Matthew 23:21
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
And anyone who swears by the temple swears by it and by the one who dwells in it.

New Living Translation
And when you swear 'by the Temple,' you are swearing by it and by God, who lives in it.

English Standard Version
And whoever swears by the temple swears by it and by him who dwells in it.

Berean Study Bible
And he who swears by the temple swears by it and by the One who dwells in it.

Berean Literal Bible
And the one having sworn by the temple swears by it and by the One dwelling in it.

New American Standard Bible
"And whoever swears by the temple, swears both by the temple and by Him who dwells within it.

King James Bible
And whoso shall swear by the temple, sweareth by it, and by him that dwelleth therein.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The one who takes an oath by the sanctuary takes an oath by it and by Him who dwells in it.

International Standard Version
The one who swears an oath by the sanctuary swears by it and by the one who lives there.

NET Bible
And whoever swears by the temple swears by it and the one who dwells in it.

New Heart English Bible
He who swears by the temple, swears by it, and by him who dwells in it.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And whoever swears by The Temple swears by it and by The One dwelling in it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
To swear an oath by the temple is to swear by it and by the one who lives there.

New American Standard 1977
“And he who swears by the temple, swears both by the temple and by Him who dwells within it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And whosoever shall swear by the temple, swears by it and by Him that dwells therein.

King James 2000 Bible
And whoever shall swear by the temple, swears by it, and by him who dwells therein.

American King James Version
And whoever shall swear by the temple, swears by it, and by him that dwells therein.

American Standard Version
And he that sweareth by the temple, sweareth by it, and by him that dwelleth therein.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And whosoever shall swear by temple, sweareth by it, and by him that dwelleth in it:

Darby Bible Translation
And he that swears by the temple swears by it and by him that dwells in it.

English Revised Version
And he that sweareth by the temple, sweareth by it, and by him that dwelleth therein.

Webster's Bible Translation
And whoever shall swear by the temple, sweareth by it, and by him that dwelleth in it.

Weymouth New Testament
he who swears by the Sanctuary swears both by it and by Him who dwells in it;

World English Bible
He who swears by the temple, swears by it, and by him who was living in it.

Young's Literal Translation
and he who did swear by the sanctuary, doth swear by it, and by Him who is dwelling in it;
Study Bible
Woes to Scribes and Pharisees
20So then, he who swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it. 21And he who swears by the temple swears by it and by the One who dwells in it. 22And he who swears by heaven swears by God’s throne and by the One who sits on it.…
Cross References
1 Kings 8:13
"I have surely built You a lofty house, A place for Your dwelling forever."

Psalm 26:8
O LORD, I love the habitation of Your house And the place where Your glory dwells.

Psalm 132:14
"This is My resting place forever; Here I will dwell, for I have desired it.

Matthew 23:20
So then, he who swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it.
Treasury of Scripture

And whoever shall swear by the temple, swears by it, and by him that dwells therein.

and by.

1 Kings 8:13,27 I have surely built you an house to dwell in, a settled place for …

2 Chronicles 6:2 But I have built an house of habitation for you, and a place for …

2 Chronicles 7:2 And the priests could not enter into the house of the LORD, because …

Psalm 26:8 LORD, I have loved the habitation of your house, and the place where …

Psalm 132:13,14 For the LORD has chosen Zion; he has desired it for his habitation…

Ephesians 2:22 In whom you also are built together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.

Colossians 2:9 For in him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.

Verse 21. - By him that dwelleth therein. In fact, it comes to this: to swear by temple or altar is to swear by God - an oath most solemn, which may not be evaded. "That dwelleth" is in some manuscripts the aorist participle, κατοικήσαντι, implying that God once for all took up his abode in the temple, and filled it with his ineffable presence (see 1 Kings 8:13; Psalm 132:14). From such passages we learn that God sanctifies things and places to be devoted to his service, and to be accounted by men holy and separated from all common uses. The Authorized Version translates the received text, κατοικοῦντι, which has good authority, the past participle being, perhaps, a correction by some scribe who thought that the day of Judaism was past when Christ spoke. And whoso shall swear by the temple,.... As we have before seen they used to do, and as appears from what the poet says (w):

Ecce negas, jurasque mihi per templa tonantis Non credo: jura, verpe, per Anchialum.

In which he intimates, that if the Jew swore by the temple, he would not believe him; as well he might not, since such an oath was accounted nothing; but bids him swear by Anchialus, that is, by "Chi Eloah", or , "Chi Alon", or "Elion, the living God", or , "Chi Haolam, he that lives for ever" (x); and suggests, that he should then believe him. Now our Lord, though he did not allow of such swearing, yet justly argues, that he that sweareth by the temple, not only "sweareth by it", which could not be a witness of what was swore; but he must be interpreted to swear by the inhabitant of it, and by him that dwelleth in it; that is, God, for whom it was built, to whom it was dedicated; where he was worshipped, and where he vouchsafed to reside; taking up his dwelling between the cherubim upon the mercy seat, in the most holy place; from whence he communed with men, and gave tokens of his presence; and who only could be the proper witness of the truth, or falsehood, of what was swore; and therefore an oath, by the temple, ought to be looked upon as if made by God himself, and so to be sacred and binding.

(w) Martial. Epigr. l. 11. Ephesians 60. (x) Vid. Selden. Prolegomena ad lib. de Successionibus. 23:13-33 The scribes and Pharisees were enemies to the gospel of Christ, and therefore to the salvation of the souls of men. It is bad to keep away from Christ ourselves, but worse also to keep others from him. Yet it is no new thing for the show and form of godliness to be made a cloak to the greatest enormities. But dissembled piety will be reckoned double iniquity. They were very busy to turn souls to be of their party. Not for the glory of God and the good of souls, but that they might have the credit and advantage of making converts. Gain being their godliness, by a thousand devices they made religion give way to their worldly interests. They were very strict and precise in smaller matters of the law, but careless and loose in weightier matters. It is not the scrupling a little sin that Christ here reproves; if it be a sin, though but a gnat, it must be strained out; but the doing that, and then swallowing a camel, or, committing a greater sin. While they would seem to be godly, they were neither sober nor righteous. We are really, what we are inwardly. Outward motives may keep the outside clean, while the inside is filthy; but if the heart and spirit be made new, there will be newness of life; here we must begin with ourselves. The righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees was like the ornaments of a grave, or dressing up a dead body, only for show. The deceitfulness of sinners' hearts appears in that they go down the streams of the sins of their own day, while they fancy that they should have opposed the sins of former days. We sometimes think, if we had lived when Christ was upon earth, that we should not have despised and rejected him, as men then did; yet Christ in his Spirit, in his word, in his ministers, is still no better treated. And it is just with God to give those up to their hearts' lusts, who obstinately persist in gratifying them. Christ gives men their true characters.
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