Psalm 32:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Of David. A maskil. Blessed is the one whose transgressions are forgiven, whose sins are covered.

New Living Translation
A psalm of David. Oh, what joy for those whose disobedience is forgiven, whose sin is put out of sight!

English Standard Version
A Maskil of David. Blessed is the one whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

New American Standard Bible
A Psalm of David. A Maskil. How blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, Whose sin is covered!

King James Bible
A Psalm of David, Maschil. Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Davidic. A Maskil. How joyful is the one whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered!

International Standard Version
How blessed is the one whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

NET Bible
By David; a well-written song. How blessed is the one whose rebellious acts are forgiven, whose sin is pardoned!

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Blessed is he whose evil is forgiven him and his sins have been covered for him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[A psalm by David; a [maskil] Blessed is the person whose disobedience is forgiven and whose sin is pardoned.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

King James 2000 Bible
Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

American King James Version
Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

American Standard Version
Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, Whose sin is covered.

Douay-Rheims Bible
To David himself, understanding. Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.

Darby Bible Translation
{Of David. Instruction.} Blessed is he [whose] transgression is forgiven, [whose] sin is covered!

English Revised Version
A Psalm of David. Maschil. Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

Webster's Bible Translation
A Psalm of David, Maschil. Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

World English Bible
Blessed is he whose disobedience is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

Young's Literal Translation
By David. -- An Instruction. O the happiness of him whose transgression is forgiven, Whose sin is covered.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

32:1,2 Sin is the cause of our misery; but the true believer's transgressions of the Divine law are all forgiven, being covered with the atonement. Christ bare his sins, therefore they are not imputed to him. The righteousness of Christ being reckoned to us, and we being made the righteousness of God in him, our iniquity is not imputed, God having laid upon him the iniquity of us all, and made him a sin-offering for us. Not to impute sin, is God's act, for he is the Judge. It is God that justifies. Notice the character of him whose sins are pardoned; he is sincere, and seeks sanctification by the power of the Holy Ghost. He does not profess to repent, with an intention to indulge in sin, because the Lord is ready to forgive. He will not abuse the doctrine of free grace. And to the man whose iniquity is forgiven, all manner of blessings are promised.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, and whose sin is covered. There are three aspects under which sin is viewed in Holy Scripture:

1. As an offence against God's Law. This is "transgression" - ἀνομία.

2. As an offence against the eternal and immutable rule of right. This is "sin" - ἁμαρτία.

3. As an internal depravation and defilement of the sinner's soul. This is "iniquity " - ἀδικία (comp. Exodus 34:7). Each aspect of sin has its own especial remedy, or manner of removal. The "transgression" is "lifted up," "taken away,"- αἵρεται ἀφαίρεται - more vaguely ἀφίεται. The "sin" is "covered, .... hidden" - καλύπτετα ἐπικαλύπτεται. The "iniquity" is "not imputed" - οὐ λογίζεται. The union of all three, as here in vers. 1, 2, is complete remission or forgiveness.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven,.... Or "lifted up" (m); bore and carried away: sin is a transgression of the law; the guilt of it charged upon the conscience of a sinner is a heavy burden, too heavy for him to bear, and the punishment of it is intolerable: forgiveness is a removal of sin, guilt, and punishment. Sin was first taken off, and transferred from the sinner to Christ, the surety; and who laid upon him really and judicially, as the sins of the people of Israel were put upon the scapegoat typically; and was bore by him, both guilt and punishment, and taken away, finished, and made an end of; and by the application of his blood and sacrifice it is taken away from the sinner's conscience; it is caused to pass from him, and is removed afar off, as far as the east is from the west; it is so lifted off from him as to give him ease and peace, and so as never to return to the destruction of him; wherefore such a man is a happy man; he has much peace, comfort, calmness, and serenity of mind now can appear before God with intrepidity, and serve him without fear; no bill of indictment can hereafter be found against him; no charge will be exhibited, and so no condemnation to him. The same is expressed, though in different words, in the next clause;

