Hosea 5:12
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
I am like a moth to Ephraim, like rot to the people of Judah.

New Living Translation
I will destroy Israel as a moth consumes wool. I will make Judah as weak as rotten wood.

English Standard Version
But I am like a moth to Ephraim, and like dry rot to the house of Judah.

New American Standard Bible
Therefore I am like a moth to Ephraim And like rottenness to the house of Judah.

King James Bible
Therefore will I be unto Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So I am like rot to Ephraim and like decay to the house of Judah.

International Standard Version
Therefore I will consume Ephraim like a moth, and the house of Judah as rottenness consumes.

NET Bible
I will be like a moth to Ephraim, like wood rot to the house of Judah.

New Heart English Bible
Therefore I am to Ephraim like a moth, and to the house of Judah like rottenness.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I will destroy Ephraim as a moth destroys clothing. I will destroy the nation of Judah as rot destroys wood.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Therefore am I unto Ephraim as a moth, And to the house of Judah as rottenness.

New American Standard 1977
Therefore I am like a moth to Ephraim,
            And like rottenness to the house of Judah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore I will be unto Ephraim as a moth and to the house of Judah as rottenness.

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore will I be unto Ephraim like a moth, and to the house of Judah like rottenness.

American King James Version
Therefore will I be to Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.

American Standard Version
Therefore am I unto Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I will be like a moth to Ephraim: and like rottenness to the house of Juda.

Darby Bible Translation
And I will be unto Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.

English Revised Version
Therefore am I unto Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore will I be to Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.

World English Bible
Therefore I am to Ephraim like a moth, and to the house of Judah like rottenness.

Young's Literal Translation
And I am as a moth to Ephraim, And as a rotten thing to the house of Judah.
Study Bible
God's Judgment on Israel and Judah
11Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, Because he was determined to follow man's command. 12Therefore I am like a moth to Ephraim And like rottenness to the house of Judah. 13When Ephraim saw his sickness, And Judah his wound, Then Ephraim went to Assyria And sent to King Jareb. But he is unable to heal you, Or to cure you of your wound.…
Cross References
Psalm 39:11
"With reproofs You chasten a man for iniquity; You consume as a moth what is precious to him; Surely every man is a mere breath. Selah.

Isaiah 5:24
Therefore, as a tongue of fire consumes stubble And dry grass collapses into the flame, So their root will become like rot and their blossom blow away as dust; For they have rejected the law of the LORD of hosts And despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.

Isaiah 51:8
"For the moth will eat them like a garment, And the grub will eat them like wool. But My righteousness will be forever, And My salvation to all generations."
Treasury of Scripture

Therefore will I be to Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.

as a.

Job 13:28 And he, as a rotten thing, consumes, as a garment that is moth eaten.

Isaiah 50:9 Behold, the Lord GOD will help me; who is he that shall condemn me? …

Isaiah 51:8 For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall …

as.

Proverbs 12:4 A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that makes ashamed …

rottenness. or, a worm.

Jonah 4:7 But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it …

Mark 9:44-48 Where their worm dies not, and the fire is not quenched…

(12) Rottenness.--The Authorised version is right in this rendering (the disease caries) rather than worm (margin). Both images express concealed causes of irreparable destruction which come suddenly to view when it is too late.

Verse 12. - Therefore will I be unto Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness. This verse is well explained by Calvin as follows: "The meaning of the prophet is by no means obscure, and that is, that the Lord would by a slow corrosion consume both the people; and that, though he would not by one onset destroy them, yet they would pine away until they became wholly rotten." The two agents of destruction here named - the moth which eats away clothes, and the woodworm which gnaws away wood - figuratively represent slow but sure destruction. They are found together in Job 13:28. Kimchi explains the sense in like manner: "Like the moth which eats away garments, and like the woodworm which consumes bones and wood, so shall I consume you." The pronoun at the beginning of the verse is emphatic: "I your God, who would have been your protector and preserver, whom you have sinfully forsaken, and whose commandments you have arbitrarily set aside - even I am to you as the source of rottenness, and of slow but sure ruin." Therefore will I be unto Ephraim as a moth,.... Which eats garments, penetrates into them, feeds on them privately, secretly, without any noise, and gradually and slowly consumes them; but at last utterly, that they are of no use and profit: this may signify the various things which befell the ten tribes in the reigns of Zachariah, Shallum, Menahem, Pekahiah, and Pekah, which secretly and gradually weakened them; and the utter consumption of them in the times of Hoshea by Shalmaneser:

and to the house of Judah as rottenness; as rottenness in the bones, Proverbs 12:4; which can never be got out or cured; or as a worm that eats into wood, as Jarchi interprets it; and gets into the very heart of a tree, and eats it out: thus the Lord threatens the house of Judah, or the two tribes, with a gradual, yet thorough, ruin and destruction. 12. as a moth—consuming a garment (Job 13:28; Ps 39:11; Isa 50:9).

Judah … rottenness—Ephraim, or the ten tribes, are as a garment eaten by the moth; Judah as the body itself consumed by rottenness (Pr 12:4). Perhaps alluding to the superiority of the latter in having the house of David, and the temple, the religious center of the nation [Grotius]. As in Ho 5:13, 14, the violence of the calamity is prefigured by the "wound" which "a lion" inflicts, so here its long protracted duration, and the certainty and completeness of the destruction from small unforeseen beginnings, by the images of a slowly but surely consuming moth and rottenness.5:8-15 The destruction of impenitent sinners is not mere talk, to frighten them, it is a sentence which will not be recalled. And it is a mercy that we have timely warning given us, that we may flee from the wrath to come. Compliance with the commandments of men, who thwart the commandments of God, ripens a people for ruin. The judgments of God are sometimes to a sinful people as a moth, and as rottenness, or as a worm; as these consume the clothes and the wood, so shall the judgments of God consume them. Silently, they shall think themselves safe and thriving, but when they look into their state, shall find themselves wasting and decaying. Slowly, for the Lord gives them space to repent. Many a nation; as well as many a person, dies of a consumption. Gradually, God comes upon sinners with lesser judgments, to prevent greater, if they will be wise, and take warning. When Israel and Judah found themselves in danger, they sought the protection of the Assyrians, but this only helped to make their wound the worse. They would be forced to apply to God. He will bring them home to himself, by afflictions. When men begin to complain more of their sins than of their afflictions, then there begins to be some hope of them; and when under the conviction of sin, and the corrections of the rod, we must seek the knowledge of God. Those who are led by severe trials to seek God earnestly and sincerely, will find him a present help and an effectual refuge; for with him is plenteous redemption for all who call upon him. There is solid peace, and there only, where God is.
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