Romans 3:21
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
But now apart from the law the righteousness of God has been made known, to which the Law and the Prophets testify.

New Living Translation
But now God has shown us a way to be made right with him without keeping the requirements of the law, as was promised in the writings of Moses and the prophets long ago.

English Standard Version
But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it—

Berean Study Bible
But now, apart from the Law, the righteousness of God has been revealed, as attested by the Law and the Prophets.

Berean Literal Bible
But now apart from Law, the righteousness of God has been revealed, being borne witness to by the Law and the Prophets.

New American Standard Bible
But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets,

King James Bible
But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But now, apart from the law, God's righteousness has been revealed--attested by the Law and the Prophets

International Standard Version
But now, apart from the Law, God's righteousness is revealed and is attested by the Law and the Prophets—

NET Bible
But now apart from the law the righteousness of God (which is attested by the law and the prophets) has been disclosed--

New Heart English Bible
But now apart from the law, a righteousness of God has been revealed, being testified by the Law and the Prophets;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But now the justice of God has been revealed without The Written Law and The Written Law and The Prophets testify of it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Now, the way to receive God's approval has been made plain in a way other than Moses' Teachings. Moses' Teachings and the Prophets tell us this.

New American Standard 1977
But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets,

Jubilee Bible 2000
But now, without the law, the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets:

King James 2000 Bible
But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;

American King James Version
But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;

American Standard Version
But now apart from the law a righteousness of God hath been manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;

Douay-Rheims Bible
But now without the law the justice of God is made manifest, being witnessed by the law and the prophets.

Darby Bible Translation
But now without law righteousness of God is manifested, borne witness to by the law and the prophets;

English Revised Version
But now apart from the law a righteousness of God hath been manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;

Webster's Bible Translation
But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being testified by the law and the prophets;

Weymouth New Testament
But now a righteousness coming from God has been brought to light apart from any Law, both Law and Prophets bearing witness to it--

World English Bible
But now apart from the law, a righteousness of God has been revealed, being testified by the law and the prophets;

Young's Literal Translation
And now apart from law hath the righteousness of God been manifested, testified to by the law and the prophets,
Study Bible
Righteousness through Faith
20Therefore no one will be justified in His sight by works of the Law. For the Law merely brings awareness of sin. 21But now, apart from the Law, the righteousness of God has been revealed, as attested by the Law and the Prophets. 22And this righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no distinction,…
Cross References
Isaiah 46:13
"I bring near My righteousness, it is not far off; And My salvation will not delay. And I will grant salvation in Zion, And My glory for Israel.

Daniel 9:24
"Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy place.

Acts 10:43
All the prophets testify about Him that everyone who believes in Him receives forgiveness of sins through His name."

Romans 1:2
which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the Holy Scriptures,

Romans 1:17
For the gospel reveals the righteousness of God that comes by faith from start to finish, just as it is written: "The righteous will live by faith."

Romans 3:28
For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of the Law.

Romans 9:30
What then will we say? That the Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have obtained it, a righteousness that is by faith;

2 Corinthians 3:9
For if the ministry of condemnation was glorious, how much more glorious is the ministry of righteousness!

2 Corinthians 5:21
God made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that in Him we might become the righteousness of God.

2 Peter 1:1
Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours:
Treasury of Scripture

But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;

righteousness.

Romans 1:17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: …

Romans 5:19,21 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the …

Romans 10:3,4 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to …

Genesis 15:6 And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.

Isaiah 45:24,25 Surely, shall one say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: …

Isaiah 46:13 I bring near my righteousness; it shall not be far off, and my salvation …

Isaiah 51:8 For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall …

Isaiah 54:17 No weapon that is formed against you shall prosper; and every tongue …

Isaiah 61:10 I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my …

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David …

Jeremiah 33:16 In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: …

Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined on your people and on your holy city, …

Acts 15:11 But we believe that through the grace of the LORD Jesus Christ we …

1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made to us wisdom, …

2 Corinthians 5:21 For he has made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might …

Galatians 5:5 For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.

