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Smith's Bible DictionaryCrown
This ornament, which is both ancient and universal, probably originated from the fillets used to prevent the hair from being dishevelled by the wind. Such fillets are still common; they gradually developed into turbans, which by the addition of ornamental or precious materials assumed the dignity of mitres or crowns. Both the ordinary priests and the high priest wore them. The crown was a symbol of royalty, and was worn by kings, (2 Chronicles 23:11) and also by queens. (Esther 2:17) The head-dress of bridegrooms, (Ezekiel 24:17; Isaiah 61:10) Bar. 5:2, and of women, (Isaiah 3:20) a head-dress of great splendor, (Isaiah 28:5) a wreath of flowers, (Proverbs 1:9; 4:9) denote crowns. In general we must attach to it the notion of a costly turban irradiated with pearls and gems of priceless value, which often form aigrettes for feathers, as in the crowns of modern Asiatics sovereigns. Such was probably the crown which weighed (or rather "was worth") a talent, mentioned in (2 Samuel 12:30) taken by David from the king of Ammon at Rabbah, and used as the state crown of Judah. (2 Samuel 12:30) In (Revelation 12:3; 19:12) allusion is made to "many crowns" worn in token of extended dominion. The laurel, pine or parsley crowns given to victors int he great games of Greece are finely alluded to by St. Paul. (1 Corinthians 9:25; 2 Timothy 2:5) etc.
ATS Bible DictionaryCrown
There are two distinct Hebrew terms rendered crown. The one represents such headdresses as we should designate coronet, band, miter, tiara, garland, etc. The other is generally applied to the headdresses of kings.
The former was a simple fillet or diadem around the head, variously ornamented. Newly-married persons of both sexes wore crowns on their wedding-day, So 3:11 Ezekiel 16:12.
The crowns of kings were sometimes white fillets, bound round the forehead, the ends falling back on the neck; or were made of gold tissue, adorned with jewels. That of the Jewish high priest was a fillet, or diadem, tied with a ribbon of a hyacinth color, Exodus 28:36 39:30. Occasionally the crown was of pure gold, and was worn by kings, 2 Chronicles 23:11, sometimes when they went to battle, 2 Samuel 1:10 12:30. It was also worn by queens, Esther 2:17. The crown is a symbol of honor, power, and eternal life, Proverbs 12:4 La 5:16 1 Peter 5:4. Crowns or garlands were given to the successful competitors at the Grecian games, to which frequent allusion is made in the Epistle, 2 Timothy 4:7,8.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1.) Denotes the plate of gold in the front of the high priest's mitre (Exodus 29:6; 39:30). The same Hebrew word so rendered (ne'zer) denotes the diadem worn by Saul in battle (2 Samuel 1:10), and also that which was used at the coronation of Joash (2 Kings 11:12).
(2.) The more general name in Hebrew for a crown is 'atarah, meaning a "circlet." This is used of crowns and head ornaments of divers kinds, including royal crowns. Such was the crown taken from the king of Ammon by David (2 Samuel 12:30). The crown worn by the Assyrian kings was a high mitre, sometimes adorned with flowers. There are sculptures also representing the crowns worn by the early Egyptian and Persian kings. Sometimes a diadem surrounded the royal head-dress of two or three fillets. This probably signified that the wearer had dominion over two or three countries. In Revelation 12:3; 13:1, we read of "many crowns," a token of extended dominion.
(3.) The ancient Persian crown (Esther 1:11; 2:17; 6:8) was called kether; i.e., "a chaplet," a high cap or tiara. Crowns were worn sometimes to represent honour and power (Ezek. 23:42). They were worn at marriages (Cant. 3:11; Isaiah 61:10, "ornaments;" R.V., "a garland"), and at feasts and public festivals.
The crown was among the Romans and Greeks a symbol of victory and reward. The crown or wreath worn by the victors in the Olympic games was made of leaves of the wild olive; in the Pythian games, of laurel; in the Nemean games, of parsley; and in the Isthmian games, of the pine. The Romans bestowed the "civic crown" on him who saved the life of a citizen. It was made of the leaves of the oak. In opposition to all these fading crowns the apostles speak of the incorruptible crown, the crown of life (James 1:12; Revelation 2:10) "that fadeth not away" (1 Peter 5:4, Gr. amarantinos; Comp. 1:4). Probably the word "amaranth" was applied to flowers we call "everlasting," the "immortal amaranth."
