Romans 7:8
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
But sin, seizing the opportunity afforded by the commandment, produced in me every kind of coveting. For apart from the law, sin was dead.

New Living Translation
But sin used this command to arouse all kinds of covetous desires within me! If there were no law, sin would not have that power.

English Standard Version
But sin, seizing an opportunity through the commandment, produced in me all kinds of covetousness. For apart from the law, sin lies dead.

Berean Study Bible
But sin, seizing its opportunity through the commandment, produced in me every kind of covetous desire. For apart from the Law, sin is dead.

Berean Literal Bible
But sin, having taken an occasion by the commandment, produced in me all covetousness; for apart from the Law, sin is dead.

New American Standard Bible
But sin, taking opportunity through the commandment, produced in me coveting of every kind; for apart from the Law sin is dead.

King James Bible
But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And sin, seizing an opportunity through the commandment, produced in me coveting of every kind. For apart from the law sin is dead.

International Standard Version
But sin seized the opportunity provided by this commandment and produced in me all kinds of sinful desires, since apart from the Law, sin is dead.

NET Bible
But sin, seizing the opportunity through the commandment, produced in me all kinds of wrong desires. For apart from the law, sin is dead.

New Heart English Bible
But sin, finding occasion through the commandment, produced in me all kinds of coveting. For apart from the law, sin is dead.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
In this commandment sin found for itself an occasion and developed in me every lust, for without The Written Law, sin was dead.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But sin took the opportunity provided by this commandment and made me have all kinds of wrong desires. Clearly, without laws sin is dead.

New American Standard 1977
But sin, taking opportunity through the commandment, produced in me coveting of every kind; for apart from the Law sin is dead.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then sin, when there was occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of lust. For without the law sin was as if it were dormant.

King James 2000 Bible
But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, worked in me all manner of covetousness. For without the law sin was dead.

American King James Version
But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, worked in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead.

American Standard Version
but sin, finding occasion, wrought in me through the commandment all manner of coveting: for apart from the law sin is dead.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But sin taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead.

Darby Bible Translation
but sin, getting a point of attack by the commandment, wrought in me every lust; for without law sin [was] dead.

English Revised Version
but sin, finding occasion, wrought in me through the commandment all manner of coveting: for apart from the law sin is dead.

Webster's Bible Translation
But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead.

Weymouth New Testament
Sin took advantage of this, and by means of the Commandment stirred up within me every kind of coveting; for apart from Law sin would be dead.

World English Bible
But sin, finding occasion through the commandment, produced in me all kinds of coveting. For apart from the law, sin is dead.

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou shalt not covet;' and the sin having received an opportunity, through the command, did work in me all covetousness -- for apart from law sin is dead.
Study Bible
God's Law is Holy
7What then shall we say? Is the Law sin? By no means! Indeed, I would not have been mindful of sin if not for the Law. For I would not have been aware of coveting if the Law had not said, “Do not covet.” 8But sin, seizing its opportunity through the commandment, produced in me every kind of covetous desire. For apart from the Law, sin is dead. 9Once I was alive apart from the Law; but when the commandment came, sin sprang to life and I died.…
Cross References
Mark 7:22
greed, wickedness, deceit, debauchery, envy, slander, arrogance, and foolishness.

Romans 3:20
Therefore no one will be justified in His sight by works of the Law. For the Law merely brings awareness of sin.

Romans 7:9
Once I was alive apart from the Law; but when the commandment came, sin sprang to life and I died.

Romans 7:11
For sin, seizing its opportunity through the commandment, deceived me and through the commandment put me to death.

1 Corinthians 15:56
The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the Law.
Treasury of Scripture

But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, worked in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead.

sin.

Romans 7:11,13,17 For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew me…

Romans 4:15 Because the law works wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.

Romans 5:20 Moreover the law entered, that the offense might abound. But where …

wrought.

James 1:14,15 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed…

For without, etc. Rather, 'For without a law sin is dead.' Where there is no law, there is no transgression; for sin is the transgression of the law: the very essence of sin consists in the violation of some positive law.

Romans 4:15 Because the law works wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.

John 15:22,24 If I had not come and spoken to them, they had not had sin: but now …

1 Corinthians 15:56 The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.

(8) Taking occasion.--The word in the Greek implies originally a military metaphor: taking as a "base of operations," i.e., an advanced post occupied as the starting-point and rendezvous for further advances. Sin is unable to. act upon man without the co-operation of law, without being able to hold up law before him, and so show itself in its true colours.

The words "by the commandment" may either go with "taking occasion" or with "wrought in me." The sense would, in either case, be very much the same, "taking advantage of the commandment," or "wrought in me by the help of the commandment." The first is the construction usually adopted, as in the Authorised version, but there seem to be reasons of some force for preferring the second. The phrase "wrought in me coveting by the commandment" would thus be parallel to "working death in me by that which is good," below.

Concupiscence.--Rather, coveting; the same word which had been used above. Sin and the Commandment together--Sin, the evil principle in men, acting as the primary cause, and the Commandment as the secondary cause--led their unfortunate victim into all kinds of violation of the Law. This is done in two ways: (1) the perverseness of human nature is such that the mere prohibition of an act suggests the desire to do that which is prohibited; (2) the act, when done, is invested with the character of sin, which hitherto it did not possess. It becomes a distinct breach of law, where previously there had been no law to break. This is what the Apostle means by saying that "without the Law sin was dead." Until there was a written prohibition, Sin (the evil principle) was powerless to produce sinful actions.

