Isaiah 9:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The people walking in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of deep darkness a light has dawned.

New Living Translation
The people who walk in darkness will see a great light. For those who live in a land of deep darkness, a light will shine.

English Standard Version
The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; those who dwelt in a land of deep darkness, on them has light shone.

New American Standard Bible
The people who walk in darkness Will see a great light; Those who live in a dark land, The light will shine on them.

King James Bible
The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The people walking in darkness have seen a great light; a light has dawned on those living in the land of darkness.

International Standard Version
The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; for those living in a land of deep darkness, a light has shined upon them.

NET Bible
The people walking in darkness see a bright light; light shines on those who live in a land of deep darkness.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The people who walk in darkness will see a bright light. The light will shine on those who live in the land of death's shadow.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light; those that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them has the light shined.

King James 2000 Bible
The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them has the light shined.

American King James Version
The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, on them has the light shined.

American Standard Version
The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwelt in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The people that walked in darkness, have seen a great light: to them that dwelt in the region of the shadow of death, light is risen.

Darby Bible Translation
the people that walked in darkness have seen a great light; they that dwelt in the land of the shadow of death, upon them light hath shone.

English Revised Version
The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwelt in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.

Webster's Bible Translation
The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shades of death, upon them hath the light shined.

World English Bible
The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light. Those who lived in the land of the shadow of death, on them the light has shined.

Young's Literal Translation
The people who are walking in darkness Have seen a great light, Dwellers in a land of death-shade, Light hath shone upon them.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

9:1-7 The Syrians and Assyrians first ravaged the countries here mentioned, and that region was first favoured by the preaching of Christ. Those that want the gospel, walk in darkness, and in the utmost danger. But when the gospel comes to any place, to any soul, light comes. Let us earnestly pray that it may shine into our hearts, and make us wise unto salvation. The gospel brings joy with it. Those who would have joy, must expect to go through hard work, as the husbandman, before he has the joy of harvest; and hard conflict, as the soldier, before he divides the spoil. The Jews were delivered from the yoke of many oppressors; this was a shadow of the believer's deliverance from the yoke of Satan. The cleansing the souls of believers from the power and pollution of sin, would be by the influence of the Holy Spirit, as purifying fire. These great things for the church, shall be done by the Messiah, Emmanuel. The Child is born; it was certain; and the church, before Christ came in the flesh, benefitted by his undertaking. It is a prophecy of him and of his kingdom, which those that waited for the Consolation of Israel read with pleasure. This Child was born for the benefit of us men, of us sinners, of all believers, from the beginning to the end of the world. Justly is he called Wonderful, for he is both God and man. His love is the wonder of angels and glorified saints. He is the Counsellor, for he knew the counsels of God from eternity; and he gives counsel to men, in which he consults our welfare. He is the Wonderful Counsellor; none teaches like him. He is God, the mighty One. Such is the work of the Mediator, that no less power than that of the mighty God could bring it to pass. He is God, one with the Father. As the Prince of Peace, he reconciles us to God; he is the Giver of peace in the heart and conscience; and when his kingdom is fully established, men shall learn war no more. The government shall be upon him; he shall bear the burden of it. Glorious things are spoken of Christ's government. There is no end to the increase of its peace, for the happiness of its subjects shall last for ever. The exact agreement of this prophecy with the doctrine of the New Testament, shows that Jewish prophets and Christian teachers had the same view of the person and salvation of the Messiah. To what earthly king or kingdom can these words apply? Give then, O Lord, to thy people to know thee by every endearing name, and in every glorious character. Give increase of grace in every heart of thy redeemed upon earth.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - The people that walked in darkness (comp. Isaiah 8:22). All the world was "in darkness" when Christ came; but here the Jews especially seem to be intended. It was truly a dark time with them when Christ came (see Dollinger's 'Judenthum and Heidenthum,' vol. 2. pp. 301-335). Have seen; rather, saw. The "prophetic" preterit is used throughout the whole passage. A great light. "The Light of the world," "the Sun of righteousness," "the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world, "first broke on man in that northern tract" by the way of the sea, "when Jesus came forward to teach and to preach in "Galilee of the Gentiles." For thirty years he had dwelt at Nazareth, in Zebulon. There he had first come forward to teach in a synagogue (Luke 4:16-21); in Galilee he had done his first miracles (John 2:11; John 4:54); at Capernaum. "Upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim," he commenced his preaching of repentance (Matthew 4:13-17). The "light" first streamed forth in this quarter, glorifying the region on which contempt had long been poured.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The people that walked in darkness,.... Meaning not the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem, in the times of Hezekiah, when Sennacherib besieged them, as Jarchi and Kimchi interpret it; and much less the people of Israel in Egypt, as the Targum paraphrases it; but the inhabitants of Galilee in the times of Christ; see Matthew 4:16, John 1:48 and is a true character of all the people of God before conversion, who are in a state of darkness, under the power of sin, shut up in unbelief; are in gross ignorance of themselves, and their condition; of sin, and the danger they are exposed to by it; of divine and spiritual things; of the grace of God; of the way of peace, life, and salvation by Christ; and of the work of the blessed Spirit; and of the truths of the Gospel; they are in the dark, and can see no objects in a spiritual sense; not to read the word, so as to understand it; or to work that which is good; and they "walk" on in darkness, not knowing where they are, and whither they are going; and yet of these it is said, they

