Psalm 94:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The LORD is a God who avenges. O God who avenges, shine forth.

New Living Translation
O LORD, the God of vengeance, O God of vengeance, let your glorious justice shine forth!

English Standard Version
O LORD, God of vengeance, O God of vengeance, shine forth!

New American Standard Bible
O LORD, God of vengeance, God of vengeance, shine forth!

King James Bible
O LORD God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, shew thyself.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
LORD, God of vengeance-- God of vengeance, appear.

International Standard Version
God of vengeance, LORD God of vengeance, display your splendor!

NET Bible
O LORD, the God who avenges! O God who avenges, reveal your splendor!

New Heart English Bible
LORD, you God to whom vengeance belongs, you God to whom vengeance belongs, shine forth.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
God of vengeance, Lord Jehovah, God of vengeance, be revealed!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
O LORD, God of vengeance, O God of vengeance, appear!

JPS Tanakh 1917
O LORD, Thou God to whom vengeance belongeth, Thou God to whom vengeance belongeth, shine forth.

New American Standard 1977
O Lord, God of vengeance;
            God of vengeance, shine forth!

Jubilee Bible 2000
O LORD God, to whom vengeance belongs; O God, to whom vengeance belongs, show thyself.

King James 2000 Bible
O LORD God, to whom vengeance belongs; O God, to whom vengeance belongs, show yourself.

American King James Version
O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongs; O God, to whom vengeance belongs, show yourself.

American Standard Version
O Jehovah, thou God to whom vengeance belongeth, Thou God to whom vengeance belongeth, shine forth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord is the God to whom revenge belongeth: the God of revenge hath acted freely.

Darby Bible Translation
O God of vengeances, Jehovah, God of vengeances, shine forth;

English Revised Version
O LORD, thou God to whom vengeance belongeth, thou God to whom vengeance belongeth, shine forth.

Webster's Bible Translation
O LORD God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, show thyself.

World English Bible
Yahweh, you God to whom vengeance belongs, you God to whom vengeance belongs, shine forth.

Young's Literal Translation
God of vengeance -- Jehovah! God of vengeance, shine forth.
Study Bible
The Lord will Not Forget His People
1O LORD, God of vengeance, God of vengeance, shine forth! 2Rise up, O Judge of the earth, Render recompense to the proud.…
Cross References
Romans 12:19
Do not avenge yourselves, beloved, but leave room for God's wrath. For it is written: "Vengeance is Mine, I will repay, says the Lord."

Genesis 4:23
Lamech said to his wives, "Adah and Zillah, Listen to my voice, You wives of Lamech, Give heed to my speech, For I have killed a man for wounding me; And a boy for striking me;

Deuteronomy 32:35
'Vengeance is Mine, and retribution, In due time their foot will slip; For the day of their calamity is near, And the impending things are hastening upon them.'

2 Samuel 22:48
The God who executes vengeance for me, And brings down peoples under me,

Psalm 18:47
The God who executes vengeance for me, And subdues peoples under me.

Psalm 50:2
Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God has shone forth.

Psalm 79:10
Why should the nations say, "Where is their God?" Let there be known among the nations in our sight, Vengeance for the blood of Your servants which has been shed.

Psalm 80:1
For the choir director; set to El Shoshannim; Eduth. A Psalm of Asaph. Oh, give ear, Shepherd of Israel, You who lead Joseph like a flock; You who are enthroned above the cherubim, shine forth!

Isaiah 35:4
Say to those with anxious heart, "Take courage, fear not. Behold, your God will come with vengeance; The recompense of God will come, But He will save you."

Jeremiah 51:56
For the destroyer is coming against her, against Babylon, And her mighty men will be captured, Their bows are shattered; For the LORD is a God of recompense, He will fully repay.
Treasury of Scripture

O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongs; O God, to whom vengeance belongs, show yourself.

A.M.

God, to whom vengeance belongeth. Heb. God of revenges. O God.

