2 Timothy 1:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
but it has now been revealed through the appearing of our Savior, Christ Jesus, who has destroyed death and has brought life and immortality to light through the gospel.

New Living Translation
And now he has made all of this plain to us by the appearing of Christ Jesus, our Savior. He broke the power of death and illuminated the way to life and immortality through the Good News.

English Standard Version
and which now has been manifested through the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel,

Berean Study Bible
And now He has revealed this grace through the appearing of our Savior, Christ Jesus, who has abolished death and illuminated the way to life and immortality through the gospel,

Berean Literal Bible
and now having been made manifest by the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, having abolished death and having brought to light life and immortality through the gospel,

New American Standard Bible
but now has been revealed by the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel,

King James Bible
But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
This has now been made evident through the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who has abolished death and has brought life and immortality to light through the gospel.

International Standard Version
Now, however, that grace has been revealed through the coming of our Savior the Messiah Jesus, who has destroyed death and through the gospel has brought life and release from death into full view.

NET Bible
but now made visible through the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus. He has broken the power of death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel!

New Heart English Bible
but has now been revealed by the appearing of our Savior, Christ Jesus, who abolished death, and brought life and immortality to light through the Good News.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And is now revealed by the revelation of Our Lifegiver, Yeshua The Messiah, who has destroyed death and has displayed life and indestructibility by The Gospel,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Now with the coming of our Savior Christ Jesus, he has revealed it. Christ has destroyed death, and through the Good News he has brought eternal life into full view.

New American Standard 1977
but now has been revealed by the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death, and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel,

Jubilee Bible 2000
but is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who has annulled death, and has brought life and incorruption to light through the gospel,

King James 2000 Bible
But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ, who has abolished death, and has brought life and immortality to light through the gospel

American King James Version
But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ, who has abolished death, and has brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:

American Standard Version
but hath now been manifested by the appearing of our Saviour Christ Jesus, who abolished death, and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel,

Douay-Rheims Bible
But is now made manifest by the illumination of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath destroyed death, and hath brought to light life and incorruption by the gospel:

Darby Bible Translation
but has been made manifest now by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who has annulled death, and brought to light life and incorruptibility by the glad tidings;

English Revised Version
but hath now been manifested by the appearing of our Saviour Christ Jesus, who abolished death, and brought life and incorruption to light through the gospel,

Webster's Bible Translation
But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:

Weymouth New Testament
but which has now been plainly revealed through the Appearing of our Saviour, Christ Jesus. He has put an end to death and has brought Life and Immortality to light through the Good News,

World English Bible
but has now been revealed by the appearing of our Savior, Christ Jesus, who abolished death, and brought life and immortality to light through the Good News.

Young's Literal Translation
and was made manifest now through the manifestation of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who indeed did abolish death, and did enlighten life and immortality through the good news,
Study Bible
Patience in Persecution
9He has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not because of our own works, but by His own purpose and by the grace He granted us in Christ Jesus before time eternal. 10And now He has revealed this grace through the appearing of our Savior, Christ Jesus, who has abolished death and illuminated the way to life and immortality through the gospel, 11to which I was appointed a preacher, apostle, and teacher.…
Cross References
Romans 2:7
To those who by perseverance in doing good seek glory, honor, and immortality, He will give eternal life.

Romans 16:26
but now revealed and made known through the writings of the prophets by the command of the eternal God, in order to lead all the nations to the obedience that comes from faith--

1 Corinthians 15:26
The last enemy to be destroyed is death.

2 Thessalonians 2:8
And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord Jesus will slay with the breath of His mouth and abolish by the majesty of His arrival.

2 Timothy 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, according to the promise of life in Christ Jesus,

2 Timothy 1:8
So do not be ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, or of me, His prisoner. Instead, join me in suffering for the gospel by the power of God.

2 Timothy 4:1
I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who will judge the living and the dead, and in view of His appearing and His kingdom:

2 Timothy 4:8
From now on the crown of righteousness is laid up for me, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will award to me on that day--and not only to me, but to all who crave His appearing.