Crown of thorns
Our Lord was crowned with a, in mockery by the Romans (Matthew 27:29). The object of Pilate's guard in doing this was probably to insult, and not specially to inflict pain. There is nothing to show that the shrub thus used was, as has been supposed, the spina Christi, which could have been easily woven into a wreath. It was probably the thorny nabk, which grew abundantly round about Jerusalem, and whose flexible, pliant, and round branches could easily be platted into the form of a crown. (see THORN
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary1. (p. p.) of Crow.
2. (p. p) of Crow.
3. (n.) A wreath or garland, or any ornamental fillet encircling the head, especially as a reward of victory or mark of honorable distinction; hence, anything given on account of, or obtained by, faithful or successful effort; a reward.
4. (n.) A royal headdress or cap of sovereignty, worn by emperors, kings, princes, etc.
5. (n.) The person entitled to wear a regal or imperial crown; the sovereign; -- with the definite article.
6. (n.) Imperial or regal power or dominion; sovereignty.
7. (n.) Anything which imparts beauty, splendor, honor, dignity, or finish.
8. (n.) Highest state; acme; consummation; perfection.
9. (n.) The topmost part of anything; the summit.
10. (n.) The topmost part of the head (see Illust. of Bird.); that part of the head from which the hair descends toward the sides and back; also, the head or brain.
11. (n.) The part of a hat above the brim.
12. (n.) The part of a tooth which projects above the gum; also, the top or grinding surface of a tooth.
13. (n.) The vertex or top of an arch; -- applied generally to about one third of the curve, but in a pointed arch to the apex only.
14. (n.) Same as Corona.
15. (n.) That part of an anchor where the arms are joined to the shank.
16. (n.) The rounding, or rounded part, of the deck from a level line.
17. (n.) The bights formed by the several turns of a cable.
18. (n.) The upper range of facets in a rose diamond.
19. (n.) The dome of a furnace.
20. (n.) The area enclosed between two concentric perimeters.
21. (n.) A round spot shaved clean on the top of the head, as a mark of the clerical state; the tonsure.
22. (n.) A size of writing paper. See under Paper.
23. (n.) A coin stamped with the image of a crown; hence, a denomination of money; as, the English crown, a silver coin of the value of five shillings sterling, or a little more than USD1.20; the Danish or Norwegian crown, a money of account, etc., worth nearly twenty-seven cents.
24. (n.) An ornaments or decoration representing a crown; as, the paper is stamped with a crown.
25. (n.) To cover, decorate, or invest with a crown; hence, to invest with royal dignity and power.
26. (n.) To bestow something upon as a mark of honor, dignity, or recompense; to adorn; to dignify.
27. (n.) To form the topmost or finishing part of; to complete; to consummate; to perfect.
28. (n.) To cause to round upward; to make anything higher at the middle than at the edges, as the face of a machine pulley.
International Standard Bible EncyclopediaCROWN
kroun: The word crown in the Old Testament is a translation of five different Hebrew words, and in the New Testament of two Greek words. These express the several meanings, and must be examined to ascertain the same.
CROWN OF THORNS
thornz (akdnthinos stephanos): Three of the four evangelists mention the crown of thorns, wherewith the rude Roman soldiers derided the captive Christ (Matthew 27:29 Mark 15:17 John 19:2). All speak of the akanthine (Acanthus) crown, but there is no certainty about the peculiar plant, from the branches of which this crown of cruel mockery was plaited. The rabbinical books. mention no less than twenty-two words in the Bible signifying thorny plants, and the word akantha in the New Testament Greek is a generic and not a specific term. And this word or its adjective is used in the three Gospels, quoted above. It is therefore impossible definitely to determine what was the exact plant or tree, whose thorny branches were selected for this purpose. Tobler (Denkbl., 113, 179) inclines to the Spina Christi, as did Hasselquist. Its botanical name is Zizyphus Spina Christi, It is very common in the East. Its spines are small and sharp, its branches soft, round and pliable, and the leaves look like ivy, with a dark, shiny green color, making them therefore very adaptable to the purpose of the soldiers. Others have designated the Paliurus aculeatus or the Lycium horridum. Both Geikie (Life of Christ, 549) and Farrar (Life of Christ, note 625) point to the Nubk (Zizyphus lotus). Says the latter, "The Nubk struck me, as it has all travelers in Palestine, as being most suitable both for mockery and pain, since its leaves are bright and its thorns singularly strong. But though the Nubk is very common on the shores of Galilee, I saw none of it near Jerusalem." The settlement of the question is manifestly impossible.
