Isaiah 5:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
A ten-acre vineyard will produce only a bath of wine; a homer of seed will yield only an ephah of grain."

New Living Translation
Ten acres of vineyard will not produce even six gallons of wine. Ten baskets of seed will yield only one basket of grain."

English Standard Version
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield but one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield but an ephah.”

New American Standard Bible
"For ten acres of vineyard will yield only one bath of wine, And a homer of seed will yield but an ephah of grain."

King James Bible
Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For a ten-acre vineyard will yield only six gallons, and 10 bushels of seed will yield only one bushel.

International Standard Version
For ten acres of vineyard will produce only one bath, and one omer of seed will produce only one ephah."

NET Bible
Indeed, a large vineyard will produce just a few gallons, and enough seed to yield several bushels will produce less than a bushel."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A ten-acre vineyard will produce only six gallons of wine, and two quarts of seed will produce only four quarts of grain."

Jubilee Bible 2000
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

King James 2000 Bible
Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of a homer shall yield an ephah.

American King James Version
Yes, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

American Standard Version
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield but an ephah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one little measure, and thirty bushels of seed shall yield three bushels.

Darby Bible Translation
Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield an ephah.

English Revised Version
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield but an ephah.

Webster's Bible Translation
Yes, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of a homer shall yield an ephah.

World English Bible
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield an ephah."

Young's Literal Translation
For ten acres of vineyard do yield one bath, And an homer of seed yieldeth an ephah.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:8-23 Here is a woe to those who set their hearts on the wealth of the world. Not that it is sinful for those who have a house and a field to purchase another; but the fault is, that they never know when they have enough. Covetousness is idolatry; and while many envy the prosperous, wretched man, the Lord denounces awful woes upon him. How applicable to many among us! God has many ways to empty the most populous cities. Those who set their hearts upon the world, will justly be disappointed. Here is woe to those who dote upon the pleasures and the delights of sense. The use of music is lawful; but when it draws away the heart from God, then it becomes a sin to us. God's judgments have seized them, but they will not disturb themselves in their pleasures. The judgments are declared. Let a man be ever so high, death will bring him low; ever so mean, death will bring him lower. The fruit of these judgments shall be, that God will be glorified as a God of power. Also, as a God that is holy; he shall be owned and declared to be so, in the righteous punishment of proud men. Those are in a woful condition who set up sin, and who exert themselves to gratify their base lusts. They are daring in sin, and walk after their own lusts; it is in scorn that they call God the Holy One of Israel. They confound and overthrow distinctions between good and evil. They prefer their own reasonings to Divine revelations; their own devices to the counsels and commands of God. They deem it prudent and politic to continue profitable sins, and to neglect self-denying duties. Also, how light soever men make of drunkenness, it is a sin which lays open to the wrath and curse of God. Their judges perverted justice. Every sin needs some other to conceal it.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 10. - Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath. The greed of adding field to field will he punished by the curse of barrenness, which God will send upon the laud. Dr. Kay-calculates that ten acres (Roman) of vineyard ought to yield upon the average five hundred baths (or four thousand gallons) instead of one bath (eight gallons). An homer... an ephah. The "ephah" was the tenth-part of a "homer" (Ezekiel 45:11). Corn lands should return only one-tenth part of the seed sown in them.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath,.... They shall get nothing by laying field to field, for their fields shall be barren and unfruitful; though Jarchi and Kimchi take this to be a reason why their houses should be desolate, and without inhabitants, because there would be a famine, rendering the words, "for ten acres", &c. The Targum makes this barrenness to be the punishment of their sin, in not paying tithes; paraphrasing the words thus,

"for because of the sin of not giving tithes, the place of ten acres of vineyard shall produce one bath.''

The word signifies "yokes", and is used of yokes of oxen; hence the Septuagint and Arabic versions render the words thus, "for where ten yoke of oxen work", or "plough, it shall make one flagon"; and so Kimchi explains them, the place in a vineyard, which ten yoke of oxen plough in one day, shall yield no more wine than one bath. A bath is a measure for liquids; according to Godwin (a), it held four gallons and a half; a small quantity indeed, to be produced out of ten acres of ground; an acre, according to our English measure, being a quantity of land containing four square roods, or one hundred sixty square poles or perches:

and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah: that is, as much seed as an "homer" would hold, which was a dry measure, and which, according to the above writer, contained five bushels and five gallons, should yield only an ephah, which was the tenth part of an homer, Ezekiel 45:11 so that it would only produce a tenth part of the seed sown.

(a) Moses and Aaron, l. 6. c. 9.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

10. acres—literally, "yokes"; as much as one yoke of oxen could plow in a day.

one—only.

bath—of wine; seven and a half gallons.

homer … ephah—Eight bushels of seed would yield only three pecks of produce (Eze 45:11). The ephah and bath, one-tenth of an homer.

Isaiah 5:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
Woes to the Wicked
9In my ears the LORD of hosts has sworn, "Surely, many houses shall become desolate, Even great and fine ones, without occupants. 10"For ten acres of vineyard will yield only one bath of wine, And a homer of seed will yield but an ephah of grain." 11Woe to those who rise early in the morning that they may pursue strong drink, Who stay up late in the evening that wine may inflame them!…
Cross References
Leviticus 26:26
When I cut off your supply of bread, ten women will be able to bake your bread in one oven, and they will dole out the bread by weight. You will eat, but you will not be satisfied.

Deuteronomy 28:38
You will sow much seed in the field but you will harvest little, because locusts will devour it.

Deuteronomy 28:39
You will plant vineyards and cultivate them but you will not drink the wine or gather the grapes, because worms will eat them.

Isaiah 7:23
In that day, in every place where there were a thousand vines worth a thousand silver shekels, there will be only briers and thorns.

Isaiah 32:13
and for the land of my people, a land overgrown with thorns and briers-- yes, mourn for all houses of merriment and for this city of revelry.

Jeremiah 48:33
Joy and gladness are gone from the orchards and fields of Moab. I have stopped the flow of wine from the presses; no one treads them with shouts of joy. Although there are shouts, they are not shouts of joy.

Ezekiel 45:10
You are to use accurate scales, an accurate ephah and an accurate bath.

Ezekiel 45:11
The ephah and the bath are to be the same size, the bath containing a tenth of a homer and the ephah a tenth of a homer; the homer is to be the standard measure for both.

Haggai 1:6
You have planted much, but harvested little. You eat, but never have enough. You drink, but never have your fill. You put on clothes, but are not warm. You earn wages, only to put them in a purse with holes in it."

Haggai 2:16
When anyone came to a heap of twenty measures, there were only ten. When anyone went to a wine vat to draw fifty measures, there were only twenty.
Treasury of Scripture

Yes, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

one

Leviticus 27:16 And if a man shall sanctify to the LORD some part of a field of his …

Ezekiel 45:10,11 You shall have just balances, and a just ephah, and a just bath…

Joel 1:17 The seed is rotten under their clods, the garners are laid desolate, …

Haggai 1:9-11 You looked for much, and, see it came to little; and when you brought …

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