Titus 2:11
For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men.

Hebrews 2:14
Therefore, since the children have flesh and blood, He too shared in their humanity, so that by His death He might destroy him who holds the power of death, that is, the devil,
Treasury of Scripture

But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ, who has abolished death, and has brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:

now.

Isaiah 25:7 And he will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering cast …

Isaiah 60:2,3 For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness …

Luke 2:31,32 Which you have prepared before the face of all people…

Romans 16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, …

Ephesians 1:9 Having made known to us the mystery of his will, according to his …

Colossians 1:26,27 Even the mystery which has been hid from ages and from generations, …

Titus 1:3 But has in due times manifested his word through preaching, which …

Titus 2:11 For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men,

1 Peter 1:20,21 Who truly was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but …

1 John 1:2 (For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, …

our.

Isaiah 43:3 For I am the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior: …

Isaiah 45:15,21 Truly you are a God that hide yourself, O God of Israel, the Savior…

Luke 2:11 For to you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, which …

John 4:42 And said to the woman, Now we believe, not because of your saying: …

Acts 5:31 Him has God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Savior, …

Acts 13:23 Of this man's seed has God according to his promise raised to Israel …

Titus 1:4 To Titus, my own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, …

Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the …

Titus 3:4 But after that the kindness and love of God our Savior toward man appeared,

2 Peter 1:1,11 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ…

2 Peter 2:20 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through …

2 Peter 3:2,18 That you may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by …

1 John 4:14 And we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son to be …

who.

Isaiah 25:8 He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away …

Hosea 13:14 I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them …

John 11:25,26 Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believes …

1 Corinthians 15:54,55 So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this …

Hebrews 2:14,15 For as much then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, …

Revelation 20:14 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

abolished.

Luke 13:7 Then said he to the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three …

Romans 3:31 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yes, we establish …

Romans 6:6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body …

Galatians 5:4 Christ is become of no effect to you, whoever of you are justified …

and hath.

2 Timothy 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, according to …

John 5:24-29,40 Truly, truly, I say to you, He that hears my word, and believes on …

John 14:6 Jesus said to him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man …

John 20:31 But these are written, that you might believe that Jesus is the Christ, …

Romans 2:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and …

Romans 5:17,18 For if by one man's offense death reigned by one…

1 Corinthians 15:53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must …

2 Corinthians 5:4 For we that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not …

2 Peter 1:3 According as his divine power has given to us all things that pertain …

1 John 1:2 (For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, …

Revelation 2:7 He that has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit said to the churches; …

Revelation 22:1,2,14,17 And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, …

Luke 11:36 If your whole body therefore be full of light, having no part dark, …

John 1:9 That was the true Light, which lights every man that comes into the world.

1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who …

Ephesians 1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that you may know …

Hebrews 10:32 But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after you were …

Revelation 18:1 And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven, …

(10) But is now made manifest.--The grace, a gift given to us in Christ from all eternity, but hidden during unnumbered ages, till the fulness of time--the appointed time--arrived; the "now," when it was made manifest.

By the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ.--The simple act of the Incarnation by no means covers the "appearing." The "appearing" (Epiphany) here includes not only the birth, but the whole manifestation of Christ on earth, including the Passion and the Resurrection.

Who hath abolished death.--More accurately, when he abolished, or, made of none effect. The Greek word thus rendered, signifies that by the action of the Lord, death was rendered inoperative, comparatively harmless--its sting was removed. The "death" thus made of none effect has a far more extended meaning than that separation of soul and body we are in the habit of calling death. It signifies that awful punishment of sin which is best described as the exact opposite to "eternal life." The death we are acquainted with by sad experience here is only the forerunner of the death eternal. Already to the believers in Jesus this death of the body counts for nothing; the time will come when it will even exist no more.

And hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel.--The Greek word rendered "immortality" is more accurately translated by incorruption. "Life" here is that true life, in its highest and completest sense, which includes the most perfect happiness--a happiness a foretaste of which is enjoyed on this side the grave; over it (this bliss) death now has no power--indeed, death is the gate, so to speak, through which we pass to its complete enjoyment. St. Paul says Christ "brought to light" life and incorruption, not only from having imparted to His own these glorious and divine attributes, but chiefly because He has displayed (or manifested) the life and incorruption in His own resurrection body before our very eyes. When St. Paul wrote to Timothy, we must remember, many an eye-witness of the resurrection glories still walked on earth; with these must St. Paul, and Timothy too, often have conversed. Thus it can, with all literal truth, be predicated of Jesus Christ that He brought life and incorruption out of that darkness in which, as far as men were concerned, these things lay, into the clear and bright light of day. And as the hearers of Christ and the eye-witnesses of His resurrection were, when we consider this great mass of mankind, comparatively few, the medium by which these glorious truths were made known to men was the preaching of the gospel, in which gospel the Holy Ghost had enshrined both the words and the story of Christ.

On the Greek text of this grand verse Ellicott observes that it is remarkable that "Death," being then a known and ruling power, has in the original the article, while "Life" and "Incorruption," being then only recently revealed and unknown powers, save to few, are written without the article.

Verse 10. - Hath now been manifested for is now made manifest, A.V.; Christ Jesus for Jesus Christ, A.V.; abolished for hath abolished, A.V.; brought for hath brought, A.V.; incorruption for immortality, A.V. Hath now been manifested (φανερωθεῖσαν); a word of very frequent use by St. Paul. The same contrast between the long time during which God's gracious purpose lay hidden, and the present time when it was brought to light by the gospel, which is contained in this passage, is forcibly dwelt upon in Ephesians 3:1-12. The appearing (τῆς ἐπιφανείας), applied here, as in the name of the Festival of the Epiphany, to the first advent, but in ch. 4:1 and Titus 2:13 and elsewhere applied to the second advent, "the glorious appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ" (Titus 2:13). Abolished (καταργήσαντος); i.e. "destroyed," or "done away," or "made of none effect," as the word is variously rendered (1 Corinthians 15:26; 2 Corinthians 3:11; Galatians 3:17; comp. Hebrews 2:14). Brought... to light (φωτίσαντος); as in 1 Corinthians 4:15. Elsewhere rather "to give light," or "to enlighten" (see Luke 11:36; Hebrews 6:4; Hebrews 10:32, etc.). For a full description of the abolition of death and the introduction of eternal life in its stead, through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, see Romans 5. and 6, and especially Romans 6:8-11. Through the gospel; because the gospel both declares the death and resurrection of Christ, and calls us to share in them. These mighty glories of the gospel were good reasons why Timothy should not be ashamed of the testimony of his Lord, nor shrink from the afflictions of the gospel. They were signal evidences of the power of God. But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ,.... The grace according to which the elect of God are saved and called; though it was given to them in Christ, before the world was, yet lay hid in the heart of God; in his thoughts, council and covenant; and in Jesus Christ; and in the types, shadows, sacrifices, prophecies, and promises of the Old Testament; but is now made manifest in the clearness, freeness, and abundance of it by the appearance of Christ, as a Saviour in human nature; who is come full of grace and truth, and through whom there is a plentiful exhibition of it to the sons of men:

who hath abolished death; the law of sin and death, which is the cause of death; and has destroyed him which has the power of it, the devil; he has abolished corporeal death with regard to his people, as a penal evil, he has took away its sting, and removed its curse, and made it a blessing to them; and he has utterly, with respect to them, abolished the second death, so as that it shall have no power over them, or they ever be hurt by it; all which he did by dying, and rising again: for though he died, yet he continued not under the power of death; but rose again and triumphed over it, as having got the victory of it; and the keys of it are in his hand:

and hath brought life and immortality to light through the Gospel. Christ was the first that rose again from the dead to an immortal life; the path of life was first shown to him, and brought to light by him; and though the doctrine of the resurrection of the dead was known by the Old Testament saints, yet not so clearly as it is now revealed in the Gospel; and in which is so fully attested the resurrection of Christ, and of many of the saints with him, as well as the general resurrection at the last day: and besides, eternal life, which is the free gift of God, lay hid in his purpose, promise, and covenant, and in his Son Jesus Christ, into whose hands it was put; and which he has brought to light in a more clear manner than ever it was before; by his appearance in human nature, by his personal ministry, by his death and resurrection from the dead, and through the Gospel, as preached by his ministers; which gives an account of the nature of it, shows the way unto it, and points out and describes the persons that shall enjoy it. 10. But … now … manifest—in contrast to its concealment heretofore in the eternal purpose of God "before the world began" (2Ti 1:9; Col 1:16; Tit 1:2, 3).

appearing—the visible manifestation in the flesh.

abolished death—Greek, "taken away the power from death" [Tittmann]. The Greek article before "death" implies that Christ abolished death, not only in some particular instance, but in its very essence, being, and idea, as well as in all its aspects and consequences (Joh 11:26; Ro 8:2, 38; 1Co 15:26, 55; Heb 2:14). The carrying out of the abolition of death into full effect is to be at the resurrection (Re 20:14). The death of the body meanwhile is but temporary, and is made no account of by Christ and the apostles.

brought … to light—making visible by the Gospel what was before hidden in God's purpose.

life—of the Spirit, acting first on the soul here, about to act on the body also at the resurrection.

immortality—Greek, "incorruptibility" of the new life, not merely of the risen body [Alford], (Ro 8:11).

through—by means of the Gospel, which brings to light the life and immortality purposed by God from eternity, but manifested now first to man by Christ, who in His own resurrection has given the pledge of His people's final triumph over death through Him. Before the Gospel revelation from God, man, by the light of nature, under the most favorable circumstances, had but a glimmering idea of the possibility of a future being of the soul, but not the faintest idea of the resurrection of the body (Ac 17:18, 32). If Christ were not "the life," the dead could never live; if He were not the resurrection, they could never rise; had He not the keys of hell and death (Re 1:18), we could never break through the bars of death or gates of hell [Bishop Pearson].1:6-14 God has not given us the spirit of fear, but the spirit of power, of courage and resolution, to meet difficulties and dangers; the spirit of love to him, which will carry us through opposition. And the spirit of a sound mind, quietness of mind. The Holy Spirit is not the author of a timid or cowardly disposition, or of slavish fears. We are likely to bear afflictions well, when we have strength and power from God to enable us to bear them. As is usual with Paul, when he mentions Christ and his redemption, he enlarges upon them; so full was he of that which is all our salvation, and ought to be all our desire. The call of the gospel is a holy call, making holy. Salvation is of free grace. This is said to be given us before the world began, that is, in the purpose of God from all eternity; in Christ Jesus, for all the gifts that come from God to sinful man, come in and through Christ Jesus alone. And as there is so clear a prospect of eternal happiness by faith in Him, who is the Resurrection and the Life, let us give more diligence in making his salvation sure to our souls. Those who cleave to the gospel, need not be ashamed, the cause will bear them out; but those who oppose it, shall be ashamed. The apostle had trusted his life, his soul, and eternal interests, to the Lord Jesus. No one else could deliver and secure his soul through the trials of life and death. There is a day coming, when our souls will be inquired after. Thou hadst a soul committed to thee; how was it employed? in the service of sin, or in the service of Christ? The hope of the lowest real Christian rests on the same foundation as that of the great apostle. He also has learned the value and the danger of his soul; he also has believed in Christ; and the change wrought in his soul, convinces the believer that the Lord Jesus will keep him to his heavenly kingdom. Paul exhorts Timothy to hold fast the Holy Scriptures, the substance of solid gospel truth in them. It is not enough to assent to the sound words, but we must love them. The Christian doctrine is a trust committed to us; it is of unspeakable value in itself, and will be of unspeakable advantage to us. It is committed to us, to be preserved pure and entire, yet we must not think to keep it by our own strength, but by the power of the Holy Spirit dwelling in us; and it will not be gained by those who trust in their own hearts, and lean to their own understandings.
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