Hosea 6:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Also for you, Judah, a harvest is appointed. "Whenever I would restore the fortunes of my people,

New Living Translation
"O Judah, a harvest of punishment is also waiting for you, though I wanted to restore the fortunes of my people.

English Standard Version
For you also, O Judah, a harvest is appointed. When I restore the fortunes of my people,

New American Standard Bible
Also, O Judah, there is a harvest appointed for you, When I restore the fortunes of My people.

King James Bible
Also, O Judah, he hath set an harvest for thee, when I returned the captivity of my people.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A harvest is also appointed for you, Judah. When I return My people from captivity,

International Standard Version
"So, Judah, a harvest has been appointed for you when I restore my people from captivity."

NET Bible
I have appointed a time to reap judgment for you also, O Judah! If Israel Would Repent of Sin, God Would Relent of Judgment Whenever I want to restore the fortunes of my people,

New Heart English Bible
"For you also, Judah, there is a harvest appointed for you, when I restore the fortunes of my people.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Yet, Judah, I have set a harvest time for you when I bring my people back from captivity.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Also, O Judah, there is a harvest appointed for thee! When I would turn the captivity of My people,

New American Standard 1977
Also, O Judah, there is a harvest appointed for you,
            When I restore the fortunes of My people.



Jubilee Bible 2000
Also, Judah placed a plant in thee when I had turned the captivity of my people.

King James 2000 Bible
Also, O Judah, he has appointed a harvest for you, when I return the captives of my people.

American King James Version
Also, O Judah, he has set an harvest for you, when I returned the captivity of my people.

American Standard Version
Also, O Judah, there is a harvest appointed for thee, when I bring back the captivity of my people.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou also, O Juda, set thee a harvest, when I shall bring back captivity of my people.

Darby Bible Translation
Also, for thee, Judah, is a harvest appointed, when I shall turn again the captivity of my people.

English Revised Version
Also, O Judah, there is an harvest appointed for thee, when I bring again the captivity of my people.

Webster's Bible Translation
Also, O Judah, he hath set a harvest for thee, when I returned the captivity of my people.

World English Bible
"Also, Judah, there is a harvest appointed for you, when I restore the fortunes of my people.

Young's Literal Translation
Also, O Judah, appointed is a harvest to thee, In My turning back to the captivity of My people!

Study Bible
Israel and Judah are Unrepentant
10In the house of Israel I have seen a horrible thing; Ephraim's harlotry is there, Israel has defiled itself. 11Also, O Judah, there is a harvest appointed for you, When I restore the fortunes of My people.
Cross References
Psalm 85:1
For the choir director. A Psalm of the sons of Korah. O LORD, You showed favor to Your land; You restored the captivity of Jacob.

Psalm 126:1
A Song of Ascents. When the LORD brought back the captive ones of Zion, We were like those who dream.

Jeremiah 51:33
For thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: "The daughter of Babylon is like a threshing floor At the time it is stamped firm; Yet in a little while the time of harvest will come for her."

Joel 3:13
Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, tread, for the wine press is full; The vats overflow, for their wickedness is great.

Zephaniah 2:7
And the coast will be For the remnant of the house of Judah, They will pasture on it. In the houses of Ashkelon they will lie down at evening; For the LORD their God will care for them And restore their fortune.
Treasury of Scripture

Also, O Judah, he has set an harvest for you, when I returned the captivity of my people.

he hath.

Jeremiah 51:33 For thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; The daughter …

Joel 3:13 Put you in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; …

Micah 4:12 But they know not the thoughts of the LORD, neither understand they …

Revelation 14:15 And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice …

when.

Job 42:10 And the LORD turned the captivity of Job, when he prayed for his …

Psalm 126:1 When the LORD turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them that dream.

Zephaniah 2:7 And the coast shall be for the remnant of the house of Judah; they …

(11) An harvest.--The harvest is not of joy, but of sorrow and affliction, befalling Judah, like Israel, for her sins: a contrast to the usual accompaniments of the season when the Feast of Tabernacles was celebrated (Deuteronomy 12:13-16; Leviticus 23:40; Psalm 126:5-6). In regard of the last clause of the verse, "when I turn the captivity of my people," it is best to unite it with the succeeding chapter. (So Ewald, Reuss, &c.) Some writers (as recently, Nowack) explain the Hebrew word for captivity by a different etymology, and here interpret "destiny," or "fate." The full turning of the captivity cannot be realised till Ephraim and Judah accept the Christ.

