Psalm 45:6
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom.

New Living Translation
Your throne, O God, endures forever and ever. You rule with a scepter of justice.

English Standard Version
Your throne, O God, is forever and ever. The scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of uprightness;

New American Standard Bible
Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your kingdom.

King James Bible
Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Your throne, God, is forever and ever; the scepter of Your kingdom is a scepter of justice.

International Standard Version
Your throne, God, exists forever and ever, and the scepter of your kingdom is a righteous scepter.

NET Bible
Your throne, O God, is permanent. The scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of justice.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Your throne, oh God, is to the eternity of eternities. A straight scepter is the scepter of your kingdom.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Your throne, O God, is forever and ever. The scepter in your kingdom is a scepter for justice.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thy throne, O God, is eternal and for ever, the rod of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.

King James 2000 Bible
Your throne, O God, is forever and ever: the scepter of your kingdom is a righteous scepter.

American King James Version
Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the scepter of your kingdom is a right scepter.

American Standard Version
Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: A sceptre of equity is the sceptre of thy kingdom.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a sceptre of uprightness.

Darby Bible Translation
Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever; a sceptre of uprightness is the sceptre of thy kingdom:

English Revised Version
Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of equity is the sceptre of thy kingdom.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the scepter of thy kingdom is a scepter of justice.

World English Bible
Your throne, God, is forever and ever. A scepter of equity is the scepter of your kingdom.

Young's Literal Translation
Thy throne, O God, is age-during, and for ever, A sceptre of uprightness Is the sceptre of Thy kingdom.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

45:6-9 The throne of this almighty King is established for ever. While the Holy Spirit leads Christ's people to look to his cross, he teaches them to see the evil of sin and the beauty of holiness; so that none of them can feel encouragement to continue in sin. The Mediator is God, else he had been neither able to do the Mediator's work, nor fit to wear the Mediator's crown. God the Father, as his God in respect to his human nature and mediatorial offices, has given to him the Holy Spirit without measure. Thus anointed to be a Prophet, Priest, and King, Christ has pre-eminence in the gladdening gifts and graces of the spirit, and from his fulness communicates them to his brethren in human nature. The Spirit is called the oil of gladness, because of the delight wherewith Christ was filled, in carrying on his undertakings. The salvation of sinners is the joy of angels, much more of the Son. And in proportion as we are conformed to his holy image, we may expect the gladdening gifts influences of the Comforter. The excellences of the Messiah, the suitableness of his offices, and the sufficiency of his grace, seem to be intended by the fragrance of his garments. The church formed of true believers, is here compared to the queen, whom, by an everlasting covenant, the Lord Jesus has betrothed to himself. This is the bride, the Lamb's wife, whose graces are compared to fine linen, for their purity; to gold, for their costliness: for as we owe our redemption, so we owe our adorning, to the precious blood of the Son of God.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 6. - Thy throne, O God. So the LXX., the Epistle to the Hebrews (Hebrews 1:8), the Chaldee paraphrase, and, among critics, Rosenmuller, Hengstenberg, Kay, Professor Alexander, and Canon Cook. The renderings proposed by Gesenius, Ewald, and the anti-Messianic school generally are wholly untenable, as Hengstenberg has clearly shown. The psalmist's intention is to address the King, whom he has already declared to be more than man (ver. 2), as "God." Is for ever and ever. A dominion to which there will never be any end. This is never said, and could not be truly said, of any earthly kingdom. When perpetuity is promised to the throne of David (2 Samuel 7:13-16; Psalm 89:4, 36, 37), it is to that throne as continued in the reign of David's Son, Messiah. The sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre; literally, a sceptre of rectitude (comp. Psalm 67:4; Psalm 96:10).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever,.... This verse and Psalm 45:7 are cited in Hebrews 1:8; and applied to the Son of God, the second Person in the Trinity; and therefore are not an apostrophe to the Father, as some have said; nor will they bear to be rendered, "thy throne is the throne of God", or "thy throne is God"; or be supplied thus, "God shall establish thy throne". But they are spoken of the Son of God, who is truly and properly God, the true God and eternal life; as appears by the names by which he is called, as Jehovah, and the like; by his having all divine perfections in him; by the works which he has wrought, and by the worship which is given unto him; and to whom dominion is ascribed, of which the throne is an emblem, Genesis 41:40. And this his government is either general, over angels, good and bad, and over men, even wicked men, and over the greatest among men, the kings of the earth; or special, over his own church and people, and which is exercised by his Spirit and grace in them; by his word and ordinances among them; and which will be in a glorious manner in the latter day; and in heaven, though not in the same manner as now, and that to all eternity: for to this government duration for ever and ever is attributed; Christ will have no successor, he will die no more; nor can his government be subverted or taken out of his hands, or he be removed from his throne by any of his enemies, or by all of them; and though his kingdom will be delivered up to the Father, it will not cease, it is an everlasting one;

the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre; meaning either the Gospel, which is the golden sceptre of mercy and grace, stretched out and held forth for the encouragement of sensible sinners; and is a sceptre of righteousness, as it directs to the righteousness of Christ for justification, and encourages works of righteousness to be done by men: or rather the righteous administration of Christ's government is meant, the sceptre being an emblem of dominion and government, Genesis 49:10.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

6. No lawful construction can be devised to change the sense here given and sustained by the ancient versions, and above all by Paul (Heb 1:8). Of the perpetuity of this government, compare 2Sa 7:13; Ps 10:16; 72:5; 89:4; 110:4; Isa 9:7.

Psalm 45:6 Additional Commentaries
Context
Your Throne is Forever
5Your arrows are sharp; The peoples fall under You; Your arrows are in the heart of the King's enemies. 6Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your kingdom. 7You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of joy above Your fellows.…
Cross References
Hebrews 1:8
But about the Son he says, "Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom.

Hebrews 1:9
You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy."

Psalm 2:6
"I have installed my king on Zion, my holy mountain."

Psalm 93:2
Your throne was established long ago; you are from all eternity.

Psalm 98:9
let them sing before the LORD, for he comes to judge the earth. He will judge the world in righteousness and the peoples with equity.

Psalm 110:2
The LORD will extend your mighty scepter from Zion, saying, "Rule in the midst of your enemies!"

Lamentations 5:19
You, LORD, reign forever; your throne endures from generation to generation.
Treasury of Scripture

Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the scepter of your kingdom is a right scepter.

throne

Psalm 89:29,36,37 His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the …

Psalm 93:2 Your throne is established of old: you are from everlasting.

Psalm 145:13 Your kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and your dominion endures …

Daniel 2:44 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, …

Luke 1:32,33 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and …

Hebrews 1:8 But to the Son he said, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: …

O God

Isaiah 9:6,7 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government …

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David …

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was …

the sceptre

Psalm 72:1 Give the king your judgments, O God, and your righteousness to the king's son.

2 Samuel 23:4 And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun rises, …

Jeremiah 33:15,16 In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness …

Revelation 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat …

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