Philippians 3:9 And be found in him, not having my own righteousness, which is of …

Hebrews 11:4 By faith Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, …

2 Peter 1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ…

being.

Deuteronomy 18:15-19 The LORD your God will raise up to you a Prophet from the middle …

Luke 24:44 And he said to them, These are the words which I spoke to you, while …

John 1:45 Philip finds Nathanael, and said to him, We have found him, of whom …

John 3:14,15 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must …

John 5:46,47 For had you believed Moses, you would have believed me; for he wrote of me…

Acts 26:22 Having therefore obtained help of God, I continue to this day, witnessing …

Hebrews 10:1-14 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very …

and the.

Romans 1:2 (Which he had promised before by his prophets in the holy scriptures,)

Romans 16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, …

Acts 3:21-25 Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things…

Acts 10:43 To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whoever …

Acts 28:23 And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into …

Galatians 3:8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen …

1 Peter 1:10 Of which salvation the prophets have inquired and searched diligently, …

(21-26) This then introduces the solemn enunciation, repeated more fully from Romans 1:16-17, of the great subject of the Epistle, the declaration of that new scheme by which, through Christ, God had removed the guilt which the Law (whether Jewish or any other) could not remove.

(21-22) Such was the condition of the world up to the coming of Christ. But now, in contrast with the previous state of things, a new system has appeared upon the scene. In this system law is entirely put on one side, though the system itself was anticipated in and is attested by those very writings in which the Law was embodied. Law is now superseded, the great end of the Law, the introduction of righteousness, being accomplished in another way, viz., through faith in Christ, by which a state of righteousness is superinduced upon all believers.

(21) But now.--In these latter days. The Apostle conceives of the history of the world as divided into periods; the period of the Gospel succeeds that of the Law, and to it the Apostle and his readers belong. (Comp. for this conception of the gospel, as manifested at a particular epoch of time, Romans 16:25-26; Acts 17:30; Galatians 3:23; Galatians 3:25; Galatians 4:3-4; Ephesians 1:10; Ephesians 2:12-13; Colossians 1:21; Colossians 1:26; 1Timothy 2:6; 2Timothy 1:10; Hebrews 1:1; 1Peter 1:20.)

The righteousness of God.--Rather, a righteousness of God--i.e., "bestowed by God," "wrought out by Him," as in Romans 1:17. The reference is again, here as there, to the root-conception of righteousness as at once the great object and condition of the Messianic kingdom.

Without the law.--In complete independence of any law, though borne witness to by the Law of Moses. The new system is one into which the idea of law does not enter.

Is manifested.--Hath been, and continues to be manifested. The initial moment is that of the appearance of Christ upon earth. The scheme which then began is still evolving itself.

Being witnessed.--The Apostle does not lose sight of the preparatory function of the older dispensation, and of its radical affinity to the new. (Comp. Romans 1:2; Romans 16:26; Luke 18:31; Luke 24:27; Luke 24:44; Luke 24:46; John 5:39; John 5:46; Acts 2:25; Acts 2:31; Acts 3:22; Acts 3:24; Acts 17:2-3; Acts 26:22-23; 1Peter 1:10-11.)