Greek4735. stephanos -- that which surrounds, ie a crown
... that which surrounds, ie a crown. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration:
stephanos Phonetic Spelling: (stef'-an-os) Short Definition: a crown, garland ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4735.htm - 7k
1238. diadema -- a diadem, a crown
4737. stephanoo -- to crown
4736. Stephanos -- "crown," Stephen, the first Christian martyr
4725. stemma -- a wreath
262. amarantinos -- unfading
Strong's Hebrew6936. qodqod -- head, crown of the head
... 6935, 6936. qodqod. 6937 . head, crown of the head. Transliteration: qodqod
Phonetic Spelling: (kod-kode') Short Definition: head. ...
/hebrew/6936.htm - 6k
5850. atarah -- a crown, wreath
5145. nezer -- consecration, crown, Naziriteship
3804. kether -- a crown
5849b. atar -- to crown
5849. atar -- to surround
2213. zer -- circlet, border
6843. tsephirah -- a plait, chaplet, perhaps doom
3803. kathar -- to surround
3805. kothereth -- capital (of a pillar)
The Crown of Thorns
'Concerning the Crown'
Crown the Lord of Glory,
The Crown of Life
The Cross and Crown.
The Cross a Crown.
Crown the Lord of Glory,
30TH DAY. A Crown of Life.
A Crown Op Pride or a Crown of Glory
ThesaurusCrown (94 Occurrences)
... (2.) The more general name in Hebrew for a crown is 'atarah, meaning a "circlet ... Such
was the crown taken from the king of Ammon by David (2 Samuel 12:30). ...
/c/crown.htm - 58k
Diadem (9 Occurrences)
Thorns (56 Occurrences)
Crowned (14 Occurrences)
Apples (11 Occurrences)
Garland (6 Occurrences)
Head-dress (22 Occurrences)
Pate (1 Occurrence)
Circled (12 Occurrences)
Crowns (27 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceCrown (94 Occurrences)
Matthew 27:29 They braided a crown of thorns and put it on his head, and a reed in his right hand; and they kneeled down before him, and mocked him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!"
Mark 15:17 They clothed him with purple, and weaving a crown of thorns, they put it on him.
Luke 3:20 now added this to crown all the rest, that he threw John into prison.
John 19:2 The soldiers twisted thorns into a crown, and put it on his head, and dressed him in a purple garment.
John 19:5 Jesus therefore came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple garment. Pilate said to them, "Behold, the man!"
1 Corinthians 9:25 Every man who strives in the games exercises self-control in all things. Now they do it to receive a corruptible crown, but we an incorruptible.
Philippians 4:1 Therefore, my brothers, beloved and longed for, my joy and crown, so stand firm in the Lord, my beloved.
1 Thessalonians 2:19 For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? Isn't it even you, before our Lord Jesus at his coming?
2 Timothy 2:5 Also, if anyone competes in athletics, he isn't crowned unless he has competed by the rules.
2 Timothy 4:8 From now on, there is stored up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will give to me on that day; and not to me only, but also to all those who have loved his appearing.
Hebrews 2:7 You made him a little lower than the angels. You crowned him with glory and honor.
Hebrews 2:9 But we see him who has been made a little lower than the angels, Jesus, because of the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, that by the grace of God he should taste of death for everyone.
James 1:12 Blessed is the man who endures temptation, for when he has been approved, he will receive the crown of life, which the Lord promised to those who love him.
1 Peter 5:4 When the chief Shepherd is revealed, you will receive the crown of glory that doesn't fade away.
Revelation 2:10 Don't be afraid of the things which you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested; and you will have oppression for ten days. Be faithful to death, and I will give you the crown of life.
Revelation 3:11 I am coming quickly! Hold firmly that which you have, so that no one takes your crown.
Revelation 6:2 And behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it had a bow. A crown was given to him, and he came forth conquering, and to conquer.
Revelation 12:1 A great sign was seen in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars.
Revelation 14:14 I looked, and behold, a white cloud; and on the cloud one sitting like a son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle.
Genesis 49:26 The blessings of your father have prevailed above the blessings of your ancestors, above the boundaries of the ancient hills. They will be on the head of Joseph, on the crown of the head of him who is separated from his brothers.
Exodus 25:11 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt thou overlay it, and shalt make upon it a crown of gold round about.
Exodus 25:24 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, and make thereto a crown of gold round about.
Exodus 25:25 And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand breadth round about, and thou shalt make a golden crown to the border thereof round about.
Exodus 29:6 and you shall set the turban on his head, and put the holy crown on the turban.
Exodus 30:3 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, the top thereof, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns thereof; and thou shalt make unto it a crown of gold round about.