Deuteronomy 32:35,41,42 To me belongs vengeance and recompense; their foot shall slide in …

Isaiah 35:4 Say to them that are of a fearful heart, Be strong, fear not: behold, …

Isaiah 59:17 For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation …

Jeremiah 50:28 The voice of them that flee and escape out of the land of Babylon, …

Nahum 1:2 God is jealous, and the LORD revenges; the LORD revenges, and is …

Romans 12:19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place to wrath: …

2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that …

Hebrews 10:30 For we know him that has said, Vengeance belongs to me, I will recompense, …

shew thyself. Heb. shine forth

Psalm 80:1 Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, you that lead Joseph like a flock; …

(1) The original is far more striking in its conciseness. God of retributions, Jehovah, God of retributions shine forth. The emphatic repetition of a phrase is a feature of this psalm. (See Psalm 94:3; Psalm 94:23.)

Verses 1-7. - The cry for vengeance. Israel is suffering oppression - not, however, from foreign enemies, but from domestic tyrants (vers. 4-6). Innocent blood is shed; the widow and the orphan are trodden down. God, it is supposed, will not see or will not regard (ver. 7). The psalmist, therefore, cries out to God to manifest himself by taking signal vengeance on the evil doers (vers. 1, 2). Verse 1. - O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongeth (comp. Deuteronomy 32:35, "To me belongeth vengeance and recompence;" and Jeremiah 51:56, where God is called "the Lord God of reeompences," as he is here - literally - "the Lord God of vengeances"). O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, show thyself; or, "shine forth" - make thy justice to appear; show thyself in thy character of a God who will by no means clear the guilty (Exodus 34:7). O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongeth,.... As it does to God, and to him only; not to Heathen deities, one of which has the name of Vengeance given it, Acts 28:4, nor to Satan, the enemy and avenger, and his spiteful principalities and powers; nor to men, who are not to exercise private revenge on their fellow creatures; only to civil magistrates, to whom public revenge belongs, they being God's viceregents, and representing him; otherwise to God only it belongs, against whom sin is committed; and he will, in his own time and way, execute it; he is "the God of revenges" (e), as the words may be rendered; and this is applicable to Christ, who is the true Jehovah, and God over all: it was he that took vengeance on Sodom and Gomorrah, and rained from the Lord fire and brimstone on them; and who took vengeance on the inventions of the Israelites in the wilderness; and when he came in the flesh, he came with vengeance to destroy Satan and his works, as it was promised and prophesied he should, Isaiah 35:4, forty years after his death, resurrection, and ascension, he came in his power and kingdom, and took vengeance on the Jewish nation, for their unbelief and rejection of him, Luke 21:22, and at the opening of the sixth seal his wrath came upon Rome Pagan in a manner intolerable to them, for their cruel persecutions of his church and people; and the cry of the souls under the altar was much like what is uttered in this psalm; see Revelation 6:9, and at the time of his spiritual coming and reign he will avenge the blood of his saints on Rome Papal, or antichrist, whom he will destroy with the breath of his mouth, and the saints will be called upon to rejoice, and will rejoice, when they see the vengeance, Revelation 18:20 and his personal coming will be in flaming fire, to take vengeance on them that know not God, and obey not his Gospel, and when all the wicked will suffer the vengeance of eternal fire, 2 Thessalonians 1:8.

O God, to whom vengeance belongeth; which is repeated to observe the certainty of it, and to express the vehement and importunate desire of the psalmist, and those he represents, that he would show himself to be so, follows:

show thyself; or "shine forth" (f), as in Psalm 80:1 either at his incarnation, when he appeared as the dayspring from on high; yea, as the sun of righteousness; or, in the ministry of the Gospel, the great light which shone first on the inhabitants of Judea and Galilee, and then on the Gentile world; or in his gracious presence with his people, which is expressed by causing his face to shine upon them, Psalm 80:7, or in the protection of them, and destruction of their enemies; which is a showing himself strong on their behalf, an appearing to the joy of the one, and the confusion of the other; and in this manner will Christ show himself in the latter day.

(e) "Deus ultionum", V. L. Pagninus, Montanus, Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, &c. (f) "irradia", Montanus; "illucesce", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "effulsit", Cocceius; "adfulge", Michaelis. 1 O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, shew thyself.

