Hosea 10:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Their heart is deceitful, and now they must bear their guilt. The LORD will demolish their altars and destroy their sacred stones.

New Living Translation
The hearts of the people are fickle; they are guilty and must be punished. The LORD will break down their altars and smash their sacred pillars.

English Standard Version
Their heart is false; now they must bear their guilt. The LORD will break down their altars and destroy their pillars.

New American Standard Bible
Their heart is faithless; Now they must bear their guilt. The LORD will break down their altars And destroy their sacred pillars.

King James Bible
Their heart is divided; now shall they be found faulty: he shall break down their altars, he shall spoil their images.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Their hearts are devious; now they must bear their guilt. The LORD will break down their altars and demolish their sacred pillars.

International Standard Version
Their hearts are divided; from now on they are to be found guilty. God will tear down their altars, he will destroy their stone idols.

NET Bible
Their heart is slipping; soon they will be punished for their guilt. The LORD will break their altars; he will completely destroy their fertility pillars.

New Heart English Bible
Their heart is divided. Now they will be found guilty. He will demolish their altars. He will destroy their sacred stones.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They are hypocrites. Now they must take their punishment. God will tear down their altars and destroy their stone markers.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Their heart is divided; Now shall they bear their guilt; He will break down their altars, He will spoil their pillars.

New American Standard 1977
Their heart is faithless;
            Now they must bear their guilt.
            The LORD will break down their altars
            And destroy their sacred pillars.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Their heart has wandered; now they shall be found guilty: he shall break down their altars, he shall destroy their statues.

King James 2000 Bible
Their heart is divided; now shall they be found guilty: he shall break down their altars, he shall ruin their images.

American King James Version
Their heart is divided; now shall they be found faulty: he shall break down their altars, he shall spoil their images.

American Standard Version
Their heart is divided; now shall they be found guilty: he will smite their altars, he will destroy their pillars.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Their heart is divided: now they shall perish: he shall break down their idols, he shall destroy their altars.

Darby Bible Translation
Their heart is divided; now shall they be found guilty: he will break down their altars, he will destroy their statues.

English Revised Version
Their heart is divided; now shall they be found guilty: he shall smite their altars, he shall spoil their pillars.

Webster's Bible Translation
Their heart is divided; now shall they be found faulty: he shall break down their altars, he shall spoil their images.

World English Bible
Their heart is divided. Now they will be found guilty. He will demolish their altars. He will destroy their sacred stones.

Young's Literal Translation
Their heart hath been divided, now they are guilty, He doth break down their altars, He doth destroy their standing-pillars.
Study Bible
Retribution for Israel's Sin
1Israel is a luxuriant vine; He produces fruit for himself. The more his fruit, The more altars he made; The richer his land, The better he made the sacred pillars. 2Their heart is faithless; Now they must bear their guilt. The LORD will break down their altars And destroy their sacred pillars. 3Surely now they will say, "We have no king, For we do not revere the LORD. As for the king, what can he do for us?"…
Cross References
1 Kings 18:21
Elijah came near to all the people and said, "How long will you hesitate between two opinions? If the LORD is God, follow Him; but if Baal, follow him." But the people did not answer him a word.

Hosea 3:4
For the sons of Israel will remain for many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred pillar and without ephod or household idols.

Hosea 10:8
Also the high places of Aven, the sin of Israel, will be destroyed; Thorn and thistle will grow on their altars; Then they will say to the mountains, "Cover us!" And to the hills, "Fall on us!"

Hosea 12:11
Is there iniquity in Gilead? Surely they are worthless. In Gilgal they sacrifice bulls, Yes, their altars are like the stone heaps Beside the furrows of the field.

Hosea 13:16
Samaria will be held guilty, For she has rebelled against her God. They will fall by the sword, Their little ones will be dashed in pieces, And their pregnant women will be ripped open.

Micah 5:13
"I will cut off your carved images And your sacred pillars from among you, So that you will no longer bow down To the work of your hands.

Zephaniah 1:5
"And those who bow down on the housetops to the host of heaven, And those who bow down and swear to the LORD and yet swear by Milcom,
Treasury of Scripture

Their heart is divided; now shall they be found faulty: he shall break down their altars, he shall spoil their images.

Their heart is divided. or, He hath divided their heart.

Hosea 7:8 Ephraim, he has mixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a cake not turned.

1 Kings 18:21 And Elijah came to all the people, and said, How long halt you between …

Isaiah 44:18 They have not known nor understood: for he has shut their eyes, that …

Zephaniah 1:5 And them that worship the host of heaven on the housetops; and them …

Matthew 6:24 No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and …

Luke 16:13 No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, …

2 Thessalonians 2:11,12 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they …

James 1:8 A double minded man is unstable in all his ways.

James 4:4 You adulterers and adulteresses, know you not that the friendship …

1 John 2:15 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If …

Revelation 3:15,16 I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot: I would you …

break down. Heb. behead.

Hosea 10:5-8 The inhabitants of Samaria shall fear because of the calves of Bethaven: …

Hosea 8:5,6 Your calf, O Samaria, has cast you off; my anger is kindled against …

1 Samuel 5:4 And when they arose early on the morrow morning, behold, Dagon was …

Jeremiah 43:13 He shall break also the images of Bethshemesh, that is in the land of Egypt…

Micah 5:13 Your graven images also will I cut off, and your standing images …

Zechariah 13:2 And it shall come to pass in that day, said the LORD of hosts, that …

(2) Their heart is divided is the rendering of the LXX., Raschi, Aben-Ezra, and most ancient versions. But modern expositors prefer to translate "Their heart is treacherous (smooth)." The rest of the verse should run thus:--Now shall they suffer punishment. He shall break (the horns of) their altars; he shall destroy their pillars.

