Matthew 4:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
the people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned."

New Living Translation
the people who sat in darkness have seen a great light. And for those who lived in the land where death casts its shadow, a light has shined."

English Standard Version
the people dwelling in darkness have seen a great light, and for those dwelling in the region and shadow of death, on them a light has dawned.”

New American Standard Bible
"THE PEOPLE WHO WERE SITTING IN DARKNESS SAW A GREAT LIGHT, AND THOSE WHO WERE SITTING IN THE LAND AND SHADOW OF DEATH, UPON THEM A LIGHT DAWNED."

King James Bible
The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The people who live in darkness have seen a great light, and for those living in the shadowland of death, light has dawned.

International Standard Version
The people living in darkness have seen a great light, and for those living in the land and shadow of death, a light has risen."

NET Bible
the people who sit in darkness have seen a great light, and on those who sit in the region and shadow of death a light has dawned."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“The people who sat in the darkness have seen The Great Light, and those who were sitting in the region and in the shadow of death, to them The Light has dawned.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The people who lived in darkness have seen a bright light. A light has risen for those who live in a land overshadowed by death."

Jubilee Bible 2000
the people who sat in darkness saw great light, and to those who sat in the region and shadow of death, light is sprung up.

King James 2000 Bible
The people who sat in darkness saw great light; and to them who sat in the region and shadow of death, light is sprung up.

American King James Version
The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.

American Standard Version
The people that sat in darkness Saw a great light, And to them that sat in the region and shadow of death, To them did light spring up.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The people that sat in darkness, hath seen great light: and to them that sat in the region of the shadow of death, light is sprung up.

Darby Bible Translation
-- the people sitting in darkness has seen a great light, and to those sitting in [the] country and shadow of death, to them has light sprung up.

English Revised Version
The people which sat in darkness Saw a great light, And to them which sat in the region and shadow of death, To them did light spring up.

Webster's Bible Translation
The people who sat in darkness, saw great light; and to them who sat in the region and shades of death, light hath arisen.

Weymouth New Testament
The people who were dwelling in darkness have seen a brilliant light; and on those who were dwelling in the region of the shadow of death, on them light has dawned."

World English Bible
the people who sat in darkness saw a great light, to those who sat in the region and shadow of death, to them light has dawned."

Young's Literal Translation
the people that is sitting in darkness saw a great light, and to those sitting in a region and shadow of death -- light arose to them.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:12-17 It is just with God to take the gospel and the means of grace, from those that slight them and thrust them away. Christ will not stay long where he is not welcome. Those who are without Christ, are in the dark. They were sitting in this condition, a contented posture; they chose it rather than light; they were willingly ignorant. When the gospel comes, light comes; when it comes to any place, when it comes to any soul, it makes day there. Light discovers and directs; so does the gospel. The doctrine of repentance is right gospel doctrine. Not only the austere John Baptist, but the gracious Jesus, preached repentance. There is still the same reason to do so. The kingdom of heaven was not reckoned to be fully come, till the pouring out of the Holy Spirit after Christ's ascension.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 16. - The people which sat; "who walk" (Hebrew). Saw great light; saw a great light (Revised Version); unnecessarily except as a matter of English, for it can hardly mean a definite light, Messiah. Φῶς both here and in the next clause means light as such. And to them which sat. So the Hebrew, but the LXX. generally οἱ κατοικοῦντες. In the region and shadow of death. The region where death abides, and where it casts its thickest shade. The Hebrew is simply "in the land of the shadow of death" (בארצ צלמות, according to the traditional interpretation), which the present LXX. (Vatican) probably represents (ἐν χώρᾳ σκιᾷ θανάτου) , the ς of σκιᾶς having been misread before θ. But copyists, not understanding this, inserted καὶ between χώρᾳ and σκιᾷ (as in A), and this reading became popularly known, and was used by the evangelist. That the reading of A was derived from the evangelist is unlikely, for the reading σκιᾷ must, at all events, have been before his time. Light is sprung up; to them, did light spring up (Revised Version); ἀνέτειλεν. The tense emphasizes not the abiding effect (e.g. in the fact that so many of the disciples were Galilaeans), but the moment of his appearance. The father of the Baptist also remembered this passage of Isaiah (Luke 1:78, 79, where cf. Godet).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The people which sat in darkness,.... The inhabitants of Galilee, who sat or "walked", as in Isaiah; that is, continued in spiritual darkness, in ignorance, blindness, error, and infidelity, "saw great light"; Christ himself, who came a light into the world; he conversed with them, preached unto them, and opened the eyes of their understandings to behold his glory, and to know him, and salvation by him.

And to them which sat in the region and shadow of death: the same persons who sit in darkness, sit also in the region of death; for such are dead in trespasses and sins: where there is no spiritual light, there is no spiritual life, and such are in danger of the second death; but the happiness of these people was, that to them "light is sprung up", like the rising sun, and this without their asking or seeking for: Christ, the sun of righteousness, arose upon them, without any desert, desire, or expectation of theirs, with healing in his wings; and cured them of their darkness and deadness, turned them from darkness to light, and caused them to pass from death to life. "Light" is not only a character under which Christ frequently goes in the New Testament, see John 1:4 but is one of the names by which the Messiah was known under the Old Testament; see Daniel 2:22 and which the Jews give unto him: says R, Aba (a) Serungia, "and the light dwelleth with him"; this is the king Messiah. The note of R. Sol. Jarchi on these words, "send forth thy light", is, the king Messiah; who is compared to light, according to Psalm 132:17 the days of the Messiah are by them said to (b) be "days of light"; and so these Galilaeans found them to be; as all do, to whom the Gospel of Christ comes with power and demonstration of the Spirit. And these days of light first begun in the land of Zabulon which, according to Philo the Jew (c), was

"sumbolon fwtov, "a symbol of light"; since (adds he) its name signifies the nature of night; but, the night removing, and departing, light necessarily arises.''