Verse 11. - Also, O Judah, he hath set an harvest for thee. The subject of shath is the indeterminate third person, like the French on, and our "they" or "one." The third person singular masculine, the third person plural, the second person singular masculine, and the passive voice are all used in this way. So here it is: "One hath appointed (set) a harvest for thee," or "a harvest is appointed for thee." The harvest is either recompense or retribution, and thus it is either good or evil, for as a man sows he maps. The context shows that the reaping here is punishment. Judah had sinned like Israel; and, in the case of both, a seed-time of sin produced a harvest of suffering and sorrow. When I returned (better, return, or, restore) the captivity of my people. The restoration here mentioned is thought

(1) by some to be the bringing back of the captives; but

(2) Keil and others, with good reason, understand it to be turning of the captivity, and that figuratively, that is to say, the restoration of his people's well-being. The shebhuth is the misery of the Hebrew people; the shubh shebhuth, recovery end restoration of them to their true destroy, But this necessitates a previous purification by punishment: with this Judah, as well as Israel, shall be visited. It is as though God said, "Let not Judah claim superiority over Israel, nor expect to escape Divine judgment more than Israel. Each reaps what he sows. When Israel has received the deserved chastisement, Judah's turn shall then come also." The "turning of captivity" is a formula denoting the restoration of the lost fortune or well-being of a people or person; thus Job 42:10, "And the Lord turned the captivity of Job."



Also, O Judah, he hath set an harvest for thee,.... That is, God hath set and appointed a time of wrath and vengeance for thee, which is sometimes signified by a harvest, Revelation 14:15; because thou hast been guilty of idolatry also, as well as Ephraim or the ten tribes: or rather it may be rendered, "but, O Judah" (h), he, that is, God, hath set an harvest for thee; appointed a time of joy and gladness, as a time of harvest is:

when I returned, or "return" (i),

the captivity of my people; the people of Judah from the Babylonish captivity; so that here is a prophecy both of their captivity, and of their return from it: and it may be applied unto their return from their spiritual captivity to sin, Satan, and the law, through the Gospel of Christ and his apostles, first published in Judea, by means of which there was a large harvest of souls gathered in, and was an occasion of great joy.

(h) "sed", V. L. Munster, Grotius. (i) "cum ego reduco", Calvin. 11. an harvest—namely, of judgments (as in Jer 51:33; Joe 3:13; Re 14:15). Called a "harvest" because it is the fruit of the seed which Judah herself had sown (Ho 8:7; 10:12; Job 4:8; Pr 22:8). Judah, under Ahaz, lost a hundred twenty thousand "slain in one day (by Israel under Pekah), because they had forsaken the Lord God of their fathers."

when I returned the captivity of my people—when I, by Oded My prophet, caused two hundred thousand women, sons, and daughters, of Judah to be restored from captivity by Israel (2Ch 28:6-15). This prophecy was delivered under Pekah [Ludovicus De Dieu]. Maurer explains, When Israel shall have been exiled for its sins, and has been subsequently restored by Me, thou, Judah, also shalt be exiled for thine. But as Judah's punishment was not at the time when God restored Israel, Ludovicus De Dieu's explanation must be taken. Grotius translates, "When I shall have returned to make captive (that is, when I shall have again made captive) My people." The first captivity of Israel under Tiglath-pileser was followed by a second under Shalmaneser. Then came the siege of Jerusalem, and the capture of the fenced cities of Judah, by Sennacherib, the forerunner of other attacks, ending in Judah's captivity. But the Hebrew is elsewhere used of restoration, not renewed punishment (De 30:3; Ps 14:7). 6:4-11 Sometimes Israel and Judah seemed disposed to repent under their sufferings, but their goodness vanished like the empty morning cloud, and the early dew, and they were as vile as ever. Therefore the Lord sent awful messages by the prophets. The word of God will be the death either of the sin or of the sinner. God desired mercy rather than sacrifice, and that knowledge of him which produces holy fear and love. This exposes the folly of those who trust in outward observances, to make up for their want of love to God and man. As Adam broke the covenant of God in paradise, so Israel had broken his national covenant, notwithstanding all the favours they received. Judah also was ripe for Divine judgments. May the Lord put his fear into our hearts, and set up his kingdom within us, and never leave us to ourselves, nor suffer us to be overcome by temptation.
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