whose sin is covered; not by himself, by any works of righteousness done by him; for these are a covering too narrow; nor by excuses and extenuations; for prosperity and happiness do not attend such a conduct, Proverbs 28:13; but by Christ; he is the mercy seat, the covering of the law; who is the covert of his people from the curses of it, and from the storm of divine wrath and vengeance, due to the transgressions of it; his blood is the purple covering of the chariot, under which the saints ride safe to heaven; the lines of his blood are drawn over crimson and scarlet sins, by which they are blotted out, and are not legible; and being clothed with the robe of Christ's righteousness, all their sins are covered from the eye of divine Justice; not from the eye of God's omniscience, which sees the sins of all men, and beholds those of his own people; and which he takes notice of, and corrects for, in a fatherly way; but from vindictive justice, they are so hid as not to be imputed and charged, nor the saints to be condemned for them; such are unblamable and unreproveable in the sight of God, and are all fair in the eyes of Christ; and their sins are caused to pass away from themselves, and they have no more sight and conscience of them; and though sought for at the last day, they will not be found and brought to light, nor be seen by men or angels. There is something unseemly, impure, nauseous, abominable, and provoking in sin; which will not bear to be seen by the Lord, and therefore must be covered, or the sinner can never stand in his presence and be happy.

(m) Verbum "elevavit quaudoque idem est ac condonavit", Gejerus; "ablata est", Piscator, Cocceius.

The Treasury of David

1 Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

2 Blessed is the man unto whom the Lord imputeth not iniquity and in whose spirit there is no guile.

Psalm 32:1

"Blessed." Like the sermon on the mount, this Psalm begins with beatitudes. This is the second Psalm of benediction. The Psalm 1:1-6describes the result of holy blessedness, the Psalm 32:1-11details the cause of it. The first pictures the tree in full growth, this depicts it in its first planting and watering. He who in thePsa 1:1-6 is a reader of God's book, is here a suppliant at God's throne accepted and heard. "Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven." He is now blessed, and ever shall be. Be he ever so poor, or sick, or sorrowful, he is blessed in very deed. Pardoning mercy is of all things in the world most to be prized, for it is the only and sure way to happiness. To hear from God's own Spirit the words, "absolvo te" is joy unspeakable. Blessedness is not in this case ascribed to the man who has been a diligent lawkeeper, for then it would never come to us, but rather to a lawbreaker, who by grace most rich and free has been forgiven. Self-righteous Pharisees have no portion in this blessedness. Over the returning prodigal, the word of welcome is here pronounced, and the music and dancing begin. A full, instantaneous, irreversible pardon of transgression turns the poor sinner's hell into heaven, and makes the heir of wrath a partaker in blessing. The word rendered forgiven is in the original taken off, or taken away, as a burden is lifted or a barrier removed. What a lift is here! It cost our Saviour a sweat of blood to bear our load, yea, it cost him his life to bear it quite away. Samson carried the gates of Gaza, but what was that to the weight which Jesus bore on our behalf? "Whose sin is covered." Covered by God, as the ark was covered by the mercy-seat, as Noah was covered from the flood, as the Egyptians were covered by the depths of the sea. What a cover must that be which hides away for ever from the sight of the all-seeing God all the filthiness of the flesh and of the spirit! He who has once seen sin in its horrible deformity, will appreciate the happiness of seeing it no more for ever. Christ's atonement is the propitiation, the covering, the making an end of sin; where this is seen and trusted in, the soul knows itself to be now accepted in the Beloved, and therefore enjoys a conscious blessedness which is the antepast of heaven. It is clear from the text that a man may know that he is pardoned: where would be the blessedness of an unknown forgiveness? Clearly it is a matter of knowledge, for it is the ground of comfort.