have seen a great light; Christ himself, who conversed among the Galilaeans, preached unto them, and caused the light of his glorious Gospel to shine into many of their hearts; by which their darkness was removed, so that they not only saw Christ, this great light, with their bodily eyes, but with the eyes of their understanding; who may be called the "light", because he is the author and giver of all light, even of nature, grace, and glory; and a "great" one, because he is the sun, the greatest light, the sun of righteousness, the light of the world, both of Jews and Gentiles; he is the true light, in distinction from all typical ones, and in opposition to all false ones, and who in his person is God over all.

They that dwell in the land of the shadow of death; as Galilee might be called, because it was a poor, miserable, and uncomfortable place, from whence no good came; and this character fitly describes God's people in a state of nature and unregeneracy, who are dead in Adam, dead in law, and dead in trespasses and sins, dead as to the spiritual use of the powers and faculties of their souls; they have no spiritual life in them, nor any spiritual sense, feeling, or motion; and they "dwell", continue, and abide in this state, till grace brings them out of it; see John 12:46,

upon them hath the light shined: Christ in human nature, through the ministration of his Gospel, by his spirit, so as to enlighten them who walk in darkness, and to quicken them who dwelt in the land of the shadow of death, and to comfort them in their desolate estate; and this light not only shone upon them in the external ministration of the word, as it did "upon" the inhabitants in general, but it shone "into" the hearts of many of them in particular, so that in this light they saw light.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2. the people—the whole nation, Judah and Israel.

shadow of death—the darkest misery of captivity.

Isaiah 9:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
Unto Us a Child is Born
1But there will be no more gloom for her who was in anguish; in earlier times He treated the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali with contempt, but later on He shall make it glorious, by the way of the sea, on the other side of Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles. 2The people who walk in darkness Will see a great light; Those who live in a dark land, The light will shine on them. 3You shall multiply the nation, You shall increase their gladness; They will be glad in Your presence As with the gladness of harvest, As men rejoice when they divide the spoil.…
Cross References
Matthew 4:16
the people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned."

Luke 1:79
to shine on those living in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the path of peace."

Luke 2:32
a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel."

Ephesians 5:8
For you were once darkness, but now you are light in the Lord. Live as children of light

1 Peter 2:9
But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God's special possession, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light.

Isaiah 50:10
Who among you fears the LORD and obeys the word of his servant? Let the one who walks in the dark, who has no light, trust in the name of the LORD and rely on their God.

Isaiah 60:19
The sun will no more be your light by day, nor will the brightness of the moon shine on you, for the LORD will be your everlasting light, and your God will be your glory.

Micah 7:8
Do not gloat over me, my enemy! Though I have fallen, I will rise. Though I sit in darkness, the LORD will be my light.
Treasury of Scripture

The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, on them has the light shined.

walked

Isaiah 50:10 Who is among you that fears the LORD, that obeys the voice of his …

Isaiah 60:1-3,19 Arise, shine; for your light is come, and the glory of the LORD is …

Micah 7:8,9 Rejoice not against me, O my enemy: when I fall, I shall arise; when …

Matthew 4:16 The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which …

Luke 1:78,79 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on …

Luke 2:32 A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel.

John 8:12 Then spoke Jesus again to them, saying, I am the light of the world: …

John 12:35,46 Then Jesus said to them, Yet a little while is the light with you. …

Ephesians 5:8,13,14 For you were sometimes darkness, but now are you light in the Lord: …

1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, …

1 John 1:5-7 This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare …

in the land

Job 10:21 Before I go from where I shall not return, even to the land of darkness …

Psalm 23:4 Yes, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will …

Psalm 107:10,14 Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, being bound in …

Amos 5:8 Seek him that makes the seven stars and Orion, and turns the shadow …

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