Jeremiah 5:17 And they shall eat up your harvest, and your bread, which your sons …

Micah 5:11 And I will cut off the cities of your land, and throw down all your …

consume.

Psalm 80:11-16 She sent out her boughs to the sea, and her branches to the river…

Isaiah 9:14 Therefore the LORD will cut off from Israel head and tail, branch …

Isaiah 18:5 For before the harvest, when the bud is perfect, and the sour grape …

Isaiah 27:10 Yet the defended city shall be desolate, and the habitation forsaken, …

Ezekiel 15:2-7 Son of man, what is the vine tree more than any tree, or than a branch …

Ezekiel 20:47 And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus …

Malachi 4:1 For, behold, the day comes, that shall burn as an oven; and all the …

because.

Hosea 10:6 It shall be also carried to Assyria for a present to king Jareb: …

Psalm 106:39,43 Thus were they defiled with their own works, and went a whoring with …

Isaiah 30:1 Woe to the rebellious children, said the LORD, that take counsel, …

(6) The rendering of the English version is here incorrect. Render, Then shall the sword be brandished amid his cities, and utterly destroy his princes. The word for "princes" is, literally, bars, the heroes, leaders, or defenders of the state being aptly called barriers, or bulwarks. Analogous metaphors frequently occur in the Old Testament; such is the interpretation of the Targum.

Verse 6. - And the sword shall abide on his cities, and shall consume his branches, and devour them. A more accurate rendering would be, and the sword shall sweep round in its cities, and destroy its bolts and devour. Nay, they could not free themselves from invasion and attack. The sword of war would whirl down upon their cities and consume the branches, that is, the villages, or the city bars, or the strong warriors set for defense. Some understand the word so variously interpreted in the sense of "liars," and refer it to the prophets, priests, and politicians who spake falsehood and. acted deceitfully. The word הלח is rendered

(1) "the sword," as the principal weapon in ancient warfare and the symbol of war's destructive power shall sweep round in, circulate, or make the round of the cities of Israel; but

(2) others," whirl down," "light on ;" thus both Rashi and Kimchi. Again, בַדּים is, as already intimated, variously rendered. The most appropriate translation

(a) is (literally, "poles for carrying the ark," Exodus 25:13) "bolts or bars" for securing gates, the root being בדד, to separate.

(b) Some explain it as a figure for "mighty men;" so Jerome and the Targum, as also Rashi: "It destroys his heroes and consumes them." this is the meaning of the word preferred by Gesenius.

(c) Ewald understands it in the sense of "fortresses," especially on the frontier, by which a land is shut against or opened to the enemy.

(d) Aben Ezra and Kimchi take it to mean "branches," i.e. villages, and are followed by the Authorized Version. "The explanation of בי," says Kimchi, "is ' branches,' and it is a figure for villages, for he had already mentioned his cities; and villages are related to cities as branches to a tree; in like manner they are called ' daughters,' being related to a city as daughters to a mother."

(e) The LXX. render it by ἐν ταῖς χερσὶν αὐτοῦ, having read בְיָדָיו, as also the Syriac. Because of their own counsels. The cause of all their calamitous invasions, which city gates barred and bolted could not shut out, was their evil counsels in departing from the Lord, as Kimchi correctly explains: "All this comes upon them in consequence of their evil counsel, because they have forsaken my service to serve other gods." Rashi draws attention to the peculiarity of the accentuation - tasha and sellug - to separate it from the preceding word. The Septuagint here again blunders, obviously reading וְאָכְלוּ, and translating, "And shall eat (the fruit) of their evil counsel." And the sword shall abide on the cities,.... Or "shall fall" (y), and continue; meaning the sword of the Assyrians, whereby Ephraim should be brought into subjection to them, and the king of Assyria become king over them; his sword should be drawn, and rest upon them, not only on their chief city Samaria, besieged three years by him, but upon all their other cities, which would fall into his hands, with the inhabitants of them:

and shall consume his branches, and devour them; that is, the towns and villages adjoining to the cities; which were to them as branches are to a tree, sprung from them, and were supported by them; and, being near them, prospered or suffered as they did: some render it, "his bars" (z), as the word is sometimes used, and interpret it of the great men and nobles of the land. So the Targum,

"and it shall slay his mighty men, and destroy his princes;''

with which Jarchi agrees;

because of their own counsels; which they took and pursued, contrary to the counsel of God, the revelation of his mind and will; particularly in setting up idolatrous worship, and continuing in it, notwithstanding all the admonitions, exhortations, counsels, and threatenings of God by his prophets; or else because of their counsels with the Egyptians, and their covenants with them, for help against the Assyrian, whose yoke they were for casting off, and refused to pay tribute to; which provoked him to draw his sword upon them, which made the havoc it did in their cities, and the inhabitants of them.

(y) "cedet", Calvin; "incidet", Schmidt; "irruet", Zanchius, Drusius, Liveleus. (z) "vectes ejus", Schmidt. So some in Drusius. 6. abide—or, "fall upon" [Calvin].

branches—that is, his villages, which are the branches or dependencies of the cities [Calvin]. Grotius translates, "his bars" (so La 2:9), that is, the warriors who were the bulwarks of the state. Compare Ho 4:18, "rulers" (Margin), "shields" (Ps 47:9).

because of their own counsels—in worshipping idols, and relying on Egypt (compare Ho 10:6).11:1-7 When Israel were weak and helpless as children, foolish and froward as children, then God loved them; he bore them as the nurse does the sucking child, nourished them, and suffered their manners. All who are grown up, ought often to reflect upon the goodness of God to them in their childhood. He took care of them, took pains with them, not only as a father, or a tutor, but as a mother, or nurse. When they were in the wilderness, God showed them the way in which they should go, and bore them up, taking them by the arms. He taught them the way of his commandments by the ceremonial law given by Moses. He took them by the arms, to guide them, that they might not stray, and to hold them up, that they might not stumble and fall. God's spiritual Israel are all thus supported. It is God's work to draw poor souls to himself; and none can come to him except he draw them. With bands of love; this word signifies stronger cords than the former. He eased them of the burdens they had long groaned under. Israel is very ungrateful to God. God's counsels would have saved them, but their own counsels ruined them. They backslide; there is no hold of them, no stedfastness in them. They backslide from me, from God, the chief good. They are bent to backslide; they are ready to sin; they are forward to close with every temptation. Their hearts are fully set in them to do evil. Those only are truly happy, whom the Lord teaches by his Spirit, upholds by his power, and causes to walk in his ways. By his grace he takes away the love and dominion of sin, and creates a desire for the blessed feast of the gospel, that they may feed thereon, and live for ever.
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OT Prophets: Hosea 11:6 The sword will fall on their cities (Ho Hs Hos.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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