Jeremiah 20:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
he had Jeremiah the prophet beaten and put in the stocks at the Upper Gate of Benjamin at the LORD's temple.

New Living Translation
So he arrested Jeremiah the prophet and had him whipped and put in stocks at the Benjamin Gate of the LORD's Temple.

English Standard Version
Then Pashhur beat Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the upper Benjamin Gate of the house of the LORD.

New American Standard Bible
Pashhur had Jeremiah the prophet beaten and put him in the stocks that were at the upper Benjamin Gate, which was by the house of the LORD.

King James Bible
Then Pashur smote Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the high gate of Benjamin, which was by the house of the LORD.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Pashhur had Jeremiah the prophet beaten and put him in the stocks at the Upper Benjamin Gate in the LORD's temple.

International Standard Version
Pashhur struck Jeremiah the prophet and put him in the stocks that were at the upper Benjamin Gate of the Temple.

NET Bible
When he heard Jeremiah's prophecy, he had the prophet flogged. Then he put him in the stocks which were at the Upper Gate of Benjamin in the LORD's temple.

New Heart English Bible
Then Pashhur struck Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the upper gate of Benjamin, which was in the house of the LORD.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Pashhur struck the prophet Jeremiah and put him in prison at Upper Benjamin Gate that was in the LORD's temple.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then Pashhur smote Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the upper gate of Benjamin, which was in the house of the LORD.

New American Standard 1977
Pashhur had Jeremiah the prophet beaten, and put him in the stocks that were at the upper Benjamin Gate, which was by the house of the LORD.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then Pashur smote Jeremiah the prophet and put him in the stocks that were at the gate of Benjamin on the high place, which is in the house of the LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
Then Pashhur struck Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the high gate of Benjamin, which was by the house of the LORD.

American King James Version
Then Pashur smote Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the high gate of Benjamin, which was by the house of the LORD.

American Standard Version
Then Pashhur smote Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the upper gate of Benjamin, which was in the house of Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Phassur struck Jeremias the prophet, and put him in the stocks, that were in the upper gate of Benjamin, in the house of the Lord.

Darby Bible Translation
And Pashur smote Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the upper gate of Benjamin, which was in the house of Jehovah.

English Revised Version
Then Pashhur smote Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the upper gate of Benjamin, which was in the house of the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then Pashur struck Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the high gate of Benjamin, which was by the house of the LORD.

World English Bible
Then Pashhur struck Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the upper gate of Benjamin, which was in the house of Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
and Pashhur smiteth Jeremiah the prophet, and putteth him unto the stocks, that are by the high gate of Benjamin, that is by the house of Jehovah.
Study Bible
Pashhur Persecutes Jeremiah
1When Pashhur the priest, the son of Immer, who was chief officer in the house of the LORD, heard Jeremiah prophesying these things, 2Pashhur had Jeremiah the prophet beaten and put him in the stocks that were at the upper Benjamin Gate, which was by the house of the LORD. 3On the next day, when Pashhur released Jeremiah from the stocks, Jeremiah said to him, "Pashhur is not the name the LORD has called you, but rather Magor-missabib.…
Cross References
Acts 16:24
On receiving this order, he placed them in the inner cell and fastened their feet in the stocks.

Hebrews 11:36
Still others endured mocking and flogging, and even chains and imprisonment.

1 Kings 22:27
and say, 'Thus says the king, "Put this man in prison and feed him sparingly with bread and water until I return safely."'"

2 Chronicles 16:10
Then Asa was angry with the seer and put him in prison, for he was enraged at him for this. And Asa oppressed some of the people at the same time.

2 Chronicles 18:23
Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near and struck Micaiah on the cheek and said, "How did the Spirit of the LORD pass from me to speak to you?"

2 Chronicles 24:21
So they conspired against him and at the command of the king they stoned him to death in the court of the house of the LORD.

Job 13:27
"You put my feet in the stocks And watch all my paths; You set a limit for the soles of my feet,

Job 33:11
'He puts my feet in the stocks; He watches all my paths.'

