By David. -- An Instruction. O the happiness of him whose transgression is forgiven, Whose sin is covered.
Psalm 32:1 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven - In this and the following verse four evils are mentioned:
1. Transgression, פשע peshwa.
2. Sin, חטאה chataah.
3. Iniquity, עון avon.
4. Guile, רמיה remiyah.
The first signifies the passing over a boundary, doing what is prohibited. The second signifies the missing of a mark, not doing what was commanded; but is often taken to express sinfulness, or sin in the future, producing transgression in the life. The third signifies what is turned out of its proper course or situation; any thing morally distorted or perverted. Iniquity, what is contrary to equity or justice. The fourth signifies fraud, deceit, guile, etc. To remove these evils, three acts are mentioned: forgiving, covering, and not imputing.
1. Transgression, פשע pesha, must be forgiven, נשוי nesui, borne away, i.e., by a vicarious sacrifice; for bearing sin, or bearing away sin, always implies this.
2. Sin, חטאה chataah, must be covered, כסוי kesui, hidden from the sight. It is odious and abominable, and must be put out of sight.
3. Iniquity, עון anon, which is perverse or distorted, must not be imputed, לא יחשב lo yachshob, must not be reckoned to his account.
4. Guile, רמיה remiyah, must be annihilated from the soul: In whose spirit there is no Guile. The man whose transgression is forgiven; whose sin is hidden, God having cast it as a millstone into the depths of the sea; whose iniquity and perversion is not reckoned to his account; and whose guile, the deceitful and desperately wicked heart, is annihilated, being emptied of sin and filled with righteousness, is necessarily a happy man.
The old Psalter translates these two verses thus: Blissid qwas wikednes es for gyven, and qwas synnes is hyled (covered). Blisful man til qwam Lord retted (reckoneth) noght Syn: ne na treson es in his gast (spirit). In vain does any man look for or expect happiness while the power of sin remains, its guilt unpardoned, and its impurity not purged away. To the person who has got such blessings, we may say as the psalmist said, אשרי ashrey, O the blessedness of that man, whose transgression is forgiven! etc.
St. Paul quotes this passage, Romans 4:6-7 (note), to illustrate the doctrine of justification by faith; where see the notes.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
1034 (Title.) or, A Psalm of David giving instruction
Psalm 42:1 As the hart pants after the water brooks, so pants my soul after you, O God.
Psalm 45:1 My heart is gushing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.
Psalm 52:1 Why boast you yourself in mischief, O mighty man? the goodness of God endures continually.
Psalm 53:1 The fool has said in his heart, There is no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: there is none that does good.
Psalm 55:1 Give ear to my prayer, O God; and hide not yourself from my supplication.
Psalm 1:1,2 Blessed is the man that walks not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor stands in the way of sinners...
Psalm 40:4 Blessed is that man that makes the LORD his trust, and respects not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies.
Psalm 84:12 O LORD of hosts, blessed is the man that trusts in you.
Psalm 89:15 Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O LORD, in the light of your countenance.
Psalm 106:3 Blessed are they that keep judgment, and he that does righteousness at all times.
Psalm 119:1,2 Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the LORD...
Psalm 128:1 Blessed is every one that fears the LORD; that walks in his ways.
Jeremiah 17:7,8 Blessed is the man that trusts in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is...
Matthew 5:3-12 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven...
Matthew 16:17 And Jesus answered and said to him, Blessed are you, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood has not revealed it to you...
Luke 11:28 But he said, Yes rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it.
Revelation 22:14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life...
Isaiah 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, said the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow...
Isaiah 43:25 I, even I, am he that blots out your transgressions for my own sake, and will not remember your sins.
Isaiah 44:22 I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, your transgressions, and, as a cloud, your sins: return to me; for I have redeemed you.
Micah 7:18,19 Who is a God like to you, that pardons iniquity, and passes by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage...
Acts 13:38,39 Be it known to you therefore, men and brothers, that through this man is preached to you the forgiveness of sins...
Romans 4:6-8 Even as David also describes the blessedness of the man, to whom God imputes righteousness without works...
Psalm 85:2 You have forgiven the iniquity of your people, you have covered all their sin. Selah.
Nehemiah 4:5 And cover not their iniquity, and let not their sin be blotted out from before you...
Psalm 32:1 Parallel CommentariesBlessed Contemplative Covered David Disobedience Forgiven Forgiveness Happiness Happy Instruction Maschil Maschil&Gt Maskil Of Pardoned Psalm Sin Sins Transgression Transgressions WrongdoingBlessed Contemplative Covered David Disobedience Forgiven Forgiveness Happiness Happy Instruction Maschil Maschil&Gt Maskil Of Pardoned Psalm Sin Sins Transgression Transgressions WrongdoingTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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