2 Lift up thyself, thou judge of the earth; render a reward to the proud.

3 Lord, how long shall the wicked, how long shall the wicked triumph?

4 How long shall they utter and speak hard things? and all the workers of iniquity boast themselves?

5 They break in pieces thy people, O Lord, and afflict thine heritage.

6 They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless.

7 Yet they say, The Lord) shall not see, neither shall the God of Jacob regard it.

Psalm 94:1

"O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, shew thyself" or, God of retributions, Jehovah, God of retributions, shine forth! A very natural prayer when innocence is trampled down, and wickedness exalted on high. If the execution of justice be a right thing, - and who can deny the fact? - then it must be a very proper thing to desire it; not out of private revenge, in which case a man would hardly dare to appeal to God, but out of sympathy with right, and pity for those who are made wrongfully to suffer. Who can see a nation enslaved, or even an individual downtrodden, without crying to the Lord to arise and vindicate the righteous cause? The toleration of injustice is here attributed to the Lord's being hidden, and it is implied that the bare sight of him will suffice to alarm the tyrants into ceasing their oppressions. God has but to shew himself, and the good cause wins the day. He comes, he sees, he conquers! Truly in these evil days we need a manifest display of his power, for the ancient enemies of God and man are again struggling for the mastery, and if they gain it, woe unto the saints of God.

Psalm 94:2

"Lift up thyself, thou judge of the earth." Ascend thy judgment-seat and be acknowledged as the ruler of men, and, moreover, raise thyself as men do who are about to strike with all their might; for the abounding sin of mankind requires a heavy blow from thy hand. "Render a reward to the proud," give them measure for measure, a fair retaliation, blow for blow. The proud look down upon the gracious poor and strike them from above, as a giant might hurl down blows upon his adversary; after the same manner, O Lord, lift up thyself, and "return a recompense upon the proud," and let them know that thou art far more above them than they can be above the meanest of their fellow men. The Psalmist thus invokes the retributions of justice in plain speech, and his request is precisely that which patient innocence puts up in silence, when her looks of anguish appeal to heaven.

Psalm 94:3

"Lord, how long shall the wicked, how long shall the wicked triumph?" Shall wrong for ever rule? Are slavery, robbery, tyranny, never to cease? Since there is certainly a just God in heaven, armed with almighty power, surely there must be sooner or later an end to the ascendancy of evil, innocence must one day find a defender. This "how long?" of the text is the bitter plaint of all the righteous in all ages, and expresses wonder caused by that great enigma of providence, the existence and predominance of evil. The sound "how long?" is very akin to howling, as if it were one of the saddest of all the utterances in which misery bemoans itself. Many a time has this bitter complaint been heard in the dungeons of the Inquisition, at the whipping-posts of slavery, and in the prisons of oppression. In due time God will publish his reply, but the full end is not yet.

Psalm 94:4

continued...PSALM 94

Ps 94:1-23. The writer, appealing to God in view of the oppression of enemies, rebukes them for their wickedness and folly, and encourages himself, in the confidence that God will punish evildoers, and favor His people.

1, 2. God's revenge is His judicial infliction of righteous punishment.

show thyself—(Compare Margin).94:1-11 We may with boldness appeal to God; for he is the almighty Judge by whom every man is judged. Let this encourage those who suffer wrong, to bear it with silence, committing themselves to Him who judges righteously. These prayers are prophecies, which speak terror to the sons of violence. There will come a day of reckoning for all the hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against God, his truths, and ways, and people. It would hardly be believed, if we did not witness it, that millions of rational creatures should live, move, speak, hear, understand, and do what they purpose, yet act as if they believed that God would not punish the abuse of his gifts. As all knowledge is from God, no doubt he knows all the thoughts of the children of men, and knows that the imaginations of the thoughts of men's hearts are only evil, and that continually. Even in good thoughts there is a want of being fixed, which may be called vanity. It concerns us to keep a strict watch over our thoughts, because God takes particular notice of them. Thoughts are words to God.
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