Exodus 30:4 And two golden rings shalt thou make to it under the crown of it, by the two corners thereof, upon the two sides of it shalt thou make it; and they shall be for places for the staves to bear it withal.
Exodus 37:2 And he overlaid it with pure gold within and without, and made a crown of gold to it round about.
Exodus 37:11 And he overlaid it with pure gold, and made thereunto a crown of gold round about.
Exodus 37:12 Also he made thereunto a border of an handbreadth round about; and made a crown of gold for the border thereof round about.
Exodus 37:26 And he overlaid it with pure gold, both the top of it, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns of it: also he made unto it a crown of gold round about.
Exodus 37:27 He made two golden rings for it under its molding crown, on its two ribs, on its two sides, for places for poles with which to carry it.
Exodus 39:30 They made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and wrote on it a writing, like the engravings of a signet: "HOLY TO YAHWEH."
Leviticus 8:9 He set the turban on his head; and on the turban, in front, he set the golden plate, the holy crown; as Yahweh commanded Moses.
Leviticus 21:12 neither shall he go out of the sanctuary, nor profane the sanctuary of his God; for the crown of the anointing oil of his God is upon him. I am Yahweh.
Deuteronomy 28:35 Yahweh will strike you in the knees, and in the legs, with a sore boil, of which you can not be healed, from the sole of your foot to the crown of your head.
Deuteronomy 33:16 for the precious things of the earth and its fullness, the good will of him who lived in the bush. Let the blessing come on the head of Joseph, On the crown of the head of him who was separate from his brothers.
Deuteronomy 33:20 Of Gad he said, "He who enlarges Gad is blessed. He dwells as a lioness, and tears the arm, yes, the crown of the head.
Judges 9:6 All the men of Shechem assembled themselves together, and all the house of Millo, and went and made Abimelech king, by the oak of the pillar that was in Shechem.
2 Samuel 1:10 So I stood beside him, and killed him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he had fallen. I took the crown that was on his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them here to my lord."
2 Samuel 12:30 He took the crown of their king from off his head; and its weight was a talent of gold, and in it were precious stones; and it was set on David's head. He brought forth the spoil of the city, exceeding much.
2 Samuel 14:25 Now in all Israel there was none to be so much praised as Absalom for his beauty: from the sole of his foot even to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him.
1 Kings 7:20 And there were crowns on the two pillars near the round part by the network, and there were two hundred apples in lines round every crown.
1 Kings 7:31 And the mouth of it within the crown and above was a cubit; and its mouth was rounded, as the work of the base, a cubit and a half; and also upon its mouth was sculpture; but their panels were square, not round.
2 Kings 11:12 Then he brought out the king's son, and put the crown on him, and gave him the testimony; and they made him king, and anointed him; and they clapped their hands, and said, "Long live the king!"
2 Kings 25:17 One of the pillars was eighteen cubits high, with a crown of brass on it; the crown was three cubits high, circled with a network and apples all of brass; and the second pillar had the same.
1 Chronicles 20:2 David took the crown of their king from off his head, and found it to weigh a talent of gold, and there were precious stones in it; and it was set on David's head: and he brought forth the spoil of the city, exceeding much.
2 Chronicles 23:11 Then they brought out the king's son, and put the crown on him, and gave him the testimony, and made him king: and Jehoiada and his sons anointed him; and they said, Long live the king.
Esther 1:11 to bring Vashti the queen before the king with the royal crown, to show the people and the princes her beauty; for she was beautiful.
Esther 2:17 The king loved Esther more than all the women, and she obtained favor and kindness in his sight more than all the virgins; so that he set the royal crown on her head, and made her queen instead of Vashti.
Esther 6:8 let royal clothing be brought which the king uses to wear, and the horse that the king rides on, and on the head of which a crown royal is set.
Esther 8:15 Mordecai went out of the presence of the king in royal clothing of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a robe of fine linen and purple; and the city of Susa shouted and was glad.
Job 2:7 So went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his crown.
Job 19:9 He has stripped me of my glory, and taken the crown from my head.
Job 31:36 Surely I would carry it on my shoulder; and I would bind it to me as a crown.
Psalms 7:16 The trouble he causes shall return to his own head. His violence shall come down on the crown of his own head.
Psalms 8:5 For you have made him a little lower than God, and crowned him with glory and honor.
Psalms 21:3 For you meet him with the blessings of goodness. You set a crown of fine gold on his head.
Psalms 65:11 You crown the year with your bounty. Your carts overflow with abundance.
Psalms 68:21 Only -- God doth smite The head of His enemies, The hairy crown of a habitual walker in his guilt.
