Psalm 18:43
Parallel Verses
New International Version
You have delivered me from the attacks of the people; you have made me the head of nations. People I did not know now serve me,

New Living Translation
You gave me victory over my accusers. You appointed me ruler over nations; people I don't even know now serve me.

English Standard Version
You delivered me from strife with the people; you made me the head of the nations; people whom I had not known served me.

New American Standard Bible
You have delivered me from the contentions of the people; You have placed me as head of the nations; A people whom I have not known serve me.

King James Bible
Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people; and thou hast made me the head of the heathen: a people whom I have not known shall serve me.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You have freed me from the feuds among the people; You have appointed me the head of nations; a people I had not known serve me.

International Standard Version
You rescued me from conflict with the people; you made me head of the nations. People who did not know me will serve me.

NET Bible
You rescue me from a hostile army; you make me a leader of nations; people over whom I had no authority are now my subjects.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You will deliver me from the judgments of the people and you will make me Leader to the nations; a people that I have not known will serve me.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You rescued me from my conflicts with the people. You made me the leader of nations. A people I did not know will serve me:

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people; and thou hast made me the head of the Gentiles: a people whom I did not know served me.

King James 2000 Bible
You have delivered me from the strivings of the people; and you have made me the head of the nations: a people whom I have not known shall serve me.

American King James Version
You have delivered me from the strivings of the people; and you have made me the head of the heathen: a people whom I have not known shall serve me.

American Standard Version
Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people; Thou hast made me the head of the nations: A people whom I have not known shall serve me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou wilt deliver me from the contradictions of the people: thou wilt make me head of the Gentiles.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people; thou hast made me the head of the nations: a people I knew not doth serve me.

English Revised Version
Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people; thou hast made me the head of the nations: a people whom I have not known shall serve me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people; and thou hast made me the head of the heathen: a people whom I have not known shall serve me.

World English Bible
You have delivered me from the strivings of the people. You have made me the head of the nations. A people whom I have not known shall serve me.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou dost deliver me From the strivings of the people, Thou placest me for a head of nations, A people I have not known do serve me.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

18:32, and the following verses, are the gifts of God to the spiritual warrior, whereby he is prepared for the contest, after the example of his victorious Leader. Learn that we must seek release being made through Christ, shall be rejected. In David the type, we behold out of trouble through Christ. The prayer put up, without reconciliation Jesus our Redeemer, conflicting with enemies, compassed with sorrows and with floods of ungodly men, enduring not only the pains of death, but the wrath of God for us; yet calling upon the Father with strong cries and tears; rescued from the grave; proceeding to reconcile, or to put under his feet all other enemies, till death, the last enemy, shall be destroyed. We should love the Lord, our Strength, and our Salvation; we should call on him in every trouble, and praise him for every deliverance; we should aim to walk with him in all righteousness and true holiness, keeping from sin. If we belong to him, he conquers and reigns for us, and we shall conquer and reign through him, and partake of the mercy of our anointed King, which is promised to all his seed for evermore. Amen.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 43. - Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people. David now approaches his conclusion. In one verse he at once sums up his past deliverances and anticipates fresh glories. God has delivered him from the strivings of those who were hostile to him among his own people (see vers. 4-18), and has also given him victory over the heathen. In the future he will do even more. And thou hast made me the head of the heathen. The antithesis between "people" (עָם) and "heathen," or "nations" (גויָם), is unmistakable. The long series of David's victories have made him "head" over the latter. This is less clearly seen in the history of David's reign than in the description given of the state of the kingdom inherited from David by Solomon (1 Kings 4:21, 24). A people whom I have not known shall serve me. It is not clear that this was ever fulfilled literally in the person of David, and, we are entitled to explain it as a Messianic prophecy, parallel with that of Psalm 2:8.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people,.... In 2 Samuel 22:44, it is read "my people", meaning the people of Israel; either Saul and his men, who contended with David, and sought his life; or rather the tribes of Israel, who, after Saul's death, refused to acknowledge David as their king, but afterwards came and anointed him in Hebron. The words may very well be interpreted of the contentions of the Scribes and Pharisees with Christ, and of the opposition from sinners, which he for a while endured, but is now delivered from them all;