Verse 2. - Their heart is divided. Here their wickedness is traced to its fountainhead; its source was in the corrupt state of the heart. Their heart was

(1) divided, and so they halted between two opinions - between the worship of Jehovah and idolatry. Chalaq is taken in this signification by the Chaldee, Syriac, Septuagint, and Jerome, as also by the Hebrew commentators. The LXX. have

(a) ἐμέρισεν in the singular, which affords some support to Hitzig's rendering, "He (God)divided their heart," - but this is unsuitable and unscriptural; another

(b) reading of the same version is ἐμέρισαν, "They have divided their hearts," which is somewhat better, yet incorrect.

(c) The Authorized Version is also questionable, as the verb is not used intransitively in Qal.

(2) Kimchi, indeed, understands chalaq as equivalent to niehloq in the Niphal, and interprets, "From the fear of God and from his Law their heart is divided," i.e. separated; similarly Rashi: "Their heart is divided from me;" Aben Ezra somewhat peculiarly, though to the same purport: "They (their heart) has not one part (but several),"or is divided. But, notwithstanding this consensus in favor of the meaning of "divide," the rendering preferred, and justly so, by modern expositors in general, is "smooth." This is, indeed, the primary sense, that of "divide" being secondary, as division was made by lot or a smooth stone, cheleq, used for the purpose.

(3) "Their heart is smooth," that is, bland, deceitful, hypocritical; though it must be admitted that the word is mostly applied to the tongue, lip, throat, mouth, speech, and not to the heart. Their heart was hypocritical and faithless. Now shall they be found faulty; rather, they shall be dealt with as such, or punished; better still, perhaps, is the rendering, now shall they atone. The "now" defines sharply the turning-point between God's love and God's wrath. The state of things hitherto existing cannot continue; it must soon come to an end. Ere long they are doomed to discover their guilt in its punishment; they shall find out their sin by suffering; suddenly and to their cost they shall have a fearful awaking to a sense of their iniquity by the inflictions of Divine wrath upon their guilty heads. He shall break down their altars, he shall spoil their images. The verb עדפ is peculiar; being a denominative from ערֶפ, the neck, it signifies "to break the neck of," like the Greek τραχηλίζειν, decollate, then figuratively "tear down," "break in pieces." This bold expression of breaking the neck of the altars may allude to their destruction by breaking off the horns of the altars, or rather to their beheading, cutting off the heads of victims at those altars. The Hebrew expositors make the heart of the people, not God, the immediate object of the verb. "Their heart," says one of them, "shall tear down their altars and lay waste their pillars, because it is divided from me. It will tear down their altars which they are said also to have multiplied, and lay waste their pillars which they made so goodly." The means of sinning shall be taken from them and destroyed - their altars broken down and their images spoiled. As the heads of victims had been cut off at these altars erected for idolatrous worship; so the heads of their altars would be broken off. Their heart is divided,.... Some say from Hoshea their king, who would have reformed them from their idolatry, and returned them to the true worship of God; but of that there is no proof; better from one another, their affections being alienated from each other, by their discords and animosities, their conspiracies against their kings, and the murders of them, and the civil wars among themselves; they also not being of one mind, but disagreeing in their sentiments about their idols; some being for one, and some for another: or rather from God himself, from the fear of him, from his worship and service; or from the law, as the Targum; or their hearts were divided between God and their idols, as in Ahab's time between God and Baal; they pretended to worship God when they worshipped the calves, and so shared the service between them; or it may be rendered, "their heart flatters" (r) them; as if they had done that which was right and good, and were guilty of no evil, nor would any punishment be inflicted on them:

now shall they be found faulty; be convicted of their sin and folly, and appear guilty; when they shall be punished for their idolatry, and their idols not able to save them, as the destruction of them next mentioned will fully evince: or, "now shall they become desolate" (s) their land shall be desolate, and they carried captive:

he shall break down their altars, he shall spoil their images: that is, the king of Assyria shall do all this, or God by him: or, "behead their altars" (t); take off the top of them, as the Targum; the horns of them, which might be made of gold, or other ornaments which were of value; and therefore became the plunder of the enemy; and who also would break in pieces their images, for the sake of the metal, gold or silver, of which they were made; as was usually done by conquerors, and to show their entire power over the conquered, that even their gods could not deliver them out of their hands.

(r) "adblanditur cor eorum", Schmidt. (s) "nunc desolabuntur", Pagninus, Montanus, Munster, Drusius; so Kimchi and Ben Melech. (t) "decollabit", Drusius, Piscator, Tarnovius, De Dieu; "decervicabit", Cocceius. 2. heart … divided—(1Ki 18:21; Mt 6:24; Jas 4:8).

now—that is, soon.

he—Jehovah.

break down—"cut off," namely the heads of the victims. Those altars, which were the scene of cutting off the victims' heads, shall be themselves cut off.10:1-8 A vine is only valuable for its fruit; but Israel now brought no fruit to perfection. Their hearts were divided. God is the Sovereign of the heart; he will have all, or none. Were the stream of the heart wholly after God, it would run strongly, and bear down all before it. Their pretences to covenant with God were false. Even the proceeding of justice was as poisonous hemlock. Alas, how empty a vine is the visible church even at this day! But all earthly prosperity is but a collection of bubbles, soon destroyed like foam upon the water. Sinners will in vain seek shelter from that Judge, whom they now despise as a Saviour.
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