Psalms 89:19 Then your voice came to your holy one in a vision, saying, I have put the crown on a strong one, lifting up one taken from among the people.
Psalms 89:39 You have renounced the covenant of your servant. You have defiled his crown in the dust.
Psalms 132:18 I will clothe his enemies with shame, but on himself, his crown will be resplendent."
Psalms 142:7 Bring my soul out of prison, That I may give thanks unto thy name: The righteous shall compass me about; For thou wilt deal bountifully with me.
Psalms 149:4 For Yahweh takes pleasure in his people. He crowns the humble with salvation.
Proverbs 1:9 For they will be a crown of grace for your head, and chain-ornaments about your neck.
Proverbs 4:9 She will give to your head a garland of grace. She will deliver a crown of splendor to you."
Proverbs 10:6 Blessings are on the head of the upright, but the face of sinners will be covered with sorrow.
Proverbs 12:4 A worthy woman is the crown of her husband, but a disgraceful wife is as rottenness in his bones.
Proverbs 14:24 The crown of the wise is their riches, but the folly of fools crowns them with folly.
Proverbs 16:31 Gray hair is a crown of glory. It is attained by a life of righteousness.
Proverbs 17:6 Children's children are the crown of old men; the glory of children are their parents.
Proverbs 27:24 for riches are not forever, nor does even the crown endure to all generations.
Song of Songs 3:11 Go forth, you daughters of Zion, and see king Solomon, with the crown with which his mother has crowned him, in the day of his weddings, in the day of the gladness of his heart.
Isaiah 3:17 therefore the Lord brings sores on the crown of the head of the women of Zion, and Yahweh will make their scalps bald."
Isaiah 28:1 Woe to the crown of pride of the drunkards of Ephraim, and to the fading flower of his glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fertile valley of those who are overcome with wine!
Isaiah 28:3 The crown of pride of the drunkards of Ephraim will be trodden under foot.
Isaiah 28:5 In that day, Yahweh of Armies will become a crown of glory, and a diadem of beauty, to the residue of his people;
Isaiah 35:10 Even those whom he has made free, will come back again; they will come with songs to Zion; on their heads will be eternal joy; delight and joy will be theirs, and sorrow and sounds of grief will be gone for ever.
Isaiah 51:11 Those whom the Lord has made free will come back with songs to Zion; and on their heads will be eternal joy: delight and joy will be theirs, and sorrow and sounds of grief will be gone for ever.
Isaiah 61:3 To give them a fair head-dress in place of dust, the oil of joy in place of the clothing of grief, praise in place of sorrow; so that they may be named trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, and so that he may have glory.
Isaiah 62:3 You shall also be a crown of beauty in the hand of Yahweh, and a royal diadem in the hand of your God.
Jeremiah 2:16 The children also of Memphis and Tahpanhes have broken the crown of your head.
Jeremiah 7:29 Cut off thy crown, and cast 'it' away, And lift up on high places lamentation, For Jehovah hath rejected, And He leaveth the generation of His wrath.
Jeremiah 13:18 Say to the king and to the queen mother, Humble yourselves, sit down; for your headdresses have come down, even the crown of your glory.
Jeremiah 48:45 Those who fled stand without strength under the shadow of Heshbon; for a fire is gone forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and has devoured the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.
Jeremiah 52:22 And there was a crown of brass on it: the crown was five cubits high, circled with a network and apples all of brass; and the second pillar had the same.
Lamentations 2:15 All who go by make a noise with their hands at you; they make hisses, shaking their heads at the daughter of Jerusalem, and saying, Is this the town which was the crown of everything beautiful, the joy of all the earth?
Lamentations 5:16 The crown is fallen from our head: Woe to us! for we have sinned.
Ezekiel 16:12 I put a ring on your nose, and earrings in your ears, and a beautiful crown on your head.
Ezekiel 21:26 thus says the Lord Yahweh: Remove the turban, and take off the crown; this shall be no more the same; exalt that which is low, and abase that which is high.
Ezekiel 23:42 The voice of a multitude being at ease was with her: and with men of the common sort were brought drunkards from the wilderness; and they put bracelets on the hands of them twain, and beautiful crowns on their heads.
Zechariah 6:11 Yes, take silver and gold, and make crowns, and set them on the head of Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest;
Zechariah 6:14 The crowns shall be to Helem, and to Tobijah, and to Jedaiah, and to Hen the son of Zephaniah, for a memorial in the temple of Yahweh.
Zechariah 9:16 Yahweh their God will save them in that day as the flock of his people; for they are like the jewels of a crown, lifted on high over his land.
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