Genesis 4:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast.

New Living Translation
but he did not accept Cain and his gift. This made Cain very angry, and he looked dejected.

English Standard Version
but for Cain and his offering he had no regard. So Cain was very angry, and his face fell.

New American Standard Bible
but for Cain and for his offering He had no regard. So Cain became very angry and his countenance fell.

King James Bible
But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
but He did not have regard for Cain and his offering. Cain was furious, and he looked despondent.

International Standard Version
but he did not look favorably upon Cain and his offering. When Cain became very upset and depressed,

NET Bible
but with Cain and his offering he was not pleased. So Cain became very angry, and his expression was downcast.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
but he didn't approve of Cain and his offering. So Cain became very angry and was disappointed.

Jubilee Bible 2000
but he did not look upon Cain and his present. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

King James 2000 Bible
But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell.

American King James Version
But to Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

American Standard Version
but unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But to Cain and his offerings he had no respect: and Cain was exceedingly angry, and his countenance fell.

Darby Bible Translation
and upon Cain, and on his offering, he did not look. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell.

English Revised Version
but unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

Webster's Bible Translation
But to Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

World English Bible
but he didn't respect Cain and his offering. Cain was very angry, and the expression on his face fell.

Young's Literal Translation
and unto Cain and unto his present He hath not looked; and it is very displeasing to Cain, and his countenance is fallen.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:1-7 When Cain was born, Eve said, I have gotten a man from the Lord. Perhaps she thought that this was the promised seed. If so, she was wofully disappointed. Abel signifies vanity: when she thought she had the promised seed in Cain, whose name signifies possession, she was so taken up with him that another son was as vanity to her. Observe, each son had a calling. It is the will of God for every one to have something to do in this world. Parents ought to bring up their children to work. Give them a Bible and a calling, said good Mr. Dod, and God be with them. We may believe that God commanded Adam, after the fall, to shed the blood of innocent animals, and after their death to burn part or the whole of their bodies by fire. Thus that punishment which sinners deserve, even the death of the body, and the wrath of God, of which fire is a well-known emblem, and also the sufferings of Christ, were prefigured. Observe that the religious worship of God is no new invention. It was from the beginning; it is the good old way, Jer 6:16. The offerings of Cain and Abel were different. Cain showed a proud, unbelieving heart. Therefore he and his offering were rejected. Abel came as a sinner, and according to God's appointment, by his sacrifice expressing humility, sincerity, and believing obedience. Thus, seeking the benefit of the new covenant of mercy, through the promised Seed, his sacrifice had a token that God accepted it. Abel offered in faith, and Cain did not, Heb 11:4. In all ages there have been two sorts of worshippers, such as Cain and Abel; namely, proud, hardened despisers of the gospel method of salvation, who attempt to please God in ways of their own devising; and humble believers, who draw near to him in the way he has revealed. Cain indulged malignant anger against Abel. He harboured an evil spirit of discontent and rebellion against God. God notices all our sinful passions and discontents. There is not an angry, envious, or fretful look, that escapes his observing eye. The Lord reasoned with this rebellious man; if he came in the right way, he should be accepted. Some understand this as an intimation of mercy. If thou doest not well, sin, that is, the sin-offering, lies at the door, and thou mayest take the benefit of it. The same word signifies sin, and a sacrifice for sin. Though thou hast not done well, yet do not despair; the remedy is at hand. Christ, the great sin-offering, is said to stand at the door, Re 3:20. And those well deserve to perish in their sins, that will not go to the door to ask for the benefit of this sin-offering. God's acceptance of Abel's offering did not change the birthright, and make it his; why then should Cain be so angry? Sinful heats and disquiets vanish before a strict and fair inquiry into the cause.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. - But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. Because of the absence of those qualities which distinguished Abel and his offering; not because the heart of Cain was "no more pure," but "imbued with a criminal propensity" (Kalisch), which it was not until his offering was rejected. The visible sign, whatever it was, being awanting in the case of Cain's oblation, its absence left the offerer in no dubiety as to the Divine displeasure with both himself and his offering. In the rejection of Cain's offering Bohlen sees the animus of a Levitical narrator, who looks down slightingly on offerings of the fruits and flowers of earth; but, as Havernick well remarks, the theocracy was essentially based on agriculture, while the Mosaic institute distinctly recognized the legality and value of bloodless offerings. And Cain was very wroth (literally, it burned with Cain exceedingly), and his countenance fell. In fierce resentment against his brother, possibly in disappointed rage against himself, almost certainly in anger against God (cf. Nehemiah 6:16; Job 29:24; Jeremiah 3:12, and contrast Job 11:15). There was apparently no sorrow for sin, "no spirit of inquiry, self-examination, prayer to God for light or pardon, clearly showing that Cain was far from a right state of mind" (Murphy). Yet the Lord does not forthwith abandon the contumacious and insensate transgressor, but patiently expostulates with and instructs him as to how he too might obtain the same blessing of acceptance which his younger brother enjoyed.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect,.... Not because of the matter of it, as some have thought; but because it was not offered in faith and sincerity, but in a formal and hypocritical manner, without any regard to the Messiah and his sacrifice, and without any view to the glory of God: no notice was taken, no approbation was given of it by the above token, or any other; so that it was manifest to Cain himself, that God did not approve of it, or was well pleased with it, as with his brother's:

and Cain was very wroth; with God, to whom he offered it, because he did not accept of it, and with his brother, because he and his sacrifice were preferred to him and his:

and his countenance fell; the briskness and cheerfulness of his countenance went off, and he looked dejected; and instead of lifting up his face towards heaven; he looked with a down look to the earth; he looked churlish, morose, and sullen, ill natured, full of malice and revenge, and as if he was studying which way to vent it; he knit his brows and gnashed his teeth, put on a surly countenance; and there might be seen in his face all the signs, not only of grief and disappointment, but of rage and fury; though (i) some interpret it of shame and confusion.

(i) R. Jonah apud R. Sol. Urbin. Ohel Moed, fol. 9. p. 2.



Genesis 4:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
Cain and Abel
4Abel, on his part also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of their fat portions. And the LORD had regard for Abel and for his offering; 5but for Cain and for his offering He had no regard. So Cain became very angry and his countenance fell. 6Then the LORD said to Cain, "Why are you angry? And why has your countenance fallen?…
Cross References
Jude 1:11
Woe to them! They have taken the way of Cain; they have rushed for profit into Balaam's error; they have been destroyed in Korah's rebellion.

Numbers 16:15
Then Moses became very angry and said to the LORD, "Do not accept their offering. I have not taken so much as a donkey from them, nor have I wronged any of them."

1 Samuel 16:7
But the LORD said to Samuel, "Do not consider his appearance or his height, for I have rejected him. The LORD does not look at the things people look at. People look at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart."

Proverbs 29:10
The bloodthirsty hate a person of integrity and seek to kill the upright.

Isaiah 3:9
The look on their faces testifies against them; they parade their sin like Sodom; they do not hide it. Woe to them! They have brought disaster upon themselves.
Treasury of Scripture

But to Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

But.

Numbers 16:15 And Moses was very wroth, and said to the LORD, Respect not you their …

Hebrews 11:4 By faith Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, …

wroth.

Genesis 31:2,5 And Jacob beheld the countenance of Laban, and, behold, it was not …

Job 5:2 For wrath kills the foolish man, and envy slays the silly one.

Psalm 20:3 Remember all your offerings, and accept your burnt sacrifice; Selah.

Isaiah 3:10,11 Say you to the righteous, that it shall be well with him: for they …

Matthew 20:15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with my own? Is your eye …

Luke 15:28-30 And he was angry, and would not go in: therefore came his father …

Acts 13:45 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, …

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