As did, in a spiritual sense, here, when Christ the light arose.

(a) Bereshith Rabba, fol. 1. 3. & Echa Rabbati, fol. 50. 2.((b) Baal Hatturim in Gen. fol. 2. 2. (c) De Somniis, p. 1113.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

16. The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up—The prophetic strain to which these words belong commences with the seventh chapter of Isaiah, to which the sixth chapter is introductory, and goes down to the end of the twelfth chapter, which hymns the spirit of that whole strain of prophecy. It belongs to the reign of Ahaz and turns upon the combined efforts of the two neighboring kingdoms of Syria and Israel to crush Judah. In these critical circumstances Judah and her king were, by their ungodliness, provoking the Lord to sell them into the hands of their enemies. What, then, is the burden of this prophetic strain, on to the passage here quoted? First, Judah shall not, cannot perish, because Immanuel, the Virgin's Son, is to come forth from his loins. Next, one of the invaders shall soon perish, and the kingdoms of neither be enlarged. Further, while the Lord will be the Sanctuary of such as confide in these promises and await their fulfilment, He will drive to confusion, darkness, and despair the vast multitude of the nation who despised His oracles, and, in their anxiety and distress, betook themselves to the lying oracles of the heathen. This carries us down to the end of the eighth chapter. At the opening of the ninth chapter a sudden light is seen breaking in upon one particular part of the country, the part which was to suffer most in these wars and devastations—"the land of Zebulun, and the land of Naphtali, the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee and the Gentiles." The rest of the prophecy stretches over both the Assyrian and the Chaldean captivities and terminates in the glorious Messianic prophecy of the eleventh chapter and the choral hymn of the twelfth chapter. Well, this is the point seized on by our Evangelist. By Messiah's taking up His abode in those very regions of Galilee, and shedding His glorious light upon them, this prediction, He says, of the Evangelical prophet was now fulfilled; and if it was not thus fulfilled, we may confidently affirm it was not fulfilled in any age of the Jewish ceremony, and has received no fulfilment at all. Even the most rationalistic critics have difficulty in explaining it in any other way.

Matthew 4:16 Additional Commentaries
Context
Jesus Begins His Ministry
15"THE LAND OF ZEBULUN AND THE LAND OF NAPHTALI, BY THE WAY OF THE SEA, BEYOND THE JORDAN, GALILEE OF THE GENTILES-- 16"THE PEOPLE WHO WERE SITTING IN DARKNESS SAW A GREAT LIGHT, AND THOSE WHO WERE SITTING IN THE LAND AND SHADOW OF DEATH, UPON THEM A LIGHT DAWNED." 17From that time Jesus began to preach and say, "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand."
Cross References
Isaiah 9:1
Nevertheless, there will be no more gloom for those who were in distress. In the past he humbled the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the future he will honor Galilee of the nations, by the Way of the Sea, beyond the Jordan--

Isaiah 9:2
The people walking in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of deep darkness a light has dawned.

Isaiah 60:1
"Arise, shine, for your light has come, and the glory of the LORD rises upon you.

Luke 1:79
to shine on those living in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the path of peace."

Luke 2:32
a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel."
Treasury of Scripture

The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.

which sat in darkness.

Psalm 107:10-14 Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, being bound in …

Isaiah 42:6,7 I the LORD have called you in righteousness, and will hold your hand, …

Isaiah 60:1-3 Arise, shine; for your light is come, and the glory of the LORD is …

Micah 7:8 Rejoice not against me, O my enemy: when I fall, I shall arise; when …

Luke 1:78,79 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on …

Luke 2:32 A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel.

shadow.

Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell …

Job 10:22 A land of darkness, as darkness itself; and of the shadow of death, …

Job 34:22 There is no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity …

Psalm 44:19 Though you have sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered …

Jeremiah 13:16 Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before …

Amos 5:8 Seek him that makes the seven stars and Orion, and turns the shadow …

Jump to Previous
Arisen Brilliant Country Darkness Dawn Dawned Death Dwelling Great Light Region Sat Shade Shades Shadow Sitting Spring Sprung
Jump to Next
Arisen Brilliant Country Darkness Dawn Dawned Death Dwelling Great Light Region Sat Shade Shades Shadow Sitting Spring Sprung
Links
Matthew 4:16 NIV
Matthew 4:16 NLT
Matthew 4:16 ESV
Matthew 4:16 NASB
Matthew 4:16 KJV

Matthew 4:16 Bible Apps
Matthew 4:16 Bible Suite
Matthew 4:16 Biblia Paralela
Matthew 4:16 Chinese Bible
Matthew 4:16 French Bible
Matthew 4:16 German Bible

Alphabetical: a And darkness dawned death great has have in land light living of on people saw seen shadow sitting the them those Upon were who

NT Gospels: Matthew 4:16 The people who sat in darkness saw (Matt. Mat Mt) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Matthew 4:15
Top of Page
Top of Page