Revelation 21:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp.

New Living Translation
And the city has no need of sun or moon, for the glory of God illuminates the city, and the Lamb is its light.

English Standard Version
And the city has no need of sun or moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and its lamp is the Lamb.

New American Standard Bible
And the city has no need of the sun or of the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God has illumined it, and its lamp is the Lamb.

King James Bible
And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, because God's glory illuminates it, and its lamp is the Lamb.

International Standard Version
The city doesn't need any sun or moon to give it light, because the glory of God gave it light, and the lamb was its lamp.

NET Bible
The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, because the glory of God lights it up, and its lamp is the Lamb.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And The Lamb and The City do not need the Sun or the Moon to illuminate it, for the glory of God illuminates it, and The Lamb is its lamp.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The city doesn't need any sun or moon to give it light because the glory of God gave it light. The lamb was its lamp.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the city had no need of the sun neither of the moon to shine in her, for the clarity of God has illuminated it, and the Lamb is its lamp.

King James 2000 Bible
And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God is its light, and the Lamb is its lamp.

American King James Version
And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.

American Standard Version
And the city hath no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine upon it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the lamp thereof is the Lamb.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the city hath no need of the sun, nor of the moon, to shine in it. For the glory of God hath enlightened it, and the Lamb is the lamp thereof.

Darby Bible Translation
And the city has no need of the sun nor of the moon, that they should shine for it; for the glory of God has enlightened it, and the lamp thereof [is] the Lamb.

English Revised Version
And the city hath no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine upon it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the lamp thereof is the Lamb.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God enlightened it, and the Lamb is the light of it.

Weymouth New Testament
Nor has the city any need of the sun or of the moon, to give it light; for the glory of God has shone upon it and its lamp is the Lamb.

World English Bible
The city has no need for the sun, neither of the moon, to shine, for the very glory of God illuminated it, and its lamp is the Lamb.

Young's Literal Translation
and the city hath no need of the sun, nor of the moon, that they may shine in it; for the glory of God did lighten it, and the lamp of it is the Lamb;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

21:22-27 Perfect and direct communion with God, will more than supply the place of gospel institutions. And what words can more full express the union and co-equality of the Son with the Father, in the Godhead? What a dismal world would this be, if it were not for the light of the sun! What is there in heaven that supplies its place? The glory of God lightens that city, and the Lamb is the Light thereof. God in Christ will be an everlasting Fountain of knowledge and joy to the saints in heaven. There is no night, therefore no need of shutting the gates; all is at peace and secure. The whole shows us that we should be more and more led to think of heaven as filled with the glory of God, and enlightened by the presence of the Lord Jesus. Nothing sinful or unclean, idolatrous, or false and deceitful, can enter. All the inhabitants are made perfect in holiness. Now the saints feel a sad mixture of corruption, which hinders them in the service of God, and interrupts their communion with him; but, at their entrance into the holy of holies, they are washed in the laver of Christ's blood, and presented to the Father without spot. None are admitted into heaven who work abominations. It is free from hypocrites, such as make lies. As nothing unclean can enter heaven, let us be stirred up by these glimpses of heavenly things, to use all diligence, and to perfect holiness in the fear of God.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 23. - And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it; hath no need. So Isaiah 60:19, 20, "The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: but the Lord shall be unto thee an everlasting Light, and thy God thy Glory." For the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the Light thereof. The glory of God (cf. ver. 11). No distinction is to be made between God and the Lamb; both are the Light (cf. John 1:5).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon to shine in it,.... Which may be understood either literally of these two luminaries, which all earthly cities need; and which, though they may be in being in the new heavens, yet will not have the use with respect to this city they now have. The Jews say (u), the orb of the sun is in this world; and the gloss adds, but not in the future state, for the lights shall be renewed: and they further say (w), as here, that

"in the world to come, "Israel , will have no need of the light of the sun, nor of the light of the moon", neither by day nor by night,''

as they say (x), the Israelites had not in the wilderness. So they represent the Lord speaking to Moses, and saying (y),

"thy days shall cease, but thy light shall not cease; for thou shall have no need for ever of the light of the sun, nor of the light of the moon, and of the stars.''

Or else it may be understood mystically, but not of Christ, the sun of righteousness, whom the saints will always need and enjoy; but of the governors and discipline of the church in its present state; and of the written word, which is a light unto them now, and the ministration of it, and the ordinances of the Gospel, by which light and knowledge are conveyed; but in this state all will be immediately taught of God; nor shall everyone teach his neighbour, but all shall know the Lord perfectly; and also of political governors, who will be no more; see 1 Corinthians 15:24.