Psalm 32:2

"Blessed is the man unto whom the Lord imputeth not iniquity." The word blessed is in the plural, oh, the blessednesses! the double joys, the bundles of happiness, the mountains of delight! Note the three words so often used to denote our disobedience: transgression, sin, and iniquity, are the three-headed dog at the gates of hell, but our glorious Lord has silenced its barkings for ever against his own believing ones. The trinity of sin is overcome by the Trinity of heaven. Non-imputation is of the very essence of pardon: the believer sins, but his sin is not reckoned, not accounted to him. Certain divines froth at the mouth with rage against imputed righteousness, be it ours to see our sin not imputed, and to us may there be as Paul words it, "Righteousness imputed without works." He is blessed indeed who has a substitute to stand for him to whose account all his debts may be set down. "And in whose spirit there is no guile." He who is pardoned, has in every case been taught to deal honestly with himself, his sin, and his God. Forgiveness is no sham, and the peace which it brings is not caused by playing tricks with conscience. Self-deception and hypocrisy bring no blessedness, they may drug the soul into hell with pleasant dreams, but into the heaven of true peace they cannot conduct their victim. Free from guilt, free from guile. Those who are justified from fault are sanctified from falsehood. A liar is not a forgiven soul. Treachery, double-dealing, chicanery, dissimulation, are lineaments of the devil's children, but he who is washed from sin is truthful, honest, simple, and childlike. There can be no blessedness to tricksters with their plans, and tricks, and shuffling, and pretending: they are too much afraid of discovery to be at ease; their house is built on the volcano's brink, and eternal destruction must be their portion. Observe the three words to describe sin, and the three words to represent pardon, weigh them well, and note their meanings. (See note at the end.)

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

PSALM 32

Ps 32:1-11. Maschil—literally, "giving instruction." The Psalmist describes the blessings of His forgiveness, succeeding the pains of conviction, and deduces from his own experience instruction and exhortation to others.

1, 2. (Compare Ro 4:6).

forgiven—literally, "taken away," opposed to retain (Joh 20:23).

covered—so that God no longer regards the sin (Ps 85:3).

Psalm 32:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
Blessed is He who is Forgiven
1A Psalm of David. A Maskil. How blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, Whose sin is covered! 2How blessed is the man to whom the LORD does not impute iniquity, And in whose spirit there is no deceit!…
Cross References
Matthew 6:12
And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.

Romans 4:7
"Blessed are those whose transgressions are forgiven, whose sins are covered.

Romans 4:8
Blessed is the one whose sin the Lord will never count against them."

Deuteronomy 33:29
Blessed are you, Israel! Who is like you, a people saved by the LORD? He is your shield and helper and your glorious sword. Your enemies will cower before you, and you will tread on their heights."

Psalm 85:2
You forgave the iniquity of your people and covered all their sins.

Psalm 103:3
who forgives all your sins and heals all your diseases,
Treasury of Scripture

Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

A.M.

Psalm 42:1 As the hart pants after the water brooks, so pants my soul after you, O God.

Psalm 45:1 My heart is gushing a good matter: I speak of the things which I …

Psalm 52:1 Why boast you yourself in mischief, O mighty man? the goodness of …

Psalm 53:1 The fool has said in his heart, There is no God. Corrupt are they, …

Psalm 55:1 Give ear to my prayer, O God; and hide not yourself from my supplication.

Blessed

Psalm 1:1,2 Blessed is the man that walks not in the counsel of the ungodly, …

Psalm 40:4 Blessed is that man that makes the LORD his trust, and respects not …

Psalm 84:12 O LORD of hosts, blessed is the man that trusts in you.

Psalm 89:15 Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, …

Psalm 106:3 Blessed are they that keep judgment, and he that does righteousness …

Psalm 119:1,2 Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the LORD…

Psalm 128:1 Blessed is every one that fears the LORD; that walks in his ways.

Jeremiah 17:7,8 Blessed is the man that trusts in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is…

Matthew 5:3-12 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven…

Matthew 16:17 And Jesus answered and said to him, Blessed are you, Simon Barjona: …

Luke 11:28 But he said, Yes rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God, …

Revelation 22:14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right …

transgression

Isaiah 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, said the LORD: though your …

Isaiah 43:25 I, even I, am he that blots out your transgressions for my own sake, …

Isaiah 44:22 I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, your transgressions, and, as …

Micah 7:18,19 Who is a God like to you, that pardons iniquity, and passes by the …

Acts 13:38,39 Be it known to you therefore, men and brothers, that through this …

Romans 4:6-8 Even as David also describes the blessedness of the man, to whom …

covered

Psalm 85:2 You have forgiven the iniquity of your people, you have covered all …

Nehemiah 4:5 And cover not their iniquity, and let not their sin be blotted out …

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