Psalm 104:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He makes winds his messengers, flames of fire his servants.

New Living Translation
The winds are your messengers; flames of fire are your servants.

English Standard Version
he makes his messengers winds, his ministers a flaming fire.

New American Standard Bible
He makes the winds His messengers, Flaming fire His ministers.

King James Bible
Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and making the winds His messengers, flames of fire His servants.

International Standard Version
He makes the winds his messengers, blazing fires his servants.

NET Bible
He makes the winds his messengers, and the flaming fire his attendant.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He makes his Angels the wind and his ministers burning fire.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You make your angels winds and your servants flames of fire.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Who makest winds Thy messengers, The flaming fire Thy ministers.

New American Standard 1977
He makes the winds His messengers,
            Flaming fire His ministers.

Jubilee Bible 2000
who makes his angels spirits, his ministers a flaming fire,

King James 2000 Bible
Who makes his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:

American King James Version
Who makes his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:

American Standard Version
Who maketh winds his messengers; Flames of fire his ministers;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who makest thy angels spirits: and thy ministers a burning fire.

Darby Bible Translation
Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flame of fire.

English Revised Version
Who maketh winds his messengers; his ministers a flaming fire:

Webster's Bible Translation
Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:

World English Bible
He makes his messengers winds; his servants flames of fire.

Young's Literal Translation
Making His messengers -- the winds, His ministers -- the flaming fire.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

104:1-9 Every object we behold calls on us to bless and praise the Lord, who is great. His eternal power and Godhead are clearly shown by the things which he hath made. God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. The Lord Jesus, the Son of his love, is the Light of the world.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 4. - Who maketh his angels spirits. Professor Cheyne renders, "Who maketh his messengers of winds;" and so (in substance) Jarchi, Aben. Ezra, Rosenmuller, Professor Alexander, and even Hengstenberg. The difficulty in adopting this rendering is that furnished by the application of the passage in Hebrews 1:7; but the arguments of Hengstenberg go far to meet that difficulty. It is to be noted that our Revisers, while admitting either rendering, have preferred that of Professor Cheyne. And his ministers a flaming fire; or, "his ministers of flame and fire."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Who maketh his angels spirits,.... The angels are spirits, or spiritual substances, yet created ones; and so differ from God, who is a spirit, and from the Holy Spirit of God, who are Creators and not creatures; angels are spirits without bodies, and so differ from the souls or spirits of men, and are immaterial, and so die not; these are made by Christ, by whom all things are made, Colossians 1:16 and so he must be greater and more excellent than they; for which purpose the passage is quoted in Hebrews 1:7. Some render it, "who maketh his angels as the winds"; to which they may be compared for their invisibility, they being not to be seen, no more than the wind, unless when they assume an external form; and for their penetration through bodies in a very surprising manner; see Acts 12:6, and for their great force and power, being mighty angels, and said to excel in strength, Psalm 103:20, and for their swiftness in obeying the divine commands; so the Targum,

"he maketh his messengers, or angels, swift as the wind.''

His ministers a flaming fire; angels are ministers to God, stand before him, behold his face, wait for and listen to his orders, and execute them; they are ministers to Christ, they were so at his incarnation, in his infancy, when in the wilderness and in the garden, at his resurrection and ascension, and will attend him at his second coming; and these are ministers to his people, take the care of them, encamp about them, do many good offices to them in life, and at death carry their souls to Abraham's bosom: these are made a flaming fire, or "as" flaming fire, for their force and power; so the Targum,

"his ministers strong as flaming fire;''

and for their swiftness as before; and because of their burning love to God, Christ, and his people, and their flaming zeal for his cause and interest; hence thought by some to be called "seraphim": and because they are sometimes the executioners of God's wrath; and have sometimes appeared in fiery forms, as in forms of horses of fire and chariots of fire, and will descend with Christ in flaming fire at the last day; see 2 Kings 2:11. Some invert the words, both reading and sense, thus, "who maketh the winds his angels, or messengers, and flaming fire his ministers"; so Jarchi, Aben Ezra, and Kimchi; we read of stormy wind fulfilling his word, Psalm 148:8, he sends out his winds at his pleasure to do his errands; as to dry up the waters of the flood, to drive back the waters of the Red sea, and make dry land, to bring quails from thence, and scatter them about the camp of Israel, and in many other instances. So flaming fire was used as his ministers in burning Sodom and Gomorrah; and multitudes of the murmuring Israelites, and the captains with their fifties; but this sense is contrary to the order of the words, and the design of them, and to the apostle's sense of them, Hebrews 1:7 which is confirmed by the Targum, Septuagint, and all the Oriental versions.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

4. This is quoted by Paul (Heb 1:7) to denote the subordinate position of angels; that is, they are only messengers as other and material agencies.

spirits—literally, "winds."

flaming fire—(Ps 105:32) being here so called.

Psalm 104:4 Additional Commentaries
O Lord, My God, You are Very Great
3He lays the beams of His upper chambers in the waters; He makes the clouds His chariot; He walks upon the wings of the wind; 4He makes the winds His messengers, Flaming fire His ministers. 5He established the earth upon its foundations, So that it will not totter forever and ever.…
Cross References
Hebrews 1:7
In speaking of the angels he says, "He makes his angels spirits, and his servants flames of fire."

Genesis 3:24
After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.

2 Kings 2:11
As they were walking along and talking together, suddenly a chariot of fire and horses of fire appeared and separated the two of them, and Elijah went up to heaven in a whirlwind.

2 Kings 6:17
And Elisha prayed, "Open his eyes, LORD, so that he may see." Then the LORD opened the servant's eyes, and he looked and saw the hills full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha.

Psalm 103:21
Praise the LORD, all his heavenly hosts, you his servants who do his will.

Psalm 147:15
He sends his command to the earth; his word runs swiftly.

Psalm 148:8
lightning and hail, snow and clouds, stormy winds that do his bidding,

Ezekiel 1:13
The appearance of the living creatures was like burning coals of fire or like torches. Fire moved back and forth among the creatures; it was bright, and lightning flashed out of it.
Treasury of Scripture

Who makes his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:

who maketh

Acts 23:8 For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, neither angel, …

Hebrews 1:7,14 And of the angels he said, Who makes his angels spirits, and his …


2 Kings 2:11 And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, …

2 Kings 6:17 And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, I pray you, open his eyes, that …

Ezekiel 1:13 As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was …

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