Jeremiah 1:19
"They will fight against you, but they will not overcome you, for I am with you to deliver you," declares the LORD.

Jeremiah 29:26
"The LORD has made you priest instead of Jehoiada the priest, to be the overseer in the house of the LORD over every madman who prophesies, to put him in the stocks and in the iron collar,
Treasury of Scripture

Then Pashur smote Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the high gate of Benjamin, which was by the house of the LORD.

smote.

Jeremiah 1:19 And they shall fight against you; but they shall not prevail against …

Jeremiah 19:14,15 Then came Jeremiah from Tophet, where the LORD had sent him to prophesy; …

Jeremiah 26:8 Now it came to pass, when Jeremiah had made an end of speaking all …

Jeremiah 29:26 The LORD has made you priest in the stead of Jehoiada the priest, …

Jeremiah 36:26 But the king commanded Jerahmeel the son of Hammelech, and Seraiah …

Jeremiah 37:15,16 Why the princes were wroth with Jeremiah, and smote him, and put …

Jeremiah 38:6 Then took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malchiah …

1 Kings 22:27 And say, Thus said the king, Put this fellow in the prison, and feed …

2 Chronicles 16:10 Then Asa was wroth with the seer, and put him in a prison house; …

2 Chronicles 24:21 And they conspired against him, and stoned him with stones at the …

Amos 7:10-13 Then Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent to Jeroboam king of Israel, saying…

Matthew 5:10-12 Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for …

Matthew 21:35 And the farmers took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, …

Matthew 23:34-37 Why, behold, I send to you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and …

Acts 4:3 And they laid hands on them, and put them in hold to the next day: …

Acts 5:18,40 And laid their hands on the apostles, and put them in the common prison…

Acts 7:52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they …

Acts 16:22-24 And the multitude rose up together against them: and the magistrates …

Hebrews 11:36,37 And others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings, yes, moreover …

Revelation 2:10 Fear none of those things which you shall suffer: behold, the devil …

Revelation 17:6 And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with …

the stocks. Hammahpecheth, to overturn, subvert, distort, generally denotes an overthrow, and seems to signify here a sort of stocks, by which the limbs were distorted unto uneasy postures. So the Chaldee, keephtha and Jerome, nervus, which he explains in his comment as 'a kind of wooden fetter, into which the feet were thrust, {vinculi lignei genus, cui pedes inseruntur.} Some learned men understand it as merely signifying a place of confinement, or house of correction; but the word is never used for any of the prisons into which the prophet was afterwards cast; and the punishment seems to have been public and ignominious.

in the high.

Jeremiah 37:13 And when he was in the gate of Benjamin, a captain of the ward was …

Jeremiah 38:7 Now when Ebedmelech the Ethiopian, one of the eunuchs which was in …

Zechariah 14:10 All the land shall be turned as a plain from Geba to Rimmon south …

(2) Then Pashur smote Jeremiah the prophet.--It is the first time that he has been so described, the office to which he was called being apparently named to emphasise the outrage which had been inflicted on him. Other prophets had, under Ahab or Manasseh, been slain with the sword, but none, so far as we know (with the one exception of Hanani the seer in 2Chronicles 16:10), had ever before been subjected to an ignominious punishment such as this. It was so far analogous to the outrage against which St. Paul protested in Acts 23:2-3. The word "smote" implies a blow struck with the priest's own hands rather than the infliction of the legal punishment of forty stripes save one (Deuteronomy 25:3). The English word "stocks" expresses adequately enough the instrument of torture which, like the nervus of Roman punishment, kept the body (as in Acts 16:24) in a crooked and painful position. The word here used occurs in the Hebrew of 2Chronicles 16:10, as above, and in Jeremiah 29:26, but the A. V. there renders it as "prison-house." In that humiliating position the prophet was left for the whole night in one of the most conspicuous places of the city, the temple-gate of Benjamin (the upper gate) on the northern side of the inner court, probably the higher or northern gate of Ezekiel 8:3; Ezekiel 8:5; Ezekiel 9:2.