and thou hast made me the head of the Heathen; which, if understood of David, refers to the Philistines, Syrians, Moabites, and Edomites, being subdued by him, and becoming tributaries to him, 2 Samuel 8:1. But it best agrees with Christ, who is the head of his chosen ones among the Gentiles; the political head, King, and Governor of them, the Heathen being given him for his inheritance and possession; and which appeared in the first ages of Christianity, when the Gospel was first preached to the Gentiles by the apostles; and still continues, and will be more clearly seen in the latter day, when the Lord shall be King over all the earth. Christ was made the head of the Heathen, by the appointment and designation of his Father; and, in fact, was so when multitudes from among the Gentiles were converted and brought to the obedience of him. In 2 Samuel 22:44 it is, "thou hast kept me to be head of the Heathen"; which does not seem so much to intend the designation and constitution of him as such, but the continuation of him; and denotes the stability of his government in the Gentile world, of which there will be no end;

a people whom I have not known shall serve me; by whom are meant the Gentiles, who were not the people of God, were without Christ and without God, and without hope in the world: not that there are any people that can be unknown to Christ, as he is the omniscient God; nor were these unknown to him, in such sense as reprobates, nominal professors, and foolish virgins, are said not to be known by him, Matthew 7:23. For these people among the Heathen, who are or shall be brought to serve the Lord, are such who were the objects of his love and delight from everlasting; were in his Father's choice and in his own, and in the gift of his Father to him, and in the covenant of his grace; and therefore must be known by him; moreover, they are the purchase of his blood; and the sheep he knows, for whom he has laid down his life, and of whom he has such an exact and particular knowledge, that he can and does call them by name. But the sense is, these seemed not to be taken notice of and cared for by Christ; they were not owned and acknowledged by him as his people; the Jews were distinguished from all others; they only had the law, the word of God, and his ordinances; the Gentiles were suffered to walk in their own ways; they were neglected, and the times of their ignorance were overlooked and disregarded; so that they were treated as a people that were not known for many hundreds of years: but here it is predicted, that when the Gospel should come among them, and they be called by it, they should "serve" the Lord in righteousness and true holiness, with reverence and godly fear, from a principle of love, in his name and strength, and to his glory; see Isaiah 55:4.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

43-45. Not only does He conquer civil foes, but foreigners, who are driven from their places of refuge.

Psalm 18:43 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Lord is My Rock
42Then I beat them fine as the dust before the wind; I emptied them out as the mire of the streets. 43You have delivered me from the contentions of the people; You have placed me as head of the nations; A people whom I have not known serve me. 44As soon as they hear, they obey me; Foreigners submit to me.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 3:1
The war between the house of Saul and the house of David lasted a long time. David grew stronger and stronger, while the house of Saul grew weaker and weaker.

2 Samuel 8:1
In the course of time, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Metheg Ammah from the control of the Philistines.

2 Samuel 19:9
Throughout the tribes of Israel, all the people were arguing among themselves, saying, "The king delivered us from the hand of our enemies; he is the one who rescued us from the hand of the Philistines. But now he has fled the country to escape from Absalom;

Psalm 18:47
He is the God who avenges me, who subdues nations under me,

Psalm 35:1
Of David. Contend, LORD, with those who contend with me; fight against those who fight against me.

Psalm 89:27
And I will appoint him to be my firstborn, the most exalted of the kings of the earth.

Isaiah 55:4
See, I have made him a witness to the peoples, a ruler and commander of the peoples.

Isaiah 55:5
Surely you will summon nations you know not, and nations you do not know will come running to you, because of the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, for he has endowed you with splendor."
Treasury of Scripture

You have delivered me from the strivings of the people; and you have made me the head of the heathen: a people whom I have not known shall serve me.

from

2 Samuel 2:9,10 And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, …

2 Samuel 3:1 Now there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of …

2 Samuel 5:1-7 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David to Hebron, and spoke, …

Acts 5:31 Him has God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Savior, …

made

Psalm 22:27,28 All the ends of the world shall remember and turn to the LORD: and …

Psalm 108:9 Moab is my wash pot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe; over Philistia …

2 Samuel 5:1-25 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David to Hebron, and spoke, …

2 Samuel 8:1-18 And after this it came to pass that David smote the Philistines, …

2 Samuel 10:1-19 And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of …

2 Samuel 22:44-46 You also have delivered me from the strivings of my people, you have …

Isaiah 49:6,22,23 And he said, It is a light thing that you should be my servant to …

Isaiah 52:15 So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths …

Romans 15:12,18 And again, Esaias said, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that …

Ephesians 1:22 And has put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head …

a people

Isaiah 52:15 So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths …

Isaiah 55:5 Behold, you shall call a nation that you know not, and nations that …

Hosea 1:10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of …

Romans 16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, …

1 Peter 2:10 Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: …

Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying…

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