For the glory of God did lighten it; the Shekinah, or glorious presence of God, which filled the temple of Solomon, and shone round about the shepherds at the incarnation of Christ; with the presence of God, who is light itself, which will be enjoyed in a much more glorious manner, will the church now be enlightened; and this will be an everlasting light unto her: and the Lamb is the light thereof; in whose light they will see the face of God, and see God face to face; they will see Christ as he is, and behold his glory; and look upon the angels, those glorious forms of light, and all the glorified saints, and know and converse with each other; and they will look into, and clearly discern all the mysteries and doctrines of grace, and all the various scenes of Providence, which will all be opened and laid before them. And this light will be always without any change and variation; which is no small part of the commendation of this city, which is the inheritance of the saints in light. So the holy blessed God is said by the Jews (z) to be , "the light of Jerusalem"; he is the light of the new Jerusalem; see Isaiah 60:19 and the light of, the world to come is, by (a) them, called "the great light".

(u) T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 101. 1.((w) Raziel, fol. 17. 2.((x) Yalkut Simeoni, par. 2. fol. 57. 2.((y) Petirat Moseh, fol. 23. 2.((z) Yalkut Simeoni, par. 2. fol. 57. 2. & 98. 1.((a) Ben Gorion apud Aben Ezram in Psal. xlix. 19.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

23. in it—so Vulgate. But A, B, and Andreas read, "(shine) on it," or literally, "for her."

the light—Greek, "the lamp" (Isa 60:19, 20). The direct light of God and the Lamb shall make the saints independent of God's creatures, the sun and moon, for light.

Revelation 21:23 Additional Commentaries
Context
The New Jerusalem
22I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. 23And the city has no need of the sun or of the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God has illumined it, and its lamp is the Lamb. 24The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it.…
Cross References
Psalm 84:11
For the LORD God is a sun and shield; the LORD bestows favor and honor; no good thing does he withhold from those whose walk is blameless.

Isaiah 24:23
The moon will be dismayed, the sun ashamed; for the LORD Almighty will reign on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and before its elders--with great glory.

Isaiah 30:26
The moon will shine like the sun, and the sunlight will be seven times brighter, like the light of seven full days, when the LORD binds up the bruises of his people and heals the wounds he inflicted.

Isaiah 60:19
The sun will no more be your light by day, nor will the brightness of the moon shine on you, for the LORD will be your everlasting light, and your God will be your glory.

Isaiah 60:20
Your sun will never set again, and your moon will wane no more; the LORD will be your everlasting light, and your days of sorrow will end.

Revelation 5:6
Then I saw a Lamb, looking as if it had been slain, standing at the center of the throne, encircled by the four living creatures and the elders. The Lamb had seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth.

Revelation 7:17
For the Lamb at the center of the throne will be their shepherd; 'he will lead them to springs of living water.' 'And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.'"

Revelation 14:4
These are those who did not defile themselves with women, for they remained virgins. They follow the Lamb wherever he goes. They were purchased from among mankind and offered as firstfruits to God and the Lamb.

Revelation 21:11
It shone with the glory of God, and its brilliance was like that of a very precious jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal.

Revelation 21:25
On no day will its gates ever be shut, for there will be no night there.

Revelation 22:5
There will be no more night. They will not need the light of a lamp or the light of the sun, for the Lord God will give them light. And they will reign for ever and ever.
Treasury of Scripture

And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.

the city.

Revelation 21:11 Having the glory of God: and her light was like to a stone most precious, …

Revelation 22:5 And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither …

Isaiah 24:23 Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the …

Isaiah 60:19,20 The sun shall be no more your light by day; neither for brightness …

for. See on ver.

Revelation 21:11 Having the glory of God: and her light was like to a stone most precious, …

Revelation 18:1 And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven, …

Isaiah 2:10,19,21 Enter into the rock, and hide you in the dust, for fear of the LORD, …

Habakkuk 3:3 God came from Teman, and the Holy One from mount Paran. Selah. His …

Matthew 16:27 For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his …

Mark 8:38 Whoever therefore shall be ashamed of me and of my words in this …

John 17:24 Father, I will that they also, whom you have given me, be with me …

Acts 22:11 And when I could not see for the glory of that light, being led by …

the Lamb.

Luke 2:32 A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel.

John 1:4,9,14,18 In him was life; and the life was the light of men…

John 5:23 That all men should honor the Son, even as they honor the Father. …

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