Psalm 45:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
You love righteousness and hate wickedness; therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy.

King James Bible
Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated wickedness; therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy companions.

World English Bible
You have loved righteousness, and hated wickedness. Therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou hast loved righteousness and hatest wickedness, Therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee, Oil of joy above thy companions.

Psalm 45:7 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Oil of gladness - As an evidence that all causes of mourning, sorrow, and death, were at an end; as in the state of mourning the ancients did not anoint themselves.

I have mentioned above that the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, Hebrews 1:8, Hebrews 1:9, quotes Psalm 45:6, Psalm 45:7, of this Psalm. I shall subjoin the substance of what I have written on these verses in that place: -

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Thou

Psalm 33:5 He loves righteousness and judgment: the earth is full of the goodness of the LORD.

Psalm 99:4 The king's strength also loves judgment; you do establish equity, you execute judgment and righteousness in Jacob.

Matthew 3:15 And Jesus answering said to him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becomes us to fulfill all righteousness. Then he suffered him.

Hebrews 1:9 You have loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even your God...

Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;

hatest

Psalm 101:3,4,8 I will set no wicked thing before my eyes: I hate the work of them that turn aside; it shall not stick to me...

Matthew 7:23 And then will I profess to them, I never knew you: depart from me, you that work iniquity.

Luke 13:27 But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not from where you are; depart from me, all you workers of iniquity.

Revelation 21:27 And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defiles, neither whatever works abomination, or makes a lie...

God. or, O God
thy God

Psalm 89:26 He shall cry to me, You are my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation.

Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek...

John 20:17 Jesus said to her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brothers, and say to them, I ascend to my Father...

Ephesians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:

hath

Psalm 89:20 I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:

Leviticus 8:12 And he poured of the anointing oil on Aaron's head, and anointed him, to sanctify him.

1 Samuel 16:13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the middle of his brothers...

1 Kings 1:39,40 And Zadok the priest took an horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Solomon. And they blew the trumpet...

1 Kings 19:16 And Jehu the son of Nimshi shall you anoint to be king over Israel...

Isaiah 61:1-3 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek...

Luke 3:22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove on him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, You are my beloved Son...

Luke 4:18-21 The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he has sent me to heal the brokenhearted...

John 3:34 For he whom God has sent speaks the words of God: for God gives not the Spirit by measure to him.

oil

Psalm 21:6 For you have made him most blessed for ever: you have made him exceeding glad with your countenance.

1 Kings 1:39 And Zadok the priest took an horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Solomon. And they blew the trumpet...

Acts 2:28 You have made known to me the ways of life; you shall make me full of joy with your countenance.

above

John 1:16 And of his fullness have all we received, and grace for grace.

Romans 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son...

Colossians 1:18,19 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead...

Hebrews 2:14 For as much then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same...

Library
July 20. "Forget Also Thine Own" (Ps. Xlv. 10).
"Forget also thine own" (Ps. xlv. 10). We, too, like the ancient Levites, must be "consecrated every one upon our son and upon our brother," and "forget our kindred and our father's house" in every sense in which they could hinder our full liberty and service for the Lord. We, too, must let our business go if it stands between us and the Lord, and in any case let it henceforth be His business and His alone, pursued for Him, controlled by Him, and its profits wholly dedicated to Him, and used as He
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

The Gladness of the Man of Sorrows
Our text describes the joy poured forth upon our glorious King in a twofold manner. Our Lord is first made joyous by his Father--"Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows." But there is another joy, which he getteth not from one person, but from many. Read the next verse--"All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad." Here both saints
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 9: 1863

So Then the Father is Lord and the Son is Lord...
So then the Father is Lord and the Son is Lord, [177] and the Father is God and the Son is God; for that which is begotten of God is God. [178] And so in the substance and power of His being there is shown forth one God; but there is also according to the economy of our redemption both Son and Father. Because to created things the Father of all is invisible and unapproachable, [179] therefore those who are to draw near to God must have their access to the Father through the Son. And yet more plainly
Irenæus—The Demonstration of the Apostolic Preaching

Letter Lxv. To Principia.
A commentary on Ps. XLV. addressed to Marcella's friend and companion Principia (see Letter CXXVII.). Jerome prefaces what he has to say by a defence of his practice of writing for women, a practice which had exposed him to many foolish sneers. He deals with the same subject in his dedication of the Commentary of Sophronius. The date of the letter is 397 a.d.
St. Jerome—The Principal Works of St. Jerome

Cross References
Hebrews 1:9
You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy."

Psalm 2:2
The kings of the earth rise up and the rulers band together against the LORD and against his anointed, saying,

Psalm 5:5
The arrogant cannot stand in your presence. You hate all who do wrong;

Psalm 11:7
For the LORD is righteous, he loves justice; the upright will see his face.

Psalm 33:5
The LORD loves righteousness and justice; the earth is full of his unfailing love.

Psalm 92:10
You have exalted my horn like that of a wild ox; fine oils have been poured on me.

Isaiah 61:3
and provide for those who grieve in Zion-- to bestow on them a crown of beauty instead of ashes, the oil of joy instead of mourning, and a garment of praise instead of a spirit of despair. They will be called oaks of righteousness, a planting of the LORD for the display of his splendor.

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