Verse 2. - Pashur, being charged with the police of the temple, smites Jeremiah, i.e. causes stripes to be given him (a legal punishment, Deuteronomy 25:3; comp. 2 Corinthians 11:24), and then orders him to be put into the stocks; literally, that which distorts - some instrument of punishment which held the body in a bent or crooked position (comp. Jeremiah 29:26). The "stocks" were sometimes kept in a special house (2 Chronicles 16:10); these mentioned here, however, apparently stood in public, at the high - or rather, upper - gate of Benjamin, which was by - or, at - the house of the Lord. The gate, then, was one of the temple gates, and is called "the upper" to distinguish it from one of the city gates which bore the same name (Jeremiah 37:13; Jeremiah 38:7). It is presumably the same which is called "the new gate of the Lord's house" (Jeremiah 26:10; Jeremiah 36:10), as having been comparatively lately built (2 Kings 15:35). Then Pashur smote Jeremiah the prophet,.... Either with his fist, or with a rod, while he was prophesying, to stop his mouth, and hinder him from going on, and to show his resentment, and influence, the people not to believe him; or he ordered him to be smitten and scourged by some inferior officer. This was very ill treatment of a prophet, a prophet of the Lord, and one that was a priest too, of the same order with himself;

and put him in the stocks; or ordered him to be put there; but whether it was such an engine or instrument as we call "stocks", in which the feet of prisoners are put, is not certain. Kimchi's father says, it was an instrument made of two pieces of wood, in which the necks of prisoners were put; and some say it had besides two holes for the two hands to be put in; and so the same with our "pillory". The Septuagint render it "a cataract", a ditch or dungeon. Jarchi interprets it a prison; and so our translators render the word in Jeremiah 29:26; however, it was a place of confinement, if not of torture and pain;

that were in the high gate of Benjamin; here were these stocks, pillory, or prison; which was either a gate of the city of Jerusalem, so called, because it looked towards and led out to the tribe of Benjamin, Jeremiah 37:13; or a gate of the temple, which stood on that side of it that belonged to the tribe of Benjamin; both the city and temple being partly in the tribe of Judah, and partly in the tribe of Benjamin; and it seems by this that there was an upper and lower gate of this name; and the following clause seems to incline to this sense:

which was by the house of the Lord; or, "in the house of the Lord" (w); the temple.

(w) "in domo Jehovae", Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus, Piscator, Cocceius, Schmidt. 2. The fact that Pashur was of the same order and of the same family as Jeremiah aggravates the indignity of the blow (1Ki 22:24; Mt 26:67).

stocks—an instrument of torture with five holes, in which the neck, two hands, and two feet were thrust, the body being kept in a crooked posture (Jer 29:26). From a Hebrew root, to "turn," or "rack." This marks Pashur's cruelty.

high—that is, the upper gate (2Ki 15:35).

gate of Benjamin—a gate in the temple wall, corresponding to the gate of Benjamin, properly so called, in the city wall, in the direction of the territory of Benjamin (Jer 7:2; 37:13; 38:7). The temple gate of Benjamin, being on a lofty position, was called "the high gate," to distinguish it from the city wall gate of Benjamin.20:1-6 Pashur smote Jeremiah, and put him in the stocks. Jeremiah was silent till God put a word into his mouth. To confirm this, Pashur has a name given him, Fear on every side. It speaks a man not only in distress, but in despair; not only in danger, but in fear on every side. The wicked are in great fear where no fear is, for God can make the most daring sinner a terror to himself. And those who will not hear of their faults from God's prophets, shall be made to hear them from their consciences. Miserable is the man thus made a terror to himself. His friends shall fail him. God lets him live miserably, that he may be a monument of Divine justice.
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