Verse 8. - But sin, taking occasion, through the commandment wrought in me all manner of concupiscence (or, of lust): for without (or, apart from) law sin is dead. Here, as in Romans 5:12, seq., sin is personified as a power, antagonistic to the Law of God, that has been introduced into the world of man, causing death. In ch. 5. its first introduction was found in the scriptural account of Adam's transgression. It has ever since been in the world, as is evidenced by the continuance of the reign of death as it comes to all men now (vers. 13, 14). But it is only when men, through law, know it to be sin, that it is imputed (ver. 13), and so slays them spiritually. Apart from law, it is as it were dead with respect to its power over the soul to kill. It is regarded here as an enemy on the watch, seizing its occasion to kill which is offered it when law comes in. It may be observed here that, though it is not easy to define exactly in all cases what St. Paul means by death, it is evident that he means in this place more than the physical death which seemed, at first sight at least, to be exclusively referred to in ch. 5. For all die in the latter sense of the word; but only those who sin with knowledge of law in the sense intended here (see also note on Romans 5:12). It is supposed by most commentators that the expression κατειργάσατο in this verse means, not only that "the commandment" brought out lust as sin, but further that it provoked it, according to the alleged tendency of human nature to long all the more for what is forbidden; Nitimur in vetitum semper, cupimusque negata. Whether or not we have this tendency to the extent sometimes supposed, the context certainly neither requires nor suggests the conception, either here or in vers. 5 and 7. It is true, however, that the language of vers. 5 and 8 does in itself suggest it. Against it is the reason which follows; "for without law sin is dead," which can hardly mean (as the strong word νεκρά would seem in such case to require) that lust itself is altogether dormant until prohibition excites it. Calvin interprets κατειργάσατο thus: "Detexit in me omnem concupiscentiam; quae, dum lateret, quo-dammodo nulla esse videbatur;" and on ἁμαρτια νεκρά remarks, "Clarissime exprimit quem sensum habeant superiora. Perinde enim est ac si diceret, sepnltam esse sine Legs peccati notitiam." But sin taking occasion by the commandment,.... By "the commandment" is meant, either the whole moral law, or that particular commandment, "thou shalt not covet", Exodus 20:17, which, the Jews say, comprehends all;

"God, (say they (f),) caused them (the Israelites) to hear the ten words, which he concluded with this word, "thou shalt not covet"; , "for all of them depend on that": and to intimate, that whoever keeps this commandment, it is as if he kept the whole law, and whoever transgresses this, it is all one as if he transgressed the whole law;''

and no doubt but it does refer to any unlawful thought of, desire after, and inclination to anything forbidden in the other commandments. By "sin" is meant, not the devil, as some of the ancients thought; but the vitiosity and corruption of nature, indwelling sin, the law in the members that took "occasion" by the law of God; so that the law at most could only be an occasion, not the cause of sin, and besides, this was an occasion not given by the law, but taken by sin; so that it was sin, and not the law, which

wrought in him all manner of concupiscence. The law forbidding every unclean thought, and covetous desire of unlawful objects, sin took an occasion through these prohibitions to work in him, stir up and excite concupiscence, evil desire after all manner of things forbidden by the law; hence it is clear that not the law, but sin, is exceeding sinful:

for without the law sin was dead; not that, before the law of Moses was given, sin lay dead and unexerted, for during that interval between Adam and Moses sin was, and lived and reigned, and death by it, as much as at any other time; but when the apostle was without the law, that is, without the knowledge of the spirituality of it, before it came with power and light into his heart and conscience, sin lay as though it was dead; it was so in his apprehension, he fancied himself free from it, and that he was perfectly righteous.

(f) Abkath Rochel, l. 1. par. 1. p. 3. Ed. Huls. 8. For without the law—that is, before its extensive demands and prohibitions come to operate upon our corrupt nature.

sin was—rather, "is"

dead—that is, the sinful principle of our nature lies so dormant, so torpid, that its virulence and power are unknown, and to our feeling it is as good as "dead."7:7-13 There is no way of coming to that knowledge of sin, which is necessary to repentance, and therefore to peace and pardon, but by trying our hearts and lives by the law. In his own case the apostle would not have known the sinfulness of his thoughts, motives, and actions, but by the law. That perfect standard showed how wrong his heart and life were, proving his sins to be more numerous than he had before thought, but it did not contain any provision of mercy or grace for his relief. He is ignorant of human nature and the perverseness of his own heart, who does not perceive in himself a readiness to fancy there is something desirable in what is out of reach. We may perceive this in our children, though self-love makes us blind to it in ourselves. The more humble and spiritual any Christian is, the more clearly will he perceive that the apostle describes the true believer, from his first convictions of sin to his greatest progress in grace, during this present imperfect state. St. Paul was once a Pharisee, ignorant of the spirituality of the law, having some correctness of character, without knowing his inward depravity. When the commandment came to his conscience by the convictions of the Holy Spirit, and he saw what it demanded, he found his sinful mind rise against it. He felt at the same time the evil of sin, his own sinful state, that he was unable to fulfil the law, and was like a criminal when condemned. But though the evil principle in the human heart produces sinful motions, and the more by taking occasion of the commandment; yet the law is holy, and the commandment holy, just, and good. It is not favourable to sin, which it pursues into the heart, and discovers and reproves in the inward motions thereof. Nothing is so good but a corrupt and vicious nature will pervert it. The same heat that softens wax, hardens clay. Food or medicine when taken wrong, may cause death, though its nature is to nourish or to heal. The law may cause death through man's depravity, but sin is the poison that brings death. Not the law, but sin discovered by the law, was made death to the apostle. The ruinous nature of sin, and the sinfulness of the human heart, are here clearly shown.
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