Proverbs 12:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
A wife of noble character is her husband's crown, but a disgraceful wife is like decay in his bones.

New Living Translation
A worthy wife is a crown for her husband, but a disgraceful woman is like cancer in his bones.

English Standard Version
An excellent wife is the crown of her husband, but she who brings shame is like rottenness in his bones.

New American Standard Bible
An excellent wife is the crown of her husband, But she who shames him is like rottenness in his bones.

King James Bible
A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A capable wife is her husband's crown, but a wife who causes shame is like rottenness in his bones.

International Standard Version
A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband, but a wife who puts him to shame is like bone cancer.

NET Bible
A noble wife is the crown of her husband, but the wife who acts shamefully is like rottenness in his bones.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
A valiant wife is the crown of her husband, and as a boring worm in wood, the woman that does evil things destroys a husband.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A wife with strength of character is the crown of her husband, but the wife who disgraces him is like bone cancer.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The virtuous woman is a crown to her husband, but she that makes ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

King James 2000 Bible
A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that makes ashamed is like rottenness in his bones.

American King James Version
A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that makes ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

American Standard Version
A worthy woman is the crown of her husband; But she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A diligent woman is a crown to her husband: and she that doth things worthy of confusion, is a rottenness in his bones.

Darby Bible Translation
A woman of worth is a crown to her husband; but she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

English Revised Version
A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

Webster's Bible Translation
A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

World English Bible
A worthy woman is the crown of her husband, but a disgraceful wife is as rottenness in his bones.

Young's Literal Translation
A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband, And as rottenness in his bones is one causing shame.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

12:1 Those who have grace, will delight in the instructions given them. Those that stifle their convictions, are like brutes. 2. The man who covers selfish and vicious designs under a profession of religion or friendship, will be condemned. 3. Though men may advance themselves by sinful arts, they cannot settle and secure themselves. But those who by faith are rooted in Christ, are firmly fixed. 4. A wife who is pious, prudent, and looks well to the ways of her household, who makes conscience of her duty, and can bear crosses; such a one is an honour and comfort to her husband. She that is the reverse of this, preys upon him, and consumes him. 5. Thoughts are not free; they are under the Divine knowledge, therefore under the Divine command. It is a man's shame to act with deceit, with trick and design. 6. Wicked people speak mischief to their neighbours. A man may sometimes do a good work with one good word. 7. God's blessing is often continued to the families of godly men, while the wicked are overthrown. 8. The apostles showed wisdom by glorying in shame for the name of Christ. 9. He that lives in a humble state, who has no one to wait upon him, but gets bread by his own labour, is happier than he that glories in high birth or gay attire, and wants necessaries.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 4. - A virtuous woman; one whose portrait is beautifully traced in ch. 31. The term is applied to Ruth (Ruth 3:11). The Vulgate renders, diligens; Septuagint, ἀνδρεία. The expression means one of power either in mind or body, or both. The same idea is contained in ἀρετὴ and virtus. Such a woman is not simply loving and modest and loyal, but is a crown to her husband; is an honour to him, adorns and beautifies his life, making, as it were, a joyous festival. So St. Paul (1 Thessalonians 2:19) calls his converts "a crown of glorying." The allusion is to the crown worn by the bridegroom at his marriage, or to the garlands worn at feasts (comp. Song of Solomon 3:11; Isaiah 61:10; Wisd. 2:8). The Son of Sirach has much praise for the virtuous woman: "Blessed is the man that hath a good (ἀγαθῆς) wife, for the number of his days shall be double. A virtuous (ἀνδρεία) woman rejoiceth her husband, and he shall fulfil the years of his life in peace" (Ecclus. 26:1, 2). She that maketh ashamed; "that doeth shamefully" (Proverbs 10:5; Proverbs 19:26); one who is a terrible contrast to the woman of strong character - weak, indolent, immodest, wasteful. Is as rottenness in his bones (Proverbs 14:30; Habakkuk 3:16). Such a wife poisons her husband's life, deprives him of strength and vigour; though she is made "bone of his bones, and flesh of his flesh" (Genesis 2:23), far from being a helpmate for him, she saps his very existence. Septuagint, "As a worm in a tree, so an evil woman destroyeth a man." Here again Siracides has much to say, "A wicked woman abateth the courage, maketh an heavy countenance and a wounded heart: a woman that will not comfort her husband in distress maketh weak hands and feeble knees" (Ecclus. 25:23). Thus runs a Spanish maxim (Kelly, 'Proverbs of All Nations') -

"Him that has a good wife no evil in life
that may not be borne can befall;
Him that has a bad wife no good thing in life
that chance to, that good you may call."


Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband,.... One that is loving and chaste, constant and faithful, obsequious and submissive to him; that is diligent in the affairs of her house, takes care of her family, brings up her children, and keeps up a good order and decorum among her servants, is an honour and credit to her husband. Such is the true church of Christ, who is compared to a woman, Revelation 12:1; to a woman of purity and chastity, whose members are virgins, not defiled with the corruptions, errors, and superstition of the apostate church; to a woman of fortitude and courage, as the word (m) signifies, who resists sin, temptation, error, heresy, and idolatry, even unto blood; and whose true members love not their lives unto death, but freely lay them down in the cause of truth; such an one is an honour to Christ her husband;

but she that maketh ashamed; makes her husband ashamed, by her levity and wantonness, her negligence and slothfulness, so that he is ashamed to be seen with her, or to be known that he stands in such a relation to her; she

is as rottenness in his bones; a constant grief to his mind, a pressure upon his spirits, a wasting of his body, and a consumption of his estate; she is, as the Targum has it, "as a worm in wood", which rots and consumes it (n); so the Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic versions. Thus the apostate church of Rome, that professes to be the spouse of Christ, has made him ashamed of her; as being the Jezebel, that seduces his servants to fornication or idolatry; and whose doctrine and superstition eat, like a canker, the vitals of religion.

(m) "mulier virtutis", Montanus, Vatablus; "uxor strenua", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Cocceius; "mulier fortis", Pagninus, Gejerus. (n) Such as are called Cossi, Tabani, Teredines, Thrypes; Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 1. c. 33. & l. 16. c. 41.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

4. A virtuous woman—in the wide sense of well-disposed to all moral duties (Pr 31:10).

maketh ashamed—that is, by misconduct.

rottenness—an incurable evil.

Proverbs 12:4 Additional Commentaries
Context
Loving Discipline and Knowledge
3A man will not be established by wickedness, But the root of the righteous will not be moved. 4An excellent wife is the crown of her husband, But she who shames him is like rottenness in his bones. 5The thoughts of the righteous are just, But the counsels of the wicked are deceitful.…
Cross References
1 Corinthians 11:7
A man ought not to cover his head, since he is the image and glory of God; but woman is the glory of man.

Ruth 3:11
And now, my daughter, don't be afraid. I will do for you all you ask. All the people of my town know that you are a woman of noble character.

Proverbs 12:5
The plans of the righteous are just, but the advice of the wicked is deceitful.

Proverbs 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones.

Proverbs 18:22
He who finds a wife finds what is good and receives favor from the LORD.

Proverbs 31:10
A wife of noble character who can find? She is worth far more than rubies.

Proverbs 31:11
Her husband has full confidence in her and lacks nothing of value.

Habakkuk 3:16
I heard and my heart pounded, my lips quivered at the sound; decay crept into my bones, and my legs trembled. Yet I will wait patiently for the day of calamity to come on the nation invading us.
Treasury of Scripture

A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that makes ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

virtuous

Proverbs 14:1 Every wise woman builds her house: but the foolish plucks it down …

Proverbs 19:13,14 A foolish son is the calamity of his father: and the contentions …

Proverbs 31:10-25 Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies…

1 Corinthians 11:7,11 For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, for as much as he is …

she

Proverbs 21:9,19 It is better to dwell in a corner of the housetop, than with a brawling …

Proverbs 27:15,16 A continual dropping in a very rainy day and a contentious woman are alike…

as

Proverbs 14:30 A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.

Habakkuk 3:16 When I heard, my belly trembled; my lips quivered at the voice: rottenness …

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