Verses 21-31. - (4) The righteousness of God, manifested in Christ and apprehended by faith, is the sole remedy, and available for all. The position enunciated in Romans 1:18 being now sufficiently established, the apostle enters here on his main argument, announced in Romans 1:17. Verse 21. - But now (νυνὶ here may have either its temporal sense of at the present time, or its logical sense of as things are. For its use in the latter sense, cf. Romans 7:17; 1 Corinthians 5:11; 1 Corinthians 13:13; 1 Corinthians 15:20) the righteousness of God without law (i.e. apart from law) is (or, has been) manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the prophets. On the essential meaning of God's righteousness (Θεοῦ δικαιοσύνη), see on Romans 1:17, and Introduction. This passage, in which the thesis of Romans 1:17 is formally enunciated, is consistent with this meaning; in confirmation of which observe vers. 25, 26, where δικαιοσύνη αὐτοῦ evidently means God's own righteousness, as also above, ver. 5. If this view is correct, there is no need to follow commentators into their discussions of the significance of χωρὶς νόμου in supposed connection with the idea of man's imputed righteousness; such as whether it is meant to declare justification through Christ to be without the aid of the Law - "sine legis adminiculo" (Calvin) - or to exclude all legal works, done before, or even after justification, from any share in the office of justification. However true these positions may be, what is said here seems simply to mean that God's righteousness has been manifested in Christ in a different way, and on a different principle, from that of law. The principle of law is to enjoin and forbid, and to require complete obedience; but law, even as exhibited in the Divine Law of the Jews, has been shown to fail to enable man thus to attain to δικαιοσύνη; therefore, apart from this exacting principle, the righteousness of God is now revealed to man, embracing him in itself. The absence of the article before νόμου here, and its insertion in the latter clause of the same verse, where the Mosaic Law is definitely referred to, is fully explained by what has been said above under Romans 2:13. Being witnessed, etc., is introduced parenthetically by way of intimating that this manifestation of God's righteousness, though "apart from law," is not in any opposition to the teaching of the Law and the prophets, being, in fact, anticipated by them. The proof of this appears afterwards in ch. 4. But now the righteousness of God,.... The apostle having proved that all men are unrighteous, and that no man can be justified in the sight of God by his obedience, either to the law of nature or of Moses, proceeds to give an account of that righteousness, which does justify before God; and so returns to his former subject, Romans 1:17, concerning "the righteousness of God", the revelation of which he makes to be peculiar to the Gospel, as he does here; since he says, that it

without the law is manifested: meaning, either that this righteousness is without the law, and the deeds of it, as performed by sinful men; or that the manifestation of it is without the law, either of nature or of Moses; for the law discovers sin, but not a righteousness which justifies from sin; it shows what righteousness is, but does not direct the sinner where there is one to be had, that will make him righteous in the sight of God: this is made known without the law, and only in the Gospel:

being witnessed by the law and the prophets; a testimony is borne to the justifying righteousness of Christ both "by the law", particularly in the five books of Moses; which testify of Christ, of his obedience, sufferings, and death, by which he brought in life and righteousness; see Genesis 3:15, compared with Daniel 9:24; and Genesis 15:6 with Romans 4:9; and Genesis 22:18 with Galatians 3:8; and Deuteronomy 30:11 with Romans 10:5. And the prophets; Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel, and others; see Isaiah 42:21. Ro 3:21-26. God's Justifying Righteousness through Faith in Jesus Christ, Alike Adapted to Our Necessities and Worthy of Himself.

21-23. But now the righteousness of God—(See on [2189]Ro 1:17).

without the law—that is, a righteousness to which our obedience to the law contributes nothing whatever (Ro 3:28; Ga 2:16).

is manifested, being witnessed—attested.

by the law and the prophets—the Old Testament Scriptures. Thus this justifying righteousness, though new, as only now fully disclosed, is an old righteousness, predicted and foreshadowed in the Old Testament.3:21-26 Must guilty man remain under wrath? Is the wound for ever incurable? No; blessed be God, there is another way laid open for us. This is the righteousness of God; righteousness of his ordaining, and providing, and accepting. It is by that faith which has Jesus Christ for its object; an anointed Saviour, so Jesus Christ signifies. Justifying faith respects Christ as a Saviour, in all his three anointed offices, as Prophet, Priest, and King; trusting in him, accepting him, and cleaving to him: in all these, Jews and Gentiles are alike welcome to God through Christ. There is no difference, his righteousness is upon all that believe; not only offered to them, but put upon them as a crown, as a robe. It is free grace, mere mercy; there is nothing in us to deserve such favours. It comes freely unto us, but Christ bought it, and paid the price. And faith has special regard to the blood of Christ, as that which made the atonement. God, in all this, declares his righteousness. It is plain that he hates sin, when nothing less than the blood of Christ would satisfy for it. And it would not agree with his justice to demand the debt, when the Surety has paid it, and he has accepted that